« הקודםהמשך »
of profefling openly what appears to them to be pure and genuine Christianity, in opposition to all false and irrational opinions. This leads him to mention the corruptions that have obtained in the Chris. rian world; and, in pa:ticular, the corruption and idolatry of the Church of Rome.
. Though this idolatry,' says he, ‘proceeded till it came to the worship of a piece of bread, as supposed to be the real body and blood of Christ, ic began with paying divine honours to Chrift him. felf; who, though the most dillinguished messenger of God to man, himself uniformly asserted the proper Unity of the Divine Nature, and spake of his father, exclusively of all other persons, or beings, *as the only true God John xvii. 3.), his Father as well as our Fatber, and his God as well as cur God (John xx. 17.); and whole highest title is, the Mediator beluren God and man, the man Chrift Jefus, 1 Tim. ii. s.'
After the worship of Christ, the worship of his Virgin Mother was a very easy consequence; and then, so wide a breach being once made in the doctrine of the Divine Unity, there entered an innumerable host of men and angels, and, in times of ignorance and su. perstition, many names of mere Heathens, and some absolute nonentities.'
Dr. Priestley takes occasion from hence to express, in the firor gest manner, his sense of the importance and obligation of profefing openly the doctrines of the proper Unity of God, and the proper Hus månity of Chrift; and his resolution to inculcate them with all the energy in his power.
• It is our duty,' says he, 'not only to search for the truth in matters of fuch consequence as this, but to bear the most public testimony to it. In God's time, that testimony will have its weighe; and they who uniformiy and leadily hold it forch, will hereafter be considered as preachers of the Gospel, and propagators of it to the ends of the earth. For it is only to be expected, and indeed it is only to be wihed, that Chriftianity thould become the religion of the whole earth, when it thall be purged from the corruptions wbich at present deform and disgrace it.'
If any sentiment or expreflion in this part of the discourse should appear to those who differ from the Author in opinion upon these importar: subjects, harm and indefensible, the following paragraphs fould suppress their rifing disfatisfaction, and convince them, beyond a doub:, that his candor and generoaty are, at least, equal to his integrity and zcal.
Think not, however, my brethren, that the most fervent zeal for what is apprehended to be the genuine doctrines of the Go!pel, is at all ircontinent wiih crue Chriftian Charity, which always judges of particular persons according to the advantages they have enjoyed, and of the final Hare of men by their fincerity only. And, for my own pars, I have no doubt, but that, though the Church of Rome be the proper Antichrit of the Apofles, not only innumerable zealous Pa. pitts, but even some Popes themselves, will fit down with Luther, with Calvin, and with Socinus, in the kingdom of Jesus Christ. Known unto God alone are the hearts of men; and the man who honestly
pursues truth, and who acts according to the best lights that God gives him an opportunity of acquiring, will be he whom the God of Truth and uprigboness will approve; and none will suffer a greater or more just condemnation, than those who hold the truth in unrighteousness,
In many maters of speculation, you and I, my Christian brethren, may judge very differently, as you will from one another, if you judge for yourselves at all. But this circumstance, indead of quenching Chriltian chariry, ought to be conäidered as a proper trial and exercise of that molt valuable Christian virtue. I thall, as I trust I have hitherto done, devote myself to the pursuit of truth; and I shall not fail to lay before you, with the best evidence that I can collect, every ching that shall appear to me to be of any moment to you, as members of a Christian Society; and I Mall cheerfully rely on your candour with respect to any articles in which you may think me to be mistaken.'
Such sentiments as there would do honour to any Chriftian, and cannot but be applauded by every liberal-minded man, II. Unanimity and Moderation recommended. At the Aflizes at Hert.
ford, March 5, 1751. By the Rev. Ludlow Holt, A. M. Vicar of Dedbam, Efex, and Curate of Watford, Herts. 410. 1S Rivington,
We learn from the dedication, that this Discourse met with the high approbation of the Mayor and Aldermen of Hertford. What have reviewers to say after the judgment of such “ worshipful fo. ciety?" There lies no appeal from such a tribunal. We shall cherefore only transcribe the first paragraph, as a specimen of the abilities of the Rev. Mr. Ludlow Holt, and of the taste and judgment of the worshipful the Mayor and Aldermen of Hertford.
