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the poet Hafiz slept. . . . Above him at a win- “Has he not the right to come?” dow the Princess Gulnare leaned out inquisitively, “No! He is proscribed.” and played with a rose. Suddenly the rose slipped You can not tell what an effect that word from her fingers, and, falling on the sleeper, produced on me. awakened him.” In default of the rose, I have “Proscribed !” I said after a brief silence. but to stretch out my hand to gather one of these “Has he, then, committed some crime?" branches. My dear, the act followed the thought; “Oh! worse than that! He has compromy flowers fell at his feet as he passed below mised himself in the gravest political intrigues. me. Surprised, he stopped and looked up. I He is mad, dreaming of senseless reforms-and withdrew so rapidly that Adilah rose.

even of the Fellahs." “What is the matter?" she asked.

I questioned him further, and he informed us “Heavens! Only think of it! I have thrown then that my Prince Charming was of high rank, a flower to your neighbor.”

and had a most romantic history, and was the “ Are you crazy?".

son of a minister of Mehemet Ali, who fell into “I think I have been dreaming for about five disgrace under Abbas. Abbas had all his relaminutes."

tions massacred, and confiscated their immense “But, to begin with, I have no neighbor." fortune. Hassan's rare endowments made that

I drew her to the window. He was still there, suspicious prince so uneasy that he exiled him. half smiling, and smelling my flowers.

Hassan has acquired renown as a poet and as a Amazed, Adilah uttered a little cry; but we soldier. In the last war he was at Plevna, where, were too secure in our shelter to fear anything it seems, he fought like a hero at the head of one from his curiosity.

of the regiments of Osman Pasha.” “What do you think of him?" I whispered. “ Then he runs great risk?" I said, with a “Ugly."

stricture at my heart as I realized that my incon“Look well at him."

ceivable giddiness had betrayed him. She looked at him intently.

“Certainly! But I shall not be the one to “And now?" I added.

denounce him. The police is so poor that he is “He does not improve."

safe in this deserted quarter, buried in this abanThis answer delighted me. I have always doned house ; but I know his audacity. If he is been jealous, you know, of my impressions; it here, it is because he has some project, some end seems to me that any one who shares them steals in view—there lies the danger!them.

I returned home very thoughtful. The roBut the amazement of Adilah was boundless. mance that my extravagant imagination had Now that she was convinced of the existence of conceived was shattered at a single blow. What a neighbor, I related my adventure. Heaven probability was there that my father would even only knows how much delicate irony this prank look at this proscribed man? But a frightful cost me. Happily, there is nothing to betray me. anxiety soon took the place of my silly dreaming. The Lord Hafiz, who was there, as disconcerted My fatal imprudence had betrayed his retreat. as myself, can not suppose it anything but per- Good Heavens! If they should discover him! haps the malice of some slave.

I was certain of Ali's silence, but any indiscretion I entreated Adilah to keep my folly secret, would be fatal to him! At this thought I tremwhen, to finish my disgrace, Ali entered at the bled, as though he were already denounced. moment. Our discovery was a great surprise to The next morning I could not rest, and eshim, for he, like his wife, had believed the garden caped to go and get tidings. What might not uninhabited.

have happened since the previous evening? I While we stood still he went to the window. found Ali and Adilah very tranquil, and not in An exclamation of amazement escaped his lips. the least uneasy about their poor neighbor. Not “What is it?" inquired Adilah.

daring to question them, under the pretext of “ It is Hassan," he answered.

going to find a book, I ran to the kiosk. “Do you know him?" I asked, with my heart I had counted without thinking of our terrible beating violently.

Mohammedan customs—the window was walled “Yes! He is the very poet who wrote the up! book now in your hand. But how does the im From the French of JAQUES VINCENT prudent man dare to come to Cairo ?”

(Revue des Deux Mondes).

(To be continued.)

FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF THE NEW WORLD.

II.

