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gravers who have risen to eminence since Mr. Ma. Skill of a very high order is displayed, for exam. berly's book appeared; he has arranged tabular lists ple, in Miss Nora Perry's “ Her Lover's Friend, and of the works of the leading artists of the past, with Other Poems."* The verse is varied and musical : references to the descriptions of them in the cala- the sound is always happily wedded to the sense ; logues raisonnés of Adam Bartsch, Wilson, Blanc, the movement is flowing and graceful; and there are and others; and has compiled a bibliography of en- a certain precision of phrase and polish of style which graving which fills twenty-four pages, and includes show that the author has thought sufficiently of her notices of nearly three hundred separate works. own work to take pains with it. In theme, Miss

Among the illustrations, which are very interest- Perry's poetry is less varied than in versification ; it ing, are three plates of “ Marks and Monograms," is always love, in some one of its Protean forms, that and one showing the “ Tools used in Engraving and inspires and permeates her song. Moreover, she Etching." The style of the volume is substantial does not merely sing about love: she manages to exand elegant, and altogether this American edition press the very feeling itself, and there is a fervor and of Mr. Maberly's work is far more valuable than an intensity about her more impassioned pieces which the original English edition, which has become very accelerates the pulse of the reader and sets his blood scarce, and consequently expensive.

to tingling. It is this emotional warmth, indeed, which constitutes the distinguishing merit of Miss

Perry's work, and lifts her out of the rank of mere In a thoroughly sensible article on “ The Litera. verse-makers. The feeling itself always dominates ry Calling and its Future," in one of the current the expression of the feeling; and the author is sel. English magazines, Mr. James Payn, the novelist, dom caught in the act of searching around for a makes a vigorous attack upon the laus temporis acti thought or a sentiment to fit into a preconceived aras applied to literature, and asserts categorically of rangement of words. The following specimen of her modern periodical literature that, “ however small work has been chosen, not because it illustrates the may be its merits, it is at all events ten times as good special characteristic of which we have been speakas ancient periodical literature (that of the early ing, but because it exhibits the author's skill in vers · Edinburgh Review,' for example) used to be." In de sociétda department of poetry in which entire the matter of poetry, in particular, is the improve- success is rarely achieved : ment very remarkable. “Of course," says Mr. Payn, “there is to-day a great deal of rant and

IF I WERE YOU, SIR. twaddle published under the name of verse in maga

If I were you, sir, zines; yet I could point to scores of poems that

I would not sue, sir, have thus appeared during the last ten years which For any woman's love day after day : half a century ago would have made—and deserved.

I'd never stand, sir,

At her command, sir, ly made a high reputation for their authors. ...

Year in and out in this fond, foolish way. Those who are acquainted with such matters will, I am sure, corroborate my assertion that there was

Across my face, sir, never so much good poetry in our general literature

I'd have the grace, sir, as at present. Persons of intelligence do not look Or mother-wit, to pull a gayer mask, for such things perhaps, while persons of culture are

And wait to find, sir,

What was her mind, sir, too much occupied with old china and high art ; but

Before I'd grovel at her feet to ask. to humble folks, who take an interest in their fellow creatures, it is very pleasant to observe what high

All very well, sir, thoughts, and how poetically expressed, are now to

For you to tell, sir, be found about our feet, and, as it were, in the lit.

Of that grand old poet in the olden time,

Whose fine advice, sir, erary gutter."

Was so concise, sir, Some such reflections as these must occur to every

In that immortal strain of gallant rhyme. critic who finds upon his table a number of volumes of recent verse. Unless the contents of these vol.

It does not fit, sir, umes are very much below the current average, each

Your case a bit, sir : , of them will contain verse which is quite as elevated

He never meant a man should pray and pray

With such an air, sir, in sentiment and finished in expression as that which

Of poor despair, sir, finds its way into the ordinary collections of the Brit.

