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ber. When prosecuting the enquiry, What is God, I shall shew what he was in the minds of men when Jupiter, Juno, and the other astronomical Gods, held that sacred place in the minds of men, which Jehovah, Christ, and the Virgin Mary, afterwards assumed and divided with the really existing flesh and blood Divinity of Mecca. The Astronomical Heaven' will also be con. sidered, and proved to have too great an affinity with the Christian Paradise to permit ad y sensible mind to ascribe to the latter a more positive and less emblematical or fignrative origin.
The political excitements of the last forty years, considered in antithesis to the present temporary cessation of violent revolutions, leaves the European world to gape for news and excite ment: and the late ever-sounding phrase of What news? hab almost died away Struggles for liberty are still heard of as existing in South America and in Greece; but they are of so faint and uninteresting a character, as scarcely to be worthy of mentioa beyond the columns of a newspaper that is necessarily filled with such reports, I confess, that it is rare that I now hear of a foreiga circumstance that excites the least feeling in my breast; but still i perceive a silent revolution working well its way through whatever portion of mankind the printing-press operates upon
WHAT IS GOD?;,
None of the Christians seem inclined to say a few words in aaswer to this question. Promises of an answer have been made, or rather an answer to the review of William Allen's Lecture in * EVERY MAN's Book ;" but none of them seem to be forthcoming. That review was thought of and produced in a few hours, and in the bustle of a shop: will not a month suffice for an an, swer? The work excites interest, is in demand, and we shall shortly make it a match book, in a new edition, for “EVERI Woman's Books," the demand for which does not abate. Time, considération and observation remove the prejudices that grew up with its first appearance. Respectable looking women pure chase it and converse upon it, and we daily hear of cases where it has restored health and peace of mind to delicate married women.
INTOLERANCE OF THE SAINTS.
To the Editor of " The Republioun.".
SIR, On Tuesday evening (the 24th inst.) upon my return from the seventy-seventh discussion of the Christian Evidence Society, in which the business that devolves on me must naturally be thought to induce considerable fatigue, I went, accompanied by a friend (Mr. B-) to take supper (sicut meus est mos) at the Cock Tavern, Fleet-street, which, from its proximity to my own residence, and the convenience of supplying warmth and refreshment with extraordinary expedition, is a considerable convenience of life to me and one, which, for that réason only, I cannot be reconciled to be deprived of without remonstrance.
In the box, at the upper end of the root, besides myself and friend, there was a gentleman who made himself known to me with very flattering expressions of the pleasure he had received from me in my public character; and another gentleman who had that day arrived from Cambridge, and claimed the ever-agreeable familiarity which always obtains between gentlemen, upon discovering that they have both been educated in the same University. Our conversation tan on general reminiscences sufficiently interlarded with literary allusions, and Greek and Latin quotations, to gratify our mutual vanity: his, in shewing that he had acquired, and mine in shewing that I had not forgotten, the classic page. From classical allusions-from Plato to metaphysics--from metaphysics to divinity, the transition was imperceptible; and our agreeable coterie was joined by two gentlemen; one of whom håd met me there before and introduced his friend on this occasion, expressly to share the felicity of so interesting a conversation. Our tore of language was low, and adapted to the perfect amenity of feeling which prevailed amongst us. Not a word could by any possibility have obtruded itself on the audience of the adjoining box. Yet, for all this, our own attention was broken in upon-by a gradually increasing indication of interference from the box opposite, and we were obliged to hear from a gentleman in spectacles, repeated and, offensively intended ejaculations of Taylor, the Infidel!“He is a public character, and every man has a right to interfere." And, at last, after having called the oyster-man and waiters about him, and communicated to them the grounds of his indignation, he boister
Vol. XIV. No. 16.
ously struck the table and exclaimed". That man there! I'll not look at him! but that man ! I
that it will be a disgrace to the landlord of this house, if he ever suffers such a man as that to enter his house again.' I had no occasion to answer this insolence; nor, indeed, either disposition or ability to do so. My cause was sufficiently warmly advocated by the gentlemen who sat with me, and seconded by the general sense of the whole company
The young Cantab, however, made a foolish speech, and a vain attempt to conciliate the displeasure of the wrathful Christian, by telling him that we were all Christians-a compromise to which I did not choose to subscribe ; and in a low tone of voice, taking the moment when such a tone could be heard, I took the liberty to remark that, “I was not a Christian, but as I had not come thither to say either my prayers or my belief, nor had ever at any time obtruded my conversation on any persons to whom it seemed disagreeable, I hoped I might be as welcome there as any other stranger, and be allowed to take a supper in peace upon the sufficient condition of paying for it.”. Upon this I begged to see the landlord hiinsell, and was informed by the waiter that he 'had retired; but bad commissioned him (the waiter) to inform 'me that“ He desired I would never enter his house again." Upon receiving this message, for the first time, I appealed, and appealed very successfully to the sense of the whole company, “ Whether upon what they had witnessed, a gentleman, who, as they saw, had given no offence; nor intended it to any one; who appeared in that room as a private individual only, and not one word of whose conversation was intended to be heard (nor could be heard birt by the most unworthy and disgraceful listening and eavesdropping) beyond the circle to which it had been agreeable, was to be forbidden the use of that public room by the mere autbo- rity of the landlord, and without any assigned reason whatever.” I put the question to their sense of justice “ as Englishmen, was such a message deserved ? Was it fair between man and map.? Was it common justice ? Was it common honesty ?" Every heart seemed to respond to the force of the appeal. Some who avowed that they differed from me in sentiment shook hands with me in expression of their sympathy in the sense of oppression; and I then put it to the judgment of the company“ Whether it would become me, as a gentleman, on behalf of the public, not of the publican, to insist on my right of being entertained in that public-house io defiance of so' unjust an inhibition.” The unanimous decision was, that it WOULD BECOME ME! And I accordingly announced my intention of returning to supper on the next evening at ten o'clock, I attended as I had promised, but to incur only the additional insult of being refused attendance: and have, therefore, no other redress but the consolation of my
fixed determination never to subject myself to a repetition of such unprovoked and unmanly insults.
