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United States' Bank. The whole march through the diiferent streels which had been designated was conducted with the utmost possible order. A few minutes before 12 o'clock, the procession entered the eastern gate of the Capitol Square. At this point of time the scene was exqnisitely beautiful and impressive. It pleased the eye of taste, whilst it delighted the soul of the patriot. The whole area under the awning was filled by a numerous assemblage of ladies and gentlemen. The military, and many citizens who were unable to obtain seats, were stationed around. All was order, and a solemo silence reigned through an assembly estimated to contain at least 5,000 persons.

“The exercises were commenced with music; Bishop Moore, of the Episcopal Church, then put up a prayer, which contained the following passages :- We thank thee, heavenly Father, for the civil and religious government which secures to us liberty without licentiousness, and protects us in the enjoyment of the sacred rights of conscience.' We thank thee that thou didst spare those venerable patriots to witness the jubilee of our nation, and upon that jubilee didst call them hence. Look in mercy, we beseech thee, gracious Ğod, upon their bereaved families; place beneath them the everlasting arms of thy love; may they find a shelter in every American heart; never leave them nor forsake them for a moment; and at last, oh take them, blessed Jesus, to a better world. We ask these blessings, thou God of love, for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen.

“ After another strain of solemn music, Mr. Tyler, the Governor of the Commonwealth, arose and delivered an eloquent address, As soon as the Orator had concluded, the band struck up a fine 'dirge; after which the Rey. Mr. Kerr, of the Baptist Church, closed the exercises of the day with prayer. The whole scene was of too impressive a character ever to be forgotten. It was worthy of the great and good man whose loss it was intended to commemorate. Minute guns were fired for one hour in the morning, and one hour in the evening; and the State-house and Penitentiary bells were tolled through the whole day."

REPUBLICAN SIMPLICITY. MR. JEFFERSON, one of the ex-presidents of the United States, when in his official situation, was accustomed to ride unattended even by a servant to the capitol, where having dismounted, thrown the bridle over the iron palisade, and transacted business, he remounted his horse and returned home. When on the usual visit which is paid by the President to the different States, having for its object the personal inspection of the roads, rivers, canals, fortifications, and various other details counected with the improvement of the country, he arrived at Baltimore, he alighted at what was then esteemed the best inn, kept by one Patterson, who was, as a phenomenon, an ignorant Scot, but had, nevertheless, laid the foundation of a considerable fortune, by following the profession of a hair-dresser after his transplautation to America. Mr. Jefferson entered the house, and enquired of this man for a bed, who, eying him from head to foot, and seeing nothing but a plain country farmer in his appearance, with a pair of saddle-bags under bis arm, haughtily replied, “ Oot mon, you conna hai a bed here, there is no room in the hoos, mon.' While this dialogue was passing, there was a company of young men in the bar-room, one of whom recognized the President, and immediately intimated it to his companions, who, in order to enjoy themselves, at the expence of the proud Scot, silently watched with keen interest the finale of the interview. Mr. Jeffer

son was very sorry he could not be accommodated, and the more so, as he understood, that Mr. Patterson had, perhaps, the largest rooin in Balti-' more, for which, during his stay, which would be about a week or teor days, he should have occasion to see a little company. The Scot, after a second contemptuous survey, and raising his empty powdered pate with consummate arrogance over the movest philosopher and accomplished statesman, “ I tell you, mon, thar's no room in the boos for sic a mao as yai, mon. .". The gentleman, who recognized Mr. Jefferson, then went up to the landlord, and wbispered in his ear, that it was the President of the United States to whom he was speaking. The Scot, all of a tremor, blushing, bowing, scraping, and stuttering at the same time, at length said, " I did na ken yai, every room in the hoos is at your service, O yes, every room, Mr. President." _“ No, no," observed the President, " if such is your treatment of plain, bumble citizens of the United States, when out of office, you do not deserve their custom when in office; I shall therefore go somewhere else.” On which he departed, leaving the proud Scot an humble and mortified object of banter to the company in the bar-room.

DEATH OF LORD GIFFORD.

