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diversified, sometimes accelerated, sometimes retarded, in order to effectuate the unequal augmentation and diminution of the folar and lunar days, or all the inequalities of the mprion of the moon. Moreover, as the hours of sun-rise and sun-set are comprehended within four hours and eight hours, the two first indexes, instead of a circular, have only an ofcillatory motion, proceeding first from four hours to eight, and going retrograde afterwards from eight hours to four, and reciprocally. The whole mechanism of this admirable work exhibits a simplicity of construction that deserves the highest applause: the same pendulum clock sets in motion the planetarium, the planisphere, and the dials. There is besides a remarkable degree of elegance and symmetry in the construction and arrangement of this orrery, It is but lately that I knew there was such a thing, and that I became acquainted with the Author. This modeft man seems to have had no ambitious desire of being known, either to the public, or to the professors of this University. He has had no kind of affistance in the construction of this machine, nor bad he ever applied himself to the study of mechanics before he undertook this arduous work. His modefty, however, does not hinder him from being communicative; for he explains all the parts of the machine, and answers all questions without mystery and without reserve. These particular circumstances render both the work and the artist ftill more worthy of admiration. I am truly delighted with both. In what obscure corners and professions does genius sometimes take up its residence ? I am, Sir, &c.

Franeker, 17th of May, 1780.




For AUGUST, 1781.

POLITICA L. Art. 10. Two additional Letters to his Excellency Count Wilderen,

on the prelent Sicua 100 of Afruirs berween Great Britain and the United Provinces. By John Andiews, LL. D. 8vo. 2 S. White. 1781. TN our Catalogue for February last we commended to the notice of Tour Readers the two former Letters, addressed by this very fenfible and well-informed Writer, to the late Ambassador from the Stales General to the British Court. In those Letters our ingenious Au bor most convincingly expaciared on the general neceflity of a good underllanding and union between the British and Durch nations ; the benefits which have resulted from a fincere cultivation of it on both fides ; the dangers that clearly threaten, and will infallibly as. tend, a rupture between them ; the consequences, truly tremendous,

which all Europe will certainly experience from the ambition and
tyranny of the house of Bourbon, should it com pass its long defired
object, the destruction of the balance of power among the European
ftates.--He endeavoured, at the same time, to expose the absurdity,
and the iniquity, of sacrificing realities to mere forms; of adhering
to words, in preference to obvious meaning; of turning treaties, in
tended for mutual advantage, into inftruments of partial, and even.
tually of reciprocal detriment: and he rendered it manifest, by an
investigation of historical circumstances, as well as by other reasons,
that the spirit of treaties militated clearly and decisively against the
claims, so unfeelingly infifted on by the Dutch, to carry on a trade
evidently calculated to accelerate the ruin of a people, with whom
they are not only at peace, but connected by treaties that imply
the strictest amicy ;-a people on whose preservation and welfare their
own unquestionably depend.

In the present publication, Dr. Andrews's view is to strengthen the
arguments contained in the preceding letters, by rome additional
ideas which have occurred on a further inspection of the subject.

In Letter III. he presents us with a prospect of the general views of
France, when the publicly took a decided part in the dispute between
Great Britain and her Colonies; and, in the 4th Letter, he states the
present fituation of this country, with respect to the war in America,
to the European powers in general, and to her connexions with Hol.
land in particular; and this he does in so racional, so evident, and
so conciliatory a frain, a3 secms best and most happily adapted to re-
kindle the embers of friend hip between the two nations.

In the Appendix he takes a distinct view of the treaties subatting
between Great Britain and Holland; in order to demonstrate the in
validity of the Dutch claims to carry naval stores to the enemy; and
he clearly thews, that such claims are contrary to the letter, as well as
to the spirit, of those creaties.
Art. ut. The Constitution, or a full Answer to Mr. Edmund

Burke's Anti-conftitutional Plan of Reform. Addressed to the Ho-
nourable the Speaker of the House of Commons. By a Lover and
ftrenuous Supporter of the Constitution. *8vo. 2 s. Nicoll.

A pert and frothy champion on the other side ; who has not only
mif-fpent abundance of his owo time in writing, but will be the
cause of mis-spending the time of all those who have the patience to
read what he has written.
Art. 12. Candid Thoughts; or, an Inquiry into the Causes of

our National Discontents and Misfortunes fince the Commencement
of the present Reign. 8vo. Is. 6d. Nicoll.' 1781.

