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In 1730, Mr. Hogarth married the only daughter of Sir James Thornhiil, by whom he had no child. This union, indeed, was a ftolen one, and consequently without the approbation of Sir James and his Lady, who, considering the extreme youth of their daughter, then barely eighteen, and the sender sinances of the husband, as yet an obscure artist, were not easily reconciled to the match. Soon after this period, however, he began bis Harlot's Progress i and was advised to have some of his pictures placed in the way of his fatherin-law. Accordingly, one morning, Mrs. Hogarth undertook to convey several of them into the dining-room. When be arore, he en. quired from whence they came; and being told by whom they were introduced, he cried out, “ Very well; the man who can produce such representations as chefe, can also maintain a wife without a por. tion.”- All this, however, we have reason to look upon as founded on misinformation. Hogarth, at this time, lived with his wife under her facher's roof, in perfect good understanding with Sir James; who kindly said, his house “ would hold them all.”
• In 1732, he ventured to attack Mr. Pope, in the plate called TASTE ; containing a view of the gate of Burlington-house, wich Pope whitewashing it, and bespartering the Duke of Chandos's coach. This plate was intended for a satire on Mr. Pope, Mr. Kent the architect, and the Earl of Burlington. But Mr. Hogarth being as apprehenlive that the pen of the poet was as pointed as the graver of the artit, re. called the impressions, and destroyed the plate.
Soon after his marriage, Mr. Hogarth had Summer-lodgings at South Lambeth. Having a natural talte for gardening *, and being in intimacy with Mr. Tyers, he contributed very much to the improvement of The Spring Gardens at Vauxhall; and first suggested the bine of embellishing them with paintings, some of which were the pro. duction of his own comic t pencil.
• In 1733, his genius became conspicuously known. The 3d scene of his “ Harloi's Progress” introduced him to the notice of the Great, At a Board of Treasury, wbich was held a day or two after the appearance of inar print, a copy of it was shewn by one of the Lords, as containing, among other excellencies, a striking likeness of Sir John Gonfon f. It gave universal satisfaction; from the Trea. fury each Lord repaired to the prini-thop for a copy of it, and Hogarth rose completely into fame.
• The familiarity of the subject, and the propriety of its executior, made the “ Harlor's Progress” talled by all ranks of people. Above twelve hundred names were entered on his subscription-book. It was made into a pantomime, and represented on the stage. Fao-mounts
, * This is a mistake. Mr. Hogarth had no taste for gardening; and was entirely ignorant of it, in all its branches. R. .t Among the paintings at Vauxhall were the “Four Parts of the Day," either by Tiogarth, or from his designs. Of there the Evening" and “ Nighe” are still existing. They were painted by Hayman, from Hogarth's designs. R.
I The magistrate entering with his myrmidons, whose vigilance on those occasions was at that time well known,
were likewise engraved,"containing miniature representations of all che six places.
• The “ Rake's Progress" was published in 1735; and “though, perhaps, superior, had 1.01, as Mr. Walpole observes, lo much success, from want of novelty ; nor is the print of the Arrest equal in merit to the others. The curtain, however, was now drawn aride, and his genius tood displayed in its full luftre.”
• The novelly and excellence of Hogarth's performances soon tempted the needy artist and print dealer to avail themselves of his designs, and rob him of the advantages which he was entitled to derive from them. This was particularly the case with “ The Midnighe Converfarion," " The Rake's" and " Harlot's Progresses," and others of his early works. To put a itop to depredations like these, on the property of himseif and others, and to secure the emolument resulting from his own labours, he applied to the Legislature, and obrained an Act of Parliament, 8 Geo. if, cap. 38. to vest an exclusive right in Deligners and Engravers, and to reitrain the multiplying of copies of their works without the consent of the artist. ... After Mr. Hogarth's death, by S:at, of 7 Geo. III. cap. 38. the Legisla. ture granted to his widow a further exclusive term of twenty years in the property of her husband's works. . In 1745, H garth fold about twenty of his capital pictures by auction; and in the same year acquired additional reputation by the Tix prints of Marriage à la Mode.
• Soon after the reace of Aix la Chapelle, he went over to France, and was taken into custody at Calais, while he was drawing the gate of that town, a circumstance which he hash recorded in his picture, entitled, “ O, the Roaft Beeef of Old England !” published March 26, 1749. He was actually carried before the Governor as a spy : and, after a very ftri&t examination, committed a prisoner to Grandfire his Landlord, on his promising cha: Hogarth should not go out of his house, till he was to embark for England. This account he himself gave to his friend, Mr. Gofiling, at Canterbury, at whole house he lay the night after his arival ..