The notice of this man, or lord, is a contrast to the notice wbich I have taken of Thomas Jefferson. The philosophical president of America with his worsted stockings on his legs and saddle bags on his arm, was a greater man than Robert Gifford sitting as Master of the Rolls, or as Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords, in England.

Gifford has some claim on my notice. I knew his family in Devonshire. He was Attorney General at the time of my Mock Trials. He talked about my having opened the food-gates of vice; and though he might at one moment have thought that he had conquered me, he has lived to see my triumph. While, in the gaol, and noticing his rapid promotion to high offices, I envied him not; bnt felt a sort of preference of condition and assured that I should ultimately eclipse him. I had no thought of his early death. He has filled high offices; but has passed through life without honour. The public prosecutions in which he was concerned as Solicitor and Attorney General were of the most disreputable stamp, and the ability which he displayed on them was as meagre as they were disreputable. He was evidently a man selected by ministers, at a critical and troublous moinent, to do dirty work.

He was appointed Solicitor General preparatory to the trial of Dr. Watson for high treason in 1817 and opposed by the present Attorney and Solicitor General as an expression of contempt that such a inan should have been appointed to such an office in preference to them.

He was appointed Attorney General in July 1819 preparatory to my Mock Trials. His conduct, infamous conduct, on the trial of the late Queen, qualified him to be Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, Deputy Speaker in the House of Lords, and a Lord, and finally Master of the Rolls, as an intended successor to the partial and political equity of Lord Eldon. He is extinct, Beyond his family, a remembrance of bim can hardly survive a year. As one who have suffered most from him in his official capacity, I never felt that he was worthy of my hostility. I looked

upon him as a contemptible tool and sought my enemies among: those who moved him. His brothers in Exeter were honourable shop-keepers, and their brother has done nothing to dignify his removal from that station in life.

Lord Gifford died at Dover of an inflammation of the bowels after an excruciating torture, and I am not superstitious enough to suppose that his early and painful death was a judgment upon his political and moral errors. The Jews and Christians have judged many in this way; and had Lord Gifford been the moral blasphemer of religion, instead of my opponent, the Christians would have found a judgment in his death. They would have done so in the case of Lord Castlereagh: They would have done so in the case of Parson Richman of Dorchester. The major part, or a large part, of my jurors are either dead or bankrupt, and I am flourishing! I have not opened the flood-gates of yice, as Gifford accused me of doing; but I found them open and am doing much to close them. I have done more to close them in this country than any man who has gone before me.

RICHARD CARLILE.

CHRISTIAN EVIDENCE, SOCIETY.

A SOMEWHAT curious article has appeared in a Stockholm paper on the subject of this society, which can be best described by an insertion:

“ STOCKHOLM, Aug.-Our journals informed us last month that the remarkable association for examining the truths of Christianity (the Society of Christian Evidence), which has subsisted about two years, is now endeavouring to extend its influence by means of a prospectus, which it sends to all countries. Were they not men generally respected-men esteemed for their enlightened sentiments and merit-mentioned as the managers, we should be inclined to think, from the absurd contents, that this prospectus, which is written with the appearance of great gravity, was intended as a bitter satire on the proceedings of the Jesuits in France. At all events, this prospectus, signed Robert Taylor, Secretary, is a proof of the unlimited freedom of the press in

England, where however Christianity has, in proportion, perhaps a greater number of adherents sincerely devoted to the Christian religion than any other country in Europe; a circumstance, however, which does not hinder a public invitation to an investigation which might seem to threaten the foundations of that religion, were they not so firmly established as to bid defiance to every attack. (Here follows some extracts from the English prospectus). Did we not consider this prospectus as a satirical counterpart to the dark intrigues of the congregation of the Jesuits, we should be inclined to ask, “Can arrogance, presumption, and folly go farther?""

