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occasion a paper was read by Mr. William Yarrell

, Esq., F.L.S.; specimens of Webb on Heat. The Reader justified Hippothon Elliotac and Linneus Grazethe introduction of such a subject in a mus Jeff., from John Ed. Gray, Esq., Natural History Society, by pointing out F.R.S.; nine large bottles of East Inits universal influence over every part of dian reptiles, from Major Martin ; spethe universe. The two conflicting theo- cimens of the turbo politas, from Bantry ries respecting the nature of caloric were Bay, presented by Mr. John Humphreys, brought forward, and a number of facts Cork; a fine skin of a boa constrictor, illustrative of the phenomena of the ra from Mrs. Dickey, Myrtletield; fossil diation and absorption of heat were no horn of the stag, (cervus elephas,) dug ticed, their influence on animals and vege- up in the vicinity of Belfast, from Wiltables alluded to, and the difference be- liam Sinclaire, Esq., ten specimens of tween latent and combined caloric ex native birds, stuffed and in cases, being plained.

the remainder of thirty, including some The following donations to the Museum rare species, from John Montgomery, were received, viz. :--Addresses deli- Esq., Locust-lodge; a flying tish, and vered to the Proprietors of the Liverpool some of the rarer land and fresh water Royal Institution at their different an shells of Ireland, from William Thompnual meetings, from Thomas Martin, son, Esq.; a collection of Irish marine Esq., Secretary; Proceedings of the shells, from Mrs. James Thomson TenCommittee of Science, and Correspon- nent; a number of foreign shells from a dence of the Zoological Society of Lon- lady; a collection of Irish shells, from don for 1832, presented hy the Council; Robert Templeton, Esq.; some rare thirteen copper, and five silver coins, from Irish marine shells, from George C. HyndMr. Herdman, Mill-street; a Hottentot man, Esq. carosse of the skin of the bonti-bok, and The valuable donation of bird skins two bottles of snakes, from Mr. Robert from Chili; received from James George Halliday, Esq., Cape of Good Hope ; a Hull, Esq., of Santiago, had been anspecies of limalu, or king-crab of the nounced on a former evening. Part of Americans, from New Orleans, presented them having now been stuffed, by Mr. by Samuel Vance, Esq.; a number of Carfrae, of Edinburgh, were exhibited, British and exotic insects, from J. O. and, by the variety of their attitudes, and Westwood, Esq. F.L. S.--part of these the contrast of their plumage, excited were received in exchange for some of general admiration.' Among them we the Society's insects, and the remainder noticed herons of different species, falas a donation ; some insects, from John cons, owls, ducks, flamingoes, spoonbills, Curtis, F.L.S. ; specimens of a few of kingsfishers, &c. the smaller British fishes, from William

CRITICAL NOTICES.

The Naturalist's Library. Ornithology. Vol. 1 Humming Birds - By Sir William Jardlice:hovering over one side of a shrub while the

so frail and delicate, they are familiar, burgh, Lizars; Dublin, Curry and Co. fruit or fowers are plucked from that opThere could scarcely have been a better posite, and when about to feed they poise chosen subject to commence a Naturalist's themselves over the favorite flower so Library than the history of the golden steadily, that the wings become invisible humming birds of southern countries.-- or only like a mist, and they then sudThey were calculated to captivate atten- denly dart off to the object. They are tion by their curious forms and habits singularly intelligent, and Mr. Bullock but more particularly by their lustrous and relates the curious manner in which they gorgeously varied plumage. Diminutive in rob the large Mexican bird spider of his their proportions, their wings arched and prey. These bee-like and beautiful creJengthy, ihe plumulets firmly united, and ations, which Sir William Jardine has so the shafts of the quills remarkably strong ably illustrated, are, perhaps, the only and elastic, their fight is so swift as to be birds that possess to an equal extent, vacompared by some to a meteor, and by riety of colour, and a lustre that approachothers to the descent of a sun beam. Though es so nearly to that of the more brilliant

