« הקודםהמשך »
converts; and this was, " that he would all such, “ Abide in me, and I in you ;" and grant them, according to the riches of his they are aptly used to signify the entire posglory, to be strengthened with might by his session of the heart, as an habitation which Spirit in the inner man." No petition could is wholly occupied by one only tenant. "If more comprehensively evince the deep know- a man love me,” saith Christ,“ ledge which St. Paul had of the human heart, will love him, and we will come unto him, and consequently of the absolute necessity he and make our abode with him.” St. Paul, felt there was, in those for whom it was availing himself of the same metaphor, urges sought, of the strengthening influences of the Corinthians not to be “ unequally yoked God's Spirit. He had no hesitation in allow. together with unbelievers ;" for he tells them, ing of himself, (for the Christian is always "ye are the temples of the living God, as humble), “ I know that in me (that is, in my God hath said, I will dwell in them, and flesh) dwelleth no good thing : for to will is walk in them; and I will be their God, and present with me; but how to perform that they shall be my people.” And that we may which is good, I find not; for the good that ascertain whether our hearts are the habitaI would, I do not; but the evil which I would tion of Christ, the beloved apostle has given not, that I do.” He knew, from his own us these infallible directions: “He that experience, that, while he delighted " in the keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, law of his God after the inward man,” there and he in him; and hereby we know that he was " another law in his members, warring abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath against the law of his mind, and bringing him given us." Where, then, his Spirit dwells, into captivity to the law of sin, which is in Christ may be said to dwell; and he dwells his members; thus with the mind serving the there “ by faith,"—the door, as it were, by law of God, but with the flesh the law of which the heavenly Guest finds admission ; sin.” He who knew all this to be true of him- for unto them which believe, Jesus Christ is self, could “thank God through Jesus Christ” precious. When, then, the Saviour is elevated that the might of God's Spirit, by infusing to the throne of the heart, and there reigns strength into the soul, could effectually de- supreme— when, by the exercise of such a liver him from this wretched state of bodily faith as leans solely on his promises and subjection to sin, the wages of which is death. merits for pardon and acceptance, that heart And 0, what a blessed assurance, to think is previously rendered fit for his constant that this could be obtained " according to and fixed abode, --- then, in regard to all the riches of God's glory!" for, to use the Christians, as well as to the Ephesians, the apostle's own words, " there is no difference answer to the next petition of St. Paul may between the Jew and the Greek; the same be said to be realised, that they“ being rooted Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon and grounded in love, are able to comprehend him," and he will give his Holy Spirit to with all saints what is the breadth, and length, them that ask him." How natural, then, that and depth, and height; and to know the love for those in whose temporal and spiritual of Christ, which passeth knowledge." If welfare he was, though bodily absent, yet faith be the necessary qualification for a engaged in heart and recollection-how na worthy reception of Christ into the heart—if tural that St. Paul should " bow the knee to the Spirit of God be an evidence that Christ the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ," dwelleth in us, and one of the fruits of the grant them “ the Spirit of wisdom and reve- Spirit be love in its widest acceptation, as lation in the knowledge of him; the eyes of extending to God who is love itself, and to all their understanding being enlightened, that his creatures for Christ's sake,—what wonder they may know what is the hope of his call- | the apostle of the gentiles should pray that, ing, and what the riches of the glory of his like as a tree rooted in a deep and fruitful inheritance in the saints."
