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of profesling openly what appears to them to be pure and genuine Christianity, in oppofition to all false and irrational opinions. This leads him to mention the corruptions that have obrained in the Christian world; and, in particular, the corruption and idolatry of the Church of Rome.

• Though this idolatry,' says he, ‘proceeded till it came to the worship of a piece of bread, as supposed to be the real body and blood of Christ, ic began with paying divine honours to Chrift himself; who, though the most diftinguithed messenger of God to man, himself uniformly asserted the proper Unity of the Divine Nature, and spake of his Farber, exclusively of all other persons, or beings, as the only true God John xvii. 3.), his Father as well as our Father, and his God as well as cur God (John xx. 17.); and whose highest title is, the Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jefus, 1 Tim.

After the worship of Christ, the worship of his Virgin Mother was a very easy consequence; and then, so wide a breach being once made in the doctrine of the Divine Unity, there entered an innu. merable hort of men and angels, and, in times of ignorance and fuperstition, many names of mere Heathens, and some absolute nonentities.'

Dr. Priefley takes occasion from hence to express, in the frorgest manner, his sense of the importance and obligation of profefling openly the doctrines of the proper Unity of God, and the proper Hus månity of Chrilt; and his resolution to inculcate them with all the energy in his power.

• It is our duty,' says he, 'not only to search for the truth in matters of such consequence as this, but to bear the most public telimony to it. In God's time, that testimony will have its weight; and they who uniformiy and steadily hold it forth, will hereafter be confidered as preachers of the Gospel, and propagators of it to the ends of the earth. For it is only to be expected, and indeed it is only to be withed, chat Chriftianity thould become the religion of the whole earth, when it shall be purged from the corruptions wbich ac present deform and disgrace it.'

If any sentiment or expression in this part of the discourse should appear to those who differ from the Author in opinion upon there importaa: fubjects, harin and indefensible, the following paragraphs fiouid fuppress their rifing disfatisfaction, and convince them, beyond a doubt, that his candor and generoity are, at least, equal to his integrity and zeal.

. Think not, however, my brethren, that the most fervent zeal for what is apprehended to be the genuine doctrines of the Go!pel, is at all ircontiitent wjih crue Christian Charity, which always judges of particular persons according to the advantages they have enjoyed, and of the final state of men by their fincerity only. And, for my own pars, I have no doubt, but that, though the Church of Rome be the proper Antichrist of the Apolles, not only innumerable zealous Papiits, but even some Popes themselves, will sit down with Luther, with Calvin, and with Socinus, in the kingdom of Jesus Christ. Known unto God alone are the hearts of men, and the man who honeltly


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pursues truth, and who acts according to the best lights that God gives him an opportunity of acquiring, will be he whom the God of Truth and uprigboness will approve; and none will suffer a greater or more just condemnation, than those who hold the truth in unrighteousness.'

• In many maiters of speculation, you and I, my Christian brethren, may judge very differently, as you will from one another, if you judge for yourselves at all. But this circumstance, indead of quenching Christian chariry, ought to be considered as a proper trial and exercise of that most valuable Christian virtue. I shall, as I truft I have hitherto done, devote myself to the pursuit of truch; and I Mall not fail to lay before you, with the best evidence that I can collect, every ching that shall appear to me to be of any moment to you, as members of a Christian Society; and I Mall cheerfully rely on your candour with respect to any articles in which you may think me to be mistaken.'

Such sentiments as these would do honour to any Christian, and cannot but be applauded by every liberal-minded man.

Em. II. Unanimity and Moderation recommended. At the Aflizes at Herto,

ford, March 5, 1781. By the Rev. Ludlow Holt, A. M. Vicar of Dedbam, Effex, and Curate of Watford, Herts.

410. Rivington,

We learn from the dedication, that this Discourse met with the high approbation' of the Mayor and Aldermen of Hertford. What have reviewers to say after the judgment of such “worshipful fociety?” There lies no appeal from such a tribunal. We shall cherefore only transcribe the first paragraph, as a specimen of the abilities of the Rev. Mr. Ludlow Holt, and of the taste and judgment of the worshipful the Mayor and Aldermen of Hertford.'

