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ART. VII. The Journey to Snowdon : By Thomas Pennant, Esq. 40.
108, 6d. Whire, 1781. HIS publication contains Mr. Pennant's journey from
his own house (Downing, in Flintshire) to the summit of Snowdon, and takes in almost the whole of what he calls « our Alpine tract.' It is a continuation of his Tour in Wales, the land of pospeas, in which Nature has been lavilh of her most magnificent scenery. Of that Tour we gave an account in the both Volume of our Review, p. 32. Another part, he tells us, in his advertisement, will appear with all convenient speed, which will comprebend the remainder of his description of Carnarvonshire (begun in this volume), together with the Ise of Anglesea, and the county of Montgomery, concluding with some account of Shrewsbury, the ancient seat of the British princes. Like the rest of Mr. Pennant's descriptive travels, this book is decorated with a number of plates, among which is a valuable half length of Sir Richard Wynne, by the inimitable Bartolozzi: whole prints it is become fashionable to collect, at whatever expence.
With respect to Snowdon, the principle object of this journey, our Author chus describes what he observed on and from its lofty summit:
This mountain, we are told, rises almost to a point, or at best, says Mr, P. there is but room for a circular wall of loose ftones, within which travellers usually take their repast'-We with our Author had mentioned the diameter, or circumference of this circular inclosure.
"The mountain, from hence, seems propped by four vast buta trelles; becween which are four deep Cwins, or hollows; each, excepcing one, had one or more lakes lodged in its distant bota tom. The nearest was Ffynnon Lås, or The Green Well, lying immediately below us. One of the company had the curiosity to desaend'a very bad way to a jutting rock, that impended over the monstrous precipice; and he leemed, like Mercury, ready to take his fight from the summit of Atlas. The wiers of Ffynnon Lis, from this height, appeared black and unfathonable, and the edges quite green. From thence is a succession of bottoms, surrounded by the most lofty and rugged hills, the greatest part of whole lides are quite mural, and form the most magnificent amphitheatre in nature. The Wyddfa is on one side; Crib y Difill, with its serrated tops, on another ; Crib Cock, a ridge of fiery redness, appears beneath the preceding; and oppo. site to it is the boundary called the Lliwedd. Another very lingular support to this mountain is Y Clawdi Cock, rising into a tharp ridge, so narrow as not to afford breadth even for a path,
"The view from this exalted ficuation is unbounded. In a former tour I saw from it the county of Chester, the high hills of
lofty and to form the Tide
Yorkshire, part of the north of England, Scotland, and Ireland' a plain view of the Isle of Man; and that of Angletea Jay extended like a map bene.ith us, with every riil visible. I took much pains to see this prospect to advantage; fat up at a farm on the west till about twelve, and walked up the whole way. The night was renarkably fine and starry: toward morn, the Stars faded away, and left a short interval of darkness, which was soon dispersed by the dawn of day. The body of the sun appeared most distinct, with the rotundity of the moon, before it rofe high enough to render its beams too brilliant for our sight. The fea, which bounded the western part, was gilt by its beams, first in Nender streaks, and at length glowed with rednefs. The prospect was disclosed to us like the gradual drawing up of a curtain in a theatre. We saw more and more, till the heat became so powerful as to attract the mists from the various Jakes, which in a fighe degree obscured the prospect. The thadow of the mountain was fung many miles, and shewed its bicapitated form; the Wyddfa making one, Crib y Dislill the other head. I counted this time between 20 and 30 lakes, either in this county *, or Meirionyddshire. The day + proved so excessively ho!,' that my journey coft me the skin of the lower part of my face before I reached the resting place, after the fatigue of the morning.
• On this day the sky was obscured very soon after I got up. A vaft mitt enveloped the whole circuit of the mountain. The prospect down was horrible. It gave an idea of numbers of abyffes, concealed by a thick smoke, furiously circulating around us. Very often a gust of wind formed an opening in the clouds, which gave a fine and distinct vifto of lake and valley, Sometimes they opened only in one place; at others, in many at once, exhibiting a most strange and perplexing light of water, fields, rocks, or chasms, in fifty different places. They then closed at once, and left us involved in darkness ; in a small fpace, they would separate again, and fly in wild eddies round the middle of the mountains, and expose, in paris, both tops and bases clear our view.
• We descended from this various scene with great reluctance; but before we reached our horses (which had been left a great way below), a thunder storm overtook us. Irs rolling among the mountains was inexpressibly awful: the rain uncommonly heavy. We remounted our horses, and gained the bottom with great hazard. The litile rills, which on our ascent crickled along the gullies on the sides of the mountain, were now swelled into torrents, and we and our fteeds pafled with the utmost risk of being swepe away by these sudden waters.
361 York. a plai tende much on th The i stars i was fi
rofe h The 1 first ir proipe curtai becam Jakes, thador bicapi other eicher : fo exc lower the fa
oo A vaft prospe abyffes around clouds Someti at onc ter, fie then cl space, the mi and ba
6W but be way be the mo heavy. great h the gu into tot risk of
" It is very rare that the traveller gets a proper day to ascend the hill; for it often appears clear; but by the evident attrac. tion of the clouds by this lofty mountain, it becomes suddeniy and unexpectedly enveloped in mift, when the clouds have just before appeared very remot?, and at great heights. At times, I have observed them lower to haif their heighi, and, notwithtanding they had been dispersed to the right and to the left, yet they have met from both sides, and united to involve the fummit in one great obscurity.
The quantity of water which Aows from the lakes of Snow. donia is very considerable ; lo much, that I doubt not but cola Jectively they would exceed the waters of the Thumes, befo, e it meets the Aux of the ocean.
The reporis of the heights of this noted hill have been very differently given. A Mr. Cafwill, who was employed in a survey of Wales, measured it by inftruments made by the directions of Mr. Flamitead, and he afferts its height to have been 1240 yards; but for the honour of our mountain I am forry to say, that I must give greater credit to the experiments made of late years, which have funk it to 1189 yards and one foot, reckoning from the quay at Caernarvon to the highest peak.'
Mr. Pennant concludes his description of Snowdonia, with a brief mention of the strata of stone which compose these moun. tains; of the coasse crystals and cubic pyritie found in the tira lures; and of the birds, filh, quadrupeds, and plants, inhabitants of these regions.
This detail of Mr. Pennant's journey into Wales, is enlis vened (as this ingenious gentleman's writings, of a similar kind usually are) by entertaining remarks, historical anecdotes, and critical' investigations of the antiquities, and other matters of curiosity, which succellively engage his attention.
ART. VIII. Ar Esay on the Right of Property in Land with respect to
its Foundation in the Law of Nature, its prelen: Eitablishment by the Municipal Laws of Europe, and the Regulations by which it might be rendered more beneficial to the lower Ranks of Mankind. 8vo. 38. 6d. Boards, Walter, 1781.
TE bave perused the Essay before us with singular plea
✓ sure : and (though we consider speculations of this kind rather as amusing dreams than as of any probable utility) we Thall venture to pronounce it to be the production of a cultitivated, elegant, and philosophic mind.
If it be demanded by what regulations property in land might be rendered more beneficial to the lower ranks of mankind ?' it seems to require no great stretch of political wisdom