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and superstitious kings ; and some in- fortunate Edwey, whilst his brother, habitants of these monasteries have, in Edgar, who supported them is extolled their account of them, related what as a pious and virtuous man, as well they knew concerning the events of as a great king, though they themthose times. But Mr. Hume has ob- selves record actions inconsistent with served, respecting them," that they the former part of the character. This lived remote from public affairs, con- subject has lately been brought into sidered the civil transactions subordi. notice by the work of Lingard, who, nate to the ecclesiastical ; and besides, in a more guarded manner than his partaking of the ignorance and barba- predecessors on the same side, has rity which were then universal, were laboured to establish the misconduct strongly infected with credulity, with of Edwey, and to vindicate the interthe love of wonder, and with a pro- ference of the elergy. But it is time pensity to imposture.” To repeat in- to stop. Whether the subject be ever stances of this ignorance is unneces- renewed or not, the chief object is at. sary at present. Nor can we repose tained, to show that the early history confidence in the relations of men, of our country is so obscure and unwho were devoted to a power, whose certain, that little that is recorded can repeated encroachments were the cause be relied on ; that the modern comof frequent disturbances ; men, who pilers, deriving their information from have done every thing they could to the same authority, widely differ among defame those who had sense and cou- themselves, and that our details, whenrage sufficient to withstand their inno- ever entered upon, can be regarded as vations, whilst they praise in the níost little, if at all, better than romances. extravagant terms all those who were Yet men who reject Christianity for its the instruments of papal tyranny ; deficiency of evidence, do not hesitate men, who to bigotry and superstition, to receive these vague accounts, as united ignorance and credulity. Thus, entitled to credit. we find these monks abusing the un
RECOLLECTIONS OF 1803.
To the Editor of the Dublin University Magazine. Sir,-- In the last number of your that his Majesty's government was so Magazine, I have read, with deep circumstanced on the 23d of July, interest, the article entitled " The Dis- 1803, that in ten minutes it might have covery of Emmet’s Insurrection." Of been surprised even in its head-quarsome of the transactions of the night ters, its guard overpowered, its princiof the 230 July, 1803, I was myself a pal members massacred or imprisoned, witness. I knew some of the principal its arsenals and its treasury seized, its victims of that night, and, as a Dublin functions usurped, and all its powers yeoman, I was actively employed—I wielded (for a time at least) by an able ought rather say, was ready to be ac- and successful desperado, supported by tively employed, had my services been four-fifths of the population—if all this demanded.
was even possible, under a Tory goI am not of the class of mawkish vernment and a Pitt administration, sentimentalists, who would bury in ob- and pot five years after the rebellion of livion every recollection of such events 1798, and with a strong garrison, and as these ; and would " breathe not the three thousand loyal and disciplined name" even of the principal traitor.- geomanry within sound of its alarmOn the contrary, if punishment of bell—if this were barely possible then, crime be intendedl rather to warn others, who shall say that the lesson may not than to visit with vengeance the guilty be studied with advantage by the preindividual, how can such warning be sent government of Ireland, and at the more effectually given, than by recal- present day? I do not indeed expect ling public attention to historical that advice offered through your pages, events, not growing out of accident, will be received with complacency, but generated in the same systematic but facts will speak for themselves; and disaffection to English connexion and if they be doubted, as coming through English law, for so many centuries the medium of a Conservative Journal, prevalent in Ireland, and at this day inquiry may at least be excited, and not less prevalent than ever ? But, if that will be enough. a warning of this nature may be salu Now, as to facts ; my own recollectary to the governed, occasions may tion agrees in general with your narraoccur, where even governors may, if tive. For it is a matter of no essenthey will, reap benefit from it. And tial importance that your narrator is in this view, the case of Emmet's in- (I believe) mistaken in saying, that the surrection is of peculiar weight. The mangled body of the lamented Lord project* of a wild enthusiast to seize, in Chief Justice was brought into the a time of tranquillity, with the aid of castle. He was removed, while yet a few hundred undisciplined and ill. alive, from the scene of murder, to a armed ruffians, the castle of Dublin, watch-house, situate hard by in Vicar's the seat of His Majesty's government, street, as the nearest public place.situate in the heart of a great city, this And it was here stretched on the bare would seem so preposterous as only to boards, and in the very agonies of excite a smile. "But yet, if it be true, death, that in controuling the natural
Yet the project itself was not original. See Harris's History of Dublin. The apparent inadequacy of the means makes Emmet's attemp: seem ridiculous: yet such as they were, if his insuriated partizans had not been diverted for a few minutes from their main object, by the irresistible temptation of murdering one, attractive to them in so many ways, as an aged and defenceless man, a nobleman and a judge, who shall say what might have resulted ?
