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I scanned her armor, and discovered
edition of the Physiology and Pathology of Mind.' Haply therein one open joint.
was published in the year 1867, and the second edition In careless tone I asked her, knowing
in the year following. A third edition of the first Her word was binding as an oath,
part was published in the year 1876 as a separate trea“Shall love, or friendship, be between us ?"
tise on the “ Physiology of Mind." In the order of She smiled, and murmured, “ Both!"
time and development this volume on the 'Pathology of Mind' is therefore a third edition of the second
part ; but in substance it is a new work, having been In the great work of popularizing science, as it recast throughout, largely added to, and almost enis called, perhaps no book has rendered more effec- tirely rewritten." Among the new material added tive service in times past than Johnston's“ Chemistry are chapters on “Dreaming” and on "Somnambuof Common Life," and a still longer career of use- lism and its Allied States," covering those abnormal fulness will doubtless be secured to it by the prepa- mental phenomena which are exhibited in dreams, ration of a new edition, revised and brought down hypnotism, ecstasy, catalepsy, and like states. The to the present time.* Written at a period when valuable chapters on the “Causation and Prevention chemical science was almost in its infancy, and be- of Insanity" are also to a great extent new, while fore the general public had been prepared for the those on the symptoms and treatment of mental elaborate expositions which are greedily devoured disease have been largely expanded and improved. now, the original work deliberately ignored many The book has been from its earliest publication a important and interesting topics, while the progress standard and authority in its field ; and in its presof discovery has rendered obsolete much of what it ent shape its value has been very greatly increased. did contain. In spite of these defects, however, it .... The repertory of amateur actors will be has as yet found no equal among the many books of considerably increased by the collection of "Comea similar character which its success called forth, dies for Amateur Acting," which Mr. J. Brander and it steadily maintains its preëminence in the pop- Matthews has edited, with a prefatory note, for Apular scientific literature of the day. For this reason, pletons' New Handy-Volume Series. There are six no changes would be likely to be acceptable which pieces in the collection, each in one act, and all except radically altered the character of the work ; and it one translated or adapted from the French, with such is gratifying to know that, in preparing the new edic changes as will render them better fitted to please an tion for the press, the editor has scrupulously re- American audience. The excepted play is an enspected Professor Johnston's matter, method, and tirely original little comedietta, by Julian Magnus style. “Only such corrections,” he says, "and such and H. C. Bunner, who have also assisted in transomissions have been made as the progress of science lating the other plays. Mr. Matthews's prefatory demanded, while the additions which I have intro- note is pungent as well as practical, though it is duced are confined to subjects congenial to the origi- hardly adapted, we should imagine, to increase the nal plan of the book, and such as will, I hope, prove enthusiasm for “amateur theatricals.” useful in filling up a few blanks in the sketch." In
The practice, long familiar with us, of making his changes and additions, the editor has writing “campaign biographies ” of political leaders had the opportunity of consulting Professor John. on the eve of any great political struggle seems to ston's private and corrected copy of his book, and be gaining a foothold even in conservative England. also of incorporating many fresh details which the Several “lives" of Lord Beaconsfield have recently Professor had gathered ; and there can be no doubt appeared, and now a voluminous record of Mr. Gladthat the result of his revision has greatly enhanced stone's services is opportunely placed before the pubthe usefulness of a work which well deserves to be lic just at the moment when voters are about to be kept up to the most advanced stages of the science called upon to decide the respective claims of him which it expounds.
and his rival. It is only just to say, however, that Another book which is, in a sense, a new Mr. Barnett Smith's “Life of the Right Hon. W. edition of a well-known and highly valued scientific E. Gladstone"* is of far higher quality than the treatise, is Dr. Henry Maudsley's “Pathology of average of political biography with us. Save for the Mind";t but in this case the changes introduced constraint which an author must necessarily place are so great that the new edition is practically a new upon himself when writing of a living man, the work work. The relation which the present work bears is adequate and trustworthy as well as useful ; and, to the original upon which it is based is thus ex- being based largely upon the speeches and writings plained by Dr. Maudsley in his preface: “The first of Mr. Gladstone, it has enough of personal flavor
to make it interesting. One point worthy of special * The Chemistry of Common Life. By the late recognition is that it is written in a praiseworthy James F. W. Johnston, M. A., F. R. S. S. A New spirit of fairness and decorum. Mr. Smith is a Lib. Edition, revised and brought down to the Present eral and an admirer of Mr. Gladstone ; but he is not Time. By Arthur Herbert Church, M. A. New York:
so blinded by political bigotry that he can rot pero D. Appleton & Co. 12mo. Pp. 592.
