« הקודםהמשך »
ment of that blessing which is promised (Is. xxx. 25), | vided. The collection after the bishop's sermon here when upon every high mountain and on the tops of
was 1131. the hills shall be rivers and streams of water.
The next service of the kind was at Tonge, in the An overflowing congregation attended the conse- parish of Prestwich, where a chapel of ease was concration-service, when, after the bishop's sermon, the secrated. It is a plain brick building, with lancetsum of 35l. was collected; and the appointment of a windows, stone window-cases and copings; having no minister having taken place, the church has been tower or steeple, and without any ornament whatever. filled on each succeeding Sabbath.
It contains 550 sittings ; and the cost of erection has The next day witnessed the consecration of St. been 19001. It has no gallery, but is calculated to James's Church at Clitheroe; a church built in a admit of galleries when needed. Her majesty's comsituation very different from that of Holme, but in the missioners assisted this building by a grant of 10001. midst of equal or of greater want.
The residue was raised by subscriptions. The population of Clitheroe, there is every reason The new church at Broughton, near Manchester, to suppose, amounts at this time to 7000, for whom was consecrated the same day. It is built of white the old church offers barely 1100 sittings. A propor- stone; and the architect, Mr. Lane, has produced a tion of these are allotted to the inhabitants of three building of very considerable beauty. The style is deother townships in the same chapelry, and more of corated English, with a tower of good proportions and them are unavailable for general purposes, by being sufficient degree of embellishment. The sittings are included in pews. The population, which has risen to 1150, and the cost has been 55001. ; but the total outits present amount from 1368, the number of inhabit- | lay, including the endowment-fund and the expense ants in 1801, is increasing at the same rapid rate, in of carrying a handsome iron fence round the extensive consequence of the activity of the manufacturing esta- area of the churchyard, comes to nearly 10,0001. The blishments in the place. It is to the pious zeal and interior is divided into aisles, and has galleries round unwearied exertions of the Rev. Dr. Powell, master
three sides. The Rev. Mr. Clowes, of Broughton, of the Grammar School at Clitheroe, that the com- who gave the very valuable site on which the church pletion of St. James's Church must, under the Divine is built, also gave 1,5001. towards the building, and blessing, be ascribed. A church which holds at pre- 1,0001, for the endowment. This church has been sent 688, has been built for 1,2001. At a moderate built under the recent acts. The sum collected after additional expense, galleries which may contain 600 the sermon was 501. more may be added ; and the appearance of the inte- The church at Cheetham Hill was consecrated the rior, which is at present bare, will be improved by the next day; and the opulent town of Manchester may addition. In a church built under such circumstances survey with reasonable pride the noble structure wbich it would be idle to look for decoration. Solidity and has here been raised. The church is so happily strength will be its chief recommendations, and these placed as to form a distinguished ornament to one of it unquestionably possesses. Embellishment may be the principal approaches, while it stands on a point considered hereafter. Necessity has been met. In from which the light and influence of divine truth may addition to the building, the sum which is required by be poured over a very important and populous disthe recent acts for an endowment has been raised and trict. It has been built, like that at Broughton, under invested; and land having been given, schools to the acts of Will. IV. and Victoria, and the patronage is contain 250 children are in progress.
