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are “strong in the Lord, and in the power of THE WAR IN HEAVEN.
his might,” we shall successfully prosecute BY THE REv. Thomas Madge, M.A.
our spiritual warfare.
What though our Curate of Kettering.
adversary be “the old serpent," "the great II.
dragon,” the “ devil, which deceiveth the From the passage in the book of Revelation, whole world ?" yet “ the God of peace shall to which our attention has been directed in a bruise him under our feet shortly" (Rom. former essay, it may further be observed, xvi. 20). Divine grace will make us acthat the final result of the contest carrying quainted with “his devices,” will enable us on between the powers of light and of dark- to evade his subtle arts of destruction, or to ness is by no means doubtful.
encounter the most formidable attacks of his The struggle for the supremacy between malice. What though he be “the accuser pagan superstition and Christian truth, which of the brethren ?" " who shall lay any thing lasted so long in the Roman empire, termi- to the charge of God's elect ?" (Rom. viii. nated at length in the subversion of idolatry, 33.) “I am persuaded," may the Christian and the establishment of Christianity; and believer triumphantly exclaim, “ that neither so sball every act of hostility against the angels, nor principalities, nor powers, shall be kingdom of Christ eventually terminate in able to separate me from the love of God, the confusion and destruction of the powers which is in Christ Jesus my Lord” (Rom. of darkness. Whatever master-piece of power viii. 38). and policy the devil may contrive, and set in The way in which victory over Satan is opposition to the interests of the Church of achieved is particularly deserving of notice. Christ, shall be in vain. Though Satan may They overcame by the blood of the Lamb, for a time appear to prosper in his attempts and by the word of their testimony." The against the people of God and the cause of blood of the Lamb was the efficient cause of righteousness ; though he may, to a consi- their victory, which rendered the testimony derable extent, succeed in his schemes of they bore to the Gospel faithful, courageous, deception and iniquity, yet his dominion and successful. The sacred efficacy of that shall not be universal in point of extent, or precious blood procured for them the Divine perpetual in its duration: The combined strength and grace of the Holy Spirit to power and policy of all the hosts of darkness secure their victory; and the remembrance are limited by our Lord's sure promise to that Christ's blood was shed for them wrought his Church, " The gates of hell shall not pre- powerfully on their souls. By faith in the vail against it” (Matt. xvi. 18).
blood of the Lamb that was slain, and wieldThe encouragement arising from this view ing the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of Satan's eventual defeat may be applied to of Divine testimony, the primitive Christians the circumstances of individual Christians, as went forth to conflict and to victory. And well as to the Church at large. Feeble and these are the means to which we also must impotent as we are in ourselves, yet if we resort, if we would desire to make a firm and VOL. VIII. NO, CCVI.
(London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.]
victorious resistance against Satan. The con- to his own final perdition. " He that com-
ness, truth and falsehood, righteousness and The victory thus obtained over Satan calls sin. It may be traced in the hearts of indifor the congratulations of all the servants of viduals, in families, in neighbourhoods, in the Lord. The angels that encircle the throne societies, in nations, in the world at large. of God, and the glorified spirits of the just The great question is, What part are we ourmade perfect, unite in singing, “ Salvation to selves taking in this contest ?
Are we on our God, which sitteth on the throne, and the side of the dragon and his angels, or on unto the Lamb” (Rev. vii. 10). “ The king- the side of Michael and his angels ? Are we dom of our God, and the power of his Christ,” living to the service of the Redeemer, or to form the one great theme, which employs ten ourselves, to the world, and to sin? If living thousand times ten thousand voices, both in in sin, how awful our state! and if we repent the Church triumphant above, and in the not, how certain our condemnation ! Church still militant here below. 16 Now is The subject affords peculiar encouragecome salvation and strength," is a song in ment to those who are united with angels which every Christian participates, whenever in struggling against sin. Arduous is the he obtains, through grace, the mastery over conflict in which you, my Christian reader, his own corruptions, over the evils of the are engaged against the world, the flesh, and world, and the temptations of Satan. In this the devil,-a formidable confederacy. Feeble chorus of praise the whole Church unites are your own unaided powers, quite unequal whenever the designs of the great enemy
to the strife. But there are more with you have been signally defeated, whenever the than all that are against you; and “ greater
f truth prospers, and the Gospel has is He that is in you than he that is in the free co rse and is glorified. This song shall world" (1 John, iv. 4). You have the symbe sounded throughout the whole earth at pathy and the care of the angels of heaven, the destined period called the millennium : who by God's appointment succour and de“ The kingdoms of this world are become the fend you upon earth; you have the symkingdoms of our God and of his Christ” (Rev. pathy and the care of the Lord of angels. xi. 15). It shall reverberate eternally through- Nor are you without obtaining some victories out the mansions of glory~"Alleluia; for the over your spiritual enemies through Him Lord God omnipotent reigneth” (Rev. xix. 6). that hath loved you. These are the pledges
Those who have not taken part with the of that future and everlasting triumph reservants of the Lord in their contest against served for you in that happy world, where the powers of darkness, but yield willingly to you shall have your residence and comthe temptations of Satan, have great cause to munion with the angels of light, where no tremble.