ceive the ability or good faith of his opponents. + The Pathology of Mind. Being the Third Edition of the Second Part of “The Physiology and Pathology of Mind,” recast, enlarged, and rewritten. By Henry * The Life of the Right Hon. William Ewart GladMaudsley, M. D. New York: D. Appleton & Co. stone, M. P. By George Barnett Smith. With Porremo, pp. 580.
traits. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 8vo, pp. 516.
should be the cause of having this unhappy man,
who doubtless believes himself in safety, deWELL! yes! My romance was folly. You nounced! Discreet as Ali is
, to wall up the windo not imagine, I suppose, my terrible dow he had to send people; perhaps they have preacher, that I am not ready to own it, and that seen him! It is so easy to lodge information! the wicked turn of my volatile nature does not If my fatal imprudence has betrayed him! For appear to me now as a very imprudent trick. I three days I have not been to Adilah's, and horam still alarmed; but, luckily, Prince Charming rible apprehensions besiege me momently. I is in ignorance. I was so well concealed that tremble, as at the approach of a crisis. I could a perfect incognito protects me. What suspi- never be consoled if I should be the cause of cion could a solitary promenader have but that misfortune to him. it was one of those accidents the cause of which could not be fathomed? As he passed, a sprig
What I dreaded has happened. Yesterday of jasmine fell at his feet—that was all. The my brother came to see me, and you may supwalled window, a whisper of the wind among pose that, though I was quaking, I concealed my the palm - trees, will waft him an adieu. As alarm, and tried to question him with as much for me, I have enough on hand, I assure you, indifference as I could command. The return with this great marriage question, to occupy all of Hassan is no longer a secret : they know he my thoughts. A Turkish wedding, my dear; is in concealment in Cairo. I was distracted. only think of it! Before it, in view of my bad My brother has a heart, but he belongs to this education, my father, contrary to all precedent, Arab court, where a man dreads compromising will grant me the inestimable satisfaction of a himself. I can not, then, depend upon him to previous interview, when I shall hear-extreme warn the unhappy exile. Besides, will Hassan, happiness !—the voice of my intended husband if he is the rash, proud man Ali considers him, before the wedding day. After that all will be ever consent to obey an order or yield to fear? concluded. You can conceive that this alluring A wild idea flashed into my brain ; I would perspective makes me ponder, and I will venture a write, and send it to him immediately. Write to word with my father to hasten his great scheme. a man—a stranger-one unknown! Yet should Here—“what is written is written "-I await- I not pay for my heedless mistake by performing yielding, in spite of myself, to the idea of fatali- one of those duties which, though the laws do not ty, which seems to impregnate the air of the make binding, are none the less sacred to an upharem like some subtile perfume—the slavery to right, honest conscience ? Alas! what could I which we are compelled to submit. This bond- do? Powerless as I am, was I not compelled to age takes you, annihilates you—I know not by let things work their own accomplishment? Yet, what strange power, swallows up your volition, when discouraged I tried to be resigned, a reand makes you live indifferent to the present bellious feeling prevented me. It seemed to me hour, which is precisely like that of yesterday, and that I was guilty-guilty of not doing anything; will be the same to-morrow. I am still troubled guilty in being silent! The struggle was a long by a thought which savors of remorse, at the one. At one moment my pity conquered my foolish act of which the memory remains. If I scruples; at another, my scruples deadened my
pity. To write! I decided to do that, for seek Situated in a street so narrow that the carriage as I might it was the only method. At one time appeared to enter it with difficulty, the palace of I thought of sending a message to him ; but my sister Hosnah is a marvel of antiquity. The what slave could I send on such an unusual er- family of her husband, a descendant of green rand ? I can not tell what inner consciousness turbans, inhabited it for eight centuries, during convinced me that I alone would be listened to, which time nothing has been done to alter the and obeyed. Ten times did I take up my pen, and primitive architecture, nor has more been done ten times did I throw it down. After much in- in the interior than to make requisite repairs. It decision, and with terror, I resolved. Only an is the only monument of this sort in this country anonymous warning was necessary, so I wrote where palaces, houses, and gourbis, all date from these simple lines :