I am, Sir, &c.
ROBERT TAYLOR. I.
Note.-Nothing but the religion of the subject could induce me to insert the following letter. Such a religion must be exposed and scouted, Call the Bible a History of the Jews, with a collection of their Tales, Psalms, and Proverbs, and no one will object to it as a history, though it would not be prudent to make it a class book for children; . but while it is called a spiritual treasure, it deserves all the ridicule that can be thrown upon it. The writer of the following letter is not a youth; but one who has filled out the common age of man.
I agree with the writer, that the contents of the Bible do not merit grave
discussion other than upon the correctness or incorrectness of their historical relations,
To the Editor of “ The Republican.”
Sır, Some author has compared metaphysical discussions to digging in a well; the deeper we go, the more we are in the dark; and a more happy comparison could not possibly be imagined. I am led to the above remark, from observing frequently in your valuable work, dry, tedious discussions respecting matter and spirit; in which your correspondents are apt to confound themselves, and bewilder their readers by their attempts to explain IMMATERIALITY. Groping in the dark after phantoms, and trying to prove that nothing is soMETHING ; and by losing sight of physics, our only real guide, pro and con, to as little purpose as Locke when he endeavours to define immaterial substance : as if substance were not matter.
But these investigations, insignificant as they may be, are infinitely preferable to the long-winded, unmeaning dissertations of your fire shovel-hat correspondents; (for such I presume them to be) respecting the holy trash so much in vogue at present, and of which such plentiful doses are charitably administered by the higher orders to their Christian brethren the lower orders, who, the fusty stuff being dubbed sacred, and abounding in such pretty stories as Baalam and the Donkey; The Strong Man and his Foxes; and Jonah in his Live Tripe-shop, &c. gape after it with all the eagerness of swine after garbage. The silly multi
tude always delighting in the marvellous and absurd :-"The vulgar stare, amazement is their joy." Surely, Sir, we shall, in the course of a few years, as we are so rapidly advancing (quere, is it not crab-fashion?) in morality, by the distribution of holy gospels, tracts, evangelical magazines, and similar precious catlap, become a crimeless people, and have no further occasion for gaols, treadmills, and courts of justice.
But, Sir, in conning over the precious Jew-book, which. as the Bishops tell Jammie, the breetish (brutish) Solomon, in their Dedication, “ excelleth all the treasures of the earth.” (They and the host of sable slugs who fatten by may very well say so.) 1 am puzzled to find why, or on what account, tbese Jews became such great favourites with the Great Jehovah! Was it for their pre-eminence in ignorance, barbarism, and beastly customs? Did their notorious addiction to Clogherism and beastiality recommend them to the Lord of Hosts, the King of Kings, and only ruler of Princes !! (Who, by the bye, swore terribly at them in his wrath, and smote them pretty handsomely now and then, considering they were such darlings.) Mr. Thomson, I perceive, observes, “ that the Jews were an illiterate and unscientific people.” What a wonderful discovery! What literature or science would Mr. T. find, I wonder, among the tribes of Cherokees or Catabaws, in the wilds of America, who talk notwithstanding of the Great Spirit, and seem in nowise inferior to the chosen holy squad ?* In many respects, indeed, there is a similarity in their customs and manners. The savages, in their grief or anger, cut themselves with fints or knives, which seems to have been a common practice with the snip-cock race. The barbarous custom, also, of the Jewish females seizing the men by their testicles while fighting, seems to have been frequently practised among the savages, and, indeed, this seems to have been so general a custom with the chosen females, that
• " For thou art a holy people unto the Lord thy God; the Lord thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth."-Deut. vii. it " Ye shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.”—Deut. xiv.
“ Some years ago, the French missionaries and traders, having received many insults from the tribes of the Ottogamies and Saukies, marched a party of French and allied Indians to revenge their wrongs, under the command of Captain Morand, who coming upon them by surprize, killed or took prisoners the greatest part. On the return of the French to Green Bay, from whence they had set out, one of the Indian Chiefs, in alliance with them, who had a band of prisoners under his care, stopped to drink at a brook ; in the meantisne, his companions went ou, which being observed by one of the women, wbom they had made captive, she suddenly seized hin with both her hands, while he stooped to drink, by an exqui. sitely susceptible part, and held himn fast till he expired." --Carver's TRAVELS.