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metals and gems. Superb mantles were William as the T. prasina. Lastly, there made of their feathers by the Mexicans, are variations effected by the sole infiupictures were embroidered with their ence of situation, which is strikingly er. skins, and jewels stolen from their “starry emplified in the evening humming bird fronts,” are worn by the Indian's bride.- (T. vesper), which inhabits the neighYet these tints are versatile with the re bourhood of Valparaiso, upon the naked flected light, and farther appear to vary and little wooded plains, and upon these at different ages in different sexes, and it elevated spots, wants the splendid lustre is not certain if, like the Indian Bunting of the upper plumage. (Emberiza Paradisea), they do not un Professor Rennie has condescended to dergo certain changes in different seasons say, that “with the exception of one which render the recognition of species thing,” Sir William Jardine can write ; oftentimes a source of considerable doubt. we think so too, but we doubt very much Of the first kind we have examples in the how far this could be carried without ruby-crested humming bird, in which the those altered translations and frequent bird of one year is of a brownish grey. quotations which serve to connect the The Trochilus mellivorus from the con very few observations for which a work siderable differences which exist between of mere illustration leaves space. The the plumage of the young and the old work, however, on every account is debird, has been described under more than serving of the highest encomiums, and

The T. recurvirostris, in is unparalleled in cheapness---35 beautiwhich the recurvature of the bill was sup- fully coloured plates for 6s. and we shall posed to be accidental, till Wilson pointed look out with interest for its continuation. out the necessity of such a provision to enable the bird to obtain honey from some

Edinburgh Cabinet Library. No. Il. Life of

Sir Walter Raleigh, by Patrick Fraser Tytler, of the pendant Bignonaceæ, is not in its Esq., F.R.S. and F.S.A. In one vol.- Edin complete plumage, and the young male

burgh, Oliver and Boyd ; and Simpkin and

Marshall, London. 1813 and female of the T. magnifica differ We should be guilty of an injustice to from one another, and again in the adult state: it is indeed only the adult male merits of the volume before us, were we

our own opinions, as well as to the great that has any pretensions to the name

to confine our commendations, so far as which Viellot gave them. The second source of difficulty is exemplified in the merely to consider it in reference to its difference between the male and female valuable and interesting series, or as con

forming an individual number of a most of the T. chalybeas, as figured by Lis- trasted with any of the works which son, and other species. In many the fe- have issued from the press, executed upon male is unknown-this is the case in the T. furcatus, T. cyansus, and T. petas- of the ablest productions in point of ar

a nearly similar plan. It is, in fact, one phonis, figured in the work before us. The disappearance of crests, tufts, and tive in interest, amongst the many pub

rangement and style, and the most attracother appendages, is a most common, if lications which have lately appeared to not a constant occurrence, and in many canvass for popular favour. The conspecies there is even variety in size ; this ductors of the Edinburgh Cabinet Liis the case in the female of T. ornatus, brary, without any affectation or un, which wants the crest and neck tufts, and is less in size than the male. In the T. equitable claims in their behalf, upon the

founded pretensions, have establisbed delandii

, the crown of the male is adorned liberal patronage of the public : from the with a crest, and the fore part of the

outset, their successive volumes have throat is of a deep azure blue, in the fe- been distinguished for varied and instrucmale this crest is wanting, and the upper tive information, conveyed alike with parts are of a golden green. The third conciseness and elegance; they have not cause of difficulty in specific determina- undertaken a task which, upon experitions, occurs in the tufts of certain spe, ment, they have been detected as incomcies, as the T. scutatus, T. ornatus, and T. Audenetii, which perhaps are in the petent to effect; nor are they likely to

commit the error, by which some of their ruff (Tringa pugnax), only appear during cotemporaries have suffered, and not unthe breeding season. There are varieties in the birds themselves which are in- their material and the number of their

justly, in impoverishing the strength of dependent of all these circumstancesthus Lalham describes three states of the able anxiety to publish, as it would ap