soil, and therefore proof against every gale And as it is from Christ, “ the Vine," that that blows-or like a solid foundation, which all Christians, "the branches,” derive their resists all attempts to undermine it,- the necessary sustenance, and from him is im- Ephesians might be “ rooted and grounded parted the might of God's Spirit in the inner
in love?” A superficial view of God's free man, to strengthen and enable them to bear love in Christ may content the half-and-half much fruit, that herein their heavenly Father professor; but they whose affections are might be glorified,--the apostle's next sup-weaned from the world, who have laid up plication for his charge is, " that Christ may their treasures in heaven, and are sealed dwell in their hearts by faith.” To“ abide" with the Holy Spirit of promise, are anxious, in them, and to “ dwell in their hearts,” are as far as is permitted to believers in this imexpressions frequent in Scripture, illustrative perfect state, to become acquainted with that of the close connexion between Christ as their love in all its dimensions, - in its breadth, head and all true believers. Christ says to which extends to every age, nation, and climate; in its length, from the beginning of the refreshing dews of God's Spirit; that he time till time itself shall fail ; and in its may still look down from heaven, and behold depth and height, as stooping to lift the and visit the vine which his right hand hath lowest from sin and misery, and exalting the planted ; and God forbid it should ever be humble to the highest state of happiness and said of us, by the Master of the vineyard, as glory. Such is the love of Christ, which, it was of the inhabitants of Jerusalem and though surpassing by infinite degrees the men of Judah : “ What could have been done highest attainments of worldly knowledge, more to my vineyard, that I have not done may even on earth be comprehended in some in it? Wherefore when I looked that it should measure, and shall be fully known hereafter, bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild by those his saints who have sought of God, grapes ?” And while we pray for Christ's and received the true wisdom from above. holy catholic Church and family on earth, that, Be this knowledge of the love of Christ, so as with the vine, the hills may be “ covered prayed St. Paul, established in the hearts of with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof those that were dear to him in the Lord ; and, be like the goodly cedars," that she may send finally, as the sum of all his other petitions "out her boughs into the sea, and her branches in their behalf, he adds, " that they might be into the river," 0, may we, as ministers and filled with all the fulness of God.” But what tillers in the vineyard, and you, my brethren, tongue, except that of an inspired apostle, as objects of the Master's care, and plants could even hint at “ the fulness of God," as of his own rearing, — may we jointly so fulfil at all approachable, much less attainable, by our respective duties, that though they be a man! Such language--with that of St. Peter, record of awful severity to others, God's “partakers of the Divine nature;” and that word may never be applied to us :
And recorded by St. Matthew, " be ye therefore now, go to; I will tell you what I will do to perfect, even as your Father which is in my vineyard : I will take away the hedge heaven is perfect,"—is to be interpreted as thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break comprehending the greatest possible approxi- | down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodmation, which a finite and perishable being den down; and I will lay it waste : it shall like man can bear to Him who is infinite and
not be pruned nor digged ; but there shall eternal; and this was the end which the
come up briars and thorns : I will also comapostle had in view.
mand the clouds, that they rain no rain upon In few words, then, according to the hopes it." of God's glory, boundless as they are, yet liberally bestowed, when sought in prayer, and with a humble conviction of being
THE SERVICES OF THE CHURCH OF “miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked,
ENGLAND. without them, -St. Paul prays, that those he The Order for Morning and Evening Prayer daily addresses may, “ in the inner man,” go on
throughout the Year. from strength to strength, by the help of
No. 1. God's Spirit and by faith, apprehending
THE SENTENCES, OR VERSES. Cbrist as ever present, nay, dwelling in their The first book of King Edward began with the Lord's hearts, they may, deeply and firmly settled prayer; but when a review was taken of it afterwards, in love, and as those only can, on this side thought too abrupt, and these sentences were therefore
and alterations were made in it, the beginning was heaven, who are Christ's,—know that love of prefixed, with the following exhortation, confession, God which called them to be fellow-heirs and absolution, as a proper introduction to prepare with the Jews, and partakers of his promise the congregation for the duty on which they were
Whoever is familiar with the ancient in Christ by the Gospel — that love which
offices of the western Churches, knows that nothing redeemed his Church, out of every kindred has been more common, for many ages, than the use and nation under heaven, from the bondage of verses, or small portions of Scripture in various of sin and misery, into the glorious liberty of parts of the public service of the Church. We meet the children of God.
with them continually in all the ancient offices. AcAnd, finally, with that fervour of heart cording to the rites of many western Churches, a verse
or capitulum was read before the office of compline, which overleaped all bounds in the reception or the latest evening service; a custom which is at of blessings from heaven for those he loved least as ancient as Amalarius, A.D. 820, for he men
tions it. The nocturnal office in the ancient Gallican on earth, St. Paul adds his hope, that a God
Church also began with a lesson, and the matins and in covenant with his people may grant them nocturns have for many ages been accounted one the fullest supplies of all that could promote office. These things are sufficient to shew that such his glory in this present state, and their own
• We commence a new series of remarks upon the Book of happiness beyond the grave. What a prayer, Common Prayer. The materials will be gathered out of various my brethren, is this ! Well might it stir up
excellent Treatises on the subject; such as Wheatley, Shepherd,
and Comber on the Common Prayer: Palmer's English Ritual, the heart of every labourer in Christ's vine- Boys's Exposition, Bishop Sparrow's Rationale, and others. yard, to seek in like manner for his people
Quotations from these writers will be continually blended with our own observations.
