« הקודםהמשך »
afterwards believe on his name through their what shall be the amount of blessing when word, but not for the world. It is said he comes to his heavenly Canaan? Could (Romans viii.)" he ever liveth to make inter- any of us witness with our bodily eyes the cession for us;" the context plainly proving glories of the heavenly state, it would be that elect and justified believers are the object impossible to find language adequately to of his intercession. Many indeed are the convey to others a just conception of that offences and infirmities of the Lord's people; cternal weight of blessedness which Christ their holiest services, though influenced by has obtained for his believing people. Let the divine Spirit, are much stained and pol- our souls, then, be filled with adoring astonishluted through the flesh, and cannot bear the ment-let us humble ourselves with lowliest strictness of the divine holiness and justice. self-abasement- let our hearts overflow with The accuser of the brethren would lay much gratitude, while we singto their charge; would bring them into bond
How can it be, thou heavenly King, age and fear, had they not the assurance that That thou shouldst us to glory bring? Jesus intercedes for them: but if he bear Make slaves the partners of thy throne, their names on his breast-plate and on his
Decked in a never-fading crown ? shoulders, then may they come with boldness Such is the heart-cheering doctrine, that to the throne of grace, that they may obtain Christ is our High-priest-our High-priest mercy, and find grace to help in time of for ever, after the order of Melchizedec; need; for if their prayers be offered in the atoning for the guilty, interceding for the ungolden censer, perfumed with the merits and worthy, and pouring down upon his people intercession of the Redeemer, then may they the richest blessings-unlimited in their exrejoice in knowing that they are regarded as tent, unending in their duration. "a chosen generation-a royal priesthood a holy nation, offering up spiritual sacrifices
NOTES ON THE STATE OF THE CHURCII acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.” When the priest had made the atonement
Previous to the Schism between the East and West. and prayed for the people, he came forth BY THE Rev. CHARLTON LANE, M.A., from the presence of God to bless the waiting
Minister of St. Mark's, Kennington. multitude. The form of blessing is recorded,
No. II. Num. 24, &c. &c.—“The Lord bless you,
In passing the mind through the series of events keep you; the Lord make his face shine preceding the great schism of the eastern aud western upon you, and be gracious unto you ; the
Churches, we find that many causes concurred to Lord lift
his countenance upon you, and produce it. We therefore begin early to suspect the give you peace.” The lips—the hands of our justice of attributing certain results to such or such a great High-priest are filled with blessing : circumstance, because it preceded them, or because, he that made the atonement, and pre- through the general corruption of our nature, it was sents the intercession, “ has received gifts made to lead to them; and as the Church degenerates, for men-yea, even for the rebellious." and evils moral and temporal are judicially inflicted Some taste of these blessings it is the happy upon her and her servants, while we own with shame privilege of believers to enjoy here; the the depravity of human nature, candour compels us to fulness is reserved for a state of glory. judge charitably of individual contributors to the Some taste do I say? Not from the parsi- materials of the story. Let us bear this in mind mony of the giver, or the scantiness of the when we judge of present ills; draw down the same promises ; but the littleness of our faith, dispassionate eye from the top to the bottom of the the absence of ardent longing after holiness.
page of history; and confer upon our contemporaries The blessings which Jesus can “shed forth the charity we have learnt to bestow on those once abundantly" are more than we can ask or
busy actors on the stage of life, who are now passed think. "Blessed,” saith he, "are they
to their account. which do hunger and thirst after righteous
The papal domination is more odious than other ness; for they shall be filled.” Notwith instances of Christian degeneracy, because it is a
more successful manifestation of the subtile malignity standing the infirmities of nature, the trials of life, the temptations of Satan, and the instances of the corruption of the Christian priest
of the great enemy of the Church; because of all lusting of the flesh against the spirit, it is hood, that of the great patriarch of the West has been the Christian's privilege to rejoice in the
most enormous in its magnitude, and most disastrous fulness of the blessing of the Gospel of peace in its apparent effects. Yet the growth of this un-in the blessed influence of that Spirit of christian influence was neither singular nor unnatural. adoption which bears witness with his spirit It floated with the current of events, and as it grew in that he is a child of God, directs, sanctifies, size, increased in velocity. I have said, that in theory and comforts him.
