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“ of blood; a way of speaking not unknown to the “Jews; for, the Jesúralem Talmud, describing the " woeful slaughter which the Roman Emperor Adrian " made of the Jews at the destruction of the city of Bitter, saith, that the horses waded in blood up to the "s nostrils. Nor are similar examples wanting even in “ the classic authors; for, Silius Italicus, speaking of “ Annibal's descent into Italy, useth the like expres“sion; the bridles flowing with much blood*.

* Bp. Newton, Dissert. iii. p. 267. Svo edit.

PART

THE
APOCALYPSE, &c.

PART VI.

SECTION I.
The Vision preparatory to the seven Vials.

. Chapter xv. & chap. xvi, ver. 1. i Kal sidor ano, I And I saw another 1 And I saw another sign

onucior in tỳ égzymon sign in Heaven, great in heaven great and μέγα και θαυμασών, and wonderful: seven marvellous, seven andecyears inlà, i cor angels having the seven gels having the seven τας πληγάς επτα last plagues: for in last plagues, for in τας εσχάτας, ότι them was completed thein is filled up the εν αυταίς ετελέσθη the wrath of God. 2 wrath of God. And I Souds Tš Org.

2 And I saw, as it were, saw as it were a sea of 2 Kai giãoy Ws ses

a sea, glassy, mingled glass, mingled with λασσαν υαλίνην με

with fire, and those fire; and them that Milférni mupio zij tos

who had gotten the had gotten the victory votāvloes {x tö Ingin

victory over the beast, over the beast, and rj éx tñs eixóvos av

and over his image, over his image, and τ8, και εκ τέ αριθμό

and over the number τα ονόμαος αυτά,

over his mark, and over of his name, standing εσώτας επί την θά

the number of his upon the glassy sea, λασσαν την Σαλίνην,

name, stand on the sea having harps of God. έχουλας κιθάρας τα

of glass, having the 3 Ois. Kai įdoor the

3 And they sing ihe 3 harps of God. And udry Mwotws súas

song of Moses, the they sing the song of rã Osb, xj thy gurong

servant of God, and Moses the servant of το αρνίε, λέγονίες the song of the Lamb;

God, and the song of Moryana xai Gav saying, “ Great and

the Lamb, saying, μας τα έργα σε, “ wonderful are thy Great and marvellous Κύριε ο Θεός και παν “ works, O Lord, the are thy works, Lord Toxgát apo dixzuze “ Almighty God; just God Almighty; just και αληθιναι αι οδοί "and true are thy ways, and true are thy ways, σε, ο βασιλεύς των

thou King of saints. sing Ages; s si Ouwe } Tis 8 Taisywv.

“ Who shall not fear, 4 Who shall not fear un poenañ [se],

thee, O Lord, and glo“ (thee] O Lord, and Kógie, 421 So{kon “ glorify thy name, for rify thy named for vò övquá ca; ötil “thou alone art holy!! thou only art huly: for

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Ver. 1. Another sign in heaven-seven angels ; &c.] The scene of the vision continues the same, heaven and carth in view, and the angels, who are the actors, passing between both. The present exhibition is preparatory. Such a general representation had preceded the seven Seals, and the seven Trumpets; this precedes the seven Vials. We are now in the midst of the warfare carried on by the Church of Christ, under his auspices, to resist the formidable efforts of the combined enemies. It is a silent warfare, operating chiefly in the human heart. But heaven is now seen interposing visibly to repress the pride and arroyance of the antichristian usurpers. And as seven angels, by sounding the alarm, had foreshewn the several shocks of battle, which the Church should sustain from her enemies : so seven angels, by pouring forth seven Vials, express the vengeance of the Almighty, poured out on the triumphant worldly powers, checking their career, imbittering their success, and finally overwhelming them in destruction. . They are to be accounted, as the word warn expresses, so many blows or strokes; visitations of Divine Providence on unrepentant sinners. Such fell on Pharaoh and the hardened Ægyptians, who, persisting in their obstinate opposition, were overwhelmed in the Red Sea. The number seven implies a complete visitation*. « When I begin, I will also make an end, saith " the Lord t.” So, with the last of these Vials, “ the “ wrath of God will be completed.” And it is in allusion to this completion, that they are called “the last plagues ;” for they do not seem to extend to the very last times of final judgment, but to end with the beast and false prophet finally and completely subdued; with whose action therefore they seem cotemporary. *Note, ch. i. 4. + 1 Sam. iii. 12.

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. [Pt. VI. ģ 1. Ver. 2. A sea, glassy, mingled with fire; &c.] This glassy sea has been already displayed as standing before the throne of God*, where it was seen to represent the purifying blood of the Redeemer; the price of human redemption, in which alone the vestments can be washed white; by which alone the Christian can be presented pure before God. But the Redeemer has two characters, conformably to the offices assigned him on earth; the one of meekness, in which he came to suffer; the other of exaltation, in which he returns to reign, and to pour out vengeance on his enemies. We are now arrived at that point of the prophetic his, tory, in which this vengeance begins to be poured out. We therefore see the glassy sea mingled with fire; its waves flashing flame; symbolically expressive of anger and vengeance f. Here we see collected, as in an appropriate situation, those who, during the usurpation of Antichrist, had contended for the faith; and suffering, had gained that victory, which is only to be acquired " by the blood of the Lamb f.” The purification of the priests for the service of the earthly temple was in the brazen sea; these, who are to minister before the God of heaven, are purified by the heavenly sea; by the blood of the Redeemer. And many of them, having poured out their own blood in his cause, and after his example, now begin to enjoy the triumph which was promised them under the fifth Seal ç. They are now to be " avenged.”

Ib. Of the beast.] éu T8 Imple, “not,” says Dr. S. Clarke, over the beast, but from out of the midst of the beast : for, by this expression is implied, not only their conquest, but the difficulty of it, by a few persons, ad.

* Ch. iv. 6. . + See note, ch. viii. 7.

Ch. xii. 11; vii. 13. 1 John v. 4, &c. $ Ch. vi. 9-13; where see the note.

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