A CRUISE in the Druid along the northern dian coast is astonishing to those who are acn shores of the Bay of Chaleur, as far as quainted only with this pursuit on the almost Gaspé, gave me an opportunity of seeing a very exhausted shores of Scotland. Until quite lately interesting coast in reference to the resources of any number of the finest lobsters could be caught the “ inshore fisheries." The settled country ex- by a noose at the end of a short rod, from boats tends but a very short distance inland—the sky- rowing gently along the shores, with a torchlight, line shows invariably an outline of low, rounded at night. Of late, however, the introduction of hills covered entirely with forest. But along more skilled methods of capture has sensibly certain portions of the coast the sea was well thinned them. And no wonder, for I was told covered with powerful boats fishing for cod. of one man taking in a single night upward of On hailing some of these for the purpose of buy- six hundred lobsters, getting only about sixty ing fish, it was pleasant to see the abundant cents, or about half a crown, per hundred. The "take," which often covered the bottom of the fishermen in this trade also are very much in the boats. The cod were generally small—that is to hands of large capitalists, who supply the gear say, not above three or four pounds' weight-and and tackle, purchase the shell-fish, boil them in a large proportion of them not above two pounds, great caldrons, and “tin " them for export to the But they were of excellent quality. At several United States and to Europe. It is impossible stations along the shore, and especially at the that any supply can long support the present picturesque little village of Gaspé, there were rate of capture without being very speedily relarge establishments for the curing and export of duced. But the shores along which the lobsters these fish. From the great abundance of the sup- are found are so extensive that, if proper regulaply, it could not be otherwise than that the price tions are made and enforced as to a close time should be low; but I heard with regret that the and as to the size of fish, they may continue for fishery was generally prosecuted on a system of many years to yield a profitable return. “advances " by the curing-houses—which was, The northern shores of the Bay of Chaleur, in fact, the truck system on an extended scale- although higher than the southern, are nevertheand that the final result to the fishermen was a less low and far from picturesque. Small farms, very low rate of remuneration for an occupation divided by straight lines, with wooden houses of very toilsome, involving great exposure, and often various shapes and sizes, cover a gentle declivity, not devoid of danger. The northeastern shores which ends in a steep bank or an insignificant of the Bay of Chaleur are very open, and in precipice of red sandstone. But at one point, easterly and northeasterly winds are exposed to Cape Bonaventure, the carboniferous strata have the full sweep of the Atlantic.

been thrown on edge, and rise into a high and When at Gaspé, which is a most picturesque sharp-pointed cliff, which has been cut off by the little town with an excellent harbor, I saw one of action of the sea and of floating ice from the the fast American schooners, whose operations mainland. This island is perpendicular on all in the mackerel-fishery of this coast are much sides, very narrow, and about three hundred feet complained of by the Canadian fishermen. Their high, with an undulating platform at the top, incomplaints reminded me much of the similar habited by thousands of cormorants and other complaints on the west coast of Scotland, against sea-fowl, where they are absolutely secure from what is called “trawling" for herrings. In both molestation. Through this great cliff the sea cases new and more efficient modes of catch has worked its way in an arched cave, which have been at least coincident with a departure of pierces from one side to the other, and through the shoals from former places of resort, if not which, at high water, a boat can row. It is from with diminished productiveness over a larger this peculiar feature, I presume, that the place is area. This is one of the allegations which will called Percé. When the colors of the sunset probably form the subject of inquiry between were thrown on this island, with its splintered the Governments concerned on the pending ques- plates of rock, its deep cracks and fissures, and tion of the fishery treaties.

its own fine local tints, it formed one of the most As regards another branch of the fishing in- curious and beautiful objects I have ever seen on dustry, the provincial population have it all to any coast. themselves. I refer to the lobster-fisheries. The A drive of ten miles up the valley of the Casabundance of lobsters on this part of the Cana- capediac and a descent from that point to the