yesterday. When the carriage stopped, my little A friend knows that you are in peril: step-mother ceased her prattling, and became your presence in Cairo is known. Fly imme- very serious under her bourko. The very door diately /"
even of this secular palace has a formidable and Then I called Nazly, and, trusting to her fidel- imposing appearance. The first court was empty ity, obtained a promise that she would get her -a double barrier for all Mussulman houses ; sister to take it to Hassan's house. For the sake then a second court, immense, without trees, and of safety, and to keep my secret better, we agreed with a very high wall, with a well, the marble that Zourah should not know who sent the mes- basin of which is green and worn by time. I sage, and thus she could not question or answer. was delighted by the elegant originality, the exI felt relieved from a heavy responsibility. Bur- quisite variety, the fantastic and delicate art of ied in his imprudent seclusion, Hassan would at the windows, those jewels of Arab chiseling, least learn that he must be on the alert. I im- those laces in wood, fine as a woman's veil, patiently awaited Nazly's retum. She soon came where the imagination and patience of the artist back with the tidings that Zourah had accom- display according to caprice the most extravaplished her mission.
gant and the most wonderful execution. The
immense wall at the rear is bare and flat, without XI.
windows or the least ornamentation. A single He has gone; God be praised ! ... This has door is cut there, closed by a heavy curtain of a little lightened this importunate care which I so white cloth covered with inscriptions, cut out of idly caused myself. The day after the delivery scraps of various colored silks. It is impossible of my mysterious advice the house was fastened, to picture the effect of this brilliant drapery upon and Nazly's sister is convinced that the exile had the discolored gray-stone. This was the entrance flown. I have saved this unhappy man; and now to the harem. Saida pointed out to the left the I owe him nothing. I will now relate an incident Selamlik, a separate building where my brotherto you which presages storms and tempests. in-law Mustapha lives. On account of this vi
My sister Hosnah has returned, and I went cinity, the windows of the harem open on the garto make my first visit to her, which I must de- dens on the other side. The curtain is lowered scribe in all its details, because it will prove all when the hanums are at home, and raised when the life and happiness which are in store for me they are out; it is also the custom not only for through this superb marriage of which the secret strangers, but even for the domestics, to make a has never been divulged to me up to this hour. long détour when they have occasion to pass this
It is now three days since, in my elegant cos- mysterious altar. On our arrival, about twelve tume of a sultana, and in a beautiful carriage, young girls, who were drawing water, took flight I left Chimilah, accompanied by Saïda, as rich- as swiftly as a flock of pigeons. The boabs, who ly appareled as myself. During the drive she had hastened to the carriage, flew as soon as the again instructed me upon the ordained etiquette steps were let down; it seemed a general sauve at such an important interview; and gave me a qui peut, and one would have supposed we final lesson on ceremonial and bearing which was brought the plague in our garments. In a few to be very complicated, for this time I was going minutes the court was empty. Four eunuchs to encounter the severest traditions of Islam. then came to meet us, and raised the terrible My little step-mother gave me information about curtain for us. A large granite staircase, lighted the members of the family, whom I have never by colored lanterns, until it was as bright as the seen, and of the various wives of my brother-in- daylight outside, led to the apartments. At the law Mustapha, whom I was to meet. Four of door I stopped amazed. It seemed as if one these wives are as legitimate as my sister Hos- only could know my sister Hosnah when she was nah, in consequence of which I owe them a cer- seen at home. I do not know if her apparel was tain respect.
the result of her instinct or her skill. In the We had soon crossed the town.