indignation of an attending magistratc, more in my opinion of the certainty of he pronounced his own never-dying the rising, than I was on Friday ; but epitaph and eulogium, “LET NO MAN I had notice of it on Thursday, and on SUFFER FOR MY DEATH, BUT BY TAB that day I gave notice of it at the LAWS OF HIS COUNTRY."
castle. But upon Friday I was less There is, however, a fact of much certain than upon Thursday, but said I higher consequence, as it bears on the would make every enquiry. On Sacharge impliedly conveyed by the nar- turday morning, I got more certain and rative, that Mr. Marsden treated with sure that every thing base and barbatoo much slight, the information offered rous would go forward. I came into by Mr. Clarke. It is but justice to town immediately-I got two or three lay before the public all the circum- expresses on my way, particularly from stances that occurred between those a loyal house in this town, and from a gentlemen, as stated by Mr. Clarke Roman Catholic priest, that there would himself in his evidence upon oath. be a rising. I told Mr. Marsden of
I quote from Mr. Ridgeway's report this, and begged he would take proper of the trial of Thomas Donnelly and steps to prevent it. He said to me, others ; Exshaw, 1803.
“ You have changed your mind very Mr. Clarke, it appears, was called suddenly." I said " I had so," but I upon as a witness, on the trials of two gave him the reasons for it. He seenof his men, who were taken in arms on ed satisfied, and asked me when I the night of the 23d. He was called would leave town. He intended, I be. on their behalf to say what he could lieve, to have me examined by the in their favour as to character ; and, Privy Council, I said I would wait at after having borne testimony highly my warehouse in town at Mr. O'Bricreditable to his own character and en's, and he said he would send for feelings, the following cross-examination me. He did not send, and I went to by Mr. Attorney-General took place. the castle at four o'clock. On Friday,
Q. “Did you, Mr. Clarke, meet Mr. Marsden had desired me to call with accident that night ?". the next morning; and as I came into
A. “I did I was fired at upon Ar- town, I observed groupes of men conran quay, when I was returning from sulting and whispering together about the castle of Dublin, between nine and Newtown Clarke and Palmerstown, ten o'clock—it was a very little after and avoiding me when they saw me, ninc-I was waylaid at the corner of a in the manner they appeared previous lane leading up to Smithfield, by three to the last rebellion.” or four men armed with blunderbus:
Did you ask at the castle for ses. One of them stept forward, and any military aid ?" cried out, where have you been, in A. “ I did.” forming and fired. Ny horse had Q. “ Was a military aid sent accordturned obliquely to him, and I re- ingly ?" ceived the shot in the shoulder. The
There was." blunderbuss, being heavily loaded, Q. “ Although you gave notice of burst, and thirteen slugs were lodged your apprehensions on Thursday, you in me: my horse galloped off, and seemed on Friday to think it might be they fired two blunderbusses more af- a false alarm ?" ter me. A ball passed by my shoulder A. “I did.” and another hit my hat--one shot struck Q. “Then I collect from you, Mr. me across the nose, which bled very Clarke, that any information you gave much. I returned to the castle, gave was received with attention at the casinformation of what happened, and re- tle, and when assistance was required, mained there that night.”