in the hands of trustees. The architect is Mr. Atkinson, The whole expense, including the endowment-fund, who has combined with great skill two points not often has been 2,5001. Of this, 8001. was supplied by the realised in the same structure, comfortable accommoDiocesan Society; 3001. was given towards the en- dation and architectural effect. The style is decorated dowment by the trustees of the will of Mr. Halstead, English; and few parish churches offer a more magwho left the residue of bis estate to endow churches nificent spectacle, either externally or internally. It is which should be built in the extensive parish of probable that 1500 persons might be seated in it; and Whalley; and the rest has been collected by personal it is certain that a much larger number were collected application. A balance of nearly 4001. still remains on the morning when the bishop preached. The unpaid, for which certain individuals have made them- fittings of the interior correspond in elegance with the selves responsible, and which it is hoped the bounty grandeur of the elevation. The pulpit, carved out of of the public will soon discharge. The collection on solid oak, and surrounded with figures in high relief, this occasion, after the bishop's sermon, was 321. resembles the magnificent pulpits wliich are the or
The next day witnessed the consecration of a new nament of the Flemish churches. An eagle with church at Walmsley, in the chapelry of Tiverton. It outspread wings forms the front of the reading-desk; is built of stone, and the architect is Mr. Sharpe of and, bearing the sacred Scriptures, seems going forth Lancaster, who has here produced a work which to carry the message of the word of God to all the would be an ornament to any neighbourhood, and world. Every part of the church has been finished may satisfy the most fastidious taste. The style is with equal elegance. Ornament may seem to have that which is commonly called decorated English. A been scattered somewhat too profusely over the east well-proportioned tower, side-aisles, and clerestory, end; but it is hard to note excess where there is so give the church a commanding character, well suited much to admire, and where the ornament itself is of to the eminence on which it is placed. The cost has so pure a character. This church, with its approaches been 2,6001., and the present number of sittings is and other expenses, has not cost much less than 14,0001. 635. There are no galleries as yet erected; but the This sum was wholly raised by private subscriptions. accommodation which may be gained by introducing The collection after the bisliop's sermon was 1131. ; them will diminish materially that apparent cost of and the sermon has been since printed, at the parerection, which on the present comparison seems high, ticular request of the trustees. in reference to the number of sittings. This circum- The church of St. Barnabas at Openshaw, situated stance induced the Diocesan Society to withhold a in another of the avenues of Manchester, was consegrant for some time, till on satisfaction being given crated the next day, having been previously opened as to the discretion with which the plan had been for divine service by license. It is built of stone, the determined on, the sum of 3001. was voted to defray style early English, from designs and plans of Mr. the general expenses. The Incorporated Society had Atkinson. It has sittings for 850, has side-aisles, cleremade a previous grant of 3501. This church has story, and a short steeple; and the expense has been been built to supersede an old inconvenient edifice, 4,8001., the whole of which was supplied by the Manwhich was in a very dilapidated condition, and has chester Church-Building Society. The proportions of in consequence its minister and endowment pro- this church are less happy than those of the preceding. The clerestory is too high ; the body of the church 800, and cost 2,1001. Of this sum, 1,0001. was rein consequence appears narrow, and the galleries ceived from her majesty's commissioners ; 5001. from press inconveniently on the pulpit. This church, the Incorporated Society; and 7001. from the Diocesan however, possesses one peculiar feature, and a fea- Society. ture of very great interest. A school, containing The eleventh church was at Hurdsfield, a suburb of 400 children, in two rooms separated by a partition, Macclesfield. It is built of stone, in the early English and capable of holding more, has been built, and, style, with a handsome and well-proportioned tower ; together with a play- ground attached, been pre- and being placed on a rising ground, it forms a beautisented to the church by Mr. Neden, a gentleman re- ful object in the view as the traveller approaches siding in the neighbourhood. Ground for a parsonage- Macclesfield from Stockport. The exterior has nohouse had been also given; and the three buildings, thing particular to be remarked beyond symmetry church, school, and parsonage, will soon be combined and apparent solidity; but the interior arrangement in one happy group, and form the centre of parochial deserves notice, and does credit to the architects, influence, which shall radiate through the adjoining Messrs. Healey and Brown. The church contains 900 district. This church has been endowed by the Man- sittings, and has been erected for 2,5001. ; of this sum, chester Church-Building Society : and the patronage 7501. bas been drawn from the Diocesan Society, and is in the hands of trustees. The collection in the the rest from subscriptions. The endowment has church on this occasion was 561.
