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certainty and accuracy than had hitherto also gave an account, illustrated by been obtained. In his statement on drawings and sections, of the geology of Monday evening, he described the vari- North Wales. He stated that, by Farious adjustments which he found it neces ous traverses across Caernarvonshire and sary carefully to make in order to insure Merionethshire, it was' ascertained that the requisite degree of accuracy in the the strata of that district are bent into observations; and the difficulty and em- saddles and troughs, of which the anticlibarrassment which occurred in conse- nal and synclinal lines occur alternately, quence of considerable errors which exist and are all nearly parallel to the * great both in the signs and in the numerical Merionethsbire anticlinal line." "The values of Laplace's theory of the satel- direction of these lines is nearly N.E. by lites of Jupiter. Finally, all these dif- N., and S.W. by S.; and they appear to ficulties were overcome; and the result pass through the following points :-(1) is, that the mass of Jupiter is most pro. Near Caernarvon, (2) Myndd Mawr, (3) bably 1-1050th of the Sun, 1-1054th Garn Drws y Coed, (4) Moel Hebog, (Nicolai's determination) being much less (5) Moel Ddu, (6) Between Pont-Aberprobable, and 1-1070th (Laplace's) very glas-lyn and Chicht, (7) The great Meimprobable.

rioneth anticlinal, (8) The West side of March 8.

the Berwyns, (9) The calcareous beds to

the West of Llanarmon Fach. The On Monday last, the Norrisian prize bearing of these facts upon the general essay was adjudged to Thomas Myers, views of Elie de Beaumont was noticed; B.A. Trinity College. Subject, The in- and it was observed that the approximate tent and use of the Gift of Tongues in parallelism of the most prominent mounthe Christian Dispensation.

tain chains of Wales, the Isle of Man,

Cumberland, and the South of Scotland, March 15.

corroborate the justice of this theory up The Chancellor's gold medals for the scale these apparently parallel straight

to a certain point; although on a wider two best proficients in classical learning lines may be fonnd to be portions of curves among the commencing Bachelors of

of small curvature. Arts, were on Wednesday last adjudged to Edward Herbert Bunbury, of T'rinity

British Association for the Advance

ment of Science. It is fixed that the College, and James Hildyard, of Christ's College.

next meeting of the British Association Herbert Jenner, Esq, L.L.B., of Tri. for the Advancement of Science shall nity Hall, eldest son of Sir Herbert Jen

commence in this University, on Monner, the King's Advocate-General, has day the 24th of June next, and end on been elected a Fellow of that Society.

the following Friday,

The objects of this Association are, A meeting of the Philosophical So- to give a stronger impulse to scientific inciety was held on Monday evening, the quiry; to promote the intercourse of Rev. Professor Sedgwick, the president, those who cultivate science in different being in the chair. A memoir by the parts of the British Empire, with one Marchese Spineto was read, containing another, and with foreign philosophers; objections, founded on astronomical con to obtain a more general attention to the siderations, and on the examination of objects of science, and a removal of any ancient authors, to the chronological sys- disadvantages of a public kind which imtem of Sir Isaac Newton; and reasons pede its progress. We extract the folfor preferring the more extended chrono- lowing from the Rules, for the informalogy which is suggested by the study of tion of our readers : Egyptian antiquities. After the meet 1. The Fellows and Members of Char. ing, Dr. Jermyn exhibited various orna-tered Societies in the British Empire ments of glass and enamel, a bronze shall be entitled to become members of bracelet, and other implements of metal, the Association upon subscribing an oband vessels of earthenware, some of them ligation to conform to the Rules. of the kind called “Samian." These relics 2. The office-bearers and members of were found in association with bones, the councils or managing committees of partly interred and partly deposited in Philosophical Institutions shall be entiurns, which have been discovered at Ex- tled, in like manner, to become members ning and at Bartlow, in this neighbours of the Association. hood. The skeletons have invariably 3. All members of a Philosophical Inbeen found lying in threes, with their stitution, recommended by its council or faces downwards. Professor Sedgwick managing committee, shall be entitled in

like manner to become members of the after examination the certificate of apAssociation.

proval signed by the Examiners shall re4, Persons not belonging to such In main in force, and to report thereupon stitutions shall be eligible, upon recom

to the Senatemendation of the general committee, to 1. The Syndics recommend to the sobecome members of the Association. nate that hereafter no person shall be N.B.- Persons wishing to become admitted before Ash-Wednesday in the

members of the Association in vir- Lent Term, of each year, ad respondentue of Rule 4, are requested to ap- dum quæstioni, who shall not have been ply to any member of the council of publicly examined at the usual time of the Philosophical Society.

examination in the month of January of 5. The amount of the annual sub- that year, and produce a certificate from scription shall be one pound, to be paid the Examiners of examination and apupon admission; and the amount of com- proval ; except those who, in consequence position in lieu thereof, tive pounds. of ill-health, may, by the permission of N.B.–Subscriptions will be received the Examiners, have absented themselves

by J. Crouch, at the Rooms of the from such examination.
Philosophical Society.