and in essence the bishop of the humblest village was But if such precious blessings be the the equal of his brother-overseer who superintended Christian's portion in this wilderness-state, the religious interests of a city; but whenever the
officers of the Church assembled in synods, the nature be similar; since things to which, in communities of things would confer precedence on some among constantly cultivating a correspondence, the same them. Hence arose archbishops and metropolitans, names were given, could not be very different in and hence again the patriarchs of the Church. Nor substance. It may therefore not be uninteresting to was this necessary result unproductive of advantage; see what those customs were, which prevailed with so since, notwithstanding the ambition and rivalry, which much uniformity in the earliest ages of the Christian we shall deplore to see arising among these captains Church, and which by that uniformity preserved in a of the Christian host, we must acknowledge that it great degree a union of spirit also in the widely was owing much to the subordination which did pre- scattered members of Christ's mystic body.* vail, that unity, or so great a measure of it, was so The forms of public worship were in the first cen. long preserved in a body of men scattered so widely, tury very simple, and were, as was natural, derived speaking different tongues or dialects, and as distinct much from the national forms to which the first in their habits of life, as in the climates which they Christians had been accustomed before their conbreathed. But for such deference to certain heads, version from Judaism. First came the rea:ling of the who had the invaluable power of appealing to certain Scriptures. This was done by a deacon. Then a past declarations of preceding councils, heresies would, homily or sermon was delivered by the bishop or a as the apostolic age grew more remote, have been still presbyter, which was for the most part explanatory of more numerous, and the spirit of schism, humanly the Scripture-lesson. Prayers were then offered, the speaking, would have irretrievably broken up the worshipper standing or kneeling with his face to the variegated pavement of Christianity into innumerable
east. A hymn succeeded. This part of the service fragments. Deplorable as has been the subsequent closed with the collection of alms for the poor. history of the Church of Christ, afflicting as have been The sacrament of baptism was administered by imher divisions, dark as is the cloud or clouds of heresy | mersion of the whole body: though for the sick, which overspread Christendom, obscuring or distorting especially for sick children, aspersion was considered the rays of truth, we have reason to bless God that the
sufficient. In the apostolic age, the apostles put their orthodox Christian can yet compare his own construc- hands on the newly-baptised, and they received the tion of the revealed dogmas of Heaven with that of the
gist of the Holy Spirit. Sponsors were instituted soon one Church of the ancient believers,-can see, even after the close of the first century. Adults rejecting when wickedness prevailed in bigh places, how power- paganism, were, after a trial of less or greater strict. fully truth struggled with error; how allied error was
ness in different churches, received into the number and is with sin, and truth with holiness; how super- of catechumens, who were divided by the catechizers stition induced immorality; and immorality brought into the distinct and graduated classes of hearers, down finally on the corrupted spouse of Christ the worshippers, and elect or chosen.
After a prepararuin and shame and slavery which has oppressed her
tion through prayers and fasting, the candidates--so for so many centuries.
called from being clad in white garments (candidatit) These observations lead us, before we trace the causes concurring towards the great schism of the
• It is right to remark, that it is impossible to say to what East and West, to observe that a very remarkable
extent the endeavour after uniformity was successful, or even union prevailed among the early Churches; that not- aimed at. Bishop Beveridge, on 1 Cor. xi. 16, distinctly afirms, withstanding the almost endless variety of sects which
that all the apostles cultivated uniformity of rites and ceremo
nies, even in the mode of public worship. This is disputed by sprang up in the world, when Christianity came ex
Mr. Palmer in his Antiquities of the English Ritual : and also citing, astonishing, alarming, or pleasing various minds,
by Dr. Burton in his History of the Christian Church, who states yet it is a mistake to class all these heresies as divi- that while no community of Christians presented a variation in sions within the Church ; that, on the contrary, there the forin of Church-government, or in fundamental and essential prevailed, in a remarkable degree, an union both of doctrine, yet a difference prevailed in the times and mode of
certain religious observances. My principal authority for what practice and of creed among the saints which dwelt
follows, is Lampe's Synopsis Hist. Eccles. throughout the vast and vari-peopled provinces over + Hence was derived the ruluic prefixed to our ministration of which God had cast the net of the Gospel; and that baptism for such as are of riper years : “Timely notice shall be the Church, without yet experiencing the necessity of
given to the bishop, or whom he shall appoint for that purpose,
a week before at the least; that so due care may be taken for using the term Catholic, considered herself one; one
their examination, whether they be sufficiently instructed in the in nature, one in creed, one also, for the most part, in
principles of the Christian religion; and that they (the candiher forms and ceremonies.
dates) be exhorted to prepare themselves with prayers and One natural or secondary cause promotive of this fasting."