a mode of beginning the prayers is not novel, nor un- and the reading of Scripture. The exhortation conknown to the ancient ecclesiastical writers.
nects the preceding sentences and the confession that The matins (an old word meaning morning wor- follows ; making the former so useful in order to the ship, from the Prench matines, and Latin matutinus) latter, that whoever hears them, and considers the and even-song (evening worship) begin with “some inferences here made, cannot but be properly disposed one or more sentences" of holy Scripture; all which for a true confession. And, though neither the Roman texts of holy Scripture " are as it were the bells of nor Greek offices have any such form in this place, yet Aaron, to stir up devotion, and to toll all into God's the pertinency and usefulness thereof will shew that house. The whole ring consists of two notes especi- our prudent and pious reformers have every where ally; man's misery, God's mercy.” It will be found contrived that the people might perform each part of that the Church, in the selection of these sentences the office with the spirit and with the understanding has manifested much discretion; adapting the ad- also.” This exhortation demands our most serious dresses to the several classes of persons who make up attention, though there is reason to fear that, too our public assemblies.
often, it is little, if at all attended to, but looked upon 1. The first rank may consist of those sentences as a mere matter of form, not deserving our notice. which contain support for the fearful, and are designed But, if we will only consider the excellent instruction to prevent that excessive dread of God's wrath which which it contains, we shall surely think otherwise ; hinders the exercise of devotion, by too much de- and both silently and attentively hearken to this jecting the spirits. Such persons may be taught by useful and seasonable introduction to the service of David and Jeremiah not to run from the Almighty, the Church. “ The exhortation" (says Bishop Sparbut to pray to him more humbly and earnestly (Ps. row in his “ Rationale"*) declares to the people the li. 9; cxliii. 2; Jer. x. 24).
end of their public meetings, namely, "to confess 2. Not much unlike is the case of those who doubt their sins, to render thanks to God, to set forth bis of God's favour, and in despair look upon him as praise, to hear his holy word, and to ask those things, irreconcilable. To strengthen their faith in God's ihat be necessary as well for the body as the soul.” mercy, the Church provides three sentences for them ; All this is to prepare their hearts, which it does most the first, to shew how fit they are to ask pardon; the excellently, to the performance of these holy duties other two, to declare how likely God is to grant it on with devotion, according to the counsel of Ecclus. their repentance (Ps. li. 17; Dan. ix. 9; Luke xv. xviii. 23, “ Before thou prayest, prepare thyself, and 18, 19).
be not as one that tempteth God." To which agrees 3. For the information of the ignorant, who know that of Ecclesiastes v. 2, “ Be not hasty to utter anynot how to make these penitential addresses, as being thing before God; for God is in heaven, and thou sensible neither of their guilt, nor of their danger, because they think either that they have no sin, or The endearing language with which this exhortathat a slight repentance will procure pardon for it, tion opens, is calculated to win the hearts of those who the two following sentences are provided (1 John i. hear. It reminds us of (as it is probably taken from) 8,9; Ezek. xviii. 27).
the words of St. Paul to the Philippians, “Therefore, 4. Others there are, who are not ignorant, but negli- my brethren, dearly beloved and longed for" (Phil. gent; and, though they know they are daily sinning, iv. 1). The people are warned not to "cloke" their and cannot be saved without repentance, yet defer
sins, because “he that covereth his sins shall not this duty from day to day. On these the Church calls prosper;" and God denounced against Israel of old in the two following sentences (Ps. li. 3; Matt. iii. 2). "I will plead with thee, because thou sayest, I have
5. Lastly, those who by custom grow cold and not sinned :" but to “confess them" in the spirit of formal, confessing their sins with external reverence the publican, who cried, “God be merciful to me a only, without any sincere devotion, are presented by sinner," because to this penitent acknowledgment the Church with that direction and reproof, which God has annexed a promise of forgiveness: "If my God gave the hypocritical Jews (Joel ii. 13).