VOL. VIII.-14

sea in canoes enabled us to see another of the glorious sunlight, the sea was unruffled, and the most lovely rivers of Canada. Smaller than the sky showed on every side those immense spaces Restigouche, but with a greater extent of fine of horizon which are so rare in the more vaporalluvial soil between its banks and the surround- ous atmosphere of Great Britain. The coast of ing hills, fringed consequently by forests with a Maine, though generally low, is far from being larger proportion of deciduous trees, its windings flat, and is deeply indented by a multitude of presented scenes of almost ideal beauty, as we creeks and inlets, which afford a charming intrifloated down the river on a delicious evening in cacy and variety to its shores. After a splendid the beginning of July. Some of the elms were sunset night fell upon an ocean with a surface of particularly fine, and maple, ash, and black birch, polished glass, and for a long time I watched the with thickets of a feathery willow, hung over or shoals of mackerel darting away from under the fringed the water with every variety of foliage, steamer's bow in courses which were marked by while some park-like openings in the wood and miniature rockets of phosphorescent light. The occasional clearings and comfortable farms gave sea seemed alive with fish, and yet we saw very their own interest and their own charm. We few fishing-boats engaged in taking them. were most hospitably received at our farthest We entered the magnificent harbor of Boston point by Mr. Woodman, a farmer who had on one of the first very hot days of the cold and cleared and cultivated a large extent of fine late summer of 1879. It is certainly one of the meadow-land on the banks of the river. His very finest harbors in the world : immensely cacapacious homestead, surrounded by fields of pacious, absolutely sheltered, and easily defensiluxuriant grass, and presided over by a most ble. As the virtual birthplace of American Indekind and comfortable Scotch wife from Ayrshire, pendence, it has an historic interest as remarkable afforded us welcome rest and refreshment, after as its beauty. the jolting of one of the roughest of Canadian The main object of my visit to Boston was roads. But not even the attractions of my coun- accomplished in the kind and hospitable reception trywoman's delicious milk and home-made bread I received from Mr. Longfellow. I did not precould keep me long from the banks of that glori- viously know that the charming residence in which ous river, with the crimson finches, which were he lives at Cambridge is the very house, timberAitting among its birches and alders, the striped built, and now more than one hundred and fifty squirrels running under drift-logs, and the great years old, which for several months was the headbelted kingfisher plunging into its eddies. Al quarters of General Washington when or soon after though somewhat far from “ kirk and market," he first took the command of the American army. the whole place seemed the perfection of a happy In the society of Mr. Longfellow and of his family, agricultural home. Viret memoria !

of Mr. Norton, and of my old friend Mr. Richard On our return home, we passed by the Inter- Dana, we spent a delightful summer evening uncolonial Line to St. John's, the capital of New der the shadows of a deep veranda and of umBrunswick, and embarked there in a steamer for brageous trees, with the lights of sunset streamBoston. The valley along which the line passes ing across distant meadows upon the picturesque in approaching St. John's, called Sussex Vale, is and comfortable house. I can only express my drained by the Kenabecacis River. With its earnest hope that it may long continue to be, as large lake-like expanses of water, its mixture of it has so long been, the abode of genius and of rock, and its abundance and variety of wood, it virtue. was much prettier than any description of New I have already mentioned that few things in Brunswick had led me to expect. In St. John's the New World surprised me more than the apitself the effects of the recent great fire are only pearance of the country along the short railway too apparent. But rebuilding and revival had line between Boston and Fall River. The great begun, and the effects of these were fortunately extent of what may be called uncleared or wild even more obvious to the eye.

land in one of the oldest States of the Union is One of the thick fogs so common on the coasts very curious. It is not, of course, primeval forof North America shrouded the low, rocky shores est; but to a large extent it is what in Australia of New Brunswick as we passed, and when it would be called “bush," and in India “ jungle." cleared off we were running along the coast of It is land wholly uncultivated-much of it marshy, the State of Maine. We found ourselves then or covered with thickets of pretty but useless threading our way among an archipelago of beau- wood. Here, as everywhere else in the Eastern tiful little islands, rocky and wooded, full of com- States, it is obvious that the soils of poorer qualfortable little farms, and villa residences, and ity do not pay for cereal cultivation, or indeed fishing-stations, with multitudes of boats of all for any cultivation at all. I should have thought sorts and sizes rowing or sailing between them that, if for nothing else, much of this waste surand the mainland. The whole was bathed in face might be profitably used for sheep-pasture. But the truth is that the inexhaustible areas of mission of the captain we were allowed to be in land, which are naturally rich, in the far West, the wheel-house in coming up to the pier at Newand the products of which can be cheaply con- port. Although the water was perfectly calm, veyed to the coast by the railway system, deter- and there was no wind which could affect even mine all industry and all enterprise in that direc- that huge structure, there were six men at the tion. Thus even in the heart of Massachusetts, wheel. The approach was made in perfect siand in the immediate vicinity of some of the old- lence, with an intentness of attention on the part est and most populous cities of the Union, it is of the officers in command which showed the not worth while to lay out much capital on the great care requisite in the operation. In many reclamation of land comparatively poor.