For any woman's love day after day. ish Poets; and now and then the reader comes upon a poem of which it is difficult to say why it does not

If you will read, sir, entitle its author to a place in the choir of the im

The verse with heed, sir, mortals. In what we may call the art of verse

You'll see it runs as clearly as it may,

That every man, sir, making, as distinguished from that profound applica

Should take his answer, tion of ideas to life which Matthew Arnold declares

With manly courage, be it yea or nay. to be the distinctive mark of true poetry, the general proficiency is very surprising; and this has long * Her Lover's Friend, and Other Poems. By Nora seemed to us perhaps the most conclusive evidence Perry. Boston: Houghton, Osgood & Co. 16mo. Pp. of the growing refinement of taste.


Then cease your sighs, sir :

volume ; but one is puzzled to make out why a No man's a prize, sir,

rondeau" or “rondel" should so closely resemble In any woman's sight, just let me say,

the oracles of a sibyl. The ballad of “King Sig. Who's not too high, sir,

mund's Woe,” recast from an incident in William To sigh and die, sir, For any woman's love, day after day.

Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, is much the best piece

in the collection. It is spirited, vigorous, and resoIn Mrs. Dodge's “ Along the Way"* the tone nant; and several of the sonnets are neatly conis graver and more reflective, the subjects are more structed. varied, and the artistic skill is not inferior. Mrs. Dodge is known chiefly as a writer for children, and several of the most pleasing pieces in the present

It has been truly said that, if there had been collection have childhood for their theme; but the

preserved to us even one novel describing Greek tone of most of them is thoughtful, almost didactic,

i social life at say the period of the Athenian suprem. and her predominant mood appears to be somewhat

acy, with the graphic realism with which Mr. Anpensive. With a keen susceptibility to the beauties

thony Trollope's novels depict the England of our

day, we should have a better and more accurate idea of nature, and great skill in portraying them, she is seldom content to regard Nature objectively, but en.

of what the Greeks really were than can be obtained deavors to associate it in some way with human life

from all the existing relics of their literature and art. and human destiny. The subjoined is a fair speci.

Regarded from this view-point, such stories as “Di

Cary"* have a definite and high value, whatever men of her usual manner, though it contains no hint

may be their deficiencies in other respects. Miss of those quaint conceits which she manages so skill

Thornton's story is a picture of Southern plantation fully :

life at the period just following the close of the war, FAITH.

when society was painfully readjusting itself to the The wind drove the moon

new order of things; when the incidents, at once To a sky-built cave,

grotesque and pathetic, connected with so complete And closed it up As it were her grave.

a social catastrophe, were more pronounced than they The cave threw wide

now are ; and when the passions and prejudices A silver portal

aroused by the conflict had not yet had time to subAnd forth she came,

side. At some future time this period will possess Serene, immortal!

a peculiar interest for the student of American his

tory, and Miss Thornton's picture of it will have He piled black clouds

value on account of its minutely faithful delineation. In angry might,

As an example of rigid realism the story is almost as
Till lost in gloom
Was all her light.

notable as “ L'Assommoir"-not that it contains any The clouds a moment

of the horrors of that work, or exhibits the least tenHeld her under ;

dency to deal with improper things, but the author's Then, glorified,

whole concern has been to depict men and women They burst asunder!

with photographic accuracy, and to relate with the

utmost exactness the ordinary incidents that make The wind, that night,

up their daily life. It is evident that the author, in Bemoaned and whistled

her desire to be wholly realistic, misses some of the Till all the forest

finer aspects of the social life she paints so miStirred and bristled ; While moonbeams stole

nutely. To tear-wet pillows,

It is a long step which Miss Fothergill has taken And found their way

from “ The First Violin” to “Probation,"+ and one Through graveyard willows.

which, we fear, is not altogether in the right direc

tion. The earlier story was a picture of the BoheThe “Idylls and Poems" t of Anna Maria Fay mian phase of art-life in Germany, and was written show respectable skill in versification, but they lack with enthusiasm, sympathy, and knowledge ; “Prospontaneity, and have too much the air of deliberate bation " has for its background the terrible “cotton and even laborious manufacture. Most of them, famine" in Lancashire, produced by the closing of moreover, are written in a riddle-my-riddle style, Southern ports during our civil war, and is written which seems designed to baffle rather than to reveal, with sympathy and knowledge, but without that aland a certain haziness or indefiniteness of thought most lyrical fervor and intensity which gave its most is reflected in verse whose utterance is scarcely artic. distinctive feature to its predecessor. The differulate and whose meaning can only be guessed. This ence between the two stories appears to be that is not so objectionable, perhaps, in avowed allegories, such as the first two and longest poems in the little * Di Gary. A Novel By M. Jacqueline Thornton.

