תמונות בעמוד


It was a lover and his lass,

With a hey, and a ho, and a hey nonino,
That o'er the green corn-field did pass

In the spring time ; the pretty spring time,
When birds do fing, hey ding a ding, ding,
Sweet lovers love the spring.
And therefore take the present time,

With a hey, and a ho, and a hey nonino ;
For love is crowned with the prime,

In the spring time, &c.

- Between the acres of the rye,

With a hey, and a ho, and a hey nonino,
These pretty country-folks would lie,

In the spring time, &c.

The carrol they began that hour,

With a hey, and a ho, and a hey nonino,
How that a life was but a flower,

In the spring time, &c. Clo. Truly, young gentleman, though there was no great matter in the ditty, yet the note was very untimeable. (26)

i Page. You are deceiv’d, Sir, we kept time, we loft not our time,

Clo. By my troth, yes : I count it but time lost to hear such a foolish fong. God b'w'y you, and God mend your voices. Come, Audrey.


(26) Truly young gentleman, ebough there was no great matter in the diety, yet tbe note was very untunable.] Though it is thus in all the printed copies, it is evident from the sequel of the dialogue, that the poet wrote as I have reform'd in the text, untimeable.

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SCENE changes to another part of the Forest.


Enter Duke Senior, Amiens, Jaques, Orlando, Oliver,

and Celia, D. Sen. OST thou believe, Orlando, that the boy

Can do all this that he hath promised ? Orla. I sometimes do believe, and sometimes do not As those that fear they hope, and know they fear.

Enter Rosalind, Silvius, and Phebe. Rof. Patience once more, whiles our compact is urg'd: You say, if I bring in your Rosalind, (To the Duke. You will bestow her on Orlando here?

D. Sen. 'That would I, had I kingdoms to give with her. Ref. And you fay, you will have her when I bring her?

(T. Orlando, Orla. That would I, were I of all kingdoms King, Ref. You say, you'll marry me, if I be willing.

[To Phebe. Pbe. That will I, should I die the hour after.

Ros. But if you do refuse to marry me,
You'll give yourself to this most faithful Thepherd.

Pbe. So is the bargain.
Ref. You say, that you'll have Plive, if he wilt?

[To Silvius. Sil. Tho' to have her and death were both one thing,

Res. I've promis'd to make all this matter even ; Keep you your word, o Duke, to give your daughter You yours, Orlando, to receive his daughter : Keep your word, Phebe, that you'll marry me, Or eife, refusing me, to wed this shepherd. Keep your word, Silvius, that you'll marry her, If the refuses me; and from hence I go To make these doubts all even. [Exe. Rof. and Celia.

Duke Sen. I do renember in this fhepherd boy
Some lively touches of my daughter's favour.

Orla. My Lord, the first time that I ever saw him,
Methought, he was a brother to your daughter;
But, my good Lord, this boy is forest-born,



And hath been tutor'd in the rudiments
Of many desperate studies by his uncle,
Whom he reports to be a great magician,
Obscured in the circle of this foreft.

Enter Clown and Audrey,
Jaq. There is, fure, another flood toward, and these
couples are coming to the ark. Here come a pair of very
strange beasts, which in all tongues are callid fools.

Clo. Salutation, and g:eeting, to you all.

Jaq. Goou my Lord, bid him welcome. This is the motley-minded gentleman, that I have so often met in the forelt: he hath been a courtier, he swears,

Cle. If any man doubt that, let him put me to my purgation; I have trod a measure, I have flatter'd a Lady, I have been politick with my friend, smooth with mine enemy, i have undone three taylors, I have had four quarrels, and like to have fought one.

Jaq. and how was that ta’en up?

Clo: 'Faith, we met; and found, the quarrel was upon the seventh cause.

Jaq. Huw the seventh caufe ? good my Lord, likę this fellow. Duke Sen. I like him

very well. Clo. God’ild you, Sir, I defore you of the like : I press in here, Şir, amongst the rest of the country copulatives, to swear, and to forswear, according as marriage binds, and blood breaks : a poor virgin, Sir, an ill-favour'd thing, Sir, but mine own, a poor humour of mine, Sir, to take that that no one else will. Rich honesty dwells like a miser, Sir, in a poor house, as your pearl in your foul oyster.