2. That no person be admitted to ex.

amination for the degree of B.A. until March 22.

he has entered into bis eleventh term, he

having previously kept nine terms excluNotice was given that at the congre

sive of the term in which he was adgation on Wednesday last petitions to mitted, and that no certificate of approboth Houses of Parliament would be val, in the case of a person so examined proposed to the Senate against “ A bill in his eleveuth term, shall be valid, unto alter and amend the Laws relating to less it shall appear when such person apthe Temporalities of the Church of Ire- plies for his admission ad respondendum land." The petitions were, however, quæstioni, that he has kept the said elewithdrawn, in consequence of the motion venth term. “ upon the subject being postponed.

These regulations shall not apply to At a meeting of the Syndics appointed those persons whose names shall appear by a grace dated Feb. 18, 1833, to con in the List of Honors at the examination sider of what standing candidates for the in January, 1834. degree of B. A. ought to be, before they A grace will be offered to the Senate are allowed to be examined for that de- at the congregation this day, to the efgree, and also to consider for what period fect of the above resolutions.

LEARNED SOCIETIES.

ROYAL DUBLIN SOCIETY.

The Royal Dublin Society proposes, present are little aware, the public will, with the concurrence and assistance of doubtless, be gratified, and will be induced the Manufacturers, Artists, and Artisans to patronize their improvement; and the of this country, to institute an Annual spirit of emulation which can scarcely Exhibition of Irish Manufactures, Pro- fail of being excited among the Exhibiductions, and Inventions, conformable to tors, must tend to national advantage. the plan which, for several years, has been Honorary distinctions, in the form of followed with sig advantage in Paris, medals or certificates, are to be conferred and other capital cities on the continent; for any extraordinary excellence, whether and also in London and Edinburgh. in workmanship or invention.

By the opportunity which will be thus Several distinguished manufacturers in afforded of seeing the variety and excel- the city of Dublin, and its vicinity, have lence of articles really manufactured in already signified their approbation of the Ireland, and of which many persons at plan, and their intention to assist and

VOL. I.

5 C

promote it; and the inhabitants of every of any article too large for an exhibition part of Ireland are invited to concur, and room, to communicate on the subject with the No article can be entitled to a premium Assistant Secretary of the Society, giv, without clear and satisfactory proof of ing a description of the articles which its being the manufacture, invention, or they may be disposed to exhibit. The production of Ireland. exhibition is to take place within the Re The nature of the article intended for pository of the Society on the second exhibition, and the space it is likely to Monday in February, 1834: all articles occupy, to be distinctly stated by the perfor it should be ready, and sent in or be- son who is disposed to exhibit it. fore the !st of that month.

Articles admitted into the Exhibition Amongst the articles of which the Ex- cannot be removed until the period of hibition may consist, may be enumera- exhibition be over, which may last two, ted

or perhaps three weeks.

Prices may be attached or not, to the The productions of our looms in wool

articles, at pleasure. lens, linens, cotton, silk, and their nu

Articles to be conveyed to and from merous varieties. Lace, hosiery, threads, yarns, printed and whom they belong.

the Exhibition at the expense of those to stamped cotton, and other goods.

After the hours of exhibition, the rooms Leather and skins variously prepared, and to be locked, and to remain under the

their applications in saddlery, harness, custody of the officers of the Society; but

shoes, gloves, and fancy wares. Hats of every description—Imitation hibitors of any curious or valuable arti

every facility will be afforded to the exLeghorn and straw bonnets.

cles, to secure them in cases which may Papers, plain, stamped, and coloured. Paper hangings, painted floor cloths, fan- be sent in for the purpose, or in such

manner as may be deemed most expecy matting.

dient. Gold and silver plate, jewellery, watches, The Exhibition to be opened free to

clocks, mathematical, optical, and other the public-on Tickets—which may be scientific instruments.

obtained from the members or officers of Glass, in all its variety of form and use.

the Society Pottery ware.

