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as should reasonably be expected. And therefore I am inclined to agree with Bishop Newton, that the final conflict of the beast with the witnesses, their death and resurrection, may be yet to come. The 1260 years, beginning from the Saracene invasion, are not yet elapsed; and in a prophecy, of which parts only are yet fulfilled, there must remain difficulties.
Ver. 14. The second woe is past ; &c.] The second woe appears, from this passage and its context, to be under the sixth Trumpet ; and to be included in the period of 1260 years, which contains the greater part of the Mahometan and Papal times. But where is the third woe? Certainly not under that Trumpet; for it is here stated to "
come, when the second woe is ended.” But this woe ends with the completion of the sixth Trumpet: for, immediately after this declaration, that the third woe is coming, the seventh Trumpet sounds. The times, in which we now live, seem to be those of the latter end of the sixth Trumpet. I fear therefore that we must be led to conclude that the third woe or last dreadful conflict, in which the Christian cause shall suffer, is yet to come. More will be said 'on this subject, when the prophecy, which seems to foretel it, shall be explained *.
+ See pote, cb. xvi. 13. towards the eud.
15 Kar ó Copos | 15And the seventh angel | 15And the seventh angel
άγγελος εσάλπισι, , sounded ; and there sounded, and there και εγένονlo φωναι were loud voices in were great voices in μεγάλαι εν τω heaven, saying, “The heaven, saying, The έρανώ, λέγοντες• E- “kingdom of the world kingdoms of this world γενείς και βασιλεία “ is become our Lord's, are become the king. τι Κυρίω ημών, και “ and his Anointed's ; doms of our Lord, and To Xpuso avre, ry " and he shall reign for of his Christ, and he βασιλεύσει εις τες 16“ ever and ever.” And shall reign for ever aiwras tūv aiórwı. the twenty-four elders,
And the 16και οι είκοσι τέσ- who were sitting be- four-and-twenty elders σαρες πρεσβύτεροι
fore God upon their which sat before God και ενώπιον τε Θε8 thrones, fell upon their on their seats, fell upκαθήμενοι επί της
faces, and worshipped on their faces, and Spónes aitär, itv 17 God,saying; “We give 17 worshipped God, Sayσαν επί τα πρό- “ thanks to thee, O ing, We give thee σωπα αυτών, και
“ Lord, the Almighty thanks, O Lord God προσεκύνησαν το “ God, which art and Almighty, which art, 17Θεώ, Λέγονες: Εύ- “ hast been; because and wast, and art to χαρισμέν σοι, Κύ- “ thou bast taken unto come ; because thou ο Θεός και
"thee thy great power, hast taken to thee thy τοκράτως, ο ών, " and bast reigned.
great power, and bast xj mye ötr vampas 18“ And the nations 18reigned. And the naThy dúvzpén or the “ were wrathful, and tions were angry, and
μεγάλην, και έςασί18 λευσας. Και τα θνη ωργίσθησαν, και
haler i ogryn oo, και ο καιρός τών νεκρών, κριθήναι, και δέναι τον μισθόν τους δέλος σε τοις προφήταις και τους αγίοις και τους φοΘυμένοις το όνομά σε τους μικρούς και τους μεγάλοις, και διαφθείραι τες δια
φθείρονlας την γην. . 39 Και ήνοίγα ο ναός
τύ Θεά εν τω ięzvň, xj ugon κιβωτός της διαθήκης αυτά εν τω ναώ αυτό και εγένονlo ατραπαι και Purai vj Beoolaing σεισμός και χάλαζα μεγάλη. .
