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hibition to worship angels, or any other being than God, is repeated in chapter xxii. 9, and, thus repeated, seems to contain a very strong injunction against that angel-worship in which a great part of the Christian world has been involved.
Ib. The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.] My office (says the angel) for which you honour me, is of the same kind with yours: I support the testimony of Jesus, by bringing prophecy from heaven; you and your fellow-servants perform the same duty on earth, supporting the same testimony, by preaching, confession, martyrdom, &c.; even in the present instance, we are fellow-servants of the same Lord. I shew to thee the vision from Heaven; thou writest it for the use of those who inhabit the Earth. Let us both worship God, and God only.
We are now arrived at that signal and expected point of the prophecy, to which the preceding parts seem principally to tend, and in which they have their completion; the grand and decisive combat between the Christian and antichristian powers. Here the seven Seals, seven Trumpets, seven Vials, and all their accompanying warnings, unite. Heaven opens, and the white horse appears,
Qualis ab incepto processerat ;--et sibi constat. He is the same white horse, whom we saw proceeding on his career of victory, in the early part of the vision; whose rider " went forth conquering, and for to con“quer*.” He has been pursuing his destined course, though not always equally in sight;-he now appears again in more splendid array. The Christian Church, again pure (Ev DEUXois), sees her Messiah in person, leading her forces, and fighting her battles. “Faithful "and true” to his promises t, he now gives more manifest assistance to the cause of his Religion. And while he confounds and destroys his enemies, it is apparent, that “his judgments are righteous.” He appears in this passage as a dreadful warrior; yet there is little new in the description; we acknowledge the same King of kings whom we have before seen in other parts of the prophecy I. The epithets, elsewhere applied to the
* Ch. vi. 1. + Matt. xxviii. 20. Rev. i. 6; iii. 14.
This title is attributed to the conquering Messiah, in ch. xvii. 14. The conquerors of the East had vainly usurped it. On a tombstone of Cyrus in the city of Pasargadæ was a Persic inscription ending with this Greek line,
Ενθαδ” Εγω κύμαι, Κυρος βασιλευς βασιληων»
Strabo, lib. 15. p. 100..
Messiah, are here collected, and so arranged as to display his glory, his power, and his anger, terrible to his unrepentant foes. He leads his armies, the faithful and pure Christians *, to assured victory; victory so decisive, that none of his enemies escape. The birds, who prey on flesh, are bidden to a banquet on their carcases t. The angel stationed in the sun, betokening the light and knowledge which shall then beam upon mankind, invites all the world to join true Religion, and partake the victory.
The Asiatic monarchs followed the example; and medals also of Parthian kings, of Tigranes, of Pharnaces, &c., are found with the same title inscribed. Pinkerton on Medals, vol. i. p. 203. - See ch. i. 14. 16; ii. 12. 17, 18. 27 ; iii. 7. 12. 14; xiv. 19, 20; xvii. 14; and the notes. Compare also Is. lix. Ixv. 17. Ixiii. 1, &c. * Ch. xii, 13. xix. 8.
+ Ezek. xxxix, 17, 18.
The Conflict, and the Victory over the Wild-beast and
his False Prophet.