Each article offered for a premium, Hardware, whether wrought or cast, in must be accompanied with a sealed note

steel, iron, copper, brass, bronze, or containing the name of the exhibitor, other metals.

which will not be opened till after the Cutlery.

premiums are decided, and which will be Fire arms.

before the public Exhibition takes place, Dies and medals.

in order that the names of the exhibitors Engravings, whether on metal or stone. may be marked on the articles obtaining Lithography, typography. Carvings, turnings, and ornamental works sired by the owners.

premiums, unless it shall be otherwise dein ivory or wood—in foreign or Irish marbles, and imitations thereof.

At a meeting held on Thursday tho Musical instruments.

14th of March, it was resolved Cabinet ware and upholstery, gildings,

That it be referred to the Select Com&c. Machinery, and mechanical contrivances, ture, to communicate with the country

mittee, and the Commitee of Agriculand models thereof,

gentlemen, during the Cattle Show, and Models or plans of buildings. Relief in plaster, wood, stone, sculpture. and expediency of offering Premiums for

to consider and report on the advantage Carriages, agricultural instruments,

Hay brought into Smithfield market, in. Chemical preparations, useful in arts, ma

Dublin, in Trusses, nufactures, or medicine. Products of our mines and quarries.

The following donation was presented Specimens of agricultural and horticultu

to the Society by M. Fitzgerald, Esq., ral produce.

M.R.D.S. In fine, every article which can serve

A Head of the Sus Babyrusse" of to exemplify native ingenuity and indus- Linnæus. try, and illustrate our national resources.

There are extensive Sheds for the ex RESOLVED—That the thanks of the hibition of Carriages of all kinds, of im- Society be presented to Mr. Fitzgerald for plements of husbandry, of machinery, or this valuable and very perfect specimen.

1

At a meeting on the 25th of April, direction of the Royal Dublin Society. the following report was presented from I beg you will offer my thanks to the the Committee of Agriculture :

Society, and at the same time express my “ The Committee of Agriculture and gratification that the attention of that Planting have to state to the Society, learned body should have been directed that in conformity with their Report pre- to a practical subject of this nature, imsented on the last day of meeting, which portant as it is to the manufacturing inwas then approved and confirmed, they dustry of Ireland. have, at the desire of the gentlemen from “ I have the honor to be, Sir, whom the communication therein alluded

“ Your very obedient, to was made, proposed to the noblemen

“ Humble Servant, and gentlemen interested in the promo

“ SPRING RICE. tion and encouragement of husbandry in

“ Edward Hardman, Esq." Ireland, who may be disposed to adopt the suggestions therein put forth, to meet your Committee in the Committee-room

The following letter from Sir E. S. on Wednesday, 15th May; and your and it was ordered that the letter should

Lees to the Assistant Secretary was read, Committee have sanguine hopes that by the cooperation of this body with the be printed in the Appendix to the MiRoyal Dublin Society, many objects of nutes of the proceedings, and referred to general utility to the agricultural inte

the Committee of Agriculture, with aurests of Ireland will be promoted. The thority to order one of the Machines as

a model:
result of the meeting shall be laid before
the Society.

“ MY DEAR HARDMAN,
“ C. S. HAWTHORNE, “ Although an exile in this happy and
“ Chairman.” most hospitable country, I hope I shall

never be insensible to the interests of our Mr. Hawthorne presented the follow own unfortunate native land ; and, thereing report from the Selected Committee fore, I write to you in reference to a maand the Committee of Chemistry : chine which I have just seen here: the

“ The Selected Committee and Com- application of which promises to be promittee of Chemistry have to acquaint ductive of incalculable advantage to Irethe Society, that a delay having occurred land, in enriching the rich, and comforting in the transmission from London of some the poor, while it holds out certain expecapparatus necessary to illustrate Mr. tations of converting vast tracts of now Davy's Lectures on Electricity, the Com- comparatively unprofitable bog land into mittees have directed Mr. Davy in the valuable soil. The object of this machine, mean time to deliver a short course of most simple in its construction, and not lectures on the application of Chemistry exceeding £7 in expense, is to economize to the Arts and Manufactures ; to com the formation of turf peat; and by the mence on Monday, the 6th May next, rapid expulsion of water from it, to bring and have caused them to be announced in it nearer the consistency of coal fuel. the newspapers, as usual.

