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Τ Η Ε
A POCALYPS E, &c.
The Lamb on Nount Sion.
CHAP. xiv. VER. 1-5.
· Kalev, xai
1 And I looked, and lo!
the Lamb, standing on the mountain Sion, and with him an lun. dred and forty-four thousand, having his name, and the name of his father, written
upon their foreheads. 2 And I heard a voice
from heaven, as a voice of inany waters, and as a voice of loud thunder
and the voice which I heard as of
ιδε το αρνίον έση xos Ti Tò opos Σιών, και με αυτο έκαιον τεσσαρακοντα τέσσαρες χιλιάδες, έχεσαι το όνομα αυτά, και το šroux T wilgos αυτά γεγραμμένον
επί των μελώπων 2 avrov. Kai neo%
wix To Heavo, ας φωνήν υδάτων σολλών, και ως φωνής Eρονης μεγάλης και n Qwin nazoa ws κιθαραδών κιθαριζόν
των εν ταις κιθάρεις 3 αυτών. Και άδοσιν
ws adis naisry evú πιον το θεόνε, και ενώπιον των τεσσά
harpers playing on
sing, as it were, a new
1 And I looked, and lo,
a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's
name written in their 2 foreheads. And I heard
a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harp
ing with their harps : 3 And they sung as it
were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders; and no man could learn that song, but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were
Eur Zwar, xai rau
οι μία γυναι
πρεσβυτέρων και dred and forty - four ödels núvezlo readecv thousand, the redeemtry waru, si unai ed from the earth. ixzlü Testápaxoolz 4. These are they who τέσσαρες χιλιάδες, , have not been defiled
οι ήγορασμένοι από with women, for they 4 tñs vñs. Outoisia
are virgins ; these are
they who follow the κών εκ έμολύνθησαν: Lamb whithersoever ชม ;8:พระ ชะ แรเรี" he goeth; these were τοί εισιν οι ακολο
redeemed from among θανθες το αρνίω όπο
men, a first-fruit unto αν υπάγη έτοι ήγο- God and to the Lamb; ράσθησαν από τον
5 Ind in their mouth ανθρώπων, απαρχή was found no guile,
τω Θεώ και το αρνί. for they are spotless. 5 Και εν τη σόμαίι αυτών έχ ειρέθη trudose αμαμοι
redeemed from the 4 earth. These are they
which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins: these are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth: these were redeemed from among men, being the first
fruits unto God, and 5 to the Lamb. And in
their mouth was found po guile : for they are without fault before the throne of God.
Ver. 1-4. The Lamb-on mount Sion, and with him, -&c.] The seventh Trumpet had already sounded, and a general view of its blissful effects, in restoring the kingdom to the Messiah and his followers, had been afforded *. The conflict is now to be expected. But before the battle takes place, the battlearray is to be viewed. The enemies of Christ and of his Church, the dragon, the beast, the false prophet, have been exhibited in the two last chapters. But “when the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spi“rit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him, "and the Redeemer shall come to Zion t.” During the alarming progress of the antichristian powers, the Christian forces are not idle and unemployed. The vision proceeds to exhibit their efforts to check, * Ch. xi, 15.
+ Isaiah, lix. 19. 20.
and at length finally subdue, the enemies of the Church. The Lamb *
appears upon Mount Sion, upon the place of true religious service t; the site of the heavenly Jerusalem ; the seat of the throne of the Messiah . He comes attended by his Church; by the hundred-and-forty-four thousand, who had been sealed as “ Israelites indeed §.” He comes in the likeness of his suffering state, leading his followers to conquer by suffering ll, not yet by his vengeance.
This then appears to be the true, persecuted, and suffering Christian Church, which throughout the reign of the dragon, beast, and false prophet, refuses to worship the image, and receive the mark of the beast. These are marked holy unto God; the precious price of Redemption has not been paid for them in vain 1.
