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1742, fol.

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An abridgment of this work was this prophet is that of Dr. Newcome, bishop
published before the author's death, with the of Waterford, and afterwards primate of Ire-
title of “ Historia Universalis Politica Idea, land, in his “Attempt towards an improved
plane nova & legitima, &c.Norimb. 1743, Version, a metrical Arrangement, and an Ex-
4to. with twenty-eight maps and sixteen chro- planation of the twelve minor Prophets.”
nological tables. The first part contains a short Preface to the work last mentioned. Lowth De
view of general history; the second, chronolo- Sacra Poesi Hebræorum, Pralec. xxviii. Book of
gical tables; and the third, maps, which exhi- Habakkuk.-M.
bit the various changes that have taken place HABERKORN, Peter, a learned German
in the different states and kingdoms. These Lutheran divine and professor in the seven-
works were published after the author's death, teenth century, was descended from a noble
in 1750, under the general title of “ An Histo- Franconian family, and born at Butzbach in the
rical Atlas, containing the great Kingdoms and Wetteraw, in the year 1604. He went through
Monarchies, according to the ancient Geogra- the usual courses of academic study at the uni-
phy.” This was the last production of the versity of Ulm, whence he removed to that of
learned and industrious author, as he died in Marpurg in the year 1626. Afterwards he vi-
the fifty-eighth year of his age, in the month sited the universities in Saxony, and at Stras-
of September, 1742. Hirsching's Manual of burg; and, upon his return to Marpurg, in
eminent Persons who died in the eighteenth Cen- 1632, was appointed professor of the physical
tury.--).

sciences, and admitted to the degree of doctor
HABAKKUK, the eighth in number of the of divinity. In the following year he was no-
minor Hebrew prophets, according to the or- minated preacher to the court of Hesse. Ten
der in which they are placed both in the He- years afterwards he was constituted superin-
brew and Greek Bibles. We have no inform- tendant of the churches in the district of Giess,
ation in the Scripture respecting either the pa- sen; and, when the university was established
rents from whom he was descended, or the in that city, was placed in the theological
time in which he lived. It seems probable, chair. The duties of that office he discharged
however, that he flourished after the taking of with high reputation, and sustained a distin-
Nineveh; as he prophesies of the Chaldeans, guished part in the public conferences and dis-
and is silent on the subject of the Assyrians. putations of his time on religious subjects.
The subjects of his predictions are : the desola- Among the Lutherans his controversial works
tion and destruction of Judah and Jerusalem by are held in much esteem ; particularly his
the Chaldeans, as a punishment for their hei- “ Heptas Disputationum Anti-Wallenburgica-
nous crimes; the subsequent ruin of the Baby- rum,” written in reply to the learned and la-
lonish empire ; and the deliverance from capti- borious defences of the catholic faith by the
vity which the Jews would experience, accord- two brothers, Adrian and Peter Wallenburg.
ing to Jehovah's faithful word, and in conformi. He died át Giessen in the year 1676. He was
ty with the plan of the divine proceedings re- the author of " Vindicatio Lutheranæ Fidei
lating to them ever since their emancipation contra Helvicum Ulricum Hunnium;""" Syn-
from Egyptian slavery. From some expressions tagma Dissertationum Theologicarum;" “ Án-
which occur in them, we may conclude, that ti-Valerianus ;" “ Relatio Actorum Colloquit
he prophesied not long before the Jewish cap- Rheinfelsani,” &c. Moreri. Nouv. Dict. Hist.
tivity. He may, therefore, be placed in the --M.
reign of Jehoiakim, between the years 606 and HABERT, Isaac, a learned French prelate
598 B.C. The style of the book of Habakkuk in the seventeenth century, the place and time
is poetical, and, according to the judgment of of whose birth are unknown. In the