been furnished by the trustees of Hyndman's fund, The church at St. Helen's has been built entirely at with whom the patronage rests. The collection after the expense of Mr. P. Greenall, a gentleman of pro- the sermon here was 561. perty in the place, and the patronage will vest in him. A small chapel at Marthal, in the parish of RostThe architeci is Mr. A. Williams, of Liverpool. The herne, was consecrated three weeks afterwards. It material is brick, with stone facings. The form of the has been built chiefly at the expense of W. T. Egerton, church is that of a cross, having galleries at the west Esq., aided by a grant of 1001. from an association in end and in the transepts. There are sittings for more Cheshire for the purpose of building chapels in the than 500; and the expense of building has been 3,2001. large parishes of the rural districts, where distance The bishop, who came from Manchester that morning, sometimes renders the parish-church as difficult to was conducted by Mr. Greenall to the newly erected reach, as population renders it difficult to enter in the town-hall, where a large assemblage of the neighbour- manufacturing districts. Mr. Egerton endows this ing gentry and clergy were collected to meet him. chapel with 401. a-year, and becomes in consequence They proceeded thence on foot, accompanied by the the patron. The collection after the sermon was, on different clubs belonging to St. Helen's, and followed this occasion, 651. by a large portion of the population, to the church, Such have been the proceedings in this diocese which was soon filled to overflowing. The collection during the summer : and thus far, we may say, has God after the sermon was 254l. ; and if it were permitted helped us. The results, if presented in a tabular to form a judgment of the future destiny of the church form, will stand as follow, with regard to the accomfrom the interest exhibited by all classes in its con- modation provided, and the money expended :secration, it may be hoped that no ordinary share of
Sittings. blessing will rest on this work.
Rainhill The church at Staly Bridge, which was consecrated
Bolton, Emmanuel the next day, has been built from a design supplied
1560 by Mr. Tattershall, of Manchester ; and few of our
Preston, St. Thomas's modern churches exhibit so much of pure design
Clitheroe, St. James's and of architectural elegance at a cost so moderate.
Walmsley The church contains 1,000 sittings, and it has been
1900 erected for less than 4,0001. Internally the church
1200 Cheetham Hill
14,000 has side-aisles, a clerestory, and galleries; but the gal.
Openshaw leries are so arranged that they do not interfere with the beautiful columns which support the roof; and
1000 the groined work of the ceiling deserves particular at
Hurdsfield: tention. Externally the church exhibits a handsome
Marthal tower. The windows of the side-aisles are doublelancet; and the windows of the clerestory are formed
12,670 £52,060 to resemble the cusps or upper parts of windows of The feeling with which such operations are contema later date. The general effect might, perhaps, plated must be of a mixed character; and while unhave been improved, if this form had been sub- bounded gratitude must be felt to God, who has thus stituted for the double-lancet windows on the side. mercifully raised up means for relieving the lamentable This church has been built under the late acts. The destitution of these districts, we cannot deny that the reDiocesan Society contributed 1,0001. ; and the Earl of flections excited by this review must in many respects Stanford, to whom all the ground in the neighbour- be painful. That something has been done-and done hood belongs, not only enabled the plan to be realised judiciously and with effect - we may acknowledge; by giving a site, but has also given expansion to it by but while we contemplate with joy the work that is extending his gift of land to five statute acres. The accomplished, it is impossible to withdraw the mind area, thus munificently afforded, will offer space for from that which is yet undone, or from the consequences schools, for parsonage-house, and garden, and also that must follow the deficiency. Accommodation in for a large cemetery, which in that populous neigh- church, we may say, has been provided for 12,000; bourhood is greatly needed. In truth, those alone but how many still remain without any provision of who have seen the dense population of these districts the sort! If we suppose that the number of attendcan appreciate properly the value of the churches ants at church is, or ought to be, two-fifths of the which are rising here, and understand the nature of whole population ; if we suppose that when 1000 perthe call on the sympathy and bounty of the Christian sons are statedly assembled for divine worship, a popupublic. The collection here, after the bishop's ser- lation of 2500 may be regarded as brought under pasmon, was 2041,
toral superintendence, the efforts of the year will have In the adjacent township of Newton a church was extended the influence of religion over a number not next consecrated, which will be a chapel of ease to less than 30,000. Mottram. It is built of stone, on a plan furnished by If we take a different standard -a standard perhaps Messrs. Healey and Brown. It is calculated to hold better suited to the less regular habits of the English
400 350 700 600 1000 500 700 650 500
750 1400 2600
4500 3200 4000 2100 2500 600
820 900 200
people, and indulge the hope of a wider, though less rectness, he had formed his taste in architecture by a exact, extension of religious influence, through the careful study of our finest ecclesiastical buildings; and medium of those who attend the services of the church, he added to these accomplishments a knowledge of the - and suppose that for one stated worshipper, five working details, such as is possessed by few men in may be found acquainted with the truths of the Gos- his situation. Thus prepared, he entered on his labopel, we shall have 60,000 noted as rescued from abso- rious career, and, amidst many and overwhelming diflute irreligion, and brought to some knowledge of ficulties, through evil report and good report, he pertheir duties and responsibilities. The dim light which severed in the great work before him, and thus has is thus shed upon our people is not cheering, is not been the means of raising, in Preston, four new satisfactory : but it is stated here as the alternative churches, executed chiefly, or entirely, from his own with utter darkness and forgetfulness of God. But, designs; three of which are of large dimensions, and admitting this, we must still exclaim, What are these each of which may be considered as models in their among so many ? what is this inroad made on the way: besides purchasing a large dissenting chapel, dense heathenism of the people at large ?