This is the production of a very sensible writer, who, while he ful.
fils his promise of expresling his thoughts with candor, does not
write the less convincingly on that account. He examines facts with
a penetrating eye, and ftates what he sees in a clear point of view;
but the several parts of his general argument (which is much in favour

* These Letters to Count Welderen were all written before the rupture with Holland,

*laid to be written by Imothy Brecknock, who was hand with Geo. Pol. Zibsgerald, als others, for the murder of mr M Donnel, in 1706.

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of government) depend so closely on each other, that any detached extract muft appear to a disadvantage. POLITICAL CONTROVERSY in Ireland.

Vo Art. 13. A Letter to the Right Honourable William Eden. Oc

casioned by a Pamphlet commonly attribured to him, and intitled, “ Confiderations submitted to the People on their present Condi

tion with regard to Trade and Constitution.” Dublin printed, Lon. • don reprinted. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Debrett, 1781. .! The coarse, illiberal manner of this writer, who undoubtedly aspires to the honourable diftinction of a patriot, excites so much' difgult, that very little attention will be paid to the subject of his epiftle; ịt being generally observed, that anger is an indication of weakness.

РоЕтіс A L. Art. 14. A familiar Epistle from a Cat in the Queen's Palace, · 10 Edmund Burke, Esq; on bis. Morion for the better Regulation

of his Majesty's Civil List Establishment. 410. 15. 6 d. Kears

ley. 1781. · Puss, who is more of a patriot chan a poet, thus apologizes for the desects of her purring in verse :

Being a cat, and not much used to writing, I own I am not very pat at indicing. We can more readily excuse Grimalkin s faults in point of author. tip, than her want of fidelity and loyalty. She is a traitress; she reveals the secrets of Buckingham-house, where she has her maintenance and protection ;-and the ought, therefore, to be La Motted. Art. 15. The Beauties of Spring. A Poem. 4to. 3.s. Nie

coll. 1781. We cannot much commend this Writer's judgment in selecting a subject which, by his own confeflion, has been so well treated before, and, he mighe bave added, in the same manner too. His powers of poetry are not such as will gain him the preference to Thomíon ; to whose imagination that of our Author seems congenial, however inferior ; and whom he resembles too, in fimplicity and benevolence :- which is the utmodt praise we can beltow on this unknowat Georgical poet. Art. 16. The Daily Advertiser, in Metre. By Thomas Stern

hold, Esq; formerly of the Temple, now of Stonecutter-ftreet.
4:0. is: 6 d. Kearsley.' 1581.

A puny child of humour, scarcely worth the rearing.
Art. 17. Miscellaneous Poems, Translations, and Imitations. By

Benjamin Welt, of Weedon-Beck, Northamptonshire. 8vo. 38.
fewed. Evans, 1780.

The admirers of genuine poetry will find some entertainment in the perosal of these lietle pieces.

PHILOSOPHICAL. · Art. 18. A Dissertation upon the Nervous System, to thew its

Influence upon the Soul. 8vo. 18. 6 d. 1780. An extraordinary medley of phy6c, morality, and divinity, the purport of which lies beyond the reach of our penetration.

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MATHEMATICS Art. 19. An Examination of the first Six Books of Euclid's Elea

ments. By William Austin, M. A. Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford. 8vo. 2 3. 6 d. fewed. Rivingtons, 1781.

Those who have a taste for these subjects, and are possessed of Dr. Simps n's Euclid, may find some entertainment in comparing his criticisms wi h Mr. Austin's; it is but justice, however, to say, that in general we prefer the Doctor's decisions.

Misc ELLANEOUS Art. 20. The Neptune of Europe, containing complete and cors

rect Lists of the Naval force of wreat Britain, France, Spain, Holland, Swed:n, Denmark, and Ruflia ; with a variety of other interesting Material , as fpecised in the Table of Contents, corrected to June 1, 1721 Sa.all size for the pocket. 2 s. Bell.' .