enemy shall molest your peace, where no sin Woe to those who are enemies of the stall enter to disturb your harmony, no sorcross of Christ; worldly and ungodly per- row intrude to diminish your joy for eversons, whose “ wisdom is earthly, sensual,
In the contemplation of this glorious and devilish !" Upon them the common prospect adopt the exulting language of the hater of mankind will exert his malignant Psalmist, “ Bless the Lord, ye his angels, power ; he will hold them as his vassals in that excel in strength; bless the Lord, all base subjection ; for be ruleth in the hearts ye his hosts, ye ministers of his, that do of the children of disobedience ; he forms his pleasure ; bless the Lord, all his works them according to his own character, employs in all places of his dominion ; bless the Lord, them in his own work, and is leading them O my soul" (Psalm civ. 21, 22).
AN ADDRESS TO PARENTS
for days or months after it has been given. I think it
is just as much a law of God, that the blow upon the ON THE DUTY OF ENDEAVOURING TO PREVENT
body should inflict an injury, as it is that the lie SIN IN THEIR CHILDREN.
should inflict an injury upon the mind, and so preBY THE Rev. J. L. GOLDING, M.A.,
pare it for future misery in its temporal existence ; Walton, near Peterborough.
that is, the bad effects of sin upon the mind in time There are two views to be taken of the consequences are, in their degree, as necessary and as sure as they of sin, both of which are recognised in the Bible; will be in eternity. For, however contrary to this the the temporal, and the eternal. The latter is gene- conclusion may be to which we are led by our passions rally admitted, and probably believed to a certain and our evil habits, and our naturally false notions of degree, by those who have very faint ideas and true happiness, reason tells us that God can be the scarcely any belief of the former. There is, however, only true judge of this question. And he declares a very serious disadvantage in taking imperfect views that “godliness hath the promise of the life that now of any practical subject; because imperfect, if not is;" that is to say, the really happy man in this life, erroneous practices are the natural effects of im- is he who obeys the laws of God: for sin inficts the perfect views, that is, of knowing only a portion of only wound which the soul is capable of receiving ; the whole truth. The whole of the scriptural views that is, sin must, according to the immutable arrangeof sin ought therefore to be fully taught.
ment of God, hurt the mind, as an outward injury We are manifestly living under certain laws with must the body. It is on this ground that God unregard to the body, which must be obeyed, or the hesitatingly pronounces the wicked man to be tempopenal consequences are unavoidable. And God, who rally miserable. He says, without one “if,” without established the laws, manifestly appointed also the one exception, “the wicked is like the troubled sea penal consequences of disobedience. Let me plainly when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and illustrate this remark. It is a law of God, with regard dirt: there is no peace, says my God, to the wicked.” to our temporal constitution, that life cannot be main- Now peace is God's highest gift of happiness; and tained but by eating and drinking; this is the law of sin, he declares, robs a mau of every fragment of it. our being. Suppose, then, a man should wilfully and It is thus shewn that sin necessarily begets temporal determinately break this law; the dreadful sufferings misery. from famine must be endured. All know this; but I But it also begets elernal misery. That it produces wish to point out this cause and effect as God's own temporal misery, is capable of proof from the experiordinance. He established the law, and attached the ence of every man who has sought for it in his own penalty. The idea might be still further illustrated mental history. But as we cannot prove that it will endlessly, by what is familiar to us all. It is, for produce eternal misery, no soul having come back instance, a law of the Maker of the universe, that fire, from the abodes of misery to tell the tale of its woes, if we come into contact with it, should cause the we must take God's word for it. And, let me remark, human frame acute pain, and destroy life. And if a in order to strengthen your views of the reasonableman will thrust bis hand into the fire, he must suffer ness of this faith in God's word, that, as his declarathis pain; he has broken the law, and the conse- tions concerning the effects of sin in time have been quences are unavoidable. But man consists of mind proved to be true by our own experience, this fact as well as of body; and it can be shewn that the ought to confirm, with infinite force, your belief in mind also is under the influence of certain laws, fixed his declarations of its eternal consequences. For this by Him who made us, which, if broken, unavoidably is only agreeable to the commonest laws of your bring