In both it is eminently successful ; and “ C. S. HAWTHORNE, those advantages are attained by simply « Chairman." placing the turf sod when cut from the

bog, in a press subject to the pressure of READ,

a man's arm operating on a lever, which A letter from the Right Hon. Tho- produces a power equal to seven tons mas Spring Rice, to the Assistant Secre- weight. In about three seconds of time, tary, acknowledging the receipt of Mr. the sod is reduced to one-third of its oriDavy's Observations respecting the Speci- ginal size when placed in the press; and fic Gravity of Soaps, transmitted to him. in this reduced state it assumes the shape ORDERED,

of, and remains a little larger in bulk

than an ordinary brick. Exposure to air That the letter be inserted on the Mi- and sun dries it' in three days, when it nutes.

weighs very nearly four pounds, and be“ Treasury, comes perfectly hard, and very nearly as 6th April, 1833. consistent as coal; but emits a more in

tense beat. I recommend the Dublin “ I have the honor to acknowledge the Society, by all means, to order one of receipt of Professor Davy's observations those machines; three of which only respecting the specific gravity of soap, have, as yet, been completed. Every which you have forwarded to me by the gentleman who has turf land should have

« Sir,

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one'; any wheel-wright can make it.

May 9. Pray excuse this hurried line as our Dubu lin post is about to go off.

Mr. Hemphill presented the following « Ever your's faithfully, report from the Committees of Library

« Edw. S. LEES. and Museum :“ G. P. 0. Edinburgh,

« Your Committees have to report, * April 19, 1883.

that since the last meeting of the Board, P.S.–The machine prepares the turf the Society has experienced a severe loss at less than 2s. per ton.

by the death of their respected and wa. “ Edward Hardman, Esq. Assist. Sec. lued Librarian, Frederick Cradock, Esq., Royal Dublin Society.”

a loss which they have no doubt the soMay 2.

ciety at large will unite with them in deMr. Hawthorne presented the follow. ploring, and creating a vacancy which ing report from the Selected Committee, they will find it difficult to fill with the in conjunction with the Committee of same degree of efficiency, correctness, Chemistry and Mineralogy

and talent. That immediately on this „ It having appeared to these Com

event taking place, the Assistant Secremittees since their last report, that the tary convened those two committees, and allowance of £150 to the late 'Sir Char- that they have felt it to be their duty to les Giesecke, as Keeper of the Museum, direct that the Library and Museum was only personal to him, and not in- should both be closed until the Society tended to apply to his successor ; they should have an opportunity at their meetare of opinion, that it will not be in the ing on Thursday next, the 9th inst., to power of the Society to offer to such give such directions, on this occasion, as persons as may be Candidates for the va

they may judge proper. cant situations, more than the salary en

John M.KAY, joyed by Sir Charles Giesecke, of £150,

" Chairman." as Professor of Mineralogy; and they recommend to the Society, that they

"6th May, 1833." should endeavour to procure for the latter annual salary, (with the liberty of

RESOLVED, keeping private classes,) a person quali That it be referred to the Committee fied by his knowledge of Mineralogy, of Botany, to take into their consideraGeology, and Natural History, to take tion how far it may be practicable to have charge of the Cabinet of Minerals, and a short course of Lectures, on the Phyof the Museum; and that these Com- siology of Plants, delivered by the Promittees should have the same authority fessor in the Society's Theatre, in Kilas that delegated to them on the 4th dare-street, this season, previous to the April last, to invite scientific men to pro- delivery of the course at the Garden, pose for the Professorship.

baving reference to the resolution of the “ CHARLES S. HAWTHORNE Society of the 4th April.

“ Chairman."

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GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

The following are the Officers of the ton, Esq., A. Jacob, M.D., J. M DonSociety for the current year :

nell, M.D., Philip Molloy, Esq. Jolin President - The Provost.

Nicholson, Esq., Captain Portlock, R.E., Vice-Presidents Lord Oxmantown, Rev. G. S. Smith, Isaac Weld. Whitley Stokes, M.D., Colonel Colby, 1 Secretaries-Rev. H. Lloyd, J. Ap. R.E., Richard Griffith, Esq.

john, M.D., Council - Francis Barker, M.D., Ma Treasurers-Rev. T. Luby, Henry ziere Brady, Esq., G. A. Hamilton, Esq., Joy, Esq. W. T. Hamilton, Esq., Robert Hamil

BELFAST NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY.

The seventh public meeting of the in the present Session, was held on Wedlmembers of the Natural History Society nesday evening, 17th of April, on which

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