it was granted to you." Q. “ Had you been at the castle, A. - Most certainly. I always èxupon the subject in the course of that perienced the greatest attention and day before ?
civility, and Mr. Marsden, always, in A. “ I had ; and the day before, and my opinion, wished to do every thing the day before that."
in his power to prepare for the event Q. Mention the communication --and I was sorry to see reflections upwhich
had with Mr. Marsden on on him in an English Paper; I am Saturday.”
satisfied he did not deserve them." A. “On Saturday, I was confirmed Mr. Attorney General.-"My Lord,
What his recep
* beat to
1 am glad this opportunity has occurred displayed considerable military talent, to refute the slanders which have been and was looked up to and confided in, published either by ignorance or ma- pot merely by his own corps, but by all lice.'. Mr. Clarke, you have done your, the loyal yeomen in and about Dublin. self great honour, and your country He was a person likely to receive good real service."
information, and not likely to be deYour readers will think it right that ceived in it—and in this instance he the whole case made on the part of the was not deceived. government should be before them :- tion at the castle was I will not say, and I am certain that nobody will im- having no certain knowledge of it. pute to your narrator any designed sup- The utmost he could effect, however, pression of facts, in not stating what, was, a sort of permission to have bis very probably, he was not apprized of. drums in readiness, and to beat to
But what opinion will be formed of arms in case of necessity, with an intithe vigilance of the government is an- mation, however, (as I understood from other question. It is to be lamented, him) that if he caused a groundless that Mr Marsden did not act upon alarm, the peril was hiş. Mr. Clarke's first information, and at It was past ten o'clock at night, and least, order some arms and ammunition I was sitting with my family in my from the Magazine. A few tumbrils drawing-room in street, when my rolling through the streets, with their wife called my attention to an unusual escort, might indeed have alarmed sound in the direction of Merrion the timid, but would have put the brave Square. Listening attentively, I reon the alert, and above all
, would have cognized the highly exciting shewn the conspirators that they were arms," and exclaiming that they were discovered ;-would have broken their “ our drums” I was in a very few mispirit, and destroyed their confidence; nutes clad, armed and accoutred; and reand thus the catastrophe might have pairing to our appointed alarm-post in been averted. Then, again ; why was Merrion Square, I soon joined a number not the Privy Council assembled on of my brethren, whom the same cause the morning of Saturday, as Mr. Mars, had brought together ; many yeomen den appears to have intended ? of other corps, and many unattached There was ample time still for every individuals assembled with us. We necessary preparation.*
were marched for some time through And of the reality of the traiterous the city in various directions, but at design, there could scarcely then exist length were ordered into the castle, any doubt, for it was not only from and our column halted in the upper Captain Wilcox and Mr. Clarke that castle-yard. It must have been then intelligence was conveyed to the castle, near twelve; the attempt had failed, as during that day. Stewart King, Esq. it afterwards proved, and the mischief (a Master in Chancery, and who shortly was done. But, frequently, during the before had become Captain Command- night, a shot or two in the western diant of the Lawyers' corps (infantry) rection would rouse our attention; and on the resignation of the beloved Wils in the total ignorance of all that had liam Saurin) had early that morning happened, and the confidence that our received credible information of the Captain had not brought us out for nomeditated insurrection. Mr. King was thing, we remained for some hours in a man of great energy and decision of a state of anxious suspense. character : in and previous to 1798, as An excellent brother lawyer and adjutant to the Lawyers' corps, he had brother soldier of mine, poor V., in
• An occurrence had taken place just a week before, sufficient to excite more than common vigilance. On the 16th July an explosion of gunpowder had taken place in the house No. 26, Patrick-street, occupied by one Mc. Intosh. It appeared that he had been manufacturing sky-rockets. This might be a very innocent amusement; but on the premises were found pikes, pike-handles, bayonets, and newly-cast mus. ket-balls. Mc. Intosh escaped from this, (which was proved to be one of Emmet's depots) to the Grand Depot in Mass Lane, where he was employed in making pikehandles, &c. until the 23d, when he sallied forth with the other rebels, and was present at the murder of Lord Kilwarden. He was hanged as a traitor, Oct. 3d.