on their proper penal consequences. We all intercourse with each other. If a man had kept his understand it of the body. But it is not so easily promises to you once under trying circumstances, you understood, that a breach of the laws which govern the would unhesitatingly trust him again. But God does mind must be followed by their proper evil conse- keep his promises with regard to sin in 'time, and quences, as surely as the laws which rule the body. therefore he will in eternity. And shall I again This is a far more difficult subject to be illustrated, remind you of those eternal consequences? They are because men think so much about their bodies, and brought before us by the most terrible images. Fire is scarcely at all about their minds. We never suffer any Thus the prophet asks, “ Who among us shall pain of body, without at once seeking to discover the dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall cause of it; but our minds are pained in a thousand dwell with everlasting burnings ?" This is an image ways without a moment's inquiry into the cause of of the future inisery of the sinner, at which nature that suffering. Yet it is true, that there is as distinct shudders; and to give it more force in our minds, a cause for the pain of the mind as there is for the consider for whom this representation was first of all pain of the body. If we used our bodies always as made: it was to the inhabitants of Eastern countries, God designed they should be used, it is certain they who pass their days under a burning, withering sun, would never know pain. And equally true is it, that and to whom, therefore, happiness is imaged forth by if the mind were used as God designed it should be, cooling waters, and “the shadow of a great rock in a that would never know pain. If a man tells a wilful weary land ;” and to whom the heat of a fire is but lie, because the evil effects of it are not at once felt, another word for deep suffering. Your own memories nothing more is thought of it; yet it appears to me will doubtless enable you to pursue this topic much to be demonstrable, that a lie inflicts as certainly a further. wound, so to speak, upon the mind, as a blow does Now these two views of the consequences of sin upon the body, the bruise from which may not be felt ought never to be separated in your mind. It should not be forgotten, that eternal punishment is not a Consider that single sin, which is so fruitful a parent more certain consequence of sin than temporal punish- of other sins -a breach of the Sabbath-day. How ment, in some form or other, is. If, then, these two are the sins of the Sabbath-breaking parent visited views are not combined, you have only half-knowledge upon his children, by his children becoming Sabbathof the effects of sin. The sinner who goes deliberately breakers too, with all the evils of that sin! Thus he to his sin, and makes up his mind, as he thinks he has neglected an instrument of infinite force in precan do, to the eternal punishment of it, has only venting sin in them: for whereas an idle Sunday opens admitted a part of the truth : the whole truth is, that wide the gates for the entrance of every sin, so does a as surely as eternal punishment will be the proper properly occupied Sunday close the gates to many an consequence of sin, so surely will temporal punish- evil that knocks for admission in vain. I can feel no ment. Nay, more surely; for the true believer in hesitation in pointing out a double advantage in duly Christ will escape the eternal punishment; but it is bringing children to the house of God on the Sabbath. very debateable how far the merits of Christ stand You bring them in the way appointed by God himself between the sinner and the temporal consequences of for their receiving religious instruction and impreshis sins.
sions, and the only means are adopted for preventing It may be of use to say a few words about the mode the concomitant sins of unoccupied hours; and in in which sin necessarily produces temporal punish- after-life, if they think at all, they will say of you, as ment, because the prosperity of wicked men seems David did of Abigail, “ Blessed be thy advice, and to disprove it. But the height of human prosperity blessed be thou, which hast kept me from evil” (1 Sam. is familiarly known to be compatible with the deepest xxv. 33). Parents cannot bestow upon their children misery; besides, the seat of happiness and of misery God'sgrace; yet they can pave the way for its entrance is the heart, and the heart is the peculiar place of into their hearts, by preventing sin in them, in God's jurisdiction ;- and this is invisible to man, thousand ways, and thus removing the greatest obwho, looking at the smiling countenance, falsely re- stacle to religion--the actual indulgence of unchecked gards that as the index of a smiling heart; but, says sins, which have acquired the force of habit. Solomon, “even in laughter the heart is sorrowful." Parents should carry out their endeavours to preI need not say more on this topic.