This word means clad in white, shining garments. The original unity, was the prevalence of the Greek lan
word is Latin. The Roman, when canvassing for public offices, guage; this language, too, is of all the most expres
put off the white toga, and put on the toga candida. The Greeks sive, and from its power of combination best adapted dressed the bodies of their dead in their best white garments. to give names to new things. A proof of this pre- The Chris:ian candidates wore their dresses on, and seven days valence of the Greek tongue is observable in the fact
after the day of their baptism-their death unto sin. The Chris
tians borrowed the word from the Romans, but their custom was that almost every ecclesiastical term is derived from
adopteil from a reference to the following texts. Rev. xix. 8, 9: that language. Baptism, bishop, presbyter, deacon, "To her (the Church) was granted that she should be arrayed in diocese, eucharist, litany, liturgy, mystery, patriarch, fine linen, clean and white" (or bright, the Greek word is lamonk, synod, and many more, are Greek terms.
pron, from which our English word lamp). Mark ix. 3: “His raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow."
1 Cor. II. Hence, if we bad no other causes for such conclusion,
43: “ It (the body) is raised in glory."-49: “We shall also hear we might presume, that the customs which prevailed
the image of the licavenly" Adam. Phil. iii. 21: “The Lord + Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, or Rome, would Jesus Christ shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned Having now arrived at the point from which we can like unto his glorious body.” 1 John iii. 3: “Every man that
—were admitted into the Church by baptism. The feast was that it was now celebrated indifferently at any of pentecost, hence called White-Sunday (Whit-Sun-hour of the day, and that at neither of the sacraments day), and Easter, the day commemorative of the were any witnesses allowed to remain but the already blessed Saviour's rising out of the earth, were the initiated, or admitted. favourite days for administering a rite which repre- In the fourth century we deplore a growing devesents the regeneration of the soul by the infusion of lopment of Church-corruption. Ceremonies were inthe Holy Ghost, its concurrent death and burial unto creased at the varying wills of different Churches ; sin, and its resurrection unto newness of life. In the the clergy aimed at more distinction; incense, waxsecond century, the body, if healthful, was immersed lights, practices indicative of a wish to work out a thrice — (this is called trine baptism); after which righteousness independently of Christ-such as rigid the body was anointed, and signed with the cross- abstinences from flesh and wine, exaltation of celibacy, a custom which our reformed Church esteemed harm- pilgrimages to Jerusalem (which led probably to the less, and therefore, in her wish to cultivate uniformity, elevation of the Bishop of Elia into the patriarch of as far as is innocent, with former practices, retained in Jerusalem), erection and veneration of crosses, and her own ritual. By way of conclusion, the new Chris- variety of sacred vestments,ếwere proofs of that detian tasted milk and honey; a form figurative of his christianised and secular spirit, which combined with entrance into a promised land, a heavenly inheritance, external events to produce and perpetuate schism* in a better country (Ezek. xx. 6; Heb. xi. 14).
what was heretofore, in body as in essence, the one The love-feasts were meals to which the rich brought catholic and apostolic Church, or congregation of the large contributions of food to eat in common with their faithful in Christ Jesus. The administration of bappoor brethren : a custom which was intended to cherish tism was in this age, “from an opinion (says Bishop and preserve a mutual sympathy among all the mem- Burnet) of the indispensable necessity of baptism to bers of the Christian body. In the apostolic age,
salvation," allowed to the laity.† The consecrated Lord's supper followed, but afterwards it preceded the elements in the eucharist were elevated, not as yet for love-feast. This sacrament was administered by the adoration of the people, but to receive the divine the presbyters* and deacons to the worshippers re- blessing. Communions were divided into clerical, lay, verently sitting or reclining, in the eastern fashion, and foreign; this latter was that of clergy who had round a table. Subsequently came the use of fer- become delinquent; and the elements used were such mented bread, of wine and water mixed, of consecra- as had been previously consecrated. Now, too, the tion of the elements by special prayer, to which the eucharist received the name of mass, or missa, a word people responded by a loud Amen.