people shall humble themselves, and pray and seek “ Thus we see how wisely and effectually the Church my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will prepares the way to the throne of grace for the various I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin." No descriptions of character which may be supposed to time or place is unsuited for humble confession, for assemble within her courts for the purposes of devo
“God commandeth all men every where to repent ;'' tion. Let us learn to be thankful for these encourage- but yet the congregation of his people, the solemn ments, admonitions, and instructions ; and may it be assembly, is most suited for that act of humiliation. our earnest desire so to use the ordinances of God's In the house which he hath “chosen and sanctified, house, as not to abuse them, that we may find them that his name may be there," and in which he has our support through life, and as waters of consolation promised that his " eyes and his heart shall be there in the day of adversity."
perpetually," in the great congregation where we meet to give thanks for the "benetits we have re
ceived at his hands," in his sanctuary, where “praise " It does not appear that an address was repeated claimed; where, finally, we make known our requests
waiteth for him," and where the word of God is probefore the office of morning prayer in early times. Neither in the ancient offices of the English Church, needful both for our souls and bodies;” in this house,
unto God, " that he would send us all things that be nor in those of any western Church, can such a form in this place be discovered. Omitting, however, all
above all other places, it is becoming that we should
“ take with us words, and turn to the Lord, saying consideration of the utility of this exhortation, of its judicious position immediately before the confession, graciously." In consideration of the fitness of the
unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us and of the right which the Church of England pos
circumstances under which the assembly before him sesses to establish any such formulary, even if no other Church had ever done the same, it can be shewn that
is met together, for the act of contrition to which he
would excite them, the minister, as an "ambassador an address to the people at the beginning of the offices
for Christ,” beseeches the persons then present that is by no means unwarranted by the ancient customs of
they would “lift up holy hands," and with a tone of the Church. The liturgies of the Churches of Gaul
voice expressive of “reverence and godly fear," join and Spain always prescribed an address to the people
with him in the act of confession to God, who will after the catechumens had been dismissed, and before
commune with his people from above the mercy-seat.” the more important part of the communion-service; and we bave placed this address in the same relative
• We recommend to our readers a beautiful little reprint of position in our offices, namely before the psalmody this work, which has lately appeared at Oxford. Parker, 1839.
NOTES ON THE STATE OF THE CHURCH
rents of the papacy and those of Protestantism : the Previous to the Schism between the East and West.
spread of our own influence during the last twenty
years in the Mediterranean; the connexion with the By the Rev. CHARLTON LANE, M.A., Minister of St. Mark's, Kennington.
various tribes of the East through the change in the
mode of communication between England and her No. I.
East Indian possessions; and lastly, the steady and History has been called "philosophy teaching by irrepressible rise of the giant dominion of Russia, the examples." Amid much that is written and done to
most powerful and most extensive of existing empires, promote the mental elevation of the people, it is not may probably give an interest to any lucubrations on the just or prudent to omit all mention of those matters eastern Church which they have not hitherto possessed. which relate to the progress of Christianity. A view But before we proceed to review the peculiar tenets or of Church-history in general is absolutely necessary modes of discipline recognised by these ancient Proto enable us to form a dispassionate judgment respect- testants against the jurisdiction of the Roman bishop, it ing the wants of our own day. It is true that the
may, for the reasons I have already given, be useful present is comparatively a reading age; yet in our to go back, and to endeavour, amid the obscurities of intercourse with men in general, we do not find that former ages, to trace the rise of that great schism which their reading is really of a character which instructs separated the eastern from the western Church, and and elevates the mind.
which, while it laid so vast a portion of the provinces Our newspapers are at once voluminous and one
of ancient Rome prostrate beneath the feet of the sided; our periodical publications seldom aim at con
papal successors of Augustus, submitted the more veying a moral influence to the soul. Few of them
ancient patriarchates of the East to the pontiff of Conrefer their readers to first principles; or remind them stantinople, until the feuds, the lusts, the wickedness, of what ought to be the springs and motives of human social and political, of that empire rendered her an feeling and human action: and hence it is that we casy, though magnificent, prey to the warlike and find few persons equal to offer a sound and serious ferocious successors of the impostor of Mecca. judgment on those matters and events which form so
Whatever may have been written on the sometimes large a portion of the history of our own day.