At a cercain period in the ever-floving course of duration, whence we date the commencement of time, it pleased creative wisdom to call this world of ours into being. By the divine energy of almighty fiat, light farts from the primordial bed of darkness and embryo elements, confounded before in the womb of chaos, spriog forth and range them.
selves in beauteous order and harmony.' ** Now, Reader, art thou not ready, with Mr. Pope in the Dunciad, when thou chinkelt of the aforesaid gentlemen, to style them “ Apollo's mayor and aldermen!”
B.d.k. IIT. Preached before the Guardians and Governors of the Afylum
for helpless Orphans, May 19, 1781. By S. Glasse, D.D. F.R.S. and Chaplain in ordinary to his Majesty. 8vo. 6 d. Riving. ton.
The cause of charity is here pleaded with an artless eloquence be. Oo coming the subject. IV. Preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Peter, Exon, before
the Governor of the Devon and Exeter Hospital, Aug. 28, 1781. By John Churchill, B. D. Rector of Eggesford and Chawley, and Fell, of C. C. C. Oxon. 460. 6 di Thorne. Exeter.
The leading object of this discourse is to vindicare Divine Providence in its various dispensations to mankind; and particularly in its diftributions to the rich and the poor. The Preacher thows, by a train
of just and elegant reasonings, the fubferviency of those mixed dispense sations to the general ends and interefts of society, and their peculiar fitness to call forth the beft principles of the human heart, particuJarly compaflion and benevolence in the rich, and humiliev, p cience, and refignation in the poor. The whole is applied to the excellent inilitution that was the more immediate occasion of this discourse. Do V. A Devout Soldier. Preached before the North Barallion of Glou
cellershire Milicia, encampe i near Plymouth August 5, 1981, by the Rev. Robere Hawker, offic ating for the Chaplain during his absence. Published at the Request of the Officers of the Corps. 4to. is. Law,
Fortunately, the absence of the chaplain did not deprive che North battalion of Gloucestershire militia of a good professional discourse; and that a serious exhortation was not bellowed in vain, appears from the defire of the officers to have it again in a more durable form.
The worthy Preacher has throughout grounded his arguments on vthose motives most likely to influence sober sensible men in a military character, and history will fully joftify che principle he earneitly contends for, that courage is never more cool and determined chan when it springs from pious convictions. VI. Å ftri&t Conformity between our Prayers, and cur Aktions, earnestly
recommended. Preached in the Parish Church of Whitringham, Northumberland, February 10, 1779, being the Day appointed to be observed as a General Fast; published at the Requeit of the · Parishioners. By the Rev. J. Twentyman, Vicar of Calle Sowerby, Cumberland. izmo. 6 d. Newcaitle, printed,
This plain, practical, and judicious discourse has by some means * escaped our earlier norice, which we are sorry for, as, we think, we have seen none more fitly adapted to the occafion on which it was delivered, or more worthy of a serious and attentive perusal. The preacher applies himself to enforce a regard to the true ends for which a day of humiliation ought to be observed, viz. repentance, amend. ment, and willing obedience; these he recommends with becoming earnestness, and by luiiable arguments. The rext of this discourse is, Isaiah i. 19, 20. VII., True Chriftian Patriotism. Preached before the several Affo
ciations of the laudable Order of Antigallicans, at St. George's in the East, Middlesex, Ap il 23, 1781, being St. George's Day. By John Prince, A. B. Lectures of Si. Mary, Aldermanbury. 8vo. 6 d. Crowder.
This Writer fets before us the character of a real patriot, viz. that he is a pious and good man. While, on just principles, he recommends a zealous regard to the welfare of our country, he removes that objection which has been ignorantly made, as though Chriltianity was inimical to the public or national prosperity; and proves that the principles of the Christian religion, thoroughly imbibed, must produce true patriotism and public spirit. .
* Probably because it was not advertised in the London papers,
VIII. Preached at St. Dunftan's in the Welt, April 29, and at St.
Mary Abbot':, K-rington, July 15, 1781, for the Benefit of the Humane Sɔciety, inititured for the Recovery of Persons apparently dezd by Drowoing. Dy Jacob Duché, M. A, Rector of Christ's Church, and St. Peter's in Philadelphia. 8vo. 1S. Rivington, &c.