Appletons' Library of American Fiction. New York : * Along the way. By Mary Mapes Dodge. New D. Appleton & Co. 8vo, pp. 231. York : Charles Scribner's Sons. Ámo, pp. 136.

+ Probation. A Novel. By Jessie Fothergill. Lei. + Idylls and Poems. By Anna Maria Fay. New sure Hour Series. New York : Henry Holt & Co. 16mo, York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 16mo, pp. 103.

pp. 434.

“ The First Violin" was the spontaneous record of facility of a transformation scene. The author would an experience which had fired and inspired the au. doubtless repudiate the suggestion, but we are comthor's whole nature ; while “Probation " is the more pelled to think that his story is as exciting and unprosaic product of a deliberate and conscious choice wholesome in its way as the sensational preaching of an “ effective subject" for a story, which might which he so vigorously satirizes. To turn from it to stimulate the author's imagination, indeed, but which a simple and realistic record of every-day life will could hardly touch her feelings very profoundly. affect the reader like sipping gruel after a draught of And this difference tells throughout, to the disad. brandy-and-soda ; and this not because the gruel is vantage of the later story. Myles Heywood is but essentially insipid, but because the palate has been a pallid and impersonal sort of figure in comparison unnaturally and unhealthily stimulated. Yet it must with the picturesque and fascinating Eugen Cour. be admitted that the book asserts itself and compels voisier, and none of the characters in “Probation” attention. There arc several situations that are have that intense vitality which gives a sort of ob- wonderfully dramatic and intense ; the portrait of jective realism to those of the earlier story. Nor Thirlmore, the popular preacher, will inevitably set are the circumstances and incidents of the one story readers to searching for the original among several so pleasing as those of the other. The complica- well-known men ; and there are two or three farmtions which in “ The First Violin" exemplified the house scenes which are as genuine and real as any truth that the course of true love never runs smooth, other faithful transcript from nature. only deepened the romantic charm of the work ; but In complete contrast with the preceding is Mrs. one feels that the agony of a starving people is too Mulock-Craik's “ Young Mrs. Jardine,"* a love-story tremendous a fact to form part of the mere machin. of the most correct and conventional type, with a ery of a love-story. We should observe, however, good young man, a very good young lady, a cruel that such faults as we have pointed out are conspicu. mamma and worldly sisters, much interpolated morous only when we compare the story with “The alizing about “duty" and "right” and “ patience" First Violin,” which we spoke of at the time of its and “gentlemanliness," struggles against the slings appearance as a very remarkable beginning for an and arrows of outrageous fortune, and a most satisauthor. Compared with the average of current fic. factory fulfillment of all the requirements of poetic tion, “Probation” is deserving of very high praise, justice. The story itself descends perilously near the both for its interest as a story and for its skill as a level of commonplace, and, if anything were needed composition.

