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there must be some which he must borrow, get in the best manner he can, or not read: I find many books, which I much desire, beyond my means of purchasing. I see people of fortune in the same condition. It is difficult or rather impolitic to publish two or three editions of one book at one time. The cheap books which Messrs. Inman, Sim, and others, require, would not suit the taste of those who have money and wish to form neat looking libraries. And as to the publishing of all large books in Numbers, it often becomes bad work for the publisher. Many persons begin without going on, many Numbers get destroyed, so that at the end of a volume, the publisher has hundreds of some sheets and none of some half dozen Numbers to make perfect books. There is no remedy for this but in stereotyping, and stereotyping does not suit every person's purpose, does not suit mine at present. For the octavo books printed for the Joint Stock Book Company, I have fixed the price of fourpence per sheet as near as possible, and that is no more than a fair price.

I am now printing a small copy of Palmer's Principles of Nature to sell as cheap as possible, and it is my intention, after I get well settled, to publish as cheaply as possible, whatever I see to be most useful; always remembering, that I desire to pay my stationer's bill, which many cheap publishers have not been particular about doing.

In Lancashire, much complaint exists about my altered price'; but that price is now unalterable and all parties nust accomodate themselves to it. It is the price at which all the fair dealing London houses do their business and to it I will stick. A few subscribers more or less will not affect me. "They who like “ The Republican” will find means sooner or later to get it, they who do not like it, or care but little about it, may as well drop it on this excuse as on any

other. In answer to William Blackshaw's letters about Mr. and Mrs. Fildes, I cannot hesitate to say, that the husband denies the wife's approbation of the instructions of the “ Every Woman's Book ; but I am not without authority for my.statement, if there was no mistake or misrepresentation on the part of one of the wife's acquaintances.

On the subject of the mis-stated flight of Mr. Cobbett from Preston, I have to say, that the report of Mr. Cobbett's leaving Preston on the Monday evening, was so reported in the Wednesday Morning's papers, that no inference could be drawn, but that he had flown not to return. The Thursday's paper stated the appearance of the son on the bustings as a substitute, and there was not a hint of the probable return of the father. It was under this state of the report that I wrote “flight from Preston,” and there was some excuse too on my side from the many former Alights. I have not the least desire to misrepresent Mr. Cobbett, Mrs. Fildes, or any other person, and I confess that the subsequent return of

Mr. Cobbett destroyed the appearance of flight in his short ab. sence from Preston. I had prepared a notice of this week's Register, but found no room for it.

EXTRACT FROM MR. BLACKSHAW'S LETTER.

Tnx young philosopher, whose name is Detrosier, still continues to draw crowded audiences and to excite the greatest interest in this town and neighbourhood. He publicly declares that he is a Deist, that he knows nothing of Jesus Christ being the son of God, that he knows nothing of the Holy Ghost, and positively declares there is no such a place as a hell of brimstone and 6re. He breathes and preaches the doctrines of the immortal Paine, and his sermous or lectures have such a tendency to moralize the present demoralized state of society, that few can go and hear him, and not admire bim. We cannot. speak luo highly of him for the good that he is doing: for my own part, whenever I hear him, there is a pleasing sensation thrills through my whole frame, which my pen cannot describe--the reason is, because his sentidients are congenial with my own, You may have some idea what he is doing when I inform you, that the Methodists and Calvinists have begun to preach two or three times a week close by his chapel, in order, as they say, to counteract the poisonous doctrines which he sets forth. The Rev. George Ryan is to preach this evening, and I am going to hear him.

Trade still continues to be very bad bère; thousauds out of employ, atid it is the general opinion that the times will never mend under this system. I have been out of employ pineteen weeks, and we are six of a family. You can, scarcely form av idea of the distress that prevails here.

Note by R. C.-Though sorry to hear of the distress in that neighbourhood, I rejoice to hear of such a preacher as Mr. Delrosier. He must be the provincial “ Orator of the Christian Evi. dence Society." I hope to visit Lancashire in September, and to shako hands with Mr. Detrosier.

NOTICE, We have not been able to get the carpenters out of the shop at 62, so as to open it this week; but it will be opened in the early part of the next week. The same circumstance has thrown me back with this Number of “The Republican" and has been an interruption to the labour which I had intended to bestow on this week's address to the public, I intended to have beeu a little more prolix, though I do not see that I could have said more than I have said. I ain but an indifferent band to write by measure, and the necessity is in itself a bad one.

R. Printed and Published by K. Carl!LE, 62, Fleet Street.-All Correspon,

dences fiz " The Republican," to be left at the pluce of publication.

No. 2. VOL. 14.] LONDON, Friday, July 21, 1826. [Price 6d.

TO THE WORKING PEOPLE OF MANCHESTER AND

PLACES ADJACENT.