• At a certain period in the ever-flowing course of duration, whence we date the commencement of time, it pleased creative wisdom to call this world of ours into being. By the divine energy of almighty fiat, light starts from the primordial bed of darkness and embryo elements, confounded before in the womb of chaos, spring forth and range themselves in beauteous order and harmony.' • Now, Reader, art thou not ready, with Mr. Pope in the Danciad, when thou thinkest of the aforesaid gentlemen, to style them Apollo's mayor and aldermen!"

III. Preached before the Guardians and Governors of the Afylum

for helpless Orphans, May 19, 1781. By S. Glafle, D.D. F.R.S.
and Chaplain in ordinary to his Majestyn 8vo. 6d. Riving.
The cause of charity is here pleaded with an artless eloquence be.

coming the subject.
IV. Preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Peter, Exon, before

the Governor of the Devon and Exeter Hospital, Aug. 28, 1781. By John Churchill, B. D. Rector of Eggesford and Chawley, and Fell, of C. C. C. Oxon. 460. 6d. Thorne. Exeter.

The leading object of this discourse is to vindicate Divine Providence in its various dispensations to mankind; and particularly in its diftributions to the rich and the poor. The Preacher ihows, by a train


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of juft and elegant reasonings, the subserviency of those mixed dispensations to the general ends and interelts of fociety, and their peculiar fitness to call forth the best principles of the human heart, particularly compaflion and benevolence in the rich, and bumiliev, p tience, and resignation in the poor. The whole is applied to the excellenc inititution that was the more immediate occalion of this discourse.

9. V. A Devout Soldier. Preached before the North Ba'allion of Glou

cestershire Militia, encampe i near Plymouth August 5, 1181, by the Rev. Robert Hawker, offic ating for the Chaplain during his absence. Published at the Roquett of the Officers of the Corps. 4to.

Law, Fortunately, the absence of the chaplain did not deprive the North battalion of Glouieltershire militia of a good profeslional discourse ; and that a serious exhortation was not beilowed in vain, appears from the defire of the officers to have it again in a more durable form.

The worthy Preacher has throughout grounded his arguments on those motives most likely to influence sober sensible men in a military character, and history will fully jafify the principle he earnestly contends for, that courage is never more cool and determined chan when it springs from pious convictions.

N. VI. Å ftri&t Conformity between our Prayers, and cur Aktions, earneftly

recommended. Preached in the Parish Church of Whicingham, Northumberland, February 10, 1779, being the Day appointed to be observed as a General Fast; published at the Request of the Parishioners. By the Rev. J. Twentyman, Vicar of Caitle Sonerby, Cumberland. 12 mo. 6 d. Newcaitle, printed,

This plain, pradical, and judicious discourse has by some means * escaped our earlier notice, which we are sorry for, as, we think, we have seen none more fiely adapted to the occasion on which it was delivered, or more worthy of a serious and attentive perusai. The preacher applies himself to enforce a regard to the true ends for which a day of humiliation ought to be observed, viz. repentance, amendment, and willing obedience; these he recommends with becoming earneftness, and by suitable arguments. The text of this discourse is, Isaiah i. 19, 20.

H. VII., True Chriftian Patrictism. Preached before the several Affo

ciations of the laudable Úrder of Antigallicans, at St. George's in the East, Middlesex, Apsil 23, 1781, being St. George's Day. By John Prince, A. B. Lecturer of Si. Mary, Aldermanbury. 8vo. 6 d.

Crowder. This Writer fets before us the character of a real patrior, viz. that he is a pious and good man. While, on jutt principles, he recommends a zealous regard to the welfare of our country, he removes that, objection which has been ignorantly made, as though Chritianity was inimical to the public or national prosperity; and proves that the

principles of che Christian religion, thoroughly imbibed, mult produce D:

true patriotism and public spirit.

• Probably because it was not advertised in the London papers.

VIIJ. Preached at St. Dunftan's in the West, April 29, and at St.

Mary Abboi's, K-nington, July 15, 1781, for the Benefit of the Humane Society, initituied tor the Recovery of Persons apparently dezd by Drowoing. By Jacob Duché, M. A, Rector of Christ's Church, and St. Peter's in Philadelphia, 8vo. 15. Rivington, &c.

