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whose bosoms are pregnant with celestial fire, and who only want the facilities of acquiring knowledge, which these afford, to become like that great man, leaders in Science and benefactor's to Humanity; but who, without these, would live and die unknowing, and unknown. What a satisfaction it must be to the friends of the London Institution to call forth the energies of such a man!

V.

Thus, in every age has Science been subservient to Commerce. When they are separated, Science loses almost all her utility; Commerce, almost all her dignity. When they are united, each grows with the growth, each strengthens with the strength of the other, and their powers appear unlimited. They ascend the heavens, delve the depths of the earth, and fill every climate that encourages them with industry, energy, wealth, honour and happiness. To civilization, to virtue, to religion, they open every climate; they land them on every shore; they spread them over every territory.

These being the happy effects of their union, must it not be the desire of all, who wish well to either, -of all true and enlightened friends of their country, that every measure should be adopted, by which this union can be cemented and invigorated ? Permit me to add, that should Science ever be neglected by this country and encouraged by others,

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the commercial part of the community would, in all probability, suffer most and soonest, from the consequences.

In a conversation, which a very inveterate and acute, and once a very powerful enemy of England, held with a friend of mine at Elba, he spoke of her in terms of respect, and even admiration : but said, " The term of the transcendant glory of

England must now approach near its end. Years

ago, she took a spring, and left the nations of “ the earth at a distance behind her; these, will

soon take their spring, and, not having your “ burthens on Commerce and her Arts, will pass

you.”—Vain be the augury! We trust and feel it will. But, were there a ground for it, one powerful means of defeating it would most asguredly be, to promote the Union of Science and Commerce; to stimulate Science to every exertion likely to prove serviceable to the Commercial Energies of the community ; to furnish Commerce with the means of affording to Science and her followers, every facility of research and experiment; to invite Science within your walls, and to establish, on a wise, an enlarged, and a dignified plan,-on a plan suited to the high character of a British Merchant, -such Institutions as that, which the ceremony of this day has placed under the protection of the City of London, and her opulent, honourable, and discerning sons.

That to deserve well of their country is Their

earnest wish, we all know ; now, power or superfluous wealth is seldom so well employed, as in the encouragement of those, whose labours increase the knowledge, refine the taste, or elevate the genius of their countrymen ; and those, who are desirous of fair fame, have no such certain means of attaining it, as connecting their names with great Literary, Institutions, and thus securing the gratitude of the Artist and the Scholar.

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ESSAY VI.

An APPEAL to the PROTESTANTS of

GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND.

“ I look upon my Roman Catholic Brethren as fellow subjects, and fellow “ Christians, believers in the same God, and partners in the same redemp“ tion. Speculative differences in some points of faith, with me, are of Do

account: They and I have but one religion,--the religion of Christianity. “ Therefore, as children of the same Father,--as travellers in the same road,

--and seekers of the same salvation, why not love each other as brothers? It is no part of Protestantism to persecute Catholics ; and without justice “ to the Catholics, there can be no security for the Protestant Establishment; as a friend, therefore, to the permanency of this Establishment; “ to the prosperity of the Country, and the justice due to my Catholic

Brethren, I shall cheerfully give my vote, that the Bill be committed." Extract of the Bishop of Killala's Speech in the House of Lords, 13th of

March 1793, on the Bill for the Relief of His Majesty's Romancatholic Subjects.

This appeal was addressed to that respectable portion of his fellow-subjects, by the writer of these pages, in the year 1813, when the petitions of the English and Irish catholics, for the repeal of penal laws remaining in force against them, were presented to the legislature.

In the postscript, the writer mentioned his having just then heard of the abolition of the Inquisition:—The restoration of it must be lamented by every real christian; -it cannot hold.

An APPEAL to the PROTESTANTS of

GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND.

In the last sessions of parliament, the house of commons came to a resolution, that “ the house “ would early in the next session take into its most “ serious consideration the laws affecting his majes

ty's roman-catholic subjects in Great Britain and “ Ireland, with a view to such final, conciliatory ad

justment, as might be conducive to the peace of “ the United Kingdom, stability of the protestant “ establishment, and the general satisfaction and “ concord of all classes of his majesty's subjects.”

Encouraged by this resolution, the roman-catholics of England and Ireland intend presenting immediately separate petitions to each house of parliament, “ for a repeal of the penal and disabling statutes, “ which still remain in force against them.”

In the mean time they observe with great concern and surprize, that attempts are made to prejudice the legislature against their application. Many erroneous, artful, and inflammatory publications of this tendency, have been actively and extensively circulated. The charges brought in them against the roman-catholics, are of the most serious nature. The object of this address to you, is to answer these charges, and to state to you, succinctly, the grounds of the intended application of the English romancatholics to the legislature for relief. The greatest

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