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language. We see little to admire by its greatness; and as little to
There is one thing, however, that interests our humanity, and in
The story is simply this : A pagan tyrant, the implacable enemy of the Chriftians, who are represented as a numerous and increasing feet, at the last hour of his existence, is willing to put a period to the religious feuds of his subjects; and by an act of public justice, endea. vours to atone for a life of violence and oppression. He convenes his fubjects, who are chiefly Christians, and fubmits the nomination of a successor to their choice, on condition he fhall espouse the Princess Veflinia, his only daughter. Their choice falls almost unanimously on Oront hes, their favourite general, and a known adherent to the Christian cause. By this election Maxentius, the King's nephew, who is a pagan, finds himself excluded from the succeflion to the diadem. Previous to this convention, at a secret meeting of che Chriftians, the Princess Veftinia, who had privately adopted their faith, is rescued by Oroni hes from the violence of Maxentius. They disclose to each other their mutual paflion, and Oronthes is informed of the designs of the King. Each of them in a vision, the same evening, fees Michael the arch-angel, who assures them that they mould be united and live in perfe&t felicity, though the consummation of their wishes would not take place till they had passed through various scenes of persecution and distress. By the constitution of the kingdom, it New Aron was however necessary, that the choice of the people should be raii. fied by the senare. The senate was supported by the army ; and the latter chiefly confisted of pagans. It is easy, therefore, to foresee, that the previous action would be annulled by ihe senators, and Maxentias raised to the throne of his uncle ; but as the majority of the people was Christians, some conrivance was necessary to intimidate them, and raise the fpirits of the pagans. A senator who was the agent of a neighbouring king, and who wished, for his own ambitious purposes, to excire a civil war, concealed himself in an oak, and, during the pagan sacrifice, exclaimed in a loud voice,-“ Crush the “ usurping Christian,' &c. This supposed messenger was univer-Sally litened to wish implicit veneration, and the senate raised Max. entius to the throne. Oronches, on this, was confined in a dungeon, and Vetinia, defined to the bed of the pagan usurper, felt the most Cc4
poignant anguifh. To secure the interests of the pagan fa&ion, the Christians were induced to believe that Oronthes had deserted their faith, and killed himself, after a declaration of his apottacy :- that his presence was only to secure the crown, and after throwing away the disguise of profession, to persecute che seat he had appeared to pa. tronize. To countenance this imposicion on the credulity of the people, a soldier of the Guards, who much resembled Orontbes, is killed and mangled in such a manner as to delude the e; e, by mak. ing the difference between the two bodies imperceptible. This arti. fice succeeds, and the Christians despairing of any support, retire in filent grief. At this period the firtt volume concludes.
On the whole, this work deserves fome attention, though we can beltow on it no warm encomiums abitracted from tbe circumftances in which it was penned. - What resemblance this novel is to bear to our late transactions wich America we cannot as yet perceive ; nor Caa we discover any discriminated likeness between Oronches and Veltie nia and our gracious sovereigns ( whose characters, we find, were in. tended to be shadowed forth by chem), unless indeed in what is uny. fual in modern Princesa laudable regard for Christianity. D.dk, Art. 28. The Masqued Weddings, in a series of Letters. 2 Vols.
8vo. 55. stookham. 1981. -
proved Man for calculaing the Value of Eitates. By R. Hudson.
The compiler of these tables affims, in his introduction, that the value of land may be found from them, by fewer figures, than from any o: her publication ; a circumftar.ce that, if the tables are found, to be correct, will be a fufficient recommendation.
N. Art. 30. A Collection of Rules and standing Orders of the House of
Commons, relative to the applying for and palling Bills for including and draining of Laods, making Turnpike Roads, Navigations, and other l'ur ores. 4to. Is. T. Payne, &c. 1781.
The use of this collection is evident from the title; and it would be rather extra judicial for us to review the standing orders of the House of Com ons
N. Art. 31. Some Account of Captain 7. Carver. 8vo. 2 s.
Diliy, &c. 1781. This account of the enterpriâng but unfortunate Captain Carver, was drawn up by Dr. Lertsom, and is prefixed to a new edition [the third] of the Captain's Travels through the interior parts of North America. The Captain deserved well of his country. He served it faithfully in the late American war; and when his sword was no
• But is fold separately, for the accommodation of the purchasers of the former editions. ..
longer useful to it, he endeavoured to continue his services by rendering oor vast acquifition of unexplored American territory + more extensively advantageous to us, in a commercial view.-How was he rewarded. With penury, and a broken beart!
