תמונות בעמוד



The Address to the Church in Laodicea.

CHAP. iii. ver. 14—21.

14 Kai tã ályáza | 14 And to the Angel of | 14 And unto the Angel

tās ixxancias in the Church in Laodi- of the Church of Λαοδικεία γράψον: cea, write: Thus saith the Laodiceans, write, Táðs néves ó 'Aurin, the Amen, the faith These things saith the ο μάρίες και σιγος και ful and true Witness, Amen, the faithful and aanbevòs, vapaa tūs 1 the Beginning of the true Witness, the Be

XTÍGEWS T Oss. | 15 Creation of God. Il ginning of the Creation 150ida oo tä ! know thy works, that 15 of God; I know thy öti őtt tuxsos ei, thou art neither cold works, that thou art čte Lesose ©:hov

nor hot; I would that neither cold nor hot: fuxgos s, i losos thou wert cold or hot: I would thou wert cold 16'Outws, öti xaro | 16 So then, because thou | 16 or hot. So then beagos si, rý čte te art lukewarm, and nei cause thou art lukexçòs, óta Sasos,

ther cold nor hot, I warm, and neither cold μέλλω σε εμέσαι εκ am about to nauseate nor hot, I will spue Tð sópatós pigo

thee out of my mouth; thee out of my mouth: 17"Otı déyetso "Oto

17 Because thou sayest | 17 Because thou sayest, wheciós cipus, xxi

that I am rich, and am I am rich, and increasDETRÁTYKA, jedo

grown wealthy, and ed with goods, and vòs xpelar izewo Bej

have need of nothing, have need of nothing; åx vidas, öti où si

and knowest not that and knowest not that i tanaitwę@, vai

thou art wretched, and thou art wretched, and ο ελεεινός, και σιω

miserable, and poor, miserable, and poor, zòs, rj Tupaòs, rj

and blind, and naked. and blind, and naked. 18 gourèse Evje Esasów

18 I counsel thee to buy 18 I.counsel thee to buy σοι, αγοράσαι τσαρ'

of me gold purified of me gold tried in the šus xeroíon ainu

in the fire, that thou fire, that thou mayest ρωμένον εκ συρος,

may'st be rich; and be rich; and white öve włothonse mai

white raiment, that raiment, that thou inária deuxa, ivs

thou may'st be clothed; mayest be clothed, and wigilánn, vai visi

and that the shame of that the shame of thy φανερωθή η αισχύνη

thy nakedness may not ! nakedness do not apTīs yourózmlós og'

και κολλέριον έγχρί-ι appear; and to anointi pear; and anoint thine σαι τες οφθαλμές thine eyes with eye-l eyes with eye-salve,

08, iss Baéreas. salve, that thou mayest | that thou mayest see. 19 'Eyù őges čas poo | 19 see. As many as I | 19 As many as I love, I

λώ, ελέγχω και σαι | love, I prove and chas- rebuke and chasten :

drówo znawcon gv, ten; be zealous, there be zealous, therefore, 20x filaróncoy. ’18, 20 fore, and repent. Be- 20 and repent. Behold, Enna tirno dú

hold, I stand at the I stand at the door, gar, rj xgéw' žár door, and knock; if 1 and knock; if any man mis axéon rñs per

any one shall hear my hear my voice, and uns que, xai ároitu

voice, and open the open the door, I will Tan Sügav, cíoslova

door, I will come in come in to him, and coucos agès avtòr,

unto him, and will sup will sup with him, and wj daarow uil aj

with him, and he with | 21 he with me. To bim Tš, xj avtos fuil tue.

21 me. He who over that overcometh, will 21 'O vxwv, dúow a's

cometh, to him will I I grant to sit with me τα καθίσαι μεθ' έ

give to sit with me on in my throne, even as Me i rę dęóra uso

my Throne; as I also I also overcame, and is gåra kvinnoas

have overcome, and am set down with my και εκάθισα μεία τα

am seated with my Father in bis Throne, wslpós rex in ta

Father on his Throne. 22 He that hath an ear, Spóva auté. 'o 1

22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the xwv és, axxoáru,

let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the τι το πνεύμα λέγει

Spirit saith unto the Churches. ταϊς εκκλησιαις.