Duke Sen. By my faith, he is very fwift and sententious,

Clo. According to the fool's bolt, Sir, and such dulcet diseases.

Jaq. But, for the seventh cause; how did you find the quarrel on the seventh cause?

Clo. Upon a lye seven times removed: (bear your body more feeming, Audrey) as thus, Sir; I did dislike the cut of a certain courtier's beard; he sent me word, if


I said his beard was not cut well, he was in the mind it

This is call'd the retort courteous. If I sent him word again, it was not well cut, he would send me word, he cut it to please himself. This is call'd the quip modeft. If again, it was not well cut, he disabled my udgment. This is call's the reply churlifh. If again, it was not well cut, he would answer, I spake not true. This is call'd the reproof valiant. If again, it was not will cut, he would say, I lye. This is call’d the coun. tercheck quarrelsome ; and so the lye circumftantial, and the lye direct.

Jag. And how oft did you say, his beard was not well cut?

Clo. I durft go no further than the lye circumftantial; nor he durft not give me the lye direct, and so we measur'd swords and parted.

Jaq. Can you nominate in order now the degrees of the lye?

Clo. o Sir, we quarrel in print, by the book; as you have books for good manners. (27) I will name you the degrees. The first, the retort courteous ; the second, the quip modeft ; the third, the reply churlish; the fourth, the reproof valiant; the fifth, the countercheck quarrelfome; the fixth, the lye with circumstance ; the seventh, the lye direct. All these you may avoid, but the lye direct ; and you may avoid that too, with an if. I knew, when leven justices could not take up a quarrel ; but when the parties were met themselves, one of them

(27) 0, Sir, we quarrel in print; by the book; as you bave bocks for good manners.] The poet throughout this scene has with great hu. mour and address rallied the mode, so prevailing in his time, of formal duelling. Nor could he treat it with a happier contempt, than by making his clown so knowing in all its forms and preliminaries. It was in Queen Elizabeth's reign, that pushing with the rapier, or small sword, was first practis'd in England. And the boisterous gallants fell into the fashion with so much zeal, that they did not content themselves with practising at the sword in the schools; but they studied the theory of the art, the grounding of quarrels, and the process of giving and receiving challenges, from Liwis de Caranza's treatise of fencing, Vicentio Saviola's practice of the rapier and dagger, and Giacomo Di Grassi's Art of Defence; with many othes instructions upon the several branches of the science.


thought but of an if; as, if you said so, then I said so; and they shook hands, and swore brothers. Your if is the orly peace-maker ; much virtue in if.

Jaz. Is not this a rare fellow, my Lord? he's good at any thing, and yet a fool.

Duke Sen. He uses his folly like a stalking horse, and ander the presentation of that he shoots his wit.

Enter Hymen, Rosalind in woman's cloaths, and Celia.

Still Mufick.
Hym. Then is there mirth in hear'n,

When earthly things made even

A tone together.
Good Duke receive thy daughter,
Hymen from heaven brought her,

Yea, brought her hither,
That thou might'ft join her hand with his,
Whofe heart within his bosom is.

Rof. To you I give myself; for I am yours.

[To the Duke. To you I give myself; for I am yours. (To Orlando.

Duke Sen. If there be truth in fight, you are my daughter.
Orla. If there be truth in fight you are my Rosalind.

Pbe. If fight and shape be true,
Why, then my love adieu !

Roj. I'll have no father, if you be not he ;
I'll have no husband, if you be not he;
Nor ne'er wed woman, if you be not she,

Hym. Peace, hoa ; I bár confusion : 'Tis I must make conclusion

Of these most strange events :
Here's eight that must take hands,
To join in Hymen's bands,

If truth holds true contents.
You and you no cross shall part;
You and you are heart in heart ;
You to his love must accord,
Or have a woman to your Lord.


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