warmly contested point of Church-government, one A person looking merely at the state of religion at
thing must be clear to every reader of the New Testapresent existing in this country, or even as it exists ment, viz. that the apostles adopted the common-sense in Europe, or in the world at large, ought to do so plan of sowing the seeds of the Christian faith in with a mind prepared by some previous knowledge of places where they were most likely to produce a harthe state of Christianity in other times, and in various vest, again productive of advantage to surrounding states of human society. And as men, to whom argu- places. They themselves aimed at making proselytes ments against divine truth are new, regard such argu- in those towns and cities where the Jews formed a ments as formidable, while those who know that they material portion of the people, and where, of course, have long since been repeatedly alleged, and as re- their appeals to the ancient Scriptures were likely to peatedly disproved, regard them with contempt,-so be best understood and best appreciated. they who have examined the history of human nature Jews were more numerous in some of the more importas connected with that of the Church of Christ regard ant cities of the Roman empire, it followed as a matter the divisions which at present unhappily separate of course that these cities would become the respective Christians in our own and other lands, with equal citadels of the growing religion. Hence arose the regret, but with far less of apprehension.
patriarchates which anciently divided Christendom, I bave lately had my mind drawn to the history Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, Carthage, Constantinople, of the Greek Church; and it is my intention—if you and Jerusalem. The bishop or president of each think fit to avail yourself of them-to send you such church became naturally the overseer over congregaobservations as a perusal of my notes may suggest for tions which, by reason of growing numbers, or of exthe possible instruction of your readers. Scarcely any tended distance, succesively draughted off from his one of your readers is ignorant of the great schism own; and as the word of God continued to grow and between the eastern and western churches; though to prevail, and meetings of the clergy took place, the most of us in general hear only of the great difference smaller bish of the remoter and more rustic dioexisting between the Church of Rome and the Churches ceses were represented at synods of a more important of Protestantism. The vast separation of so many kind, and which were called to consider the interests Christians from the corruptions of Rome under Luther of a wider extent of the empire, by one or more of and his apostolic followers, is the grand object in the their number, who, from natural force of character, landscape of modern history which attracts the eye of from greater notoriety, or from the greater number him who surveys the later changes of human feelings which he represented, would properly take a lead, and of the human condition. Truly it is a subject which the modesty of his brethren would willingly which is worthy of our most reverential regard, to concede. Hence, while every bishop was ecclesiastiwatch the shifting and alternating forces of the various cally and spiritually equal to his fellows as regarded sects of Christians, as they, separately in some cases, his order-an equality which was so jealously kept in unitedly in others, endeavour to extend the influence view, that translation from one diocese, however humof their own party, or of their own views. But there ble, to another, however prominent, was regarded as are some circumstances which may render it both in- a breach of Church-discipline, as undermining the teresting and instructive to cast our view beyond the independence of bishops, and calculated to foster an field in which the contest is waged between the adhe- unholy ambition in the chief pastors of Christendom,–
And as This pre
yet a precedence among these peers of the growing strained to deplore, in the struggles between the patrirepublic was, from the force of circumstances, neces- archs of Rome, and Alexandria, and Antioch, and sarily conceded to some above the rest.
Carthage, and subsequently of Constantinople and of cedence finally settled on the bishops of the larger and Jerusalem, that in so many instances, not only in the more influential dioceses, as being the overseers of external, but in the internal, history of the Church of larger interests, the shepherds of larger flocks, the Christ, the sad sentence of its divine Founder-a senelected from among a more numerous collection of tence uttered in melancholy foresight of the workings pastors.
of man's inborn depravity--that“ he came not to send It is fashionable to accuse the patriarchs of ambi- peace on earth, but a sword,”-has been fully verified : tion; to assert that they owed their elevation above and we are more and more impressed with the convictheir episcopal brethren to mere worldly notions and tion, that no prosperity, no profession of the divine worldly practices.
