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in the Low-Dutch and the French congues, and that too from Plaotia's celebrated press, at Leyden, in octavo and quarto. From which circumftance (says Mr. Okely) it is evident and undeniable, that about chose times these writings must be sold off in large pumbers, and been in great request. The “ Bible Figures” were also printed in the year 1589, jn Low Dutch, like the rest. From that cime fora ward there seems to have been a ftagnation of their run in general, until a hundred years afterwards; when, in 1687, they were almoft all of them re-published at Amsterdam, in German, in octavo, which were followed afterwards, in 1690, and at ibe yery same place by the 3d Part of his Leuters.'
The Trapllator hath given us a Catalogue of the writings of Hiel, with some general account of their subjects. We will present the Reader with an account of two of liel's treatises, as a triking speci. men of all the rellt.
Bible Queflions, or, a concise and plain Representation of the memorable Histories and Occurrences of the Old and New Testament, together avith short, profound, and sfintial Explications of them fubjoined. By the Means of which Man is, in the most imple Manner, led away from the external Images without, and into she Substance and Ellence itsell, in his own Soul within. It is withal evidently thewn him, that be ought not to remain slicking falt in such Figures, Images, and Leis ters, without proceeding any further; but rather to make right use of them to the End God intended by them; and consequently, by their Means, to pass over into a Participation of that EfTence or Substance they are Emblems of voto the Renovation of bis Soul.'
The o:her treatise is called “The Chorus or Dard of Dancers : with whom the vain heathenish Luits, do, in Confederacy with their god. less, wild, diffolute Thoughts and latents, both in Wildpess, and under a Semblance of Sandlity, associate themselves, from all the Ends and Quarters of the Earih, joining Hand in Hand; dancing, capering, and jigging ic away-sill they drop into Hell!
Mr. Okely, the ingenious and learned Editor of chis work, is deeply versed in the German mystics, and adapts his language to their sentiments and mode of writiog. He is conscious that it is semose from the narural man's underlianding; and not so grateful to an English ear as some plainer writers may be. But (says he) a little time and patience (luch as we do not begrudge philoiophical auchors) will soon qualify this, and amply reward him who shall have resolu. tion enough to exercise it. I think I may venture to say, that no Spiritual author whatsoever has written any thing, but the quinter. fence of ic will be found in the most experimental reality in Hiel.'
le is in vain to argue with Mr. Okely on this subject. We cannot meet on the fame ground; for, as he scorns reason, we reje& fancy, and till we agree in the means, we shall ever miss the end. We verily give him the most ample credit for his fincerity; we have already, ia our account of his tranflation of the Life of Jacob Behmen, born this testimony to the integrity of his principles; and though we differ totally from him with respect to our judgment of aurhors, yet we could pot refrain this tribue to his uprightness, without a violation of our own convictions,
We - We have been favoured with a Letter from Mr. Okely; and as it will send to give the Reader a very clear idea of bis object in his.va. rious publicacions of the writings of the Myftics, we will transcribe a part of it. As I really believe that the despised thing, commonly called Mysticism, is she just medium betweer. Infidelity, on the one hand, and Superftition, with her two daughters, Bigotry and Enthufiasm, on the other, I therefore, for that reason, and purely for that season only, attached myself to it; efteeming it the greatest happiness, to make it my capital. Atudy to plead its cause, and promote its molt invaluable interests, with all the influence of my poor, feeble tongue and pen.'
Though Mr. Okely speaks thus modestly of his own abilities, we are of opinion, that Myficism was never honoured with a more wore thy, or a more learaed, defender. We are only concerned, that the object of his defence should be so unworthy, both of his time and his talents.
B...k Art. 16. A Display of God's Wonders done upon the Perfon, and
appearing in the Life and divine Experiences, of John Engelbrecht of Brunswic: being an Epiftle in Verse, composed upon his Name's Day, June 24, 1638. Translated from the original, German. by Francis Okely, formerly of St. John's College, Cambridge. 8vo. id. Lackington. 1781.
Our efteem for the Translator will not permit us to transcribe one passage from this Epifle ; for there is not a fingle verse that will do him credit, either as a poet, or as a divine.
S E R M O N. S. 1. A Discourse on the late Faft. By Phileleutherus Norfolcienfis. 410.
is. Dodsley. 1781. . This is by far the most masterly discourse that hath been publihed on the occafion. • The Author professes himself to be a serious, and, as he hopes, an unprejudiced clergyman of the Church of Eogland. He conceals his name, because he is not impelled by any motives of vanity to venture on publication ; and he has publithed, because che sentiments which he maintains, seem to coincide with the most ufe. ful purposes which the late faft could be intended ca promore. Those sentiments, indeçd, are not likely to attract popularity, by Nayish adulacion, or seditious invective: they fatter the prejudices.of. no party, and are honestly intended to reform fach immoralities, as may justly be imputed to all.
A vein of deep.philosophic reasoning, and political speculation runs through this discourse, and renders it more calculated for the clolet than the pulpit; more fit to be read by the judicious, than to be heard by a common assembly. Nevertheless, in many parts of it, the Author rises into declamation :-that species of declamation which, while it rouses the imagination, doch not offend the judgment; but, supported by good fente, and animated by elegant and vigorous language, equally affects the heart and convinces the undertanding.