which is now attached to the establishment, and The population of Lancashire alone, by the last forms a commodious place of worship, containing 1000 census, was 1,385,000. That population had nearly sittings. In each of these churches he had the higher doubled itself in the thirty years occurring between happiness of placing faithful and devoted ministers. that date and 1801, and 663,000 souls had been added He had seen schools built in connexion with each, to the number of inhabitants. There is every reason and training up the children of his people in the way to suppose that the same rate of increase is going on; they ought to go; and though cut off in the fulness of and in that case the population of Lancashire in the strength and usefulness, he has left in these
orks a year 1861 will amount to 2,667,000. The church- memorial of his own devotedness to God, and a lesson accommodation must be enlarged so as to meet an
to all to “ work while it is called to-day." increase of 1,330,000 in the number of inhabitants; and the present number of churches must be doubled in the course of thirty years, if even the present measure of accommodation is to be offered. In other
Miscellaneous. words, 266 new churches must be built, if to each
THE ARMY AND Navy.-A new order of things is 5000 inhabitants a church is to be assigned capable daily stamping its character on the army and navy of containing 1000 ; or 532 churches of the same size,
of our country; and where formerly but one truly if provision be made somewhat better suited to the
serious Christian officer could be seen, there are ten wants of men ; and a church, holding two-fifths of
to be found at this moment. This is a circumstance their number, with a resident minister, be assigned
which gladdens every Christian heart, and bids fair to every 2500 inhabitants. That this is no unreasonable proportion, we may
to call down a blessing on the future services of our
armies and fleets whenever they shall be sent forth in appeal to the common sense of men, and to the pro
defence of our land.--Extracts, lc, by Captain Sir N. vision made by our forefathers. The government of
J. W'illoughby. Prussia has laid down 750 as the number of souls to be entrusted to the charge of a single minister; con- WINE.— Take especial care that thou delight not in sidering, and wisely considering, that few men are wine; for there never was any man that came to honour capable of giving to a larger body that close and per- or preferment that loved it; for it transformeth a man sonal superintendence which the pastoral care im- into a beast, decayeth health, poisoneth the breath, plies. In our own original parochial arrangements, destroyeth natural heat, brings a man's stomach to an the churches seem to have been designed to contain artificial heat, deformcth the face, rotteth the teeth, the whole population; and the monasteries were scat- and, to conclude, maketh a man contemptible, soon tered through the country to supply from their inmates old, and despised of all wise and worthy men; bated the assistance which was required by the secular clergy. in thy servants, in thyself, and companions; for it is The manufacturing and commercial wealth, which a bewitching and infectious vice. A drunkard will has caused the rapid increase of our population, has never shake off the delight of beastliness; for the made no provision for the spiritual wants of the people ; longer it possesses a man, the more he will delight in and in consequence the population of these districts it, and the older he groweth, the more he will be has assumed a character which few thinking men ven- subject to it; for it dulleth the spirits and destroyeth ture to contemplate, and which no Christian man can the body, as ivy doth the old tree, or as the worm consider with calmness.
that engendereth in the kernel of the nut. Take heed, Whether government will interfere or not, seems therefore, that such a cureless canker pass not thy as yet uncertain; but it is manifest that if govern- youth, nor such a beastly infection thy old age ; for ment does not anticipate the evil by a prompt and
then shall all thy life be but as the life of a beast, and effectual interference, there are elements at work after thy death thou shalt only leave a shameful infamy which must ere long break forth, and offer to the to thy posterity, who shall study to forget that such a world at large an awful memorial of the consequences
one was their father.--Sir Walter Raleigh. which must follow such neglect. CESTRICNSIS.