year

1626 bishops Lowth and Newcome, he • stands high he was admitted to the degree of doctor by the in the class of Hebrew poets. The beautiful faculty of the Sorbonne at Paris, and was afterconnection between the parts of this prophecy, wards promoted to a canonry and prebend of its diction, imagery, spirit, and sublimity, can- the cathedral church in that city. By giving not be too much admired.” The third chap- his approbation to father Gibeuf's treatise “ On ter, in particular, contains an animated hymn, the Liberty of God and the Creature,” he bein which we have the most “ sublime descrip- came involved in a controversy with the Je. tion of God, when he conducted his people to suits, concerning the doctrine of efficacious grace, the land of Canaan. The grandest circumstances which he held in a sense different from that of are selected, and the diction is as splendid as Jansenius, to whose system he was hostile, as ine subjects.” The best English version of well as to that of his opponents. . Cardinal

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Richlieu employed him to combat in the pul- some of its injunctions. After the author had
pit the “ Augustinus” of the bishop of Ypres. retired to the house of the Sorbonne, he pub-
This task he undertook in three " Sermons," lished a more considerable work, consisting of
which he preached at Paris in the years 1642 “A complete Body of Divinity," written in
and 1643, and afterwards published. The ap- Latin, in seven volumes 12mo, of which the
pearance of these sermons gave rise to a con- first appeared in 1709, and the last in 1712.
troversy between the author and the celebrated This work is by some critics highly commended
M. Arnauld, the titles of whose reply, and of for the learning, judgment, and precision which
M. Habert's rejoinder, &c. the curious reader it displays, and it was adopted, soon after its
may find in Moreri. As a proof of the mi- appearance, as a text-book, in the theological
nister's approbation of his services, in the year seminary at Chalons sur Marne. It had not
1645 he was nominated to the bishopric of been long printed, however, before it was
Vabres, where he died in 1668, equally re- warmly attacked, as a vehicle for Jansenism in
spected for his virtues and for his erudition. disguise, in an anonymous work, addressed to
He published “ Liber Pontificalis Græcorum, the cardinal de Noailles, archbishop of Paris,
Græc. & Lat.” 1643, folio, of which he fure and the bishop of Chalons. The titles of the
nished the Latin version, and numerous learned treatises in this controversy may be seen in
illustrative notes, displaying an intimate ac. Moreri. Nouv. Dict. Hist.-M.
quaintance with the ancient liturgies and eccle HACKET, John, a learned and worthy
siastical ceremonies; “ De Consensu Hierar- English prelate in the seventeenth century, was
chiæ & Monarchiæ,” 1640, 4to, in reply to born at London, in the year 1592.
the Optatus Gallus of Charles Hersent; “De ceived his grammar learning at Westminster
Cathedra, seu Primatu S. Petri,” 1645; “ A school, whence he was elected to Trinity college,
Defence of the Doctrine of the Greek Fathers Cambridge, in the year 1608. In that semi-
concerning Grace," 1646 ; and “ An Exposi- nary he recommended himself to notice by his
tion of the Epistles of St. Paul to Timothy, Ti- abilities and proficiency, and acquired general
tus, and Philemon,” 1656. He was also not an esteem by his exemplary manners and modest
unsuccessful cultivator of Latin poetry; as may demeanour. In the year 1612 he was admitted
be seen from a collection of his principal pieces, to the degree of B.A., and as soon as the staa
published in 1623, 4to, and his “Hymns for tutes permitted was chosen fellow of his college.
the Festival of St. Lewis,” inserted in the Paris After commencing M.A. in 1615, he under-
Breviary. Moreri. Nouv. Dict. Hist.-M. took the office of tutor, which he discharged