midst of her slaves, standing in a circle around her, lying on a divan, the mouth-piece of a nar- my ear that she was the present favorite, and I gile between her lips, dressed in a robe of cherry should have suspected it from the airs of indosatin covered with gems, she appeared to me still lent superiority with which she received the adulamore imposing than at our first interview. The tion paid her. She came up and examined me resolution of a fanatic betrayed itself, mingled as a rare object, asked me some amiable queswith the gaze of a sphinx. Yet her eyes are very tions, then, carrying her finger to her lips, went beautiful, bordered by a deep circle of kohl under and seated herself with crossed legs upon the their heavy brows, which meet in a black line. cushions carefully arranged for her by the attenThey fascinate by their magnetic power. She dant eunuchs. Arousing me from my astonishtook her time to rise; her favorites dashing for- ment, Hosnah presented me to some distinguished ward to support her. Slowly, with her excep- visitors, who appeared to have been invited in tional majesty, she came toward me.
honor of me. While they were overwhelming On the part of an eldest sister this reception me with compliments and attentions, my mind was a distinguished proof of consideration and was absorbed in a study of this extraordinary kindly feeling. I answered in my best style, household. These rival hanums, possessing the bending to kiss the hem of her robe. While the same rights and titles, concealing without doubt slaves took off my féredje, she said, examining atrocious jealousies, and forced to yield to this my costume:
favorite slave whom the caprice of their master “This is well; you are a thorough Arab." had placed above them, filled me at the same
I took a place on the divan beside her. The time with shame and pity. My sister Hosnah windows of the harem, as I said, overlook the thrones herself in the midst of this, and reconciles gardens on three sides; they are at an ordinary herself to it, as the most natural thing in the height, but seem very low, the ceiling being very world. lofty, formed like a dome, and decorated in Fashion required that pipes and coffee should squares of porcelain in the most ingenious method be brought. I do not know if Hosnah had dethat Arab art has invented. It is cool to the eye, sired to dazzle me, or whether this was the usual of a refined tone, and deliciously harmonious. ceremony of the house, but I never saw any A gallery in filigree silver runs around the sides such pomp nor such solemnity. Thirty slaves of the room, with its sides of cedar-wood inlaid marched in two lines, clothed like houris, the in pearl and ivory. Here and there on the walls negresses contrasting with the blondes, and were old appliques, where turquoise was sown; bringing out their pure pallor; all were young, in little niches were étagères holding priceless and of a beauty remarkable in its type. At their pottery. All around the room was a divan of head, the smallest bearing the arphs (the cups), Persian silk, with piles of cushions scattered over the largest following with the waiters, the narthe carpets. Nothing modern here. The sin- giles, and pipes, then closing the procession two gle word Europe causes the eyes of my sister to Smyrniotes with their long blonde plaits trailing flash. Never had a Christian sullied her door- on the floor, bearing the cafetière in the form of sill; never had an infidel seen her face. Though a censer. Diamonds glistened wherever they I have profited by the instructions of Saida so moved. Instructed by Saida, I made a very good much, in the midst of a scene so different from appearance. I accepted the arph and the pipe, Chimilah, I felt a little disconcerted. Sitting saluting my sister in Arab fashion, and, drinking apart, each surrounded by her own group, in the my coffee, buried in the cushions of the divan, I midst of a little court, I soon recognized the ha- puffed some clouds from my chibouk. An hour nums. They came up to me. My little step- passed thus. Some of the visitors having taken mother named to me Fatma-Hanum, Khadouja- leave, my sister and myself remained together Hanum, Aissá-Hanum; this last of very noble alone. birth, and scarcely twelve years of age. At a “Miriam,” she said abruptly, “has not our glance I decided on the superiority of our recluses father spoken to you of his great scheme?" at Chimilah to these. Ours are great children- “What scheme?” I inquired, wishing to show these have not even gayety. The atmosphere discretion. of the harem enwraps them in a smiling sort "A marriage." of idiocy. Have they souls-thoughts? With “He has alluded to it," I replied; "but it is their large eyes blackened by kohl, they looked still a secret, I suppose ?" at me until their curiosity was gratified, then “Not to me," she replied, “for I was the one they returned to their divans, where, without who conceived the idea of this great happiness troubling themselves more about me, they re- for us all." turned to their far niente. A superb creature, I could not tell why, but as my sister uttered covered with diamonds, suddenly entered, fol- these words I was struck with terror. lowed by a group of slaves. Saida whispered in “Do you know the man whom my father
destines for me?" asked I, more agitated than I wished to appear.
