« הקודםהמשך »
The CHAIRMAN disclaimed having given the Reverend gentleman any such sanction. He was not correct in his statement of his [The Chairman's] opinion.
A Rev. Gentleman, whose name we could not learn, recommended the adoption of the motion for adjournment on grounds distinct from any that had been yet offered. They all seemed convinced that the Bible Society had nothing to fear from a full cxamination of their conduct. If, therefore, he wished the meeting to adjourn, it was not because he was afraid of the result of an inquiry, but because the mode of trying the merits or demerits of the Society was inexpedient. The fair way of appealing to public opinion, was through the press, u hich was open to every body. Through this channel an appeal was made to the understanding.
Mr. Williams.—Yes, but you must bave money,-[Order, order, chair, chair,]
The Gentleman who was interrupted, continued. The whole subject would then be exposed to the cool and dispassionate consideration of all who read it, and at a comparatively small expense. But the mode now adopted was not so much an address to the understanding as to the feelings; nor could it be expected that the Bible Society could be prepared at the instant to answer the charges that might be brought against them. [Mr. Williams-How at the instant, when they have had notice of the charges ?] Leaving out of the question whether they were right or wrong, be thought the present an unfair and inexpedient mode of trying their conduct, and therefore hoped the Meeting would adjourn.
The Rev. Mr. Williams begged to say a few words, but was obliged to sit down amid cries of " spoke, spoke," and " order, order."
Mn. Richman supported the adjournment, on the ground of it being probable that many, like himself, had heard nothing of the meeting till this morning. He did not fear discussion, for the more the Society was examined the better. It would come out of the fire unsullied. But this was neither the proper time or place for the inquiry. Mr. Williams would lose nothing by delay: he would rather gain.
Mn. Jones rose, amid cries of “ name, and who are you?” I am a fellow-country man of Mr. Williams.-[A laugh.] It was remarked by somebody that Mr. Williams was in a state of irritation, and if he continued so he was afraid it would go abroad that. Welchmen were too hot in their tempers. He would, therefore, do himself and the Institution more credit it' he deferred his charges to a time when they could be discussed with more coolness and deliberation than they could be dis
Mr. Williams.—Where are my books that were on the table? Don't take away my property. I gave two month's notice of these chargesthey can't complain on that head.
The Rev. Mr.Mutter was sorry that all this discussion had unnecessarily taken place ; for, if Mr. Williams had been heard at the beginning, it would have been all over now. If this Meeting adjourn, it will leave the impression that the Society were not able to meet the charges.-[Hissing.] It was not very honourable in that body of gentlemen in the corner
, who came from the Bible Society, to attempt to put down discussion by hissing--[Great uproar and confusion, and continued hissing for some minutes.] As soon as order was restored,
The Chairman rose--I hope gentleman will speak without indulging in personalities.
The Rev. Mn. Mutter resumed—He equally disapproved of the spirit of Mr. Williams and of the counter-spirit of the other party. He wished they had chosen between both, and showed more of the Christian spirit.—Let them hear Mr. Williams for five minutes, and then decide whether it would be expedient to bear him further.
The Rev. MR. BLACKBURNE, who had been sitting in the corner alluded to, said, thóvgh he had been residing in the metropolis four years, he had been but once in the committee-room; and on the subject that engaged their attention to-day he had not communicated with any person. He hoped the good sense of the Meeting would support the question of adjourninent.
The questioa was then put and carried, with few exceptions.
The thanks of the Meeting were returned to the Rev. Mr. Cox, for his very proper conduct in the chair.
The Reverend Mr. Cox hoped that the Bible Society would give an explanation, at the proper time, satisfactory to the Meeting, and creditable to themselves.
The Chairman and several gentleman then left the room, but many remained. There were a few decent females present, some of whom remained.
MR. WILLIAMS. Those who wish to hear the truth will remain. Let no one take away my property with him. The truth, and nothing but the truth-the truth will be known. My moderation shall be known to all men.
Somebody asked him by whom the Meeting was called ? He said by himself; and that he had also the authority of the Rev. Mr. Mutter, who had promised to take the Chair. He had his approbation of the propriety of calling a Meeting in his own hand-writing.