respects these great steamers are as comfortable Under the hospitable care of Mr. Cyrus Field, as they can be-excellent sleeping-cabins, excelwe enjoyed a most agreeable visit to Newport, a lent cooking, great speed, and the utmost attenwatering-place on the coast of Rhode Island tion on the part of the service on board. But in which is the favorite resort of the most cultivated my opinion they have one great fault, and that is society in the United States. The handsome that very much too small a space of uncovered villas and houses of Newport are surrounded by deck is left for the enjoyment of the scenery and well-kept lawns and shrubberies, and the princi- of the fresh air. Almost the whole area is occupal drives are pleasantly shaded, in the New Eng- pied by immense saloons, with all the closeness land fashion, by flourishing trees. On the “Ocean and stuffiness which are inseparable from cabins, Drive," which extends for some miles along the however large, especially when they are occupied rocky shore, one can enjoy the freshest breezes by a great number of passengers of all kinds and of the Atlantic, which here washes the low cliffs, classes, and when they are also lighted with gas. and penetrates into the little creeks, with waves Only a very small space at either end of the vesof the purest water and of the most lovely green. sel is perfectly uncovered and open to the air. We visited the venerable old church, and saw The top of the whole structure, the roof of the the pulpit from which the great Bishop Berkeley “Noah's Ark"—the hurricane-deck-is not availhad discoursed to the colonists of Rhode Island, able for passengers, and the gigantic “walkingand a pleasant road along the shore to the north- beam" of the engine, which swings its arms on ward led us to the rocks where he is said to have the top of every American steamer, would make composed his “Minute Philosopher.” It gave it a dangerous walk for careless people. me great pleasure to renew my acquaintance The intense heat which brooded over New with Mr. Bancroft, who so long and so worthily York during the very short stay I was able to represented his Government in London. But it make there rendered it a work of no small labor was with deep regret that I missed seeing Pro- to see even the Cypriote collection of General fessor Agassiz, the distinguished son of a dis- Cesnola and the Museum of Natural History. tinguished father, whose zealous pursuit of sci- The first of these ought to have been secured ence and whose high attainments in many de- for the British Museum. Its great interest lies partments of knowledge promise to give fresh in the close links of connection which it supplies renown to an already illustrious name.