To ibis narrative is prefixed a print of Capt. Carver, from an original picture in the poffeffion of Dr. Lection. The pamphlet is likewise decorated with a coloured engraving of the tobacco plant in full hlaw, as it was given in the Captain's treatise on this famous vegetables : For an account of which see Review, vol. Ixi. p. 78. . Art. 32. A Help to Elocution. 8vo. 3 s. 6 d. Fielding and
This useful compilation confits of three essays. The first is on reading and aeclamation, wherein the principles of both are laid down under the severai heads of emphasis; climax, modulation, paules, &c. &c. The second essay creats of the marks and characters of che different pallions and affections of the mind. The third of composition, tending to explain and illustrate the beauties of fine writing, and she principles on which they depend. To these essays, is added a large collection of examples, in prose and verse, selected from the Spectator, Rambler, the World, and other periodical papers; and also from the works of Swift, Pope, Parnel, Gay, Prior, Lycelion, Hume, and other writers of aiitinguished character in the world of leriers.
"This liitle volume (as the preface says) is calculated for the use of schools. It was not meant to give any thing original to the world; the only praise which the publishers aspire to, is that of having made a careful, and, they hope, not an injudicious compilation. ..
· The first essay, however, is an original froin the pen of a gentle. man who hath been loog praaised in the art of speaking. The two next are extracted from works of established credir,
The design of this poblication is commendable, and the execution of it both pleasing and judicious.
B.d.k. PHILOSOPHICAL. Art. 33. Outlines of an Answer to Dr. Priestley's Disquisitions re
lating to Matter and Spirit: By the Rev. Richard Gifford, B. A. Rector of North Okendon, Essex. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Cadell. 1781.
These outlines or reflections were written, as we are told in an advertisement, while the Author was peruling Dr. Priestley's Disquifitions ; which, it seems, came into his hands in the course of circulation in a reading society, at a time when he had not scen Dr. Price's correspondence with Dr. Priestley, nor knew that any answer to the Difquifitions had been published.
Atver the numerous occasions we have had of treating of this controversy, we do not think that our Readers would chaok us for returning to this beaten subject, as we find nocbing itriking or new in the Author's outlines, which are plentifully. Sprinkled with quotacions from numerous authors, in various languages.
We shall only add, that we think the Author's friend, from whom the defign originated of giving the work to che public,' should have pointed ou! to him the appa eat contradiction which ftrikes us be
+ Vid. our account of the firh edition of the Caprain's Travels, Rev, vol. 1x. p. go.
tween the Author's profession (at p. 5. of his advertisement), of his • not having passed the line of decency,' and his having therefore • a • fair claim to an equal portion of civility and good temper ;'-and the language which he holds in the last paragraph of the pamphlet; where he represents Dr. PrieAley's work as containing a wretched • lyftem,' and as likely to prove • a delicious morjel,' to persons • whose wicked lives have predisposed them to wish for annihilation.' Increasing in civility and decency, he adds, they will laugh heartily ' at the remaining part of the Doctor's scheme, as concluding that it
was calculated only to lengthen out the work, and to add to the • price of the volume; and, if the Book sells, the grave Doctor will
laugh too.'- Such intinuations can disgrace only the person who employs them. NATURAL HISTORY.
.. . Art. 34. A General Synopsis of Birds. By John Latham.
4to. 10 s. 6 d. sewed. White. 1781. Of this work but a small part is at present published. The whole of Mr. Latham's 'undertaking will be extended through three vo. lumes : the first of which will contain the Accipitres and Picze of LinDæus; the second will confift of the Passeres and Galind of the same author; and the third volume will close the work with his Gralle and Anstres, Mr. Latham, who in his researches and inquiries feems to be indelatigable, promises that his Synopts thall contain nearly four times the number of birds that is to be found in Linnæus's Syftema Naturæ. The sources from whence he has drawn his inform 3tion, besides the books that have appeared fince Linnæus wrote, are the numerous collections in natural history that of late years hare been made in England; particularly the curious and magoificent collections of Sir Anton Lever and Sir Joseph Banks, both of which have been enriched by a great variety of subjects, collected by our late ceJebrated circumnavigators.