A cry of “ Produce, produce!" Mr. Williams tben pulled a paper out of his pocket, which he said was written by Mr. Mutter.
A Gentleman asked who knew Mr. Mutter's hand-writing—can any body identify his writing?
A Gentleman said he could, and asked for the paper.
[ Mr. Williams and this gentleman then met half way, and Mr. Williams, holding the paper with a tenacious grasp, allowed liim to look at it.]
This Gentleman said he did not believe it was the hand-writing of the Rev. Mr. Mutter.
The Rev. Me. Mutter, who then made his appearance, admitted that this was his hand-writing. Mr. Williams called upon him with the copy of a handbill, which contained so much folly and absurdity, that he corrected it, and this paper was the correction which he wrote himself.
Mr. Buok complained of the iusinuation thrown out against Mr. Williams, that he forged this paper. No man could be guilty of such depravity at a public Meeting.
A person here observed -Oh, you are the printer of one of the hand bills.
Mr. Williams had by this time mounted the table, and was proceeding from one end to the other, with violent gesticulation, repeating the following verses from the Bible :
33. He shall be shaven, but the scall 'shall be not shave ; and the priest shall shut him
that hath the scall seven days more. 34. And in the seventh day the priest shall look on the scall : and, behold, if the scall be not spread in the skin, nor be in sight deeper than the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him clean : and he shall wash his clothes, and be dean,
35. But if the scall spread much in the skin after his cleansing,
36. Then the priest shall look on him; and, behold, if the scall be spread in the skin, the priest shall not seek for yellow hair ; he is unclean.
37. But if the scall be in his sight at a stay, and that there is black hair grown up therein, the scall is healed, he is clean; and the priest shall pronounce bim clean.
38. If a man also or a woman have in the skin of their flesh bright spots, even white bright spots ;
39. Then the priest shall look : and, behold, if the bright spots in the skin of their flesh be darkish white; it is a freckled spot that groweth in the skin ; he is clean.
40. And the man whose hair is fallen off his head, he is bald ; yet he is clean.
41. And he that hath his hair fallen off from the part of his head towards his face, he is forehead bald : yet is he clean.
42. And if there be in the bald head, or bald forehead, a white reddish sore ; it is a leprosy sprung up in bis bald bead, or his bald forehead.
43. Then the priest shall look upon it: and, behold, if the rising of the sore be white reddish in his bald head, or in his bald forehead, as the leprosy appeareth in tbe skin of the flesh ;
44. He is a leprous man, he is unclean : the priest shall pronounce him utterly unclean; his plague is in his head.
43. And the leper in whom the plague is, his clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he shall puta covering upon his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean. unclear.
This is what I want to do with the Bible Society. I have been watching them 13 years, and I now want to put in a new Committee, that the old Committee may go out, and take the plague with them, for the plague is in this Society.
Here a little old man scrambled upon the table, and pulling Mr. Williams by the skirt of the coat, turned round to the Meeting, and in the most persuasive manner, placing the forefinger of the right hand upon the palm of the left at every word spoke as follows .-" Gentlemen, I think, and I know that you will think, that an honest man ought to be as exact in paying a farthing as a pound. Now, I borrowed a newspaper from my barber-[excessive laughter) --and I lent it to Mr. Williams, who never returned it to me. This is not fair dealing, and you will say he ought to return it to me."
Mr. Williams-Yes: but I am quits with you, for I lent the same barber a newspaper this morning, which he did not return.--[Continued laughter.]
"Oh!" said a voice,“ you are Mr. Jacques, the printer of some of the handbills."
The Rev. Mr. CROSPIE, who had remained behind to hear what Mr. Williams had to say, requested him to give the subject up now, and defer it to another time.
Mr. WILLIAMS still continued on the table, and had some pamphlets, which he offered for sale. In bargain with one person, be said take them for four shillings --[pause)--have them for three-well, take them for half. They would not be taken. Several persons then exclaimed, “ Oh, here is a sale;" said one, “I bid threepence :” another, “I'll give sixpence ;” a third, “ I'll have them for ninepence.". “Oh, no," said Mr. Williams, “ you'll not cheapen me that way."