While these lines were being penned, it has pleased God to remove from this anxious, troubled
TO CORRESPONDENTS. field of labour one of his most faithful and devoted
We must beg our friends to be careful in directing their comservants, the Rev. Roger Carus Wilson, vicar of Pres.
munications to us. Two were lately sent, addressed Baker ton; and the subject of the present narrative-the Strect and Portland Street respectively. They reached us at extension of church-accommodation-requires some
last in safety, but not without occasioning some puzzle to the notice to be taken of this valuable and lamented man.
letter-carriers. On his appointment to the vicarage of Preston, Mr. Wilson found the churclı-accommodation totally unequal to the wants of the existing population; he also
London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street,
Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. saw that population increasing at the rapid rate which Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town successful manufacturing speculation invariably pro- and Country duces; and he immediately applied all the energies of his mind to supply the deficiency. He brought to the work, which ihus seemed assigned to him, peculiar qualifications. Gifted with an eye of exquisite cor- ROBSOX, LEVEY, AND YRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIX'S LAXL.
only solemn and important, but the event reTUE PRIEST AFTER THE ORDER OF NIELCHI.
ferred to is unchangeably fixed in his decrees. ZEDEC.
Thus, (Gen. xxii. 16) “ The Lord sware unto By The Rev. CHRISTOPIER EADES, M.A.
Abraham, For because thou hast not withheld Assistant Curate of St. Mary's Church, Sheffield.
thy son, thine only son; that in blessing I In reading the Epistle to the Hebrews, it will bless thee,” &c. Again, (Deut. i. 34, should be borne in mind that it was written 35) “ The Lord sware, saying, Surely there for the instruction of converted Jews,-per- shall not one of these men of this evil genesons very liable, from the remaining preju- ration see that good land which I sware to dices of education, and the objections of give unto your fathers;" and accordingly they unbelieving brethren, to be much perplexed wandered in the wilderness until they were with doubts and difficulties. Can there be worn out, and their carcasses fell there. Still a greater prophet than Moses? a priest supe- further, (Psalm lxxxix. 35) “ I have sworn rior to Aaron ? a more excellent institution unto David my servant, Thy seed will I estabthan the Law ? a more glorious sanctuary lish for ever, and build up thy throne to all than the holy place? --- were questions by generations ;" an oath referring to the eternal which the faith of a Jewish convert was kingdom of Messiah. The Levitical priests likely to be assailed and shaken. These are said (Heb. vii. 21) to have been made questions are therefore discussed with all the without an oath, but Christ with an oath,wisdom and power of an inspired apostle, which signified that theirs was a temporary, who proved from the Old Testament that the his an unchangeable priesthood; indeed, we Messiah is greater, not only than Moses and find that that shadowy priesthood, appointed of Aaron, but than all created beings; and that God for a season, as a preparatory institution, the Gospel excels the Law, as the substance the was subject to many changes before it entirely shadow. The Epistle, therefore, presents us passed away. Thus (1 Sam. ii. 30,35) the prowith a brief but invaluable commentary on phet declares the word of the Lord to Eli, the Law especially, and not a little on the the then high-priest—" Wherefore the Lord Prophets, many of whose predictions are so God of Israel saith, I said indeed that thine explained and applied as to give the highest house, and the house of thy father, should internal evidence of its Divine inspiration. walk before me for ever: but now the Lord
Of the prophecies referred to in this Epistle, saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour none is so largely dwelt upon as that of David, me I will honour, and they that despise me “ The Lord sware, and will not repent, Thou shall be lightly esteemed. And I will raise art a priest for ever after the order of Mel- me up a faithful priest, that shall do acchizedec” (Psalm cx. 4): to explain and im- cording to that which is in mine heart and in prove which will be the object of this present my mind : and I will build him a sure house; essay.
and he shall walk before mine anointed for "The Lord sware." Wherever in Scripture ever;" which was remarkably fulfilled in the Lord is said to swear, the occasion is not the days of Solomon. VOL. VIII.--NO. CCVII.
(London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.)