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CITIZENS, Reports reach town, that you have men among you plotting sham insurrections and calling upon you to arm and to rise in arms for a redress of your grievances. I am not the man to discourage a genuine attempt of this kind; but I am particularly solicitous to prevent, at this important moment, all such ridiculous attempts or pretensions to the thing, as those which have been carrying on in your neighbourhood for many years past, and I would earnestly exhort you to abstain from all those ridiculous, those mere vagabond assemblages, which are confused and fly in all directions at the sight of a company of soldiers. By such tricks as these, you will neither be feared, respected, nor pitied. The newspapers tell us, that some bundreds of you paraded the back streets of Manchester and marched in a body to Middleton, picking up staves by the way, before the soldiers and police officers could overtake you:. that you, or one of you was base enough to throw a brick at a single soldier; but

that when a body of soldiers appeared, you all fled with rapidity · and confusion into holes, corners and pigsties. Such conduct as this must make the soldiers your enemies, must make them despise and detest you, as base cowards, as villains that would murder but dare not fight. This should not be. To do any good, you must make yourselves to be respectfully pitied and feared. You must show the soldiers that you are brave men seeking susteDance, and not ruffians to assail them with stones and brickbats, and to fly when they resent such treatment. You must excite their sympathy and admiration and not their resentment. Your duty, when assembled for any purpose of discussion or information or whatever is useful, is, to act on the defensive and not on the of fensive. The soldiers are hired and paid for the sole purpose of quelling your attempts at insurrection; but they are not the more for that your unfeeling enemies. Your conduct deservedly makes them enemies. You cannot expect, you do not deserve, the least sympathy from them, while a man of you is base enough to assail . them with stones or other missiles before they put your lives in

Printed and Published by R. Carlile, 62, Fleet Street,

PREPARE FOR THE WORST.

danger. In defence, in real war, all missiles are, by custom, lawful; but it is the rash, intemperate man, the man who wants sense and fortitude, the coward, who can throw the first stone and then fly.

All admit that your distresses are intolerable; there is a talk that the ministers contemplate something like effective relief. cannot see how they can grant it to you and maintain a particle of their old system of government; but still I would have you to waiti awhile with a little more patience; but while you wait,

Take your own time. With systemi and with cool patience, perseverance, and fortitude, you can accomplish any thing, and this line of conduct will make you feared and respected, and induce the existing legislature to do whatever can be done for you. What need is there of your assembling in thousands to be told by one man to prepare arms ? The idea is ridiculous. If you are men of mind, if you have a courage equal to the working out of your salvation from your pre. sent distress, Why not be always ready? Why not each do that which is necessary, without consulting your neighbours, or without talking about it?

All parties are sensible, the ministers themselves are sensible, that great changes must take place in the government of this country. It is impossible to say what will be done. But conduct such as I have reprobated will not forward any useful change: it will make it a war between the good and the bad men of the country and give weight to all the evils that afflict you. By good men, I distinguish those who really desire a change for your benefit; but who will not assist to bring it about in a ruffianly and cowardly manner: who will not make it a war of brick bats and filth: who will not identify themselves with cowardly ruffians, who can swear, bluster and throw a stone, but who are not fit to act with brave njen stak: ing their lives with coolness, fortitude and perseverance in a great national contest.

It is well to address you thus. It is the language of friendship to you. _It is the sincere mind of one who would revolt as quickly from Hattering

the vices of a mere ruffianly mob of labourers in distress, or not in distress, as he would from flattering the vices of a king, or a mob of courtiers. The men whom you want as guides and advisers are they who can take a calm and impartial view of what is right and be bold enough to state that view to you in language that is not to be misunderstood. This, I sball undertake to do: this I feel to be my duty: and this I will do, however you may like or dislike it, or whatever may be the consequence to myself.

RICHARD CARLILE, London, July 20, 1826.

GENERAL EMANCIPATION,

The following note and letter I have just received from Liverpool. The original copies will be on sale at 62, Fleet Street, and I shall think myself well off when I get the cost of carriage by the sale. Country friends ought to have some thought about the cost of trañsmitting packets of this kind. I have paid this day 1s. for the receipt of. 18s. in a country parcel: 28. 2d. for the receipt of 10s. and 4s. 2d. for this Liverpool parcel.

I noticed in this • Morning's Herald,' whether real or fictitions I cannot say, a letter representing the Jamaica Negro Slaves as sending their subscriptions and pity for the distressed free la-' bourers of England.

R. C.

TO MR. RICHARD CARLILE, LONDON. Sir, I have enclosed you a hundred copies of my letter, which you will please to accept as a small tribute of sympathy with you for your sufferings upon matters of mere opinion, wishing you an increased sale of every work exhibiting “ the truth," as it is in common sense.

I am yours truly,

AN ENEMY TO SUPERSTITION.

A Letter to Mr. James Cropper, upon the Petition for Abolition of

West India Slavery; with some Allusion to the Distress and Crimes in England, the late Riot at Blackburn, fc. &c.

Sir, Toe idea of a retail dealer addressing a merchant or wholesale dealer, upon a subject of so much importance as the liberation from-servitude of 700,000 negro bondsmen, carries with it at the first view an appearance of presumption, yet, without vanity, I bope to convince you this letter is not unworthy your notice, and that the writer has no other motive than the love of truth, and a free, impartial, and candid discussion of the question, as well as of the immediate propriety, and necessity for such a petition at the present time; I should much wish to know, Sir, in the first place, whether you have not, within these last few months, taken active steps by correspondence, personal appearance, and otherwise, to get up meetings, and to obtain signatures in various towns throughout the kingdom; meetings which have been calculated

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