to drag it down and anchor it there, it is amply supThere is nothing in the new volume of the “No- plied by the illustrations. Of the way in which picName Series " quite so clever as its title, * unless it tures can fetter and vulgarize the imagination instead be the quotation from Coleridge which forms its of aiding it, we have seldom seen a better example. motto: “I once knew a man who had advanced to such a pitch of self-esteem that he never mentioned himself without taking off his hat." The story itself SOME of the most characteristic portions of the contains many striking passages and several effective “Memoirs of Madame de Rémusat”* having already “situations," but it bears about the same relation to appeared in this “ Journal," we are absolved from the a finished work of art that a corduroy road does to duty of describing them in detail ; but, in enjoying a macadamized highway. Of plot, or sequence, or the entertainment which their piquant personalities consistency, there is next to nothing; and at the afford, the reader might easily overlook the fact that close of the book the story simply ends without com- these Memoirs are likely to be reckoned among the ing to a conclusion. The author's idea of novel- most important literary productions of our time. inaking appears to be that the prime necessity is a Hitherto the Memoirs of Saint-Simon have held number of dramatic incidents or tableaux, which may a unique and special place in literature, and their be flashed upon the reader under the full glare of interest will last as long as any curiosity is felt recalcium lights. Whether these incidents are con- garding the doings of the Grand Monarch and his secutive to each other, or are the natural outgrowth court; but Madame de Rémusat's Memoirs are of what has gone before, is a matter of minor impor. equally frank, equally graphic, and equally pungent, tance; and, in fact, they seem to be arranged upon while they have the advantage of dealing with a perthe principle that the interesting is the unexpected, sonality and an epoch infinitely more picturesque and And so of the characters. Some extreme, unusual, significant. Napoleon has been the subject of an abnormal type is chosen, and then, in order to set it entire literature, and there is probably no figure in off most effectively, it is contrasted with its exact history that has impressed itself so vividly upon the antithesis, which is as extreme and abnormal in the popular imagination ; but, while we have been renother direction. But even this is not stimulating

* Young Mrs. Jardine. A Novel. By the author of enough, and accordingly on every critical occasion

“John Halifax, Gentleman.” New York: Harper & these characters are represented as doing the precise Brothers. I6mo, pp. 414. thing which it could never be conjectured that they Memoirs of Madame de Rémusat, 1802–1808. With should do, and as changing roles with the fantastic a Preface and Notes by her Grandson, Paul de Rémusat.

. Translated from the French by Mrs. Cashel Hoey and * His Majesty, Myself. No-Name Series. Boston: John Lillie. In three volumes. Vol. I. New York: D. Roberts Brothers. 16mo, pp. 299.

Appleton & Co. 8vo, pp. xlviii.-178.

dered more than sufficiently familiar with the emperor ing actors upon the stage of history, Mr. John T. and the general, it has been reserved for Madame de Short, in his “ North Americans of Antiquity," * atRémusat to reveal to us the man. Considering the tempts to penetrate that “ dark backward and abysm hackneyed character of the subject, it would seem of time" which lies behind history itself, and to deimpossible that any new Napoleonana (if we may cipher for us such traces as remain of those ancient coin a word) could possess much freshness or novelty; and vanished peoples who occupied our continent yet we feel, in reading Madame de Rémusat's pages, prior to the advent of Columbus. In spite of the that we have never really known Napoleon before difficulties which attend the effort to elucidate these never succeeded in penetrating beneath that invinci- dark problems, he thinks that “the age of North ble reserve and that theatrical posturing and parad. American antiquity is not all darkness, but on the ing which deceived his most intimate associates at contrary is rapidly growing radiant with light”; and the time, and which have baffled the curiosity of two the constantly increasing interest felt in all archæogenerations of historical inquirers.