vent sin in their children likewise by keeping them, The preceding remarks, imperfect as they are, are as far as circumstances will permit, from evil examples, calculated, it is hoped, to set forth the paramount im- for it is never to be forgotten, that these will do their portance of the duty which it is the design of this deadly work of sapping and mining virtuous princiaddress to urge ; and I now proceed to the consider- ples more effectually than any endeavours to establish ation of some specific cases, where that importance is them. “Blessed is the man that walleth not in the clearly manifest.
counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of And, first, it may be observed that it is the high sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.” “Evil duty of parents to prevent sin in their children. It communications corrupt good manners.” is a dreadful mistake to suppose that riches and Again, do you deny yourselves needless indulgences, honours are the greatest blessings parents can bestow
which would remove you from your children's society, upon their children ; for thousands, I fear, will meet and thus expose them to temptations, which it is cruel their children in the abodes of misery, and will then to expect the feeble mind of youth can resist? There discover that the riches they felt so happy in procuring is more religion, far more, in the act of that father or for them were the direct instruments of bringing them mother who should remain at home on the Sabbath (to there. Parents should labour to keep their children select one case of self-denial) purposely to watch over from sin, to "train them up in the nurture and admo- their children, than in that of him or her who, under nition of the Lord;" and then if they fail in giving the selfish pretence of seeking spiritual advantages, them a temporal inheritance, they may yet procure for wanders to some distant place of worship, and leaves them "an inheritance uncorruptible and undefiled and them at home to Satan and his wiles. I speak thus that fadeth not away." I fear it is too little considered strongly and earnestly and particularly, because I must how many children's ains, that might have been pre- remind you that the first of all your earthly duties, vented with ordinary diligence and watchfulness, must after seeking to save your own souls, is to seek to save fairly be laid to the charge of their parents hereafter. the souls of your children ; and one especial part as. The position in which the providence of God has signed to you in this all-important struggle is to placed them with regard to their children's welfare, prevent sin in them by your own self-denying vigilis indeed enough to awaken the deepest emotions of ance. It is a good work to pray for them ; it is a good fear in a parent's breast; for the sins of fathers are work to give them wise counsels ; but your own pervisited upon their children ;-not, however, that child- sonal acts of self-denial in the struggle to prevent ren are punished merely because parents were wicked.* sin in them may be worth them all. The truth is, the sins of the parents have taught their Again, in their entrance into life, do you endeavour children to sin. Habitual sinners themselves, they to prevent sin in them, by seeking to place them could not feel the great duty imposed on them, of la- where God is feared and his Sabbaths respected! You bouring to keep their children sin. Thu their are paying an awful price for any imagined temporal sins are visited upon their offspring; they sin, as a advantages for your children, if you willingly place matter of course, because they saw those sinning them with such as would encourage sin in them, rather whose example they are naturally inclined to follow. than raise the warning voice to prevent it. You are
quite justified in seeking to promote, by all lawful * Ezekiel, xviii. 14, 17.
means, their advancement in life; but recollect, that
this is useful, expedient, and desirable, yet “one Mr. A. Williams of Liverpool, bas succeeded in prothing is needful.” Seek for them, first of all, so far as ducing a building of extraordinary elegance. The you can, " the kingdom of God and his righteousness," expenses were 9001., and the number of siltings 350. and rely on his wisdom and faithfulness to bless your
The internal arrangement is peculiar. The east end
is hexagonal, and the pulpit and reading-desk are arrangements for promoting their honourable success
placed at the opposite extremities of the communionin the duties of life.
rails. There is a gallery at the west end. To the poor, serious-minded labourer I would affec- It is already necessary to consider the means of tionately give this general direction, in reference to enlarging this church; and the only plan of doing the duty I am enforcing: send your children to the
this appears to be by increasing its length. It is
fortunate that the height of the roof will admit of Sunday-school, and, if you can, to a week-day school,
this mode of enlargement, without any deduction where the foundation of the knowledge taught is the from the symmetry of the interior. Bible. Set them an example at home of reverently, The next day a chapel of ease was consecrated at not morosely, keeping holy God's most blessed gift Bolton, calculated to hold 650, and built for 2,2001.: (you have to thank him for it, for a selfish world would
the money was raised by local subscription, the list never have given it you) to a tired world, of the seventh
being headed by the sum of 5001., which, originally
subscribed by the parishioners of Bolton for the purday's rest. Pray with them in your families; pray for chase of a service of plate, as a memorial of their them in your own retirement. Seek to place them gratitude and aflection for their respected vicar, the with employers who will fulfil your last wish, as they
Rev. J. Slade, was by him applied to this purpose. leave the paternal roof to encounter a world whose
Mr. Welsh was the architect : the style, early English;
with a spire and west gallery. every influence will be adverse to their spiritual wel
A parochial chapel at Adlington, in the parish of fare,—and help them to keep holy the Sabbath-day, as Standish, was consecrated the same day, built nearly the rallying-point of all religion. Thus do your part in the same style, and by the same architect. The towards their eternal salvation, and you will best of all number of sittings in this case was 600, and the cost fulfil your duty of preventing sin in them, by sup
of building 1,4001. Of this sum, 4501. was supplied plying them with the only armour which can be proof the Diocesan Society; and the rest was raised by
by the Church-commissioners; 3001. was a grant from against its attacks.