There is somewhat pleibog in this discourse, at the same time that it is calculaied to be useful. The Auchor makes an ingenious apolin calion of the case of ine prophet Jonah. His text is John ii. 5, 0. From which he deduces leveral pertinent reflections, together with feasonable admonitions ad dreiled to those who, under Providence, bad obtained relief and recovery by means of the Humane Society. He pleads pathetically tor conisibutions to this charity; and represents the neceflicy for farther allittance, in order to its more firm establishmcar, and to render it more extensively beneficial. Should chere be any ining of a Calviviidical train in this Sermon, persons who entertain different feptiments, ic is presumed, will know how to make just and proper allowances.
CORRESPONDENCE. W e are doubtless much obliged to a “ Moderate Calvinif” for the
trouble he harb given himself to se: us right as to the meaning of borribile decretum ! However, we must be free to acknowledge, that all he haib ajvanced from himself, and all he hash transcribed from another, hach had liccle weight with us, and hath occasioned ljlile alteration in our finimenes. - We have no reason to retract, or even fofien, our forir.cr rcfections on the horribile decretum of Joha Calvin *. We have re-examined the passage in ihe connection in which it slands in the inftitutions; and from what precedes it, we have no doub: bue that Calvin's own heart thuddered at the consequences of his own doctrine. As a Theologian, he admitted its truth * for, lays he, who can oilprove it on the admillion of the Divine Prescience?" But as a war, the common feelings of human nature revolted at the idea of " lo many nations involved, wiin their infant race, in eternal death, through the fin of one man." Decreum quidem borribile fateor, “I confefs indeed (tays he) that this decree is a a terrible one:"--or borrilie--if we ta:(lace i:, as the word horribile GENERALLY mean', in aacient and modern writers. Take either word, and the end of our refle?ions will be fully answered ;----and that was, to hew, by a very liriking instance, the struggle between Calvin's faith and reason;-- the severity of his cieed, and the relentings of bis compattion : and inele reflections, while they expreiled our abhorrence of his principles, were meant to pay fome tribute of respect to the natural and unperverted feelings of his cart.
B.dok In answer to Mr. de Brahm's Letter, we are to observe, that however the particular circunstances which attended the going of
• See Review for September, Ait. IV. p. 201--203
Mr. Mudge's Time-keeper • may favour the hypothesis Mr. de Brahm seems long ago to have formed, concerning the influence which the equinoxial changes in the atmosphere have on the going of time-keepers, we must acknowledge ourselves in the number of those who differ from him on this head. We, therefore +, decline printing Mr. de Brahm's Leiter ; but this acknowledgment will secure his claim to the discovery, if, contrary to our expectation, it should hereafter be contested.
“ A Constant Reader and General Admirer of the Monthly Re. view” defires us to point out to him the belt book on gardening. Were we to pretend to answer this matter of inquiry, it might seem invidious to the proprietors of several useful publications: it would likewise, in all probability, draw upon us further trouble of a fimiJar kind. - We muit, therefore, beg leave to decline the going out of our way to give an opinion on the question.
The same Correspondent suggeits “ a hint," which requires our farther consideration. There are objections to his scheme, which we I do not chuse to flate in this public manner. · This Gentleman, likewile, enquires concerning the Continuation of an Article which was begun in our Journal fome months ago. To this we can give no positive answer. The farther Review of the learned work here referred to, depends on the precarious health, and uncertain leisure, of the Gentleman to whose consideration books of that class are usually referred.
* See our last, p. 346.
+ We have anocher, perhaps more decisive reason, the want of soom. We must not fuffer our correspondence to encroach too far on the proper, che indispenable bufiness of the Review.
To OUR READER S. Since the sheets of this month's Review, in which we have given an account of Mr. Shaw's Inquiry into the Authenticity of Oman's Poems, were printed off, we have seen Mr. Clarke's Answer to that Inquiry; and we now think it proper to inform our Readers, that we were entire (trangers to the character of Mr. Shaw,-who is known to us only by his publications concerning the Erfe; of which ianguage we are entirely ignorant. Thus circumstanced, could we doubt or question the ability of a Writer who has compiled á Dic. tionary in that language; and published it under the patronage of a subscriprion, in that country where the merit of such a compilation must be best known.- We intend to give an account of Mr. Clarke's Tract in our next.
*.* Juvenis is received, and will be attended to; as well as B. D.
Several Letters received late in this month, will, in due time, be further noticed. - Dr. Hopron's Treatise on Fire, which S. M. enquires about, will not be overlooked.