The bread was derived from the dismissal of the uninitiated, previous broken, and the fragments that remained were either to celebration. At first, this word mass or missa was set apart for the love-feast, or were sent to those who used for ritual; "the missa of the catechumens” was were detained at home by sickness. This latter was the service which took place before the catechumens called private communion. Tertullian tells us, that the left the Church: the “missa of the faithful" was that eucharistic cup was ornamented by the sculpture of a which was peculiar to communicants only. It will shepherd bearing on his shoulder a recovered sheep. hence be seen that the word mass was far from having
In the third century, a change had taken place in the meaning since attributed to it by the Romish the Christian ritual. The bishop's chair (cathedra) Church, of an expiatory sacrifice for the quick and had become a throne (thronus). Now virgins were dead. The consecrated bread was, however, in this devoted to God. The sepulchres of martyrs were early era already considered as a viaticum, and thereregarded with superstitious reverence; and public fore conveyed, as a provision for the spirit's passage, penance had degenerated (among the Greeks) into into the mouth not only of the dying, but of the private confession. Baptism was preceded by ex- actually dead. orcism of the candidates, and followed immediately by One innovation we observe with pleasure the introthe kiss of peace. A crown and white robe were worn duction of the Psalter. The Ambrosian hymn is now seven days after initiation. This sacrament was soon, understood not to have been composed by Ambrose. in the case of adults, commonly deferred for three This sublime specimen of genius and piety united, years; often, especially that of children, for a longer better known as the “ Te Deum," and supposed to period, or even till death was to be anticipated. The have been first sung at the baptism of St. Augustin, is only change mentioned in the feast of the eucharist, the production of a later age.
no longer look around us, and see our Israel reposing hath this hope in him purisieth himself" (sicut similitudinis, either in internal peace, or exhibiting a mutual anxiety non æqualitatis).-(Homer Odyss. xix. 234).
to preserve a uniformity of ritual, I must defer treat• The word presbyter, from which, through the old French
ing upon the cognate topic of Church order and disa prestre, our word pricst is derived, means elder, or a chief man amongst the brethren (Acts xv. 22). It included in its mean
cipline. I had wished to have concluded this paper inz, apostle, bishop, and prophet; a bishop being an arch
by some remarks upon the great and excellent presbyter; a presbyter is the same as prophet (Acts xv. 32) Archbishop of Milan – great in genius, and excelwhile erangelist or teacher is synonymous with deacon ; (Arch- lent in virtue - in the belief that such notice would bishop Potter on Church-government, c. iii). Hegumenos, that is, rector or governor, is also a general term, signifying one who • It may be useful to observe, that schism means division in has rule. It is argued by some that because bishops are called the Church. Heresy is the taking up of false doctrine. presbyters, they are only presbyters. But the high-priest was
may be a schismatic, without being a heretic. 3 priest. And the apostle Peter calls himself" also an elder"
+ On the mind of the English Church on lay baptism, see (1 Peter v. 21),
Burn's Eccles. Law,
neither be uninteresting to many of our readers, the writer was the daughter of the late Bishop Macnor altogether irrelevant to the purpose.