resources, by an indiscreet and unprofitT, furcatus, and the same author mentions three varieties of the T. viridissi- pear, against time. The just and honor. mum, one of wbich is figured by Sir alle meed of approbation, to which we

conceive the managers of the Edinburgh

series entitled, would appear to us to de- of benevolence," and the majesty and serve to be founded, not so much upon well-tempered control of an almost untheir placing knowledge within (reach of bounded power, might at this day have all classes of the community, by the cheap- been in progress to be realised. But an ness of their publications, as upon their inscrutable decree has willed it otherjudicious policy in allowing due time for wise ; and we live to regret “what once such a proper execution, and to speak hath been, and now is not,” when the technically, “getting up” of the work zeal of a sovereign was seconded by the as must secure the instruction it contains enterprise of a court, and the one was being the very best of its kind. Hence, urceasingly felt, and the other contivery naturally, their consecutive numbers nually exerted in behalf both of moral are looked forward to with a deeper in- justice and divine truth. Such reflecterest, as experience has proved that they tions, however, although they arise inwill only treat of important subjects, to stinctively, must not lead us too far from which ample justice cannot fail to be the subject whence they have originated rendered when treated of by writers of time and space require that we should first rate ability.

return to our book. In his brief preface, It has been remarked, that it is very Mr. Tytler lays before the reader his obdifficult to fix the era of the “ Age of ject and design, and has redeemed his Chivalry;"-almost all the old writers pledge to a letter in the body of the who discuss the topic, speaking of it as

work. He has selected for his subject long antecedent to their own times.- the biography of one of the most extraHowever, we are content to consider the ordinary men of his day, and has cer. reign of Elizabeth as the age of Eng

tainly succeeded in presenting the public land's chivalry, replete, as every one pe- with a most unprejudiced and impartial rusing the volume before us must allow statement of facts, deriving additional init to have been, with every thing that terest from their being discussed in the could give birth to and cherish gallantry easy and polished style of an accomand courage, and abounding with the plished writer. Mr. Tytler cannot be most celebrated proficients in both. The too highly commended for his careful relist of illustrious characters which are to searches among the state papers, and his be found in the court annals of the vir- accurate examination of other authentic gin queen, sufficiently bears us out in the records and accounts relative to the impreceding position ; a list, which for the mediate subject of his memoir ; while he extraordinary assemblage it exhibits of is no less entitled to praise for his judi. varied and distinguished talent, has ne cious relief of the main narrative, by ver, we may safely assert, been equalled brief and judicious occasional observasince ; neither in truth, we may add, is

tions upon the most celebrated and intesuch an event likely to take place in time resting characters, literary and political, to come; as we have no data at present among Raleigh's cotemporaries. to justify us in calculating upon a similar array of warriors arising at any future

A Father's Present to his Son. Wakeman, Dub. period, in behalf of a true religion and upright politics ; while the darkened line

This little volume has been published as of the literary horizon forbids us to anti

a companion to the well known compicipate the advent of a second Shakspeare lations The Sacred Harp,” and “A in literature, to whom might be applied

Mother's Present to her Daughter," and what was no less merited by the first, in

were we merely to regard it as a speciallusion to his knowledge of nature, than

men of what may be done by our metroby the celebrated Abelard, of whom it politan printers, it would deserve no small was said, “ Cui soli patuit scibile quic- degree of praise; but though in beauty quid erat.”

of typography it would be difficult to But, it chivalry may be considered as point out any English work which excels at its meridian during Elizabeth's reign, it, yet this is the least of its attractions, we may look upon it as set altogether as it contains a most excellent selection upon the death of Raleigh, to rise no

from the most approved authors, whose more. Had it pleased Providence to spare the excellence of the materiel chosen by

names are alone sufficient guarantee for the noblest and the loveliest of her race, in the person of the lamented daughter the Editor for the construction of this of George the Fourth ; all that might little volume, which we most strongly rewith justice have been expected from the commend not only as an appropriate simplicity and integrity of goodness, the present for young persons, but also as well affectionate warmth and kind sympathies adapted for the perusal of all who, with

lin, 1833.

out the opportunity or time necessary for dearest interests of mankind. We trust consulting the numerous works to which that the author may continue to give us the Editor has had access, would yet wish proofs of his industry and discerament, to be acquainted with the most striking by sending out many such volumes as that and interesting portion of the writings of which we now most warmly recommend those who have toiled to advance the to our reuders,

NEW MUSIC.