Some of our London newspapers have shewn a fit of anger at the appearance of this foreign notice of the Christian Evidence Society, which has compelled them to notice that which they are very reluctant to notice. It is true, as the Stockholm writer observes, that the freedom of the press in England is as it should be, as free as it can be desired; and the good effects of this freedom are beginning to display themselves.

display themselves. I receive frequent letters from America, which unite in assuring me that what has been done in England toward the establishment of free discussion is not without its effect on the other side of the Atlantic. An extract from one of them I print in the present number.

The proceedings of the Reverend Robert Taylor at the Founder's Hall Chapel excite new interest. The chapel is regularly filled to an excess with a congregation of well-dressed persons, , and the Sunday discourses of the Reverend Chaplain excite a common, even an uncommon, admiration.

The Tuesday evening's discussions have been lately made boisterous by the angered though dismayed superstitious feelings of the Christians; but peace officers are kept in attendance and order enforced.

The notice of this society in the capital of Sweden is the best proof of its utility; and we may soon expect to hear, that societies demanding Christian evidences will be co-extensive with Christianity. There is but one reproach on this head attaching to the rulers of this country-the detention of Clarke, Perry, and Campion, in the Giltspur-street Compter, is a crying shame.

R. C.

EXTRACT FROM A LETTER.

MR. CARLILE,

New-York, July 31, 1826. Though personally we are strangers to each other, yet by your writings and your character, you seem to me like an old acquaintance; permit me therefore, in imagination, to take you most cordially by the hand, and very sincerely congratulate you on your late liberation from a long and unjust confinement in a dreary prison, and on the decided and important victory you have thereby obtained over bigotry, fanaticism and intolerance.' You have eftectually conquered your persecutors, and

established in England, liberty of opinion, and the freedom of unrestrained discussion on a firm and permanent basis. Every good man, of an enlightened mind and of liberal views, must rejoice at your success, and feel the importance of the service you have performed for mankind. Your exertions and perseverance against almost all possible opposition, and in the midst of every difficulty and discouragement, have contributed, more than those of any other man living, or perhaps that ever did live, towards dispelling the clouds of ignorance and the mists of superstition, with which the minds of men are enveloped. Your influence is by no means confined to your own country, but its effects have extended even to this side of the Atlantic, and are widely felt. There are many even in the circle of my personal acquaintances who acknowledge them selves greatly indebted to your publications, for enlightened views and liberal opinions, which they would probably never have possessed without them; and for calm, quiet, contented and happy minds, which they never could have enjoyed under the disadvantages of ignorance, and the infuence of a gloomy superstition. I am myself one of this number. I do not mean to flatter you, when I say, that you have earned for yourself a wreath of imperishable fame, and secured the only immortality a rational man can desire, a grateful remembrance in the hearts of enlightened posterity. I hope increasing success will continue to encourage your zeal and animate your exertions in the great and good cause in which you have been so long engaged ; and may you eventually banish Christianity with its endless train of innumerable evils together with all ignorance and every superstition, all bigotry and intolerance, all fanaticism and persecution, from the world, and substitute in their place an enlightened philosophy, and a universal philanthropy, which shall have for their object the cultivation of our intellectual faculties, the improvement of our rational powers, and the gene. ral and particular good of mankind. A few may continue to denounce you for a time, as a reprobate infidel, a diabolical atheist, a very devil, or an arch fiend of hell, but these shall be effectually silenced, and perhaps convinced of error. A self approving consciousness of having acted boldly and honestly, diligently and laboriously, for the improvement and ultimate perfection of our species, will at least be your reward,

S. R. PARKER.

LETTER FROM A FRIEND

ON FOSSIL EXUVIÆ AND PLANETARY MOTION.

SIR, I DECLINED attending the Course of Lectures on Geology delivered by Mr. Ogg, on account of the extreme heat of the weather, and the inconvenience of inhaling the atmosphere of a crowded theatre at this season of the year. I have, however, carefully considered those lectures as reported, and respectfully beg leave to offer the result of my

cool reflection upon them. From the “ Mechanics' Register” of this day (July 8th), it appears, that the Worthy Lecturer exhibited several specimens of organic remains dug up from a considerable depth beneath the present surface of the earth. His observations on these specimens, however, were such as seemed to have merged the paramount ambi

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