But I farlane of Inverness in Scotland. must defer this to another opportunity, when we
“ At the appointed time I waited on this lady, and shall see in his remarkable and almost romantic
was introduced to her cousin. After breakfast she
commenced the subject referred to in her letter history, the influence and independence, magnified something in the following language :- When first into “grandeur" by the subtle malignity of Gibbon, your name was pronounced by our mutual friend to which the heads of the Church had already at- Mr. Marriott, it brought to my mind a train of cirtained. Neither shall we wonder if other men, find
cumstances which you will, I am sure, hear with in
terest. The late John Bowdler, of Eltham, in Kent, ing themselves in situations of similar elevation, and
one of the most benevolent persons of his time, left possessed of half the energy, and none of the holi- in his dying moments, in my care, a legacy to Bishop ness of Ambrose, should be found disdaining the Chase of Ohio; and to make myself sure that you are lawful authority of the civil ruler, or indeed all
the person designed the bequest, I have desired authority but their own, and conspiring to create, as
this interview, that I might ask you if you are indeed
the author of this letter.' With these words she in the case of the Roman pontiff, an ecclesiastical presented me a letter ; I took it into my hand. I saw power, the object of which was probably, at first, on the superscription the well-known name of one of merely to increase the influence of the conspirators, my correspondents in America ; I saw my own hand, but the result of which has been to nourish the growth writing, though in its worst manner, and at the end of a tyranny, such as mankind had never yet expe
my own name. After cxamining it more closely, all rienced.
the circumstances of my committir
my thoughts and feelings to paper, in 1819, rushed to my recollection--it was my letter to Dr. Jarvis. 'Did you
write that letter ?' 'reiterated the lady. I did ; and MEMOIR OF BISHOP CHASE.
allow me respectfully to ask how it came into your (Continued from vol. vii. p. 413.]
hands, inasmuch as it is addressed to the Rev. Dr.
Jarvis, of Boston ?' This,' said she was the "By the kind intervention of a friend in America I question I was aware you would ask, and therewas furnished with a letter of introduction from Mr. fore I am prepared freely to answer it. My father Clay to Lord Gambier,-they had become acquainted was well acquainted with Dr. S. Scabury, conseat the treaty of Ghent, where they had met as pleni- | crated in Scotland first Bishop of Connecticut, and potentiaries from their respective countries; but the till his death cherished a lively interest in the affairs only individual in England of whom I had any know- of the Episcopal Church in the United States of Ame. ledge, was a schoolfellow who had settled at Liver- rica. He lived to hear of the death of this emninent pool. On arriving there, I learnt that this gentleman prelate, and of Dr. Jarvis his successor, with both of was at his country bouse near Manchester ; thither whom he had enjoyed a constant correspondence. I proceeded late on a gloomy evening in November. These channels of communication being closed, my As I stood on the steps of the door I felt some mis- father, as he grew old, and the subjects which gave givings, for I could hardly expect to be recognized, him most pleasure when young came more vividly and I felt my situation forlorn and destitute. The to his recollection, would frequently ask concerning door was opened by a servant, who asked what name the primitive flock in America. It was to relieve an he should give in. “Bishop Chase of Ohio," was aged and beloved parent of his anxiety on this snb. my reply. “Yes, my Lord," said the man. The con- ject, that I agreed to be his amanuensis, and accord. trast was ludicrous between the state of my feelings ingly arranged his questions and prepared his letter. and appearance, and the style by which, for the first This we adaressed to the son of the late Bishop Jartime, I heard myself addressed. I was invited to vis, who, we had learned, was settled in Boston; what walk in, and was received by my friend in the most the purport of thosc questions was, I see you had hospitable manner, who became one of my greatest Icarned from Dr. Jarvis's letter to you, in answer to supporters in bringing forward my appeal.
