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of Casil. 8vo. Francfort. 1781. This writer treats 'antiply concerning the government, the inhabitants, the military, the manners, customs, and curioficies of Caflel. He observes, that notwithstanding the scarcity of money in currency among the inhabitants, 400,000 dollars are annually coined in that city. He computes the number of its inhabitants at 25,000, and makes the army of the Landgrave amount to 22,000 men.

XIII. Description de ce qu'il y a d'interessant et de curieux dans la Residence de Manheim, et les Villes Principales du Palatinate, i. e. A Deicription of the City of Manheim, and of the principal Towns of the Palatinate; containing a particular Account of whatever is curious or interesting in these Cities. 8vo. Manheim. 1781. This publication is worthy of attention. The objects it describes are interesting, and instruction may be often derived from the institutions and establishments of small states, which we are so apt to overlook. Manheim is a fine city, and has been greatly improved, since it became the residence of the elector, in 1720. The electoral palace is a vast and noble edifice, and its library, medals, pictures, engravings, collections of natural curiosities, rarities in gold, silver, and precious stones, form a vast and valuable treasure. The academy of Manheim, the society for the improvement of the German language, the public library, which contains above 40,000 volumes, the botanic garden, che colleges of anatomy, surgery, and midwifery, the observatory, and gallery of paintings, the saloon of statues, and the collection of prints which fills above 400 great folio volumes, furnish ample matter of description 10 the anonymous author of this work. He gives also a circumstantial account of the manufactures of Heidelberg, in carpets, tapestry, silk ftuffs ; and of those of Frankenthal, the third city of note in the pala-, tinate. This latter city is in a flourishing state : the elector granted, in 1771, extensive privileges to its manufacturers, and has opened a cominunication between it and the Rhine by a narigable canal. Its manufactures of China, cobacco, silks, ribbons, &c. are considerable, and its metal founderies are semarkably successful.

But the object that appears to us the most worthy of attention in this account of the Palatinate, and which deserves to be imitated by the legislature in every well-regulated state, is a particular kind of university, that was founded at Lautern in 1774. This excellent eitablishment is entirely consecrated to the study of political oeconomy, the useful arts, finances, commerce, police, agriculture, and other branches relative to the science of government. The academical course for each student is three years, nd none but those who have gone through this course, ale qualified for holding an employment in the adminiitracior, os e vuil the place of ecclefiaftical counsellor. Such is


the tenor of an act issued out by the elector in the year 1778. There are belonging to this university a public library, composed of books on the sciences alone, that are taught there, a cabinet of natural history, a collection of instruments for experimental philosophy, a chamber of niodels (such as the madder-mill, the English bee-hive, &c.), a chymical elaboratory, a botanical garden, leveral manufactures under the direction of the Oeconomal Society, and a farm, that is to be cultivated according to its orders. There, and many more objects of importance, are amply enumerated and enlarged upon in this interefting publication.

We need not observe how much an institution of this kind is. wanting in our public and academical courses of education. Classical learning is, indeed, eminently cultivated in the British schools; and may the period never come, when the noble fountains of Grecian and Roman lore, which form true taste, enlarge genius, and elevate the mind, thall be neglected by the Britih youth ! But though these pure sources shed more or less of their happy in Auence on all the parts of the social and civil system, yet they are, alone, insufficient to form the useful citizen, and the able statesman,-The various wants of man in civil society (which this kind of society has so unhappily multiplied) require, in its rulers, other sources of knowledge and skill, than those which are opened in our schools and universities. - He thai has an eye to fee, let him fee.

XIV. FISCHER Uber die geschichte des Despotisinus in Teutschland, &c. i. e. Concerning the History and Progress of Dejpotism in Germany. By M. Fred. Christ. JONATHAN FISCHER, Professor of Political and Feudal Law in the University of Halle, large octavoHalle. 1780. This work, to which is subjoined a great number of papers and records, as vouchers of the facts which the Author relates, is folid and instructive, and wants nothing but a little more method and order to render it highly recommendable, to all who have a taste for one of the molt important branches of useful knowledge---Political History.

XV. Physikalisch - Mætallurgische Abhandlungen, &c. i. e. Ph;sico-Metallurgical Dissertations on the Mountains and Quarries of Hungary. By M. J.J. FERBER. To which is added a Defcriprion of the Founderies and Manufactures of Steel in Stiria. By an anonymous hand, enriched with plates. 8v0.. 328. pages. Berlin and Sterin. 1789. The name of FERBER, whole diftinguihed merit in this line of publications we have had more than one o cafion to celebrate, is a sufficient recommendation of this work, and will also procure a tavourable reception for one of the same nature, which he designs to publish, and of which the mountains, mincs, and quarries of Transylvania will furnish the materials,

H h ż m..e. MONTULY


For DECEMBER, 1781.

POLITICAL. Art. 15. Free Thoughts on the Continuance of ihe American IVar,

and the Neceflity of its Termination. Addressed to the Inhabitants of Great Britain. By a Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn. 8vo. is. Payne. 1781. T HE violent contenders for American coercion will do well to

attend to the dispassionate, serious, and solid remarks of this abie advocate for peace :- peace before it be too late !- peace · before we lose the capacity of enjoying it.'

EAST IN DIE S. Art. 16. A Letter from Captain Foseph Price, to Philip Fran

cis, E[q; late a Member of the Supreme Council of Bengal. 8vo. is. Stockdale.