HABERT, Lewis, a French ecclesiastic of with great reputation, having pupils from some some note in his time, and whose writings are of the best families in England placed under still held in much estimation by Catholics, was his care. With one of these, afterwards lord born at Blois, in the year 1636. He was creat- Byron, he retired into Nottinghamshire during ed a doctor of the faculty of the Sorbonne in a long vacation, and while there composed the year 1658, and afterwards officiated as a Latin comedy, entitled “ Loyola ;" which grand-vicar in the dioceses of Luçon, Auxerre, was twice acted before King James I., and, Verdun, and Chalons sur Marne. In these printed in 1648, 8vo. Upon his return to col. employments he acquired general respect and lege, he applied himself wholly to the study of esteem by his learning, his zeal in maintaining divinity, and in the year 1618 was admitted into ecclesiastical discipline, his virtues, and his holy orders. His merits recommended him to piety. The latter part of his life he spent at the attention and friendship of several eminent, the house of the Sorbonne, where he chiefly characters, among whom were Dr. King, bidevoted his time to the resolution of cases of shop of London, and bishop Andrews, of Win conscience. He died in 1718, when he was inchester ; but his principal patron was Dr. Wilthe eighty-second year of his age. While he liams, dean of Westminster, and bishop of filled the post of grand-vicar at Verdun, he Lincoln. When in the year 1621 that prelate published "The Practice of Penance," 12mo, was appointed lord-keeper of the great seal, he which has undergone numerous impressions, chose Mr. Hacket for his chaplain, and shewed and is commonly known by the title of "La the superior regard which he had for him above Pratique de Verdun.” But, notwithstanding the rest of his chaplains, by his activity in oba its favourable reception among Catholics, parti- taining for him honorary and beneficial promocularly in the Jansenist connection, complaints tions in the church. In 1623 Mr. Hacker have been preferred, by persons who approve proceeded to the degree of bachelor in divinity; it on the whole, against the excessive rigour :of and in the same year was nominated chaplain

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in ordinary to king James I., and collated to a Paul's. He enjoyed little benefit, however,
prebend in the cathedral church of Lincoln. from these preferments, as the civil wars be-
During the following year, upon the lord-keep- tween the king and parliament soon commenced,
er's recommendation, he was presented to the and the ecclesiastical establishment was over-
valuable rectory of St. Andrew's, Holborn, in turned. From Dr. Plume's account of his life
London; and in the same year obtained, through it appears, that private meetings were held at
the influence of the same patron, the rectory of his house by the bishops and other eminent
Cheam, in Surrey. The former of these pre- clergy, whence letters were circulated among
ferments the lord-keeper informed him he in- the divines in different parts of England, to ex-
tended for wealth, the latter for health. In the hort them to steadfastness in the cause of episco-
year 1625 Mr. Hacket was nominated by the pacy and monarchy. By his zeal in this cause
king to attend his ambassador into Germany; he drew on himself the resentment of the ad-
but was induced by his friends to decline that herents to the parliament ; and some of his pa-
appointment, from an apprehension which they rishioners preferred articles against him before
entertained, that, on account of the severity of the committee for plundered ministers, whe
his reflections upon the Jesuits in his comedy seem to have sequestered his rectory of St. An-
of “Loyola,” he would not be safe from the drew's. For, following the advice of his friend
effects of their resentment, though in an ambas. Mr. Selden, he did not enter into any defence
sador's train. In the year 1628 he commenced of himself, but retired to Cheam, where that
doctor of divinity; and in 1631 was made arch- gentleman promised to use his endeavours that
deacon of Bedford. He now diligently applied he should remain unmolested. Soon afterwards
himself to the discharge of his pastoral duties in he was carried away a prisoner by a party of the
the parish of St. Andrew's, and to maintain in earl of Essex's army which marched through
his flock a steady attachment to the doctrine and Cheam ; but was liberated in a short time,
discipline of the church as established by law. after having resisted, it is said, considerable of-
As his church of St. Andrew's was in a very fers if he would embrace the side of the parlia-
old and decayed state, he undertook to rebuild ment. From this time he seems to have resided
it; and for that purpose obtained large sub- chiefly in retirement at Cheam, where he con-
'scriptions from the nobility and gentry, and the stantly officiated, making use of the liturgy,
more opulent among his parishioners. Upon and explaining the church catechism, till an in-
the breaking out of the civil wars, however, the junction was sent him by the committee of Sur-
funds which he had collected were seized by the rey, by which he was forbidden that practice ;
parliament, and appropriated to other uses. In yet even after this injunction he was connived
the year 1641 he was one of the sub-committee, at in introducing into the service many parts of
selected to prepare matters for the discussion of the formulary in the Common-prayer. While
the committee of accommodation, appointed by the he continued in this retirement, he is reported
house of lords to examine into the innovations to have been instrumental in preserving several
in doctrine and discipline introduced into the gentlemen firm to the protestant religion, who
church since the Reformation, and to consider were assaulted by the artifices of lurking popish
of such amendments in the liturgy, &c. as emissaries.
might obviate the principal objections of the Upon the restoration of king Charles II.
puritan party, and prevent the ruin of the ec- Dr. Hacket recovered all his preferments, and
clesiastical constitution. This committee, how- was offered the bishopric of Gloucester, which
ever, was broken up, partly in consequence of he refused; but soon afterwards accepted that
the jealousy and opposition of the bishops, and of Lichfield and Coventry, and was consecrated
partly owing to the ferment occasioned by the in the year 1661. When he took possession of
discovery of the king's design of bringing the his see, he found the cathedral church at Licha
army to London, to dissolve the parliament. field in ruins, owing to the effect of cannon
When the bill for abolishing deans and chap- shot and bombs that had been discharged against
ters was depending in the house of commons, it, and the embezzlement of such of the mate-
Dr. Hacket was appointed by the committee rials as could be converted to profit; while the
above mentioned to plead against it at the bar of episcopal palaces were either entirely demo-
the house; but his arguments did not make lished, or in a wretched state from dilapidations.
such an impression upon the majority as to pre- In the course of eight years he entirely restored
vent their voting for the bill. In the year 1642 his cathedral, in a more complete and beautiful
Dr Hacket was presented to a prebend and re- form than before its destruction, at the expence
sidentiaryship in the cathedral church of St. of twenty thousand pounds, a, considerable part