And “there is joy in heaven,” on beholding their array. The voice of Deity from the throne, awful and sublime **, acknowledges them; the heavenly chorus breaks forth into songs of praise and exultation. They sing " a new song ft,” the song of the Lamb, a song mysterious, unfit for innpure and worldly ears #; in which those only can be initiated who are pure and faithful : and the delights of the heavenly harmony are unutterable; none know“eth, but he that receiveth it .'
Ver. 4, 5. These are they, who-&c.] Here follows a description of that pure Church, which alone
See note, ch. v. 6.
† See note, ch. viii. 8. Psalm ii. 6. Heb. xii. 22. Isaiah ii. 23, &c. ; xi. 9, 10; lvi. 7. Ezek. xvii. 22, &c.; xx. 40. Micah iv. 1, 2. Luke iii. 5, 6.
§ See notes, ch, vii. || Note, ch. ii. 7. 1 Cor. vi. 20.
Η ιτε, βεβηλοι.
Christ acknowledges for his own, during the usurpation of Antichrist. 'H yuun signisies generally a married woman; the crime committed with such is adul. tery ; which may be taken, in a literal sense, to represent in general all the defilements of the flesh; or in a metaphorical sense, a woman is a Church, or congregation of religious persons *; which, keeping itself pure from idolatry, is styled a Virgin; but, defiled with such abomination, is denominated Harlot or Adulteress. “They callcd,” says Hegisippus, " thic “ Church a Virgin, when it was not corrupted by “ vain doctrines t." Every part of this description may be found applied in other places of Scripture :1. by Saint Peter; "they have escaped the corrup“tion that is in the world through lust $:” 2. by our Lord; “ follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth," that is, “take up their cross and follow him ý:" 3. by Saint Paul; are redeemed, “ bought with a price]:" 4. by Saint James; "a kind of first fruits of God's
creatures :” Lastly, “ speaking no deceit," "blanie" less before God **. And this description agrees nearly with that of the Prophet Zephaniah : “I will “ leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor “people, and they shall trust in the name of the “ Lord; the remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity,
nor speak lies, neither shall a deceitful tongue be “ found in their mouth. They shall feed and lie “ down, and none shall make them afraid 11:”
See note, ch. ii. 20. + Euseb. Hist. Eccl. lib. iv. cap. xxvi. 1. Pet. i. 4.
§ Matt. x. 38. 11 i Cor. vi. 20.
James i. 18.
The first Angel proclaims.
CHAP. xiv. ver. 6, 7. 6 Και είδον άλλον 6 And I saw another 6 And I saw another anαγελον σετώμενον angel flying in the
gel fly in the midst εν μετερανήματι,
space between heaven of heaven, having the έχoντα ευαγγέλιον
and earth, having an everlasting Gospel to αιώνιον, ευαγγελίσαι everlasting Gospel, to preach into them that τες καιοικείας επί preach good tidings to
dwell on the earth, Tõs fös, rj eti wãy those that dwell on and to every nation, Aros y quiry the earth, and to every
and kindred, and γλώσσας και λαόν.
nation, and tribe, and tongue, and people, 7 Λέγων έν φωνή με- language, and people, 7 Saying with
your $06-0»ls to 7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and Θεόν, και δότε αυτό
give glory to him, for δόξαν, ότι ήλθεν ή " and give him glory: the hour of his judgeώρα της κρίσεως "s for the hour of his ment is come: and αυτά και προσκυνή- " judgment is come : worship him that niade σαθε τα ποιήσαν. . “and worship him who heaven and earth, and τον έρανόν και την " created the heaven, the sea, and the founqño y thu danao- " and the earth, and tains of waters. σαν και τηγας εδά- " the sea, and the
" springs of waters."
The character of the true, faithful, Christian Church having been exhibited, its history now begins to be generally set forth ; while solemn warnings, and instructions, and encouragements, most useful to the faithful during the times of the beast, are delivered. And first an angel, flying in mid-heaven *, proclaims