If this compendium was printed as a curiosity, the intention has been comple ely answered; for so small, and yet so neat and legible, a type is seldom seen could the printer find out the quimoli, described by M. Commisson as inhabiting the interior parts of Madagascar *, and etablish literarure among them, he might there ri. val the same acquired in Europe by she llzevirs and Bakerville,

The ships and commanders (feach nation, with many other parti. colars relating (o murine establishments, public offices, &c. are very clearly digested and exhibited ; aid on the credit of the prefatory advertisement,ueluppole it to be as e act as the nature of so variable a subject will admic Art. 21. A Genealogica' History of the prefent Royal Families of

Euripe; the Stadinilders of the U ised sia es, and the Succession of the Popes from the Fifteenth century to the present i ime: with the Characters of each Sovereign, illustrated with Tables of De. sceni. By Mark Noble, F. A. S. t 12mo. 35. sewed. Bald. win, 1781.

The loves of genealogy will doubtless be much gratified with a manual so well calculated to allitt them in their researches; and which will also serve to decide many a wager relating to royal consanguinity, in historical conversations. Art.-22. Remarks on Commodore Johnflone's Account of his En

gagement with a French Squadron under the Command of Monf. de Surfrin, on April 16, 1*1, in Port Praya Road, in the Island of St. Jago. 8vo. 6d Debrett. 1781.

Thele letters, which appear to be now collefted from their original publication in some newspaper, retort on the Commodore in tha: spi. gic of party, which his parliameniary Itridiures on Lord Howe's conduit in America avowedly excited. But how ftand the intereits of the nation, aid the characters of individuals, while our commanders reserve their activity for atracks, justifications, and recriminations at home?


* See Review, vol. LIII p. 600.

+ Au:hor of two differtations on the mint and coins of Durham, Seç Review, Vol. LXIV. p. 116,


MEDICAL. Art. 23. Obfervations on the Poisonous Vegetables which are ei

ther indigenous in Grea. Britain, or cultivateu for Ornament. By B. Wilmer, Surgeon. 8vo. 2 s. Longman. 1781. Mr. Wilmer divides the poisonous vege:ables of this country, ac. ' cording to the nature of their noxious effects, into two classes : the first including those which produce maniacal sympioms, or the vari.

qus 'nervous affections, from a verrigo to a fatal apoplexy; and which *are seldom fatal in less than 24 hours :- the second, those which occafion epileptic symptoms, and bring on death in the space of an hour or two. Of the former class, he particularly treats on henbane, deadly nightshade, blue monk's. hood, dog's mercury, thorn-apple, common bemlock, bug agarie, and pepper agaric: of the latter class are enumesated, hemlock-dropwort, water-hemlock, and laurel. In each of these articles, he begins with a circumstantial botanical descrip:ion of the subiect, with iis seofible qualities; then relates the morbid symptoms it occasions, giving several cases at length; and concludes with the most rational means of relief. On the whole, the work, though short, is instructive and satisfactory, and well worth the perufal of the faculty, to whose level, rather than that of the Public at large, it is written: though, indeed, any tolerably informed person may conSult it with advantage, We shall just suggest to the ingenious Author, that under the article Laurel, it might have been useful to mention the similarity in noxious effects, as well as in alle and fa. vour, of the kernels of several kinds of fruit. Black cherry-water is juftly looked upon as a very suspicious article of the old dispensatories, and on that account is discarded from the later ones. Botanical affinity here confirms the rest mony of the lenses Art. 24. Dissertatio Medica Inauguralis de Homine Dextro E

Siniftro. An Inaugural Differtation on the separate Affections of the Right and Left Sides of the Body. By Meinard Simon Da Pui. 8vo. Leyden. 1780.

We have been favoured by the Author with a copy of this thesis, . which is a very learned and elaborate treatise on a singular subject in the animal economy.

The work is divided into two sections; the file concerning those affections of either side which are deducible from the vascular system and other parts; the second, concercing those which owe their origin to the nervous system. In the first section, the first chapier contains observations of diseases affecting one fide only—the second inquires into the causes of these phenomena--the third discuss that anciens subject of controversy, " whether in the pleurisy, and other diseases, bleeding on the affected side, or on that oppofiie to ii, be preferable ?"

The second section also contains three chap'ers. The hrit relates observations of nervous affections of one fide only-ihe second offers 'various opinions concerning the causes of these affections the third examines the validity of the two opinions respecting decusfasion of the nerves, and endeavours to eftablish something concerning the cause of the above mentioned affections.

To the thesis is annexed a Mantila of pofitions in medicine, furgery, and anatomy, unconnected with the foregoing work, or with each other.


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