of his age.

of which was defrayed by himself, and he also the most important of his learned labours, and expended a large sum on a prebendal house, the most useful for the improvement of his puwhich he made the place of his residence. pils, owing to the printing-offices within his During the same period he proved himself a reach not being furnished with the necessary benefactor to the university of Cambridge, by types for giving his quotations in the proper buildings which he added to Trinity college ; and characters. But from this embarrassment he afterwards, by legacies to other colleges, and was relieved by Josse Schmidmaier, an advothe bequest of all his books to the university li- cate of Nuremberg, who established a press in brary. He died at Lichfield in 1670, not long his own house, supplied with complete assortafter he had completed the seventy-eighth year ments of letters in the different languages of of his age. Bishop Hacket was a prelate of which he made use. In the year 1654 Hackconsiderable learning, particularly in civil and span was appointed to fill the theological chair ecclesiastical antiquities, and possessed a won at Altdorf, without relinquishing his professorderful retentive and accurate memory. He was ship of Oriental languages. By his intense apalso distinguished for piety, integrity, benevo- plication, however, to his studies, and the dulence, and charity, and for strictly virtuous and ties of his appointments, he brought on a deexemplary manners. From his motto, how- cline, to which he fell a sacrifice in 1659, when ever, which was, “ Serve God and be cheer- only in the 52d year