This farce continued for some time, till dinner hour approaching, and Mr. Williams showing no disposition to retire, many said they would order dinner at his expense.
A gentleman said, in a serious tone, " Mr. Williams, you had better go to the High Bailiff of Westminster, or the Lord Mayor, and request them to call a meeting next week, where your charges will be fairly and patiently heard.”
Mr. Williams being asked what he had in his bag, said, “ I will show you.” He then took it up from between his legs, and slowly placing it on the table, squeezed up with great gravity a green bag, sealed with a stick of red sealinga wax at the mouth.-[Much laughter, and cries of “ Oh, there goes the green bag."] This he held up to the view of the Meeting, exclaiming, “ This is another green bag-here are the charges—this is the truth-this is the specific which they fear."
A lady came up to Mr. Williams and whispered to him, which occasioned some tittering, till it was ascertained that she was his wife, who, we suppose, mortified at the exhibition, entreated him to retire. He soon after withdrew, and the Meet ing separated.
The charges which he intended to make against the Society are,'a misapplication of funds, and the employment of Socinian and Arian agents on the Continent, who circulated the Bible with comments to enforce their own religious principles.
TO THE EDITOR OF “ THE REPUBLICAN.”
Accept my thanks for your ready notice of the typographical errors in my last, and permit me to resume the subject. ; I say, then, that if in one bundred and nineteen years these fifteen hundred people could increase to that formidable populatioa which held the conqueror of the world at bay, and in another hundred years (A. D. 61) could leave eighty thousand men dead upon the field, besides an infinite number of prisoners in the hands of Suetonius,* our forefathers must certainly have been as clever at making men as we are at making calicoes.
F. P. says that, “ in time”- that is, in twenty-five years, according to his Malthusean ratio--the people of this country will double their present number : and adds" why then were there not thirty millions of people in this country two thousand years ago ?" And I say too, why were there not? One supposition is quite as probable as the other ; nay, I think those who consult Cæsar, Diodorus, and Tacitus, will be inclined to decide in favour of the latter.
And admitting that " in the United States of North America, the number of people has been doubled six times in less than 150 years ;" what does it prove? That such is the natural course and increase of population ? Ridiculous : every political economist, and almost every old woman in the kingdom, knows that that extensive, fertile, and comparatively well-governed country, has been continually receiving a great influx of new inhabitants from other parts of the world. Has this circumstance escaped F. P.'s observation ? or did it appear to militate too strongly against a long-cherished and darling theory?
Then there are the aboriginal inhabitants of North America ; how many once-numerous and powerful tribes and nations have been civilized into nothingness by gin and gunpowder and missionary societies? These things cannot be forgotten, nor ought they to be concealed by political writers.
But with respect to the population of this couutry, perhaps F. P. may say, " is it fair thus to take advantage of my random expression of one in ten thousand ?'” 1 answer yes, perfectly fair, against one who professes to come armed cap-a-pié to the contest : but I will content myself with entering my protest against such random shots from the tubes of serious politicians, and proceed to examine the gentleman's deliberate and formal calculation.
“ Let us suppose, then,” says he, “ that a thousand years ago
* Tacit. Ann. lib. 14.
the number of people in Great Britain was one million, and that they double their innmber every twenty-five years, the account would stand thus :
“ Here we see," continues F. P., " that at the end of two hundred years the number of people would be 256 millions, and if any one will take the trouble to carry out the table to the year 1825, he will find the number to be 1,099,511,627,776,000,000 !” that is, one trillion, ninety-nine thousand five hundred and eleven billions, six hundred and twenty-seven thousand seven hundred and seventy-six millions ! or 336,550 persons to every square foot of ground in England, Scotland, and Wales !! "Truly a very goodly population. No wonder as F. P. says, “ they eat up one another;" I am surprized that they have not ere this eat
“ The great globe itself,
But, we will admit this ratio of doubling every twenty-five years; and examine the matter retrospectively. We have now Kfteen millions of people in Great Britain ; very well, then there
In 1800 only 7,500,000
915 and in 1450 only 457 persons, and a fraction,