“ thy wrath is come,
thy wrath is come, and “ and the season of the the time of the dead, “ dead, for judgment
that they should be “ to take place, and judged, and that thou “ to give the reward shouldest give reward “ to thy servants the unto thy servants the “Prophets, and to the prophets, and to the “ Saints, and to those saints, and them that “ who fear thy pame,
fear thy name, small " to the small and to and great, and should" the great; and to est destroy them which
destroy those that | 19 destroy the earth. And
destroy the earth." the Temple of God was 19 And the Temple of opened in heaven, and God was opened in
there was seen in his heaven, and the Ark temple the ark of his of his Covenant was testament: and there seen in bis Temple. were lightnings, and And there were light- voices, and thundernings, and voices, and ings, and an eartha thunderings and earth- quake, and great hail. quake, and great hail.
Ver. 15. And the seventh angel sounded, and there. were loud voices in heaven, saying ; &c.] The sound of the seventh Trumpet was become an object of expectation. It was the last Trumpet, the sabbatical one, which, after a long period of warfare, should bring rest and peace to the Church. The angel had solemnly declared, that “in the days of the voice of “ the seventh angel, the mystery of God should be “ finished *.” Immediately therefore as the sound of this Trumpet is heard, heavenly voices hail the happy time, and announce the triumphant reign of God and Ch. x. 7.
of his Anointed. The twenty-four elders join the heavenly chorus, anticipating the joyful event, even before it is disclosed in prophetical vision. Thus the scene is suddenly removed from earth to heaven; where the same apparatus, and the same heavenly ministers appear, surrounding the throne of God, as in the fourth chapter.
Ver. 18. The nations were wrathful.] This agrees with the opening of that august prophecy of our Lord's kingdom, in the second Psalm:
Why do “ the nations so furiously rage ?" &c.
The same subject is also magnificently displayed in the 110th Psalın.
Ib. The season of the dead, for judgment to take place.] The received translation expresses that the dead are to be judged at this time. But this does not appear the whole import of the original : for, before the great day of retribution, when the literally dead shall be raised from their
before the judgment-scat, (as in ch. xxii. 12.) another kind of judgment is to be expected; that by which the inequalities in the distribution of justice are, under the earthly reign of Christ, to be rectified. Κρισιν τοις έθνεσι επαγγελει, , "Ile shall utter judgment “ țo the nations,". was the prophetic designation of our Lord *. .“ All judgment was committed to him” by the Father t; and his right to exercise it, took place from his crucifixion : but this judgment was suspended for a time, H aguars æuis upén , and was not to be exercised, in plenitude of power, till the times of the Gentiles should be fulfilled l; and this judgment, though livt perfected in all its parts before
Matt. xii, 18. $ Acts viii. 33.
# John xii. 31.
+ Jolin v. 22.
# Luke xxi, 24.
the great and last day, (which is also comprehended under this Trumpet) yet, is first to be displayed, in the destruction of the corrupt worldly powers, and the restoration of a purer religion and morality. This display of Christ's judgment on earth we shall yet behold under this Trumpet; and the jubilant songs of the heavenly choir evidently refer to it. " The “ time of the dead,” may likewise signify in that metaphorical sense in which the word death, &c. is frequently used) the time when pure Religion, dead and buried, as it had been with the witnesses, shall revive and flourish. But no final opinion can be passed on an unfulfilled prophecy, before the event shall direct the interpretation.
Ver. 19. The ark of his covenant was seen in his Temple.] “ The Ark of the Covenant" (the sacred coffer, so called, because it contained the tables of the Covenant, into which God had deigned to enter with the ancient Church) was deposited in the “ta“bernacle, called the holiest of all *.” This interior part of the temple, accessible under the law to none but the high-priest, is now opened; and the ark is exhibited to view. Jesus Christ, the only Highpriest, and Mediator of the New Covenant, who had here deposited his New Covenant of Mercy, even “ the everlasting Gospel;" who had broken down the partition excluding the Gentiles from its benefits; who alone could enter the Holy of Holies; grants it to be exhibited. As the walls of the idolatrous Jericho fell before the ark of the Old Covenant, so will the corrupt Babylon before this. But that which seems more immediately to be signified under this exhibition, is the restoration of the Gospel; of the Christian Religion,