local subscriptions. Since the consecration, a further sum of 3001. has been given by Sir Robert Clayton, to
clear off some outstanding accounts. NEW CHURCHES IN THE DIOCESE OF St. Thomas's Church, Preston, was consecrated next, CHESTER.
and it is a church which deserves a more detailed
notice than is consistent with the limits of this report, [Communicated to the Editors by a Correspondent.)
from the peculiarity of the interior arrangements and It was the privilege of the Bishop of Chester to conse- the beauty of the general appearance. The style is crate, in the latter part of the autumn, eleven churches Norman ; and the material, the fine white stone of on eleven consecutive days; and as these churches the country, is favourable to architectural effect. The were built under different circunıstances, varied from chancel is long and deep, and approached by an each other in form, and size, and character,-as they avenue of massive Norman columns. The pulpit and were placed in situations very dissimilar, and were all reading-desk are on the sides of the opening, and a peculiarly adapted to the wants of their respective large gallery in the west places a considerable part of localities,-it may not be without interest to your the congregation immediately in front of the minister. readers, both Jay and clerical, to receive a slight The church is calculated to hold 1050, and it cost sketch of the additions which were made on this oc- 3,5001., of which 8001. was drawn from the Diocesan casion to the amount of our church-accommodation. Society. It was built from the plans and under the
It must, however, be premised, that five churches sole direction of the vicar, the Rev. R. C. Wilson. had been previously consecrated in the month of The consecrations in the autumn commenced with June; and ibe ecclesiastical record of the year would a chapel at Holme, in the parish of Burton in Kendal, be imperfect, if these were not included on the list; in Westmorland. The establishment of a large cotton as well as one which has been consecrated since. The manufactory had here introduced a population of not first of the above was a church built at Rain Hill, in less than 1500 souls into a valley among the Fells, the parish of Prescot, near to the line of the Man- which before had been tenanted by a few scattered chester and Liverpool Railway. It is built and en- farms alone and their appendant cottages. The madowed under the last acts, those of Will. IV. and nagers of the works belong to the Society of Friends, Victoria; and presents a neat simple exterior, of the and rendered no assistance; but through the efforts style now called Romanesque, but more properly By- of the Rev. W. C. Wilson of Casterton Hall, funds zantine, with round-headed windows, and a truncated have been raised for the erection of a plain subspire. The cost has been about 8001., and the present stantial edifice, built of the stone of the country number of sittings 375; but the architect, Mr. Welsh, | undressed, having a tower resembling those which has reserved means of enlarging the accommodation, are generally met with in the country parishes of by throwing out transepts. The church at present the north. The whole plan of the church, both in has no gallery. The external arrangement is as usual; style and measurements, nearly approaches that at Casand the pulpit and reading-desk are in front of the terton; the particulars of which were given by Mr. communion-table. The church was built by sub- Wilson in his useful publication on Church-building. scription, 5001. being the gift of Mrs. Sherborne ; and This church has sittings for 500, and has been comhas been since endowed under the act of Victoria by pleted for 7501.; and thcugh plain both in its internal a gentleman, whose son was appointed to it as curate, fittings and exterior, it has a decided ecclesiastical and who has thus secured the patronage to himself. character, and forms a good object at a distance.
A church was consecrated the same day at Hale- It is placed near a stream of water backed by hills; wood, in the parish of Childwall. It is a chapel of and land immediately contiguous has been given by ease to the parish church, but is endowed with a the lion. Col. Howard for the site of a school and parportion of the riches. The style of architecture is sonage. The erection of these buildings will complete what is commonly called Gothic; and considering the the plan, and form a groupe on which the eye may rest very moderate sum which it has cost, the architect, with hope, and where faith may anticipate the fulfil