• At the conclufion of this narrative, Mr. Nichols relates this accident inore circumitantially, on the authority of an eminent English Engraver, who was abroad when it happened. Hayman the painter, and Chiere, the flatuary, were of the fame party.
" While Hogarth was in France, wherever he went, he was fure to be disfatisfied with all he saw. If an elegant circumstance, either in furniture or the ornaments of a room, was pointed our as deferving bis approbarion, his narrow and constant reply was-" What then? but it is French !” In the itreets, he was often clamorously rude. A cattered bag, or a pair of fik fiockings with holes in them, drew a torrent of imprudent language from him. In vain did mv informant advile him to be more cautious in his public remarks. He laughed at all íuch aumonition, and trea'ed the offerer of it as a publlanimous wicich, unworthy of residence in a free country, making him the buis of his ridicule for several evenings afterwards. . Soon after this period he purchased a house at Chifzuick; where, having now sacrificed enough to his fame and fortune, he ufually passed ihe greatert part of the summer-reason, yet not without visiting occasionally his house in Leicester-Fields.
·lo 1753, he appeared to the world in the character of an Author, and published a quarto volume, entitled, “ The Analysis of Beauty, written with a view of Exing the Auctuating Ideas of Tafte.” la this performance he lhews, by a variety of examples, that a curve is the line of beauty, and that round swelling figures are most plealing to the eye; and the truth of his opinion bath been countenanced by subsequeni writers on the subject.
• In this work, the leading idea of which was hieroglyphically thrown out in a frontispiece to his works in 1745, he acknowledges himself indebted to his friends for asistance, and particularly to one gentleman for his corre&ions and amendments of at least a third part of the wording. This friend, I am assured, was Dr. Benjamin Hoad. ley, the Physician, who carried on the work to about a third part (chap. ix.), and then, through indifpofition, declined the friendly office with regret. Mr. Hogarth applied to his neighbour Mr. Ralph t; but it was imposible for two such persons to agree, boch alike vaia and positive. He proceeded no farther than about a thect, and they then parted friends, and seem to have continued such.Here is a similar millake, Mr Ralph's talk was, like that of Dr. Hoadley's, merely verbal.--Nor was Mr. R. applied to for this purpose. It was his voluntary and friendly offer. :..The kind office of superintending the publication, was taken up by Dr. Morell, who went through the remainder of the book . The Presace was corrected by the Rev. Mr. Townley. The family of Hogarth rejoiced when the last Meet of the Analysis was printed off;
This unreasonable pleasantry was at length completely extinguished by what happened while he was drawing the gate at Calais; for though the innocence of his design was rendered perfectly apparent on the testimony of other sketches which he had about him, which were by no means such as could serve the purpofes of an engineer, he was told by the Commandant, that had not the peace been actually signed, he should have been obliged to bave hung him up immediately on the ramparts. Two guards were then provided to convey him on Tipboard ; nor did they quit him till he was threç miles from the shore. They then spun him round, like a top, on the deck, and told him he was at liberty to proceed on his voyage with. out farther attendance or moleftation. With the fightest allufion to the ludicrous particulars of this affair, poor Hegarth was by no means pleased. The leading circumftance his own pencil bas re. corded."
• This, we have authority to say, is not fridly the fact. Dr, Hoadley had only to give some correclion to the language: he profeffed not to unders and the fubje£t. R.
+ The celebrated political writer, who lived in the neighbourhood of Mr. Hogarth's country house at Chiswick. R.
§ Dr. Morell only translated a Greek pasiage, R.
as the frequent disputes he had with his co-adjutors in the progres of the work did not much harmonize his difpofition I
• A German translation of this work was printed at Berlin in 1754, and an Italian one at Leghorn in 1761.
"With Dr. Hoadly, the late worthy Chancellor of Winchesier, Mr. Hogarth was always on terms of. che, ftriételt friend thip, and fre. quently visited him at Winchester, St. Cross, and Alre ford. It is well known, that the Doctor's fondness for theatrical exhibitionis was so grear, that no visitors were ever long at his house before they were Sollicited to accept a part in some interlude or other. He himself, with Garrick and Hogarth, once personated a laughable parody on the scene in Julius Cæfar, where the Ghost appears to Brutus. Hogarth personated the spectre ; but so unrelentive was his memory, that although his speech confined of only two lines, he was unable to get them by heart. At lalt they hit on the following expedient in his favour: The verses he was to deliver were written in such large letters on the outside of an illuminated paper-lanthorn, that he could read them when he entered with it in his hand on the stage. . • Hogarth was also the most abfent of men. At table, he would sometimes turn round his chair, as if he had finished eating, and as fuddenly would return it, and fall to his meal again.