He was the full,” we may conclude that his piety did not author of “ Sylloge Disputationum theologicadegenerate into superstition, and that his strict- rum & philologicarum, 1663, 4to, which is a ness of conduct was not carried to the extreme collection of pieces published at different peof gloomy rigour and austerity. The only riods, the particular titles of which may be seen pieces of his published during his life were the in the first of our subjoined authorities; “ Incomedy above mentioned, and a single sermon terpres Errabundus ; hoc est, brevis Disquisitio preached before the king. But after his death, de Causis errandi Interpretum & CommentatoDr. Plume published " A Century of his Ser- rum Sacræ Scripturæ, omniumque adeo qui mons, upon several remarkable Subjects,” 1675, circa Sacras utriusque Fæderis occupantur Litfolio; and in 1693 appeared his learned and teras,” which is annexed to a treatise entitled valuable “Life of Archbishop Williams,” in “Lucubrationes Franktallenses ; sive Specimen folio, of which an abridgment was published aliquod Interpretationum & Expositionum, quas in 1900, 8vo, by Ambrose Philips. Biog. plurimas in difficillima quæque utriusque TestaBrit. Neal's Hist. Purit. vol. II. ch. ix.-M. menti Loca meditatus est Bonaventura Corne

HACKSPAN, THEODORE, or according to lius Bertramus, Picto Thoarsensis,” &c. 1645, some writers THIERRI, a learned German Lu- 8vo; “ Miscellaneorum Sacrorum Libri duo," theran divine and Oriental scholar, was born at 1660; “ Notæ Philologico-theologicæ in vaWeimar in Thuringia, in the year 1607. He ria & difficiora Veteris & Novi Testamenti Loca," commenced his academic career at Jena, where 1664, in three vols. 8vo; “ Observationes he spent seven years in the study of philosophy, Arabico-Syriacæ in quædam Loca Veteris & theology, and the Oriental languages. After- Novi Testamenti,” 1662, 4to; “ Specimen wards he removed to the university of Altdorf, Theologiæ 'Talmudicæ ;” “ Fides & Leges Muattracted by the fame of a tutor who was highly hammedis ;” “ Liber Nizachon Rabbi Lipspoken of for his acquaintance with Eastern manni ;"" Termini, Distinctiones, & Divisiones, learning; whence he went to Helmstadt, where Philosophico-theologicæ, &c.” Moreri. Nouv. he completed his theological studies under the Dict. Hist.-M. celebrated George Calixtus, and other eminent · HADDON, WALTER, an elegant scholar professors. Returning afterwards to Altdorf, of the sixteenth century, was born of a good he fixed his abode in that university, and was family in Buckinghamshire, in 1516. He was the first person who publicly taught there the educated at Eton school under Dr. Cox, afterOriental languages. On this employment he wards bishop of Ely; and in 1533 was elected a entered in the year 1636, and prosecuted it scholar of King's college, Cambridge, of which with great reputation and success during the he afterwards became a fellow. He was conremainder of his life. He is said to have been sidered as one of the principal ornaments of that the most perfectly acquainted of any person in society, having by an assiduous study of the his day with the Hebrew, both scriptural and best writers, especially Cicero, acquired a very rabbinical, the Syriac, the Chaldee, and the elegant Latin style, and made himself a profiArabic languages. For some time he was pre- cient in oratory and poetry. His particular vented from committing to the press some of pursuit was the civil law, in which he took a