between the art of Assyria, of Phænicia, of Egypt, Our journey from Newport to New York was and of Greece. At New York it is, for the presperformed by sea, in one of those gigantic steam- ent at least, entirely isolated and separated from ers which are more like immense floating hotels all other collections which are related to any one than boats of any kind, and which are peculiar of its many-sided aspects. But our American to America. To see one of these immense ves- friends did a good stroke of business in securing sels approach a pier or quay, on which one is it for a sum small in comparison with its great standing, is quite a new sensation. It is the pier value in the history of ancient art. It must be which seems to move, and not the vessel, which added that the wealthy and enterprising citizens from the vastness of its proportions can not be who secured it for the New World show a proper accepted, as it were, by the eye, as a moving appreciation of the prize, and that the illustrabody. It is impossible by any effort to get rid tions and descriptions of the many curious and of this illusion. The momentum of a floating beautiful objects it contains, which have been body of such vast weight is, of course, enormous, executed in America under General Cesnola's and the slightest collision with any structure on directions, are worthy of their theme. the shore would be correspondingly destructive Even a visit of two days to a city like New either to the vessel or to the pier. Consequently York leaves some impressions on the mind which they have to come up to these places with the can not be very wide of the truth. It is impossible utmost caution, and nothing but great experience not to be struck by the great wealth and luxury and great skill enables them to be brought along- displayed both in its public and in its private side with the requisite nicety. By the kind per- buildings. It has been a commonplace to speak of the growth of luxury in the Old World, and of in the world, while the discontent of the working the increasing separation between the rich and classes is often propitiated, if I may believe the poor. It is often said that the rich are getting general consensus of my American friends, by richer and the poor are getting poorer. I have tolerating heavy taxation which these classes imalways doubted the fact. The increase of wealth pose, but to which they do not contribute, and in recent years in England and in Europe gen- by an expenditure of the funds so raised in a erally has been mainly, I believe, an increase in manner which is generally extravagant and very the number of moderate incomes and an increase often corrupt. in the wages of labor. But, if the common, say. There is another subject on which I derived ing is at all true anywhere, I should say that the a strong impression in America, and that is the appearances of it are most conspicuous in such really irrational character of the agricultural panic a city as New York. Costly and ostentatious which has prevailed of late in many parts of the houses are far more common than in London. United Kingdom. If, indeed, we are to assume Shops for the sale of luxuries are on an enormous that the succession of bad seasons which has rescale. I doubt if there exists anywhere in Lon- cently occurred in England marks a permanent don, or in any capital of the Old World, such an change for the worse in our climate, there might establishment as that of Tiffany, in New York, be room for the most serious alarm. But, so far for the sale of jewelry and other articles of great as the mere fall in the price of certain agricultural cost. It is an establishment, too, it must be products is concerned, that fall is one which has added, not more remarkable for its enormous affected a great part of the world, and is quite as extent than for the admirable taste of its designs, marked in America as in Europe. It has been Other "stores" on a similar scale, for the sale of the result mainly of the universal depression in women's attire, indicate the scale on which almost all other branches of industry; and, after luxurious expenditure prevails among the rich- the repeated experience we have had of the hiser classes of America. And it must be so. The tory of such depressions, it seems difficult to acgrowing wealth of America is founded on the count for the exaggerated tone of alarm which secure possession of every element which can has prevailed when its natural and inevitable yield boundless returns, not only to industry, but, effects have been felt in the price of certain artiabove all, to capital shrewdly used. In the Old cles, which, after all, are only a very few among World those who gain great profits are accus- those on which successful farming must depend tomed to look to the future, and not to think only in Europe. The unbounded wheat-producing of the present. They seek investments which powers of the great Western Plains of the Ameriwill be a permanent record of their success, and can Continent are no new discovery of the year be a lasting influence in the society to which they 1879. They have long been known, and the imbelong. They buy an estate, they build cottages, mense importations they have afforded to our they drain and reclaim land. In the New World markets have been going on for many years, this incentive to saving does not exist. Fortunes during which, nevertheless, the prices have not are expended as rapidly as they are made. A been so low as to be considered ruinous to the few individuals of great public spirit found or British farmer. It is possible, however, that the endow public institutions, or become munificent growth of this particular cereal may become persupporters of scientific research. But such per- manently unprofitable on many soils which have sons are, and always must be, a very small mi- hitherto been devoted to its growth. The exchange nority. The tendency of things is to lavish ex- of this crop for other kinds of grain is a process penditure and to luxurious living. I am not now which has been gradually going on for many years. arguing as to which of the two systems is the Some thirty years ago, wheat was often grown in best. One great moralist of the last century has certain districts of the west of Scotland where it said in a celebrated passage that “whatever has been almost entirely discontinued. But the makes the past, the distant, or the future pre- same land has been quite as profitably employed dominate over the present advances us in the in the growth of other crops; and, until a long dignity of thinking beings." But many political and acute depression of manufacturing and comphilosophers do not accept this doctrine, and are mercial industry had supervened for a period jealous of the wealth or of the distinctions which unusually long, the business of agriculture has may be gained by individuals in one generation continued to be as attractive and as remunerative surviving in another. Whether this jealousy be as it has ever been. Even as regards the few good or bad, it is certain that laws or customs articles of produce which have been subjected to which are inspired by it tend to the quicker dis- a sudden and to a heavy fall in price, it seems to sipation rather than to the more equal distribu- be forgotten that such reductions in value have tion of wealth. New York has all the appear- an inevitable tendency to correct themselves. ance of being one of the most luxurious cities Let us take the case of cheese. For many years

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