The chief design of this discourse is, to correct false and delusive opinions respecting the nature and insent of Divine judgmenis, to
prove that government is the medium through which the Deity cone veys punishment to a wicked, and rewards to a righteous people: cbat the misconduct of governors derives its origin frequently, and its efficacy always, from the general depravity of the governed ; that slavery is seldom established among those who deserve freedom; and never escaped by those who have abufed it: that between the misfortunes and demerits of a people there subGifts a moft intimate connection, yea, ultimately, an exact proportion; that their dittreffes arise from repentance long delayed, and their ruin from impenitence absolutely incorrigible,
The whole is resolved into the unerring wisdom of Divine Provi. dence, which hath conftituted an indissoluble union between vice and misery.
We earnestly recommend this noble discourse to the perusal of our
Preached before the University of Oxford, and published by the
jesty. 8vo. 6 d. Rivington, 1781.
Church of Hanwell, in the County of Middlesex, May 6:h, 1781. By S. Glase, D.D. &c. 8vo. 6 d. Rivington. 1781. Plain and practical.
CORRESPONDENCE. P. R.'s Letter is acknowledged. This Correspondent wilhes that we would recommend to Dr. Priestley, 'the renewal of his former design, of giving an History of all the Branches of Experimental Phi. losophy.' - Hints of this kind, we apprehend, would be deemed fo. reigo from the plan of our Review.---Dr. Priestley is, himself, the beft judge of every thing respecting his learned labours. A genius and industry like his, want no prompting, from any quarter.
... The Account of Mr. Grofs's Publication has been unavoidably delayed, through the tedious indifpofition of the Gentleman to whom the confideration of that book, with several others, was referred. The articles here alluded so, will not, we hope, be much longer protracted.
+++ The EDay on Death, by James Kenton ; of which we have had repeated advice, by letters from a nameless Correspondent, is at laft procured ; and some account of it will be given in our next Review.
Mr. Robert's Letter concerning the Rot in Sheep will also ape pear in our next.
For NOVEMBER, 1781.
ART. I. Tucker on Civil Government, CONCLUDED, See our last
Month's Review. . . A S the work before us treats of a subject which, next to
religion, is of the highest importance to mankind; and attempts to overthrow a system which, for near a century, has been the admiration of intelligent and virtuous men; we hope our Readers will not be displeased with the attention we have bestowed upon it, and the room we have aligned to it in this Collection. We shall now proceed in our remarks. ?All laws,' says our Author, p. 84, made, or to be made by the authority of usurpers, alias of Kings de facto, are, according to the doctrine of Sir Robert Filmer and the Jacobites, absolutely null and void, till they shall have received the sanction and confirmation of the rightful King. And fo say the Lockians in respect to their fole rightful King,che people. For here again they have told us so often, that we cannot forget it, that no law can be valid, unless the
people have authorized the making of it:-nay, they have gone fo · far as to declare, that the very essence of Navery doth consist in being governed by laws, to which the governed have not previouliy conSeoted. This being the case, you fee plainly that the confideration, · whether the law be good or bad in itself; whether it is a taw that is wanted or not wanted; and whether it tends to promote the liberty of the subject, or to restrain it, is at present entirely beside the quertion :- for the role point here to be derermined, is simply thisHad the makers of soch a law any right to make it, according to the Lockian ideas of right and wrong? If they had no such right, they. must be pronounced to be ufurpers, be the law in itself whatever it may; and therefore as they are usurpers, their doom is fixed; inarmuch as they cannot expect mercy for their daring attempts to alie. Date the unalienable rights of mankind.?
Notwithstanding the foregoing, and all that follows it to the end of the chapter, we, nevertheless, conceive, that, in order VOL. LXV.
Y . .
intrigue anegarded, a dobitle of the i
to the preservation of freedom among mankind, it will ever be necessary to ask this question ;- Are those who make our laws, duly authorised so to do? Or, in other words, do they derive their authority from the right source ? For, if there be no standard of rightful authority; and the ideas of right and justice, in respect of the original title of the reigning powers,' are to be totally disregarded, a door will be perpetually open to ambitious intrigue and violence, whenever any one can hope to cut his way to a throne by the sword, or by any means remove those who stand in his way. Nay, if successful bloodshed and ufurpation' is instantly to entitle the usurper to our subjection (as the Dean contends, p. 425), although he were to abolish parliaments, juries, elections, and every other conftitutional barrier againit arbitrary power; if, we say, this be a sufficient title to our subjection, our allegiance, and the command of our purses (75 and 417), chen, had the Dean of Glocester himself, or any other person in the secret of the true basis of civil government,' put himself at the head of the rioters in June 1780, and, diverting their attention from papists, prisons and plunder, had, by their aslistance, murdered the Royal family, extirpated the nobles, and established himself in che sovereign power, his government-mark, O Reader ! --would instantly have been i ordained of God, provided only that he protected his good fubjects, punished the bad, and defended the community from external violence, p. 86; for these three particulars would effe&tually cure any defect of title that could be imputed to him, p. 426.
In p. 114, our Author concludes, that freedom in this 'coun. try is secure, because, ' A man may fay or do, may write or print, a thousand things with the utmost security, for which his lie ber:y and property, and even his life is self, would be in the most imminent danger, were he to do the like in America, I want no other proors, that English,men are still a nation of freemen, and not of slaves.'
But perhaps this reasoning may not be quite conclusive ; because, supposing any design against our liberties should ever take place, it is probable that the freedom of speech and writing might not be the first to be attacked. Of a subject, who was reported to have used his tongue too freely, a certain celebrated monarch * said, “ He is welcome to talk, provided he leave me but the command of my armies.”
When we arrived at the 2a Part of this work, which is entitled 'The true Basis of Civil Government,' we confefs that, notwithstanding our great diffatisfaction with the foregoing part, we yet expected something solid and conclusive from the reputed ability of our Author. How great was our disappointment, can
• King of Prudia.