logical questions has led him to believe that a work We have already said that Madame de Rémusat embodying the latest information regarding the ori. has the advantage of Saint-Simon in the greater in- gin, migrations, and life of the races of American terest and picturesqueness of her subject; and we antiquity “would meet with the favorable attention may add that she has equally the advantage of him of the public and of the specialist in this field.” in her method of treating it. Curiously striking and Perhaps the most distinctive feature of Mr. Short's piquant as many portions of Saint-Simon's Memoirs book, in comparison with others in the same field, is are, there are whole chapters, whole volumes, of them that it is written, as he says, in “ the spirit of inquiry with which all save the historical student would rather than of advocacy," and is “the embodiment cheerfully dispense ; but we doubt if Madame de of an honest search for the truth.” Most of the preRémusat will ever find a reader who will wish her vious writers upon ancient America have had some book shorter by even a phrase. The very defects of hypothesis to verify or some theory to defend, and as her style—its lack of that artificial brilliance and a general thing have dealt far more extensively in self-conscious grace which are so highly esteemed by speculation than in fact. Mr. Hubert Howe Banher countrymen-lend only an additional attraction croft was almost the first archäologist who addressed to her Memoirs. The first and indispensable re- himself to the subject in the spirit of impartial critiquirement of such writings is that they should con. cism, and with the tests of severe scientific analysis ; vey the impression of being faithful, accurate, and and Mr. Short has followed loyally in his footsteps, sincere ; and the confidence of the reader is entirely viewing the facts from a somewhat different stand. won by the simplicity, the directness, and the un. point, and consequently reaching somewhat differstudied easy flow of Madame de Rémusat's style. ent conclusions. The extent to which they differ in Its very simplicity and ease, indeed, will be apt to their interpretations is the measure of the uncertainty betray the reader into under-estimating the author's which, in spite of the recent activity in archæological art and skill. It is rare that such keen observation inquiry and research, still hangs about the most eleis combined with so impartial a judgment and such mentary questions involved in the problem ; yet that sensitive sympathies ; but Madame de Rémusat is there is some ground for Mr. Short's sanguine antici. quite as successful in portraying what she sees as she pations is shown by the fact that, during the few is in seeing and comprehending, and several of her years that have elapsed since the publication of Mr. sketches in the preliminary chapter entitled “Por- Bancroft's work, several of the riddles which had traits and Anecdotes " are worthy of being compared previously baffled the ingenuity of antiquarians have in fidelity if not in finish with any that have been been finally and satisfactorily solved. And if, as Mr. produced by the greatest masters of the art.

Short confidently asserts, a key has at last been found Besides the introductory chapter mentioned above to the Maya hieroglyphics, then there can be no the book contains a prefatory essay of nearly fifty doubt that we are on the eve of discoveries which pages by M. Paul de Rémusat, grandson of the au- will reveal to us at least as much concerning those thor, in which he briefly narrates the life of Madame ancient civilizations and peoples whose relics cover de Rémusat prior to her arrival at court, and sketches our continent as is known of the similar antiquities in the background against which her recollections are of Europe. to be projected. This essay, in spite of its touching Mr. Short's book will be especially acceptable to occasionally upon controversial politics, is eminently the general reader, because it is a summary or comuseful and interesting; and the same may be said of pend of all the knowledge that has been gained conthe notes which the same author has supplied. A cerning prehistoric America, and because it is a sort series of Appendices supplements and illustrates the of index to the works of all previous writers-ditext; and the Memoirs will at once take a high- recting the reader to the precise page and book perhaps the highest-place among those curious and where he may find such further information upon instructive volumes which take us behind the scenes any given topic as he may desire to obtain. In this in the great drama of history and show us the actors latter respect it is less exhaustive than Mr. Bancroft's en famille.

* The North Americans of Antiquity. Their Origin,

Migrations, and Type of Civilization considered. By WHILE Madame de Rémusat contents herself with John T. Short. New York: Harper & Brothers. 8vo, lifting the veil which obscures our view of the lead. pp. 544.

great work ; but for that very reason it will better biographies of one hundred and twenty-five of the answer the purposes of those readers whose opportu. most eminent Christians of all countries and denomnities are restricted to the better known and more inations from the days of the successors of the Aposaccessible authorities. Its special value for students tles to the present time. The bulk of the work is lies in the fact that it brings together the results of translated from a similar collection in German, ed. those investigations which have been prosecuted with ited by Dr. Ferdinand Piper, and written by eminent unprecedented ardor during the past four or five German, French, and English scholars; but Dr. years, and which have been unusually fruitful. The Maccracken, the American editor, has added biogcliff-dwellings of the West and the ruins at Aztec raphies of thirty Americans of the various denominaSprings open up new problems to the American tions, and also of the most famous missionaries in archæologist, and wonderful progress has been made foreign lands. The American lives, like the Euroin the accumulation of data regarding the ancient pean, are written by eminent scholars; and the book Mound-builders. Most of this later information has as a whole is a valuable contribution to that somebeen gathered by Mr. Short from the Smithsonian what meager department of theological literature Reports, the Reports of the Geological and Geo- which is equally interesting and edifying to the whole graphical Survey of the Territories, the proceedings body of Christian readers. of scientific societies, private memoirs, and other .... Mr. Towle has shown excellent judgment sources little known and not easy of access.