Por some ages, indeed, before the coming that without which no other permanent of our Lord, the claim arising from descent benefit had accrued to man—was, to make seems to have been wholly disregarded; and an atonement for sin. Fallen man, without the office became an article of merchandise, an atonement, without a sacrifice, must for which heathen princes sold to the highest ever have been an alien and a banished race. bidder, taking care, however, to raise to this Enlightened by whatever science, directed by dignity only those supposed to be faithful to whatever precepts, animated by whatever their own interests; all which went to shew example, he must still have been without that the fabric of the Jewish ecclesiastical hope, without strength—an enemy to God, polity was ready to vanish away, “ for the a slave of Satan. The higher his intelleet weakness and unprofitableness thereof.” rose in just conceptions of God, the deeper
Melchizedec is, next to the Son of God must he have sunk in despair; for he could himself, the most extraordinary and myste contemplate the Divine Being none otherrious person mentioned in Scripture. His wise than as a consuming fire, into whose name and his seat of empire were both sig- hands it would be a fearful thing to fall. nificant; the former being, by interpretation, Such we may conceive to be the state of “King of righteousness;" and the latter, fallen angels, who know and believe only to
King of Salem,” that is '“ King of peace;" tremble and despair and hate; and such and plainly point out him who was a “ Priest would, in fact, be the state of ungodly sinupon his throne,” “the Holy and Just One,”
“the Holy and Just One," ners, were it not that the veil of flesh and the <i the Prince of peace. Melchizedec was a occupations of sense enable them for a season priest of the most high God, and, as it would to live as if there was no God: and when seem, not confined to any temple or people, once the conscience of the sinner has been but exercising his sacred calling for the benefit convinced of his own lost and guilty state, of all who truly worshipped God, endued would he not sink into despondency, were with authority and right to bless and to re- not his mind directed to the Lamb of God ceive the tenths even from him who had the which taketh away the sin of the world ? promises, the father of Israel, of Levi, of Take out of the New Testament the atoning Moses, of Aaron, of David; signifying that sacrifice of Christ, and you take the soul out a Priest should afterwards arise greater than of the man-you take away the essence, which any descended from Aaron, who should bless is no longer å covenant of grace-glad tidings all nations as well as the seed of Jacob, and of great joy—a gospel of reconciliation. To to whom all should render an unreserved and a world of sinless and undying men, the pure universal homage. And whereas Melchizedec and sublime doctrines and hopes of our was alike without predecessor or successor, holy religion had been an invaluable blessing; neither deriving his priesthood from his an- but to us sinners they had been but a cruel cestors, nor conferring it upon his descend- mockery, without the atoning sacrifice of ants; it thereby appeared that the priesthood Christ, by which the guilt of sin is cancelled, of Christ, sprung from the tribe not of Levi, the stain of sin is washed
washed away, the power of but of Judah, should derive its origin and sin is broken, the penalty of sin is remitted, authority from God, and should endure in and
that were enemies, are reconciled the same undying person for ever.
to God.” Here the penitent finds peace and I may now proceed to set forth the doc- hope; here the believer rests with confidence. trine that Christ is a Priest, and a Priest for God hath laid a foundation in Zion, elect,
precious; and he that believeth on him shall Sacrifice, intercession, and benediction, are not be confounded. the three principal parts of the priestly office, But, again, the office of a priest is intereach of which was exercised by our great High- cession. When Aaron entered into the holy priest. It is the ordinance of God, that, where place he carried on his breast-plate and on sin has entered, either penalty or atonement his shoulder the names of the twelve tribes must follow. The law appointed an annual of Israel, as the Lord's remembrancer. Our atonement, which the Jewish high-priest High-priest is entered into the holy place made when he entered into the holy place, made without hands, there to appear in the not without blood; the perfect and sufficient presence of God for us ;- there he is a atonement is that which was made by Christ, Priest for ever on his throne, interceding for when“ he put away sin by the sacrifice of his church from generation to generation. himself"-himself the priest, the altar, and The continued intercession of Christ is so the victim. While it is certain that many spoken of in Scripture as to lead us to subordinate and most excellent purposes believe, that it is carried on chiefly, if not were accomplished by the manifestation of solely, in behalf of the Lord's believing peothe Son of God, yet are we warranted in ple. Thus, in John xvii., he prayed only saying, that the great end of his coming for his disciples and for those which should