• A specimen of Hogarth's propensity to merriment, on the most trivial occasions, is observable in one of his cards, requesting the company of a friend to dine with him. Within a circle, to which a knife and fork are the supporters, the written part is contained. In the center of it is drawn a pye; and the invitation of our Artit concludes with the following sport on three of the Greek letrer's [6, B, m.]-10 Eta Beta Pi (eat a bit of pye). A quibble by Hogarth is furely as respectable as a conundrum by Swift.
i in the “ Miser's Feaft," Mr. Hogarth thought proper to pillory Sir Isaac Shard, a gentleman proverbially avaricious. Hearing this, the fon of Sir Isaac, the late Isaac Pacatus Shard, Esq; a young man of spirit, just returned from his travels, called at the Painter's to see the picture, and among the ref, asking the Cicerone whether that oda figure was intended for any particular person ; on his replying, that it was thought to be very like Sir Isaac Shard, he immediately drew his sword, and lashed the canvas. Hogarth appeared instantly in great wrath ; to whom Mr. Shard calmly justified what he had done, saying, that “this was a very onwarrantable licence ; that he was the injured party's son ; and that he was ready to defend any suit at law:"_which, however, was never instirured.
• About 1757, his brother-in-law, Mr. Thornhill, resigned the place of King's Serjeant-painter in favour of Mr. Hogarıb; who foon
I It is amazing, that with all this cookery, and so many cooks, the entertainment which this excellent Artist intended for the Public was not totally spoiled. Hogarth often declared, that he found “ no other man's words could completely express his ideas.” The work is, nevertheless (we will venture to pronounce), the most mafterly performance, of the kind, that ever was produced in the English language. An account of it was given in our Review - Vol. x. p. 100. Rev. Dec. 1781. ,
afterwards I See our remark on this anecdote, in our Review for March laft, P. 188. N.B.Our Biographer supposes that the letter which we have feen of word Gi's, and which speaks in the highef terms of Sigis: munda, was rather ironical chan serious.
afterwards made an experiment in painting which involved him in some disgrace. The celebrated collection of pictures belonging to Sir Luke Schaub, was in 1758 sold by public auction; and the admired picture of Sigi/munda (purchased by Sir Thomas Sebright for 4041, 55.) excited Mr. Hogarth's en ulation."
We are informed by Mr. Walpole (whom Mr. Nichols quotes at large on this subject), that the original Sigismunda, said to be painted by Correggio, or by Furino, is at present in the posterfion of the Duke of Newcastle. After bestowing on it the warmest praise, Mr. Walpole observes, that, “after many effays, Hogarth, at lait, produced his Sigismunda ;- but no more like Sigilmunda, than I to Hercules. .... He fet the price of 400 l. on it, and had it returned on his hands by the person (Lord Grosvenor, then Sir Richard] for whom it was painted I." • Hogarth, however, says Mr. Nichols, gave directions, before his death, that Sigismunda lhould not be fold under 500l. ; and, however he might have been mortified by Churchill's invective, and the coldness with which the picture was received by the rest of the world, he never wholly abandoned bis deliga of having a plate prepared from it.'
6. The lait memorable event in our artist's life, as Mr. Walpole observes, was his quarrel with Mr. Wilkes, in which, if Mr. Hegarib did not commence direct hoftilities, he, at least, obliquely gave the firit offence, by an attack on the friends and party of that gentleman. In September 1762, Mr. Hogarth published his print of The Times. It was answered by Mr. Wilkes in a severe Nortb Briton. On this the Painter exhibited the caricatura of the Writer. Ms. Churchill, the Poet, then engaged in the war, and wrote his Epistle to Hogarth, not the brightest of his works, and in which the severelt strokes fell on a defeat that the Painter had not caused, and could not amend-his age; and which, however, was neither remarkable nor decrepid; much less had it impaired his talents, as appears from his having composed, but six months before, one of his molt capital works, the Satire on the Methodiits. In revenge for this Epiftie, Hogarth caricatured Cburcbill, under the form of a canonical bear, with a club and a pot of porteret vitulâ tu dignus et bic-never did two angry men of their abilities throw mud with less dexterity.”
• At the time these hoftilities (says Mr. N.) were carrying on, in a manner fo virulent and disgraceful to all the parties, Mr. Hogarth was visibly declining in his health. In 1762 he complained of an inward pain, which, continuing, brought on a general decay that proved incurable. On the 25th of October 1764, he was conveyed from Chiswick to Leicester Fields in a very weak condition, yet remarkably cheerful, and receiving an agreeable letter from the Ame. rican Dr. Franklin, drew up a rough draught of an answer to it: bút going to bed, he was seized with a vomiting, upon which be rung his bell with such violence that he broke it, and was found in such a condition that he expired in two hours afterwards. Before he