XII. “ How should I not know Mohammed ? He I SOON perceived that this great secret of my is my husband's brother.”
marriage was no longer a secret from any of the This unexpected revelation had the effect of family; from my step-mother, Zeinab, down to a thunder-clap. Her husband's brother! I fore- Saida, they never stopped gossiping about the saw for myself, as in a bad dream, this frightful happiness in store for me. I discovered it was a life now before my eyes, with its humiliations, its concerted understanding to assure victory to immodesty, and revolts; this strange mingling Seigneur Mohammed. Bell even joined the parof wives and slaves ; this degrading servility from ty, and, from what Farideh told her, was everwhich even the title of princess would not belastingly pointing out to me the magnificent life able to save me. Was this in reserve for me? I should have with such a husband. Then,
I returned to Chimilah a prey to the wildest some days later, my father came one morning to terror. My father had scarcely entered the next inform me that at noon he would be awaiting me morning when I cried out:
in a pavilion which almost joins the Selamlik. "It is not true! It is impossible! Hosnah At this extraordinary departure from precedent, has deceived me! Tell me quickly that it is not I realized that the first blow was struck. true!”
“ I shall have some one to present to you," he “ First tell me what is not true."
added, with a smile. “ That you wish to marry me to her brother- This news threw my entire house into confuin-law Mohammed.”
sion. “ Hosnah is a tattler," he answered, smiling; Though, in accordance with the inflexible “ but, since she has told it, there is nothing more rules, I could only appear at this presentation to hide. But why this look of consternation? closely veiled, Nazly, naturally in their confiYou have never seen him. You do not know dence, would deck me in my most beautiful toihim."
let. Saida would arrange my head with her own “But what necessity is there for me to have hands, placing first the bourka_you know the known him ? It was sufficient for me to have piece of stuff which is fastened below the eyes, been in the household of his brother yesterday and over all the habarah, hiding the head and to terrify me at the idea of a harem like his." forehead. In spite of their jests and laughter, I
“ Allah! What know you of it ? " calmly was somewhat agitated. I felt an unconquerable answered my father. “Mohammed has no ha- emotion, which all these preparations increased. rem, and if he marries you he will never have A thousand thoughts struggled in my brain, now another wife.”
one, now another, gaining the mastery. At one Though there was much in these assurances time the picture of Hosnah's harem would make to calm my liveliest alarm, I did not yield. me shudder; at another the promise of my fa“But if I do not love him, father ?"
ther would give me confidence. “Be at ease,” he answered with a smile. I was ready. Saida saw me go, nearly as “ Have I not promised that you shall know your agitated as if she were herself the victim. Nazly husband before marriage? Yet more, I do not embraced me, so as to encourage me. Bell alone, wish to compel you, my dear child. If Moham- very self-possessed under her veil, was to accommed is disagreeable to you—absolutely-well, pany me. you shall not marry Mohammed. Are you re- You know I am not brave, but I only tremble assured ?"
when the danger is in the distance. In an event What could I answer to words so tender and like this, I arm myself with all my sang-froid. I reasonable? He spoke then of the hopes he had would not allow myself to be swayed either by built on this superb match—one of the finest my anticipations nor by surrounding influences. in Egypt—and of the happiness that would be I would refuse to take any part. Two eunuchs mine. Mohammed is thirty. Educated in Eu- formed our escort; they ascended the steps berope, he is civilized, which accounts for his not fore us, and introduced us. As I entered, my resembling his brother in anything. A friend of eyes rested on a person very elegantly dressed in the Khédive, and with great influence over him, European style, with a tarbouch on his head, who he occupies one of the highest positions at court, was sitting near my father. At my entrance he where his great political ability makes him a sort immediately rose. of vizier. My father did not conceal the fact Large, erect, with the profile of an antique that this marriage would be the height of the medal, his long lashes soften the flash of a gaze ambition of my family, and he dwelt at length very proud and at the same time a little hard; a on the wondrously influential position I should brown beard conceals all the lower part of the occupy, and the great wealth it would bring me. face.