word, no acquisition of sacred or profane lore, no form The subsequent history of the Church unhappily of church-discipline, no adversities, no judgment, will gives too much colour to such representations : but (since the ancient Churches possessed all, more or such representations are not candid; it is to be re- less, of these external advantages and warnings) sufmembered that these officers were the creations of fice for the maintenance of Christianity, without the popular election; and that, in conferences where the ever-presiding and ever-acknowledged, the at once common interests of Christianity were debated, the preventing and sustaining grace of that almighty and bishop who represented the most influential portion of beneficent “ Builder" (Heb. iii, 4), who is the sole the population of a province or a realm, would, where Author of every good and perfect gift. there was no rule to prevent it, be expected and permitted to take a precedence, which any man, who understands any thing of the most common transactions
The Cabinet. of public bodies, knows will in time assume a prescrip- A PRAYER OR Psalm.- Most gracious Lord God, tive and unquestioned influence. To talk, therefore, my merciful Father, from my youth up, my Creator, as some writers do, of the early ambition of leading my Redeemer, my Comforter. Thou, O Lord, soundest Christian bishops, is to talk nonsense. A bishop of
and searchest the depths and secrets of all hearts ;
thou acknowledgest the upright of heart; thou judgest Antioch would, of necessity, not from his own ambi
the hypocrite ; thou ponderest men's thoughts and tious obtrusiveness, take precedence of his bumbler doings as in a balance; thou measurest their intenbrother who presided over the little flock in and about tions as with a line ; vanity and crooked ways cannot Elia.
be hid from thee. Remember, O Lord, how thy serFrom the considerations which have given rise to
vant hath walked before thee ; remember what I have the foregoing remarks, I have been led to these con
first sought, and what hath been principal in my
intentions. I have loved thy assemblies; I have clusions :
mourned for the divisions of thy Church ; I have Ist, The parity of bishops, and the independence, as delighted in the brightness of thy sanctuary. This to minor matters of Church-regulation, of each sepa- vine, which thy right hand hath planted in this rate episcopacy; and
nation, I have ever prayed unto thee that it might 2dly, The acknowledged importance among the
have the first and the latter rain, and that it might
stretch her branches to the seas and to the floods. first Christians-exposed as they were to severe strug
The state and bread of the poor and oppressed have gles for the maintenance of their religion-of union been precious in mine eyes; I have hated all cruelty among the Churches. The abuse of the independent and hardness of heart; I have, though in a despised principle; the proud disregard of the fraternal union, weed, procured the good of all men.... Thy creatures and of the paternal judgments of their fathers and
have been my books; but thy Scriptures much more. their brethren, was marked by that sectarian spirit but I have found thee in thy temples. Thousands
I have sought thee in the courts, fields, and gardens; which subsequently disgraced, and tore into pieces have been my sins, and ten thousands my transgresthe Christian Church, occasioned the removal of many sions; but thy sanctifications have remained with me; a candlestick, and paved the way for the unimpeded and my heart, through thy grace, hath been an unand triumphant inroad of the Mahometan superstition- quenched coal upon thine altar. O Lord my strength, a faith which, by the just judgment of God, has for cen
I have since my youth met with thee in all my waysturies overlaid countries once Christian, civilised, and by thy fatherly compassions, by thy comfortable chas
tisements, and by thy most visible providences. . . prosperous in moral and in worldly grandeur, with a
Just are thy judgments upon me for my sins, which are tyranny destructive at once of human happiness and more in number than the sands of the sea, but have of moral and mental energy.
no proportion to thy mercies ; for what are the sands The separate independence of episcopates was soon
of the sea ? Earth, heaven, and all these, are nothing
to thy mercies. ... Be merciful unto me, O Lord, for surrendered, as experience dictated the necessity of a
my Saviour's sake, and receive me unto thy bosom, or superior control; and hence the dioceses of the Roman guide me in thy ways.- Lord Bucon, Chancellor of Engempire became classed into those ecclesiastical pro- land (died 1626). vinces, which acknowledged as primates the patri- Conscience.-God is especially present in the conarchs of the most distinguished cities of Italy, Syria, sciences of all persons, good and bad, by way of testiEgypt, and Africa.
mony and judgment; that is, he is there a remembrancer It is not to be expected, but that, whenever and
to call our actions to mind-a witness to bring them to wherever the grace of God is deficient, man, exposed although this manner of presence is in this life after
judgment, and a judge to acquit or condemn. And to the torrent of ambitious motives, will present a the manner of this life—that is, imperfect, and we lamentable proof of his nature's depravity; and hence, forget many actions of our lives, - yet the greatest in the subsequent history of the Church, we are con
• The Church of England.