speaking of the days and nights that move, and then in a moment hastened we had been in arms together in the forth the whole party, falling into their rebellion of 1798, used to say, with his ranks with the steadiness of practised own peculiar emphasis—" for my part soldiers, to undergo the inspection of I never passed my time more happily the field officer of the night, or to be or pleasantly than during the rage of told off for the next routine of duty: that cruel, savage, and unnatural rebel- meantime a party who had been just lion.”. Now, let no agitator of the pre- relieved, would return, and the same sent day, in the plenitude of his virtu- jocund meal with all its accompanious indignation, exclaim at the illiber. ments, again filled the room with mirth ality and ill-nature which would affix and jollity. Yes, at the peril of the such epithets to the deeds of the suffer- wrath even of the Arch-Agitator himing patriots of 1798. My friend V. self, and at the risque of exciting all was neither illiberal nor ill-natured. the sensibilities of him of the Irish His character was quite the contrary. Heart," I do declare, with my friend But, feeling as he did, in common with V., that I never passed my time more every Irish Gentleman, deep pity for pleasantly. And it is a matter of joy the delusions which had been so suc- to me to reflect that, without having cessfully practised upon our poor igno- ever purposely avoided my turn in any rant and excitable peasantry; he felt duty, it never fell to my lot to be called also that even for their own sakes, to discharge any of a painful nature. strong measures had become necessary; Once, indeed, in the rebellion of measures in the execution of which 1798, I was for a few hours in momenevery Irish yeoman took his assigned tary expectation of serious encounter. part, not as a matter of pleasure, but It was on a fine warm night in the of positive duty and stern necessity. beginning of June ; my party was staNo, what my friend meant to convey tioned at one of the canal bridges; and by his droll antithesis was, what, in our the men who were not on actual duty corps at least, was unquestionable. were, as usual, scattered about in Well acquainted, in general, with each groups, near the guard-house, under other, and necessarily thrown together the trees or on the grass, indulging in for the greater part of each day, amongst their accustomed pleasantries, when us, the hours that were not employed suddenly was heard to come dashing abroad in the duties of patrol or sentry, up the road, a mounted officer, his were passed in our guard-room in very horse covered with foam. The guard joyous conviviality: any approach to of course had been turned out, on his excess, indeed, the strictness of our approach being notified by our outdiscipline prohibited; but when a party sentries. He communicated briefly with returned from duty with a prospect of our commanding officer Lieutenant B. an hour or two of respite—and when and then rode at the same rapid pace they proceeded to spread their supper- towards the next station. On his demeal, and the havresack yielded its parture, B. gave us to understand its bread and cheese or ham and chicken that we must be on the alert, for that and the flask poured forth its moderate positive information had been received allowance, sufficient to cheer but not by Government, that the rebels intended inebriate," then there was an unre- to descend from the mountains and strained flow of good humour and hila- make an attack, that night, on the canal rity, and the laugh and the joke went bridges as the principal passes into round, and the adventures of the last town, or perhaps to effect a junction patrol the houses that had been with their friends on the norther side. searched, and the scenes that had been We were formed into a column of secdisclosed, and all the achievements of tions in the centre of the bridge, a pothe night related, each by the hero of sition which we were ordered to mainhis tale, afforded sources of never- tain; and were put once or twice failing merriment. The repast ended, through the evolution of “street firing," some, stretched on a camp-bed reposed; as being probably that to which we or to some a book, or quiet conversa- should have occasion to resort. Thus tion served to pass the time, till the we remained until day-light; and opall-stirring call of the door-sentry- posite to us, and in full view, were the “turn out the guard!" caused a general mountains, which we knew were then