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doctor's degree, and read public lectures. He died in the year 1776, at the age of seventy was likewise for some time professor of rheto- two. Gruner, in his Medical Almanac for ric, and orator of the university. His zeal in 1782, says, “ Van Haen was a man of great the cause of reformation, together with his lite- learning and practical knowledge, but an enemy rary reputation, caused him in the reign of Ed- to all new opinions, which he violently opposed, ward VI. to be made master of Trinity-hall in as appears from his dispute with Haller on senthe room of bishop Gardiner. In 1550 hesibility and irritability; with Tralles on inocuserved the office of vice-chancellor ; and two-lation; with baron Von Stork on the use of years afterwards, through the influence of the poisonous plants in medicine, on the nature court, though not qualified according to the and origin of the purple fever and eruptive afstatutes, he was chosen president of Magdalen fections of the like kind, his thoughts on the college, Oxford. He withdrew from this situ- plague and on malignant fevers, &c. in which, ation on the accession of Mary, and passed the setting aside the polemic part, the reader will dangerous period of her reign in retirement. find a great deal of useful information. This Elizabeth, soon after she came to the crown, eminent physician rendered himself celebrated appointed him one of her masters of requests; in a literary point of view by the excellent oband Dr. Parker, archbishop of Canterbury, madle servations interspersed in his " Ratio Medendi, him judge of his prerogative court. He was in Nosocomio practico," Vindob. 1757-1773) one of the queen's commissioners at the royal in fifteen parts, octavo; and in the “ Ratio Mevisitation of the university of Cambridge; and dendi continuata,” Vindob. 1772-1779, three in 1565 and 66 he was employed as one of the parts, octavo. His other works are: “ Histopublic agents at Bruges for restoring the ancient ria Morbi Incurabilis, Medicos passim fallentis.” commerce between England and the Nether. Hage. 1774, 8vo ; “Dissertatio de Colica Pictolands. While in the prospect of higher promo- num,” Ibid. 1745, 8vo ; “ De Deglutitione imtion, he died in January, 1571-2, in his fifty-sixth pedita," Ibid. 1750, 8vo; “ Magiæ Examen,' year. Walter Haddon had a principal concern Vienna, 1774, 8vo; “Liber de Miraculis,Franin drawing up and putting into Latin the code cof. & Lips. 1776, Svo ; “Opuscula omnia meof ecclesiastical law entitled “Reformatio Le- dico-physica, in unum nunc primum collecta," gum Ecclesiasticarum,” edited in 1571 by John Neuss. 1780. six vols. Svo ; '“ Prælectiones in Foxe. He published in 1563 a reply to Jerom Boerhavii Institutiones Pathologicas, recensuit, Osorio's letter entitled “ Admonitio ad Eliza- additamentis auxit & edidit F. de Wassenberg betham, Reginam Angliæ.” His other works Tomi V," Vindob. 1780-1782, 8vo. Hirs, were collected by Thos. Hatcher, of King's col- ching's Manual of eminent Persons who died in the lege, Cambridge, and published in 1567, un- eighteenth Century.-J. der the title of “ Lucubrationes G. Haddoni, HAGEDORN, FREDERIC,

FREDERIC, a celebrated &c.” 4to. They consist of orations, letters, and German poet, was born in 1708 at Hamburgh, poems, the latter mostly on religious topics, all where his father resided as Danish minister for in Latin. Several of his original letters are the circle of Lower Saxony. He received a preserved among the Harleian MSS.

Biog. good education, and shewed an early talent for Brit.-A.

poetry; but as his father died in 1722 in conHAEN, ANTHONY VAN, M.D. professsor fined circumstances, having lost great part of of medicine in the university of Vienna, was his property by misfortunes, young Hagedorn born at Leyden, in 1704, and studied under found he had little to trust to except his own the celebrated Boerhaave. After taking his de- exertions and industry. He therefore contigree as doctor, he settled at the Hague, where nued his studies in the Gymnasium of Hamhe practised with great success and approba- burgh, and at that juvenile age wrote several tion. Van Swieten, however, who was fully poems which were inserted in the Hamburgh acquainted with the value of his talents, pre- Patriot, one of the first weekly journals pubvailed on him to remove to Vienna, that he lished in Germany. In 1726 he proceeded to might assist him in the plan he had drawn up Jena, where he applied for three years to the for reforming the medical faculty in that capi- study of the law; but without neglecting the tal. He repaired to that city in 1754 to be pro- muses. A small collection of his poems was fessor of medicine, and fully answered the ex- published at Hamburgh in 1729; and the same pectation which had been formed of him ; but year, in order to push his fortune, he repaired his last treatises, “ De Magia" and “De Miracu- to London with recommendations to the Danish lis," seem to confirm the observation that great ambassador baron Von Solenthall, and resided men have their weak side as well as others. He in that city till 1731. The ambassador treated

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