Captain Price accuses Mr. Francis of injurious reflections on his conduct in the East-India Company's naval service ; and setorts upon him in terms of strong resentment. But after making due allowance for the feelings of an individual, smarțing under barth treatment from powerful bodies of men, had Captain Price, in many initances, exprefled himself more temperately, his meaning need not have been weakened, nor might his complaint have appeared to less advantage.

* POETICAL. ; Art. 17. The Brothers, an Eclogue, by the Honourable Charles

John Fielding. 4to. 1 s. Walter, 1781. i It is seldom that paftoral effufions, the overflowings of a youthful imgination not yet employed in reflecting images from real life, can afford much gratification : to this remark, however, the present eclogue is an exception. Whoever can be delighted in contemplating the operations of fraternal affection on an amiable and elegant mind, will read this poem with considerable pleasure. The speakers in this dialogue are, Damon the shepherd, and Dorylas the foldier; each, as may be expected in a poetical contest of this kind, defends his own mode of life, and reproaches his opponent with chufing an oppofite one.

Britannia calls ! her foes are gather'd round;
All, all prepare ber fated breast to wound.
Her virtuous maids the tears of anguish pour,
Her pious matrons kneel upon the shore.
Heard'lt thou that shriek? perhaps the favage foe
Aims at thy mother's heart the deadly blow.
Matron, in vain thou call'st for Damon's aid,
He pipes, regardless, in the peaceful shade,
And, while soft echocs to his lays reply,

Heeds not a dying mother's piercing cry. In Damon's reply, the manner in which the real character of the speaker breaks ous, is fingularly happy : it makes ample amends for


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assumption of fiftitious manners with which the fallidiousness of
criticism may in the preceding part of the Eclogue be offended.

Give me a sword! this feeble hand fall save

A much-loved parent from the op'ning grave.
Give me a sword! while filial love fupplies
That strength which nature, and which health denies.
Alas! vain boast! E'en now my treacherous hand
Disclaims obedience to my heart's command !
To thee the glitt'ring weapon I consign!
No arm can wield it more beloved than thine !
May'lt thou-but hence, disguise! no Damon now,
'Tis CHARLES for William breathes the ardent vow.]
May'st shou, bleft Youth, with endless laurel crown'd,
Renown'd for conquest, as for worth renown'd,
Long live thy country's firm defence to prove,

And gain a pation's, as a bro:her's love!
Mr. Fielding's verlification, though not highly finished, is easy
and harmonious; and his poetical talents are such as seem to
want nothing but time and cultivation to bring them to matu-

The Author inscribes this poem to his brother, the Lord Visa
count Fielding. These noble brothers are fons to the Earl of Dene
Art. 18. The American War, a Poem, in Six Books. 8v@.

4.8. sewed. Hooper, &c. 1781.

Both parties seem'd to scorn ignoble flight;
And thrice each vanquish'd corps renew'd the fight!
Joves per sever'd, till in the mortal ftrife,
The gallant ancient Briton lost his life.
O'er wounded, groaning, dying, and the dead,
Surviving and contending soldiers tread,
With hard-knit brows, and fury in their eyes,
To seize, drag off, and keep the precious prize,

* - * * *
At leogth the British troops molt grimly pleas'd,
Firmly determin’d, on the cannon seiz'd,
Putihe Provincials to a final rout
* *

* som
Wich sage precaution Gaies each moment seiz'd;
And the Provincial forces, grimly pleas'd,

Rage in their eyes, &c. &c.
Where are ve now — spirits of S:ernhold, Hopkins, Prynne,
Quarles, and Withers! Withered, indeed, are your laurels! Here is
a ward who hath eclipsed ye all! So deemeth

Art. 19. Orpheus, Priest of Nature and Prophet of Infidelity ;

or the Lleulinian Mylleries revived. A Poem, in Inrec Cantos,
4to. 2 s. Stockdale. .

This motley facire is not wholly defitute of wit or imagination.
It is principally levelled against the celebrated Margaret-itrees Leco
Hh 3


turer; though there are few characters of public notoriety that are not, by some means or other, hooked in. The Author ho, ing, we pre. fume, by this general attack to attract general notice: but he should have reinemhered, that the more general a.y atrack is, the feebler will be the į ortion it will make,

Catch Art. 20. Tie sea side, or Margate, a Pem, in Four Cantos.

410. 2 s. 6 d. Evans. 1781. This indufrious vertiner has failed not to describe almof every olje that the scenery which he had before him could afford. His deisriprions, however, are more remarkable for minuteness and ide-a lity than poe'ical embelih menc. Art. 21. A Poetical Epifile from Petrarch to Laura. 4to. is.

The ftory of Petrarch and Laura is well known. This Epille is
not calculated to make it more interesting,
Art. 22. A Descriptive Poem, written in the West Indies,

1781. Humblý intcribed to the Royal Society, by George He-
riot. 410. 24. Doilley, 1781.

This descriptive poem is. properly speaking, an undoetiia? defirip tion of the ciimate and an mals peculiar 'o the West Indies.

Art. 23. The Seleet Songs of the Gentle Shepherd. As it is

performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury-Lane. 8vo. 6 d. Bec.
ket. 1701,

These Songs are selected, with some variation, from the beautiful dramatic Scorch paftoral of Allan Ramfay, but the alterations are al. most unifus.nly for the worse. 'The second Song runs thus:

Dear Patie, if your Peggy dear,

Return'd your kindness wi' a night,
Such cauld neglect ye cou'd na bear,

Nor joy in any new delight,
Yet I will try, if the perfift

To answer a my love wi' hate,
To be by other lafies bleft,

And let her sigh when 'uis too late.
How inferior is the above to the following original!

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