The present publication contains the vulture, falcon, and owl tribes. To the profelt ornithologift it will afford confiderable entertainment, the descripcioos being accurate and minute. We could have wished for more engravings; but as this is a with that could not have been indulged without accumulated expence, Mr. Latham has perhaps done wisely in not adding to what is already fufficiently high. - N. B. The plates are coloured.
C.6.6. L A w. Art. 35. Copies of Opinions ascribed to eminent Counsel on the
Will which was the subject of the Case of Perrin v, Blake, before the Court of King's Bench in 1769. Addresied to the Right Honourable William Earl of Mansfield. By Charles Fearne, Erg; Barriller of Law, of the Inner Temple; Autbor of the Exay on the Learning of Contingent Remainders and Executory Devisers. 8vo. I S. Uriel.
Thcfe Opinions will be gladly accepted by the profeflion as an Appendix to Mr. Fearne's very valuable trearise on “ Contingent Re. mainders." They bear the names of the most eminent lawyers of their day, of no lefs men than Sir Dudley Ryder, Mr. Filmer, Mr; Booth; and, of a fourth, a mightier far then they,- who decided the cale, as Chief Justice, against the opinion not only of the other three,
but againt his own opinion, given in the year 1747, when he was abe Hon. Mr. Murray. The noble Lord, as he now is, hath, however, lately disavowed that he gave any such opinion in 1747, in consequence of which, Mr. Fearne feels himself called upon for a public and unreserved declaration of the authorities that led him into the error of imputing it to his Lord thip, and the impropriety of publifhing an extract from it, as fuch, in the last edition of his book. He has accordingly published a copy of the whole opinion; with his reafons for thinking it genuine. The discussion is mindre, and uninteresting: and terminates in one of thefe two obvious conclusions, either that Mr. Fearne had been grossly imposed on by some of the most accurate men in the profession-or that the Lord Chief Juilice, at the age of SEVENTY-SIX, may posibly not remember very distinctly every sentence he wrote 33 years ago. We leave the alternative to the gentleman of the law. The point indeed is not very material, It is sufficient that Lord Mansfield's decision was reversed in the house of Lords: that Mr. Murray's opinion (if genuine) is set up again : and the uniform tenor of former cases suitained :-to the great joy of the venerable old conveyancers, who began to tremble left they should be obliged to unlearn all their ancient learning :
T. . Imberbes didicere fenes perdenda fateri,".
Art. 36. Two Astions between John Howe, Esq; and George · Lewis Dive, Esq. Tried by a Special Jury, before Lord Mant.
· field, at the Alizes at Croyden, August 16, 1781. 4to. 1 s. • Kearlly. •. The following advertisement is prefixed to these proceedings:
• As a partial and mutilated account of these trials appeared in the news-papers, the friends of Mr. Howe have requested him to publish the whole of both causes, faithfully taken in short-hand, that the Public may be enabled to judge of those verdicts which have done justice to his injored character. The pleadings of the Counsel, and Lord Mansfield's Address to the jury, add much to the conse. quence of this publication. Art. 37. The Case of Jonathan Fiske, Bookseller, tried and honourably acquirted at the Sessions in the Old Bailey, held in June, 1981, upon the infamous Profecution of Patrick Roche Farrill, &c. &c. 8vo. 1 so! Fike, Stockdale, &c.
As far as can be discovered from a dartative very badly drawn up, and suitably printed, Jonathan Fiske indiscreetly suffered himself to be entangled in a very dangerous connexion with the parties mentioned in his title-page. We wilh him joy on his deliverance, hoping he will be made wise by bis experience. Art. 38. A Letter to Robert Macqueen Lord Braxfield, on his
Promotion to be one of the Judges of the High Court of Jufticiary.
Edinburgh printed. 8vo. Is. Bladon. · From this letter, which is penned in the nature of a charge to the newly appointed Judge, we are reminded that the Judges of the High Court of Justiciary are but men ; and frailty is incident to human nature. Nevertheless, the Writer ftates fome obvious irregularities, far from being difciedited by improbability, and not beyond human