which yours, which my father received from him, “Soon after my arrival in London I enclosed the fully shows. This the good Doctor sent to us instead letter above alluded to, to Lord Gambier, who soon of any description from his own pen of the affairs of after called and took me to Iver Grove, where I was the Bishop of Ohio, as he had at our request given of treated with kind and Christian hospitality; and on the other bishops in America. returning to London he introduced me to the Rev. "'I was from home, having come to London, when Mr. Pratt, Secretary to the Church Missionary So- my father received Dr. Jarvis's communication; and ciety, who undertook to examine my portfolio, and having been for a long period a sharer in all his joys bring the object I hall in vicw into print, which was and a sympathiser in all his feelings, he was too a most essential assistance to me. In the spring of anxious that I should see what he had received from 1824, returning one day to my lodginga, I found upon America to wait for my return to Scotland. Accord. my table the card of Mr. Marriott and an invitation ingly he sent the letter by the first safe opportunity to breakfast with him and unfold my plans. This for my perusal. When the packet came, I was at the visit was most agreeable; and being invited to repeat house of the good John Bowdler, whom I before it, I complied, and never but with renewed and in- mentioned to you, having been summoned to his creaing pleasure. It was on one of those visits that I bed-side in his last illness, perhaps to see how the was introduced to Miss Duff Macfarlane. "She is a best of Christians could die. I broke the letters in bishop's daughter,' said Mr. Marriott,' and on that his presence-for he was strong in mind, though weak account as well as others is entitled to your highest in body; my father's letter referred me immediately regard. For some time after this I did not sce Mr. to yours written in Ohio ; on the perusal of which Marriott or his family ; during which period I re- some espressions involuntarily escaped me, which ceived a note from the ladly above mentioned, inviting the good' Mr. Bowdler could not but notice. On being me to breakfast with her at her cousin's, and stating informed of their cause, he requested to have the as a reason for her rcqucsi, that she had a subject on letter read to him, which affected him and frequently her mind which, in her opinion, concerned me and recurred to his mind. Having at last called me to my interests. And as it was also something which his dying couch, he distinctly said he wished to leave involved some portion of her duty, she trusted I somc token of his remembrance of the subject which would comply with her wish. The letter alluded to had so much occupied his thoughts. “There is,' said the introduction at Mr. Marriott's, and stated that he, a small sum of money left after all the rest of
my substance is disposed of in my will; take that and send it to Bishop Chase of Ohio with John Bowdler's dying blessing'-soon after this he expired. The delay in fulfilling his intentions, occasioned by not finding an opportunity to send the money to you, though it often distressed me, yet seems in the present event providential, as I am now enabled to give it you in person.'
" There are some scenes in life attended with such peculiar circumstances connected with the past, and yet having reference to the future, that words are but emp:y sounds when considered as means of describing the feelings which they occasion. No words could express my astonishment at this most singlilarly providential event. All that I had suffered seemed now rewarded manyfold, for I thought I saw in the legacy and blessing of this man of God, a pledge of my success in the great work which God bad given me to do.”
In the course of the spring the Ohio canisc was warmly espoused by Lord Gambier, Lord Kenyon, Lord Bexley, the Bishop of Sodor and Man, Lady Rosse, Mr. Marriott, and Mr. Wiggin, who was the Bishop's first friend and connecting link with this country. The subject was introduced to the notice of the British public, by an appeal drawn up under the direction of Mr. Pratt and Mr. Marriott. From this time subscriptions flowed in from every quarter, and everything appeared to prosper beyond expectation ; but, as if to prevent any elevation of mind from these auspicious circumstances, it pleased God to prepare a heavy domestic affliction, which was announced to Bishop Chase, in the month of May, by a lctter from Bishop Bowen, giving the following interesting nar. rative of the death of his beloved son and fellowlabourer, Philander. Bishop BOWEN TO Bisior CHIASP.
Charlston, March 2, 1824. Right Rev, and dear Sir,--Your very excellent son expired last night at about 10 o'clock (as his constant and most affectionate attendant, the Rev. Mr. Rutledge, has expressed himself to me) without a struggle or a sigh. He died, I have reason to believe, in perfect peace, having been blessed from the Giver of every good and perfect gift, throughout his illness, and even to his latest and most painful moments, with a spirit of the serenest resignation. I scarcely know how to tender you any sympathy but in the rejoicing with which, as a parent, you must receive the intelligence, that this truly to be lamented young man, exemplified to all who knew him or saw him in his sickness, and even in death, every lesson of piety and faith which had been so carefully inculcated by yourself, and enforced by the word and the good Spirit of God upon his heart, He was indeed the instructor of all who approached him, and there are many who I trust will long hear upon their hearts the impression which such an instance of the efficiency of a true faith cannot but have deeply made. It is by his request, my dear Sir, that I take this 20 early opportunity, even before his remains are interred, of acquainting you with the bereavement with which it has pleased God that you should be afflicted. “Tell my father," said he to me very shortly before his death, "tell my father as early as possible, that to be separated from him thus early is the bitterest part of death. I had hoped to live to shew hinn my gratitude and affection; but tell him that strong as I have felt the ties that bound me to life, I have been content, nay, I have become glad that they should be loosened thus early; for, later, my spirit might not have so rejoiced at God my Saviour's call. The world and its interests might have had more power for me than they yet have had. Tell him I died in perfect faith in the merits of my Saviour and the inercies of my God, though sometimes through the sense of sin trembling and afraid." The last time he spoke to me, he asked, with a calm and serene expression of countenance, “Do you think God will save me?" On my answering that I felt the most confident persuasion that he would, "Then come,” said he, “Lurd Jesus! come quickly and release me!" It has, in short, to us all been a most interesting and instructive scene: may God sanctify it to our good!
