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AND VINDICATING THAT PHILOSOPHY, BY PROOFS THAT ALL DEPARTURES

FROM IT HAVE BEEN DEVIATIONS INTO ERROR.

BY JOHN GILLIES, LL.D.

F.R.S. & S.A. Lond. F.R.S. Edine.

SOC. INSTIT, PARIS, ET ACAD. REGIÆ GOTTING. CORRESP.; AND

HISTORIOGRAPHER TO HIS MAJESTY FOR SCOTLAND.

Magna animi contentio adhibenda est in explicando Aristotele.

CICERO Fragment. Philosoph.

LONDON :

PRINTED FOR T. CADELL, IN THE STRAND;

AND W. BLACKWOOD, EDINBURGH.

Ga 112.581

HARVARD COLLEGL LIBRARY

CITOF MRS. THOMAS METimii!!''SON MRS. MARGARET HD VSCYPERNEY

Oui 9 1940

LONDON: Printed by A. & R. Spottiswoode,

New-Street-Square.

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Deliberative and Judicial Eloquence; on what their respect-

ive success depends. — The three requisites to Persuasion,

independently of Argument. – Transition to the Doctrine

of the Passions. Anger ; Its Definition - Causes

Its natural Subjects and Objects. — Love and Hatred. —

Fear. — Shame. — Pity. - Indignation. — Envy. – Emu-

lation. Passions and Characters, as modified by Age -

Birth Riches Power; and their contraries. - The

Sources of Argument respectively appropriate to the

three kinds of Oratory. — The Topics common to all the

three kinds : - 1. The Topic derived from the nature

of contraries; - 2. From that of conjugate terms;

3. From relatives ; — 4. A fortiori ; — 5. Parity of reason;

-6. From consistency in will and conduct; -7. Ad

hominem; 8. From definition ;–9. From diversity of

signification. — 10. From division. 11. From accumu-

lation of instances; — 12. From precedent ; – 13. From

resolution of the genus into its several species ;

14. From consequences ;

15. From the consequents of

contraries. — 16. From variance in the opinions of men,

expressed and secret ; – 17. From analogy ; - 18. From

identifying things with their consequences ; - 19. From

inconsistency with previous resolutions ;-- 20. From sub-

stituting probable motive for the real cause ; – 21. From

the general

causes impelling all human action ;-

22. From improbability itself; — 23. From incongruity;

-- 24. From explaining false appearances ; – 25. From

the improbability of the cause to that of the effect ;-

26. From the contrast of designs ; — 27. From incon-

sistency with former actions ; 28. From names. Ar-

guments less convincing than Replies; and why. – The

most impressive are those that are natural, but not obvious.

– The eight kinds of sophisms. Solutions and Ob-

jections ; their nature and number.

Page 252

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