in selecting the subjects for his “ Young Folks' The author's method of treatment is systematic Heroes of History.” The first two volumes were and thorough, and his style is simple but clear and devoted respectively to Vasco de Gama and Pizarro, picturesque. The volume is copiously and admirably and have been noticed in previous numbers. The illustrated, with many cuts not previously seen in subject of the third volume is “Magellan, or the books of the kind.

First Voyage round the World,"* and it tells the story of one of the most famous expeditions in the

history of maritime discovery. “No voyage," says THE latest addition to "English Men of Let the author, “could be imagined into which every ters” is “ John Milton,” by Professor Mark Patti- feature of romance and adventure, of narrow escape son.* The author remarks at the outset that of and brilliant achievement, could be more crowded Milton we know more personal details than of any than was that of Magellan from the port of Cadiz man of letters of the seventeenth century, and that to the island clusters of Australasia." And the life in Professor Masson's “Life of Milton” we have and character of Magellan himself were in other the most exhaustive biography that was ever como respects worthy of the renown which this great feat piled of any Englishman. “My excuse," he adds, secured for him. Unlike most of the daring ad“ for attempting to write of Milton after Mr. Masson venturers of his age, his ambition led him to prefer is that his life is in six volumes octavo, with a total a career of peaceful and beneficent achievement to of some four to five thousand pages. The present one of bloodshed and conquest; and the story of his outline is written for a different class of readers, life is as wholesome as it is picturesque and enterthose, namely, who can not afford to know more of taining. Milton than can be told in some two hundred and .... Another series of books which may be de. fifty pages.” The work with which Professor Patti- scribed as thoroughly wholesome literature for the son's will most naturally be compared is Mr. Stop- young, whether boys or girls, is “ Famous American ford Brooke's little monograph on Milton in the se- Indians," by Edward Eggleston and Lillie Eggleston ries of “ Classical Writers," and the two really com. Seelye. The two volumes of this series that have plement each other. Professor Pattison is fuller in been sent us—“ Pocahontas " + and “Brant and Red biographical details ; Mr. Brooke offers more of in- Jacket"-possess all the attractiveness of romance terpretative criticism and commentary. Of Milton's with much of the instructiveness of regular history. life and minor writings the reader will learn most The aim of the authors is not so much to detach the from Professor Pattison ; but, as a guide to the study romantic incidents from history as to make the early or reading of Milton's great poetical masterpieces, history of our coụntry interesting to the general read. Mr. Brooke is incomparably more helpful and ade. er by treating it in a simple, graphic, and picturesque quate.

style ; and they have achieved their aim very suc.... A work upon which much labor has been cessfully. expended, and which ought to prove edifying to a American Writers, by Henry Mitchell Maccracken, D. D. very large circle of readers, is “Lives of the Lead. New York: Phillips & Hunt. 8vo, pp. 873. ers of our Church Universal," + containing brief * Young Folks' Heroes of History. Magellan, or the

- First Voyage round the World. By George M. Towle. * English Men of Letters. Edited by John Morley. Boston: Lee & Shepard. Ihmo, pp. 281. Illustrated. John Milton. By Mark Pattison. New York: Harper + Pocahontas : Including an Account of the Early Set& Brothers. 16mo, pp. 215.

tlement of Virginia and the Adventures of Captain John + Lives of the Leaders of our Church Universal, Smith.-Brant and Red Jacket : Including an Account of from the Days of the Successors of the Apostles to the the Early Wars of the Six Nations, and the Border WarPresent Time. The Lives by European Writers from fare of the Revolution. By Edward Eggleston and Lilthe German, as edited by Dr. Ferdinand Piper. Now lie Eggleston Seelye. New York : Dodd, Mead & Co. translated into English, and edited, with added Lives by Iómo, pp. 310, 370. Illustrated.

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