It will, no doubt, be consolatory to you to be informed that pour son had every possible attention paid him as a sick stranger
from his first arrival aniongst us until he breathed his last. The Rev. Mr. Rutledge has been to himn a brother, constant, Wiwearied, and most tender, watching and attending upon liis sickness through all its stages, with the most extraordinary fidelity and affection; nothing indeed has been left undone that your own affection could possibly have dictated, nor was there at any time any want of anything necessary to his comfort or to his recovery, had it been God's pleasure that he should have been continued in life. It has been his will that you should resign to him this most inestunable son: I know you have been already content to do it.
An opportunity not offering to despatch my letter until after the interment of your son, it is proper to inform you that we, to day, the 3rd, committed his remains to the ground, with every circumstance and testimony of respect that became the occasion, A grave being prepared in St. Michael's Church at the eastern extremity, the funeral service was read by myself, and an address delivered by Mr. Rutledge, founded on a passage of Scripture, which the deceased had himself pointed out, and commented on as one which he thought suitable, and from which he wished those who might be assembled at his funeral to be usefully spoken to. The effect was all that this saint departed could have desired; though dead he spoke to the hearts of many through the forcibly interesting representations which Mr. R. made of his sentiments and feelings in dwelling with him on that passage. His funeral was attended by all the Clergy of our Church, and those of the other denominations, who generally joined in the procession, and manifested a Christian sensibility to all the interest which the occasion was fitted so variously to inspire.
Now, my dear Sir, having resigned your son to God, as into the hands of a faithful Creator, what have we to do but to rejoice in hope of the day when this corruptible shall put on incorruption, and this mortal imınortality? With a sincere interest in your feelings, I remain your friend and brother,
E. BOWEN, Extract from Bishop Chase to Lord Gambier. My dear son is gone to rest, I humbly trust in Abraham's bosom. Bishop Bowen has written me a most consoling account of the evidence of his faith, the patience of his sufiering, and the resignation of his spirit to God. The remaining part of my journey must now be travelled uncheered by the company of this dear son, and faithful brother in Christ; but God can forgive while he thus chastises me for sin; he can support those wion he smiteth; or if they fall under the blow, and bathe their Saviour's feet with their tears, he can and will raise them up and soothe their sorrows.
Extract from the Rev. James Dallin's letter to
Radston near Bridlington, May 13, 1824. Right Rey, and very dear Sir, I think myself much obliged and honoured by your letter of the 18th ult., containing the copy of Bishop Bowen's letter, respecting the death of your son, both of which have been very interesting to me and all your friends in York.
Your loss is, to appearance, very great. To have had the assistance of such a son as has been taken from you in the extensive plans which you have formed for your diocese, would have no doubt facilitated their execution. But we should remember in faith and patience that the Almighty has his own ways of accomplishing the designs which he puts into the hearts of his servants to undertake for his name, and then most effectually promotes them when all ontward things for a time appear to obstruct their execution. I cannot but hope that the present painful visitation may turn out to the furtherance of the Gospel in the country to the spiritual good of which you have devoted all the energies and means you possess. There is one labourer less in your part of Christ's vineyard; but how know we that others may not spring up as it were from his aslies, incited by the example of his faith, and that your present Clergy may be cheered and invigorated by it, to abound in the work of the Lord? To these and others to whom your most excellent son was known, his death may preach more powerfully than he could have done by the most fervent discourses. Some Christians are appointed to glorify and serve (iod by their lives, some by their deaths. Bishop Bowen writes, “ to us all it has been a most interesting and instructive scene.” But in whatever way it may be, I doubt not of God's accompanying your endeavours with his blessing-indeed he is doing