Willis,

My Harp o'er which so oft I've hung. In imi. We wish Mr. Orr every success, and tation of an Irish Melody: Sung by Mors hope as he has been so fortunate as to Wood at the Rotanda. Coinposed by V. Conran, Willis's, Westmoreland-street. write something that is esteemed, that he Mr. D. Conran is a composer we turn to will continue to exert his musical talents. with great respect, as we know he has

Weber's celebrated Concert Stück.

As per. written several songs which have been formed by Mr. William S. Conran; and pub. very popular, besides a very scientific lished by him at 63, Grafton-street work on harmony, and many favorite We have had frequent opportunities of piano forte pieces. The song under con- hearing. Mr. Conran play this splendid sideration will

, we are sure, be much ad. composition of the immortal Weber lately, mired by the lovers of Irish airs : it is a at the concerts given by the Garrisoa charming melody, well and judiciously Club at the Royal Barracks, and have harmonized, and when sung with expres- been delighted with his exquisite taste sion by the fair daughters of Erin's green and brilliant execution. It would be imisle, we have no doubt that it will prove possible for us to enter into a detailed acvery attractive.

count of all the beauties of this truly

beautiful concerto, but, suffice it to say, The Silent Farewell. A Ballad, dedicated to it is a masterly production and perfect in

Lady Camphell, by Samuel Lover, Esq. Willis, all its parts.

Westmoreland.street. Mr. Lover's ballad shews much elegance The Innsbrücke March : as played by the Band and sentiment in its general structure, and of the 430 Light Infantry. Arranged for the is a very pleasing composition both as to

Piano-forte, by T. A. Rawlings.

Westmoreland-street, the poetry and music.

This arrangement of Mr. Rawling's comThe World goes round. As sung by Mr. Phil. mences with a pastorale movement, and

lips and Signor A. Guibilei. Written by R. is a pleasing introduction to the mareb, Power, Esq., composed by H. J. St. Leger, Esq., Harmonic Institution.

which is a great favorite on the contiPreviously to setting the stanzas of this nent, particularly in Germany; and consong, which are admirably adapted for cludes with a coda, which is very well music, Mr. St. Leger seems to have read worked up. Mr. Rawlings's arrangethem with much attention, and has ex- ments are generally popular, but we think pressed them in a very pleasing and ori- this will be one of his most successful ginal strain, and has taken particular pains productions, with the accentuation. This song is with

I't think of thee. The words by T. Campbell, in the range of tenor and baritone voices.

Esq., composed by F. Robinson. London, Upon the whole, it is a very good semibacchanalian semi-witty composition, This song is every way worthy of its gracefully imagined, and tastefullly ex composer, and we cannot give it greater ecuted.

praise, as we know of no singer whose

excellence is of a more exalted kind than I've met thee at the Festival. Written and Mr. Robinson's; not only is he possessed

composed by Mr. Orr, of the Chapel Royal. of those natural qualifications requisite Willis, Westmoreland-street,

for a perfect singer, but he has shewn the A highly pleasing and original melody, rare talent of forming a peculiar and pure extremely well arranged and adapted to style, and has not been a mere imitator of the poetry, wbich is decidedly of a supe- the English or Italian school. This song rior order to the generality of songs to is admirably adapted to the highly poetibe met with at present. The composer cal words of Campbell

, and conveys all has a great advantage when he writes his the inimitable pathos of the words. It own poetry, as is well exemplified in this has, we understand, had a most extensive instance.

sale, to which its merits fully entitle it.

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