Ver. 14. Laodicea.] Upon the river Lycus (for. there were other cities of the same name) stood this city, flourishing in wealth, in the times immediately preceding the date of this. vision *. Near to it was situated the city of Colossæ; and in the times of Saint Paul, these appear to have been sister Churches of the same character, neither of which had been personally visited by this great Apostle to the Gentiles t. To each of them he wrote epistles, which he ordered to be read interchangeably by both. And that which now bears

* Pliny, Nat. Hist. v. c. xix,

+ Col. ii. 1.


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the inscription to the Ephesians, is supposed by some able writers to have been the Epistle to Laodicea *. But at the time of Saint John's banishment to Patmos, the Church of Colossæ seems to have been absorbed in that of Laodicea; or at least the latter appears to have been at that time the superior and predominant Church. But its ruin and present state of desolation are described by modern travellers as more complete and lamentable than that of the other six.

Ver. 14. The Amen.] This word imports truth and certainty ; “I am he, all whose promises will be most “ strictly fulfilled.” See 2 Cor. i. 20.

Ib. Faithful and true IVitness.] See note, ch. i. 4.

Ib. The Beginning of the Creation of God.] See note, ch. ii. 17. For this seems to refer to the new creation, new building, where in Christ all things are made new f. There is a new commandment, a new worship, a new temple, a new city, 8 TAUTAS TUS ATIEWS, of which Christ is the corner stone and foundation I. And he is not only the asxn, but the apagain from the grave, the first fruits, insuring the resurrection of his followers.

Ver. 15. Neither cold nor hot.] Many are the professed Christians, in all countries, as well as in Laodicea, who, contented to be named after their Redeemer, are indifferent to their actions and their consequences. Supposing themselves rich in his merits, and “ wanting nothing,” they fall into a lifeless sort of Christianity, which must needs be disgusting to that zealous Master who suffered so much for them, laying so fair a foundation for their active exertions. Here he calls upon such persons to examine their situation;

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+ 2 Cor. v. 17.

* See note, ii. 1.
i i Pet, ii, 6. Eph. ii. 20.


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. they are poor instead of rich *; naked instead of clothed t; and blind, that is, ignorant, and wilfully so. For our Lord told the Pharisees, “ If ye were blind, “ (that is, necessarily ignorant,) ye would have no sin; “ but now ye say we see, (now ye presume upon your fancied knowledge, and refuse divine instruction,) “therefore your sin remaineth.”

Ver. 18. Buy.] That is, attain in preference to worldly riches. See Is. lv. 1, 4. Prov. xxiii. 13. Matt. xiii. 44–47.

Ib. Gold purified.] Terugwflevyy, such virtue as will stand the fiery trial, or such as men possess after severe trials, assisted by the Divine Grace; for, see the following verse.

Ver. 19. As many as I love, &c.] See Heb. xii. 5–12, which is exactly to the same purpose.

Ver. 20. Sup.] The kingdom of Christ is described as a feast for all people. He is the bread of life; none who come to bim shall hunger or thirst ş. But it may be said, if Christ prepares the supper, why is he represented as standing at the door, and knocking for entranco? But this action is agreeable to the office he bears in the allegory or parable. He is the Bridegrooms, and his servants sit in his house to a late hour, waiting his arrival; when returning from the wedding, according to eastern custom, “he cometh and knocketh," and they open to him, and he maketh them to sit down to meat. Luke xii. 36-38. See also John xiv. 23, which tends likewise to illustrate this passage.

Ver. 21. On my throne.] This is the last reward promised to those who overcome; and it is the richest

* See i te, ch. ii. 9.

+ See note, ch. iii. 4. Isitleda uv. 6. Matt. viii. 11. Luke xiv. 16. xxii. 19, 30. § June 12. 35. Rev. vii. 16. Matt. xxv. 1, 14. John iii. 29.


and most glorious. Yet it is in perfect concordance with similar promises in Scripture. Our Lord's seat is upon the throne of God, at the right hand of the Father*; and he has prepared a place for his true followers, “ that where he is, there may they be alsot." They are “ heirs of God, joint-heirs with Christ; and with him they are to reign [.” These splendid rewards are to be obtained only through Christ, by those who follow him faithfully in his career of spiritual warfare, and of victory, “as he also hath overcome.''

* Heb. viii. 1. xii. 2. Matt. xxvi, 64. xxii. 4. Mark xvi, 19. † John xiv. 2. 1 Heb. i. Rom. viii. 17. Eph. ii. 6. Coloss, iii. 1-4. 2 Tim, ü, 12.


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