There is somewhat pleafeg in this discourse, at the same time that it is calculaied to be ulatui. The Author makes an ingenious appli'cation of the cale of ine prophet Jonah. His text is John ii. 5, 6. From which he deduces several pertinent reflections, together with feasonable admonitions addresled to those who, under Providence, bad obtained relief and recovery by means of the Humane Society. He pleads pathetically for contribucions to this charity; and represents the neceflity for farther alliltance, in order to its more firm eitablishmcns, and to render it more extensively beneficial. Should chere be any ining of a Calvividlical train in this Sermon, persons who entertain different feptiments, it is presumed, will know how to make juit and proper allowances.



CORRESPONDENCE, are doubtless much obliged to a Moderate Calvinistfor the

trouble he hath given himself to let us right as to the meaning of borribile decretum! However, we muit be free to acknowledge, that all he haib ajvanced from himself, and all he hash transcribed from another, hath had liele weight with us, and hath occasioned little alteration in our funtiments. -- we have no reason to retract, or even fofion, our former reflections on the horribile decretum of Joha Calvin * We have re-examined the passage in che connection in which it slands in the institutions; and from what precedes it, we have no doubt but that Calvin's own heart thuddered at the confequences of his own doctrine. As a Theologian, he admitted its truth" for, lays he, who can oilprove it on the adınillion of the Divine Prescience?" But as a man, the common feelings of human nature revolted at the idea of " so many parions involved, with their infant race, in eternal death, through ihe lin of one man.” Decretum quidem borribile fateor, “I confess indeed (ays he) that this decree is a a terrible one:"- - or horrible--if we tsaallace i:, as the word korribile GENERALLY means, in ancient and modern writers. Také either word, and the end of our regestions will be fully answered ;--and that was, to hew, by a very firiking instance, the itruggle between Calvin's faith and reafon ;--the severity of his creed, and the relentings of his compatrion: and inele refiections, while they exprehled our abhorrence of his principles, were meant to pay fome tribute of respect to the natural and unperverted feelings of his heart.

B.dih In answer to Mr. de Brahin's Lecter, we are to observe, that however the particular circumstances which allended the going of

See Review for September, Ait. IV. p. 201-202


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Mr. Mudge's Time-keeper may favour the hypothesis Mr. de Brahm seems long ago to have formed, concerning the influence which the equinoxial changes in the atmosphere have on the going of time.keepers, we mult acknowledge ourselves in the number of those who differ from him on this head. We, therefore +, decline printing Mr. de Brahm's Leiter ; but this acknowledgment will secure his claim to the discovery, if, contrary to our expectation, it should hereafter be contested.

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A Constant Reader and General Admirer of the Monthly Re. view” defires us to point out to him the belt book on gardening. Were we to pretend to answer this matter of inquiry, it might seem invidious to ine proprietors of several useful publications : it would likewise, in all probability, draw upon us foriher trouble of a fimiJar kind. — We muit, therefore, beg leave to decline the going out of our way to give an opinion on the question.

The fame Correspondent fuggefts “ a hint," which requires our farther consideration. There are objedions to his scheme, which we do not chuse to late in this public manner.

This Gentleman, likewise, enquires concerning the Continuation of an Article which was begun in our Journal fome months ago. To this we can give no positive answer. The farther Review of the learned work here referred to, depends on the precarious health, and uncertain leisure, of the Gentleman to whose consideration books of that class are usually referred.

• See our Jait, p. 346.

+ We have another, perhaps more decisive reason, the want of room. We must not fuffer our correspondence to encroach coo far on the proper, the indispensable bufineis of the Review.

TO OUR READER S. Since the sheets of this month's Review, in which we have given an account of Mr. Shaw's Inquiry into the Authenticity of Olian's Poems, were printed off, we have seen Mr. Clarke's Answer to that Inquiry; and we now think ic proper to inform our Readers, that we were entire ftrangers to the character of Mr. Shaw,-who is known to us only by his publications concerning the Erse; of which language we are entirely ignorant. Thus circumitanced, could we doubt or question the ability of a Writer who has compiled á Dic. tionary in that language; and published it under the patronage of a subscripsion, in that country where the merit of such a compilation must be best known.- We intend to give an account of Mr. Clarke's Tract in our next.

*.* Juvenis is received, and will be attended to; as well as B. D.

Several Letters received late in this month, will, in due time, be further noticed. - Dr. Hopson's Treatise on Fire, which S. M. enquires about, will not be overlooked.

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