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that “parents are lo refrain from putting was proved to do so-proved beyond into the hands of their children,” and that the power of the Commissioners, not we are to be indebted to the Board of only to refute, but even to attempt to Irish Education for a safe and proper answer the charge; they could not, and edition of it for their instruction? Sir, they are unable to do so. If the Archthere is not a man who values the ho- bishop of Dublin can find one of the nour of our Church, whose heart must Commissioners to answer that charge, not burn with feelings of grief and he shall be instantly refuted ; and now shame at a statement such as this. We I say, Sir, not only that their vote do not protest against individuals, but sanctions the worship of the Virgin against errors-not against men but Mary, but since I find that the Board against principles, and when a principle tolerates, as is openly acknowledged, of Popish superstition, such as this, is the use of the books in the Roman set forth before the nation, the higher Catholic depository, to be admitted the authority from which it emanates, into the religious instruction of the the louder and the loftier shall be our schools, I say this, that they sanction protest against it. We value and we the most abominable idolatries and surespect as we ought, the dignities and perstitions that ever disgraced a peooffices of men, but it is only calculated ple calling themselves christians, and I to bring them into degradation and charge the Board of Education with contempt when those who fill them patronizing the worst and most abomistand upon the little molehill of their nable antichristian delusions that can earthly elevation, to lift their puny blind the human intellect, and destroy voice against the authority and the the human soul; and if they will unglory of the God of Heaven.
dertake to disprove this charge, since li is asserted that “an outcry had it is complained they were not allowed been raised against the first number of to plead their cause in Exeter Hall, the selections made by the Society, before and since it is said that the Church of they were published, the proof sheet Ireland is factious in opposing this kaving been surreptitiously procured from Board—and since, respect for his the printers, and it was said that in those Grace's office forbids such an appeal selections they had introduced a passage to the Archbishop of Dublin, in the sanctioning the worship of the Virgin name of the Church of Ireland, Mary."
let Mr. Carlisle, and Mr. Anthony Now, Sir, if this sentiment had been Blake, meet a clergyman of the es. uttered in the House of Lords, it tablished Church and a clergyman would seem perfectly unaccountable of the Scotch Church, or an Irish on any principles of ordinary candour, Lawyer in Exeter Hall, and let the to any man acquainted with the facts; Popish principles of their constitution, it would seem like an attempt to evade and their Popish extracts, and the the charge, by casting an imputation Popish superstitions of that depository, of dishonesty on those who procured which they sanction, be brought fairly the sheet, and of falsehood on those to the light, and I will venture to who brought the accusation. I did assert, that there is not a man that not see that sheet, Sir, but I know that shall ever have the hardihood to call the gentleman who made the charge himself a Protestant Minister, and knew nothing of it till it was placed stand up to tell the British nation that in bis hands, and I know that it was the public money should be devoted to not procured surreptitiously, but fell such an abominable purpose. Now, accidentally into the hands of the gen- Sir, this is plain language, such as befits tleman who got it. Mr. Carlisle made the subject. Let us see will the Board this same cry, and wrote a pamphlet on of Education venture to meet it, then, it too, which was industriously circu. Sir, the nation shall see where political lated in England, complaining, for- faction and crooked policy ; and Chrissooth, as if this passage only appeared tian fidelity and truth are to be found. in a proof sheet, but ought not to be “ He that doeth evil, hateth the light, charged on the extracts as published; neither cometh to the light, lest his whereas, this very passage came out deeds should be reproved, but he that with a title changed in the selections, doeth truth, cometh to the light, that and it was not said to sanction the his deeds may be made manifest, that worship of the Virgin Mary, but it they are wrought in God.”
But, it is said, “it is rather hard to Dublin shall reconcile even to the assume that mutilated selections would semblance of converteney the princireceive the sanction of Protestant com- ples which he published at Oxford in missioners, who had received their educa- one year, with those which he undertion at three Protestant Universities—the took to bring into action in the Metro Archbishop of Dublin, who had heen edu- politan See of Ireland the next, under cated at Oxford-Dr. Sadlier, who had the policy of Lord Grey, that every been educated at Trinity College, Dub- Bishop, and every Clergyman in Irelin—and Mr. Carlisle, a Presbyterian land, will unanimously join him in that clergyman.” With respect to an edu- Board of Education, which till then, cation at Oxford, I suppose it is meant on his Grace's own authority, as an that this is a pledge that the proper opinion, we shall denounce as a comprinciples of the Protestant religion pound of Pagan ignorance, and Popish inculcated at that University, are to superstition. afford a security in the Archbishop It has been bitterly complained of, of Dublin against the invasion of that persons were excluded from the those principles in the Board of Edu- public meetings, to petition against the cation. The argument, Sir, is a strong Board, who were not friendly to the one, and would be a good one if it object for which they were convened. did not happen to be refuted by that This statement to my certain knowwhich is proverbially acknowledged ledge is incorrect-the Archbishop of to be worth a thousand arguments, Dublin himself, received a formal notinamely, a fact ; that fact is this, and fication of the meeting on the subject I lament to have it to write-that the in Dublin, and his Grace did not chose Archbishop of Dublin, as President of to avail himself of the privilege afa College at Oxford, delivered from forded him. the pulpit, and published from the It has been also made a subject of press, a body of well arranged and well bitter lamentation, that “an agitation is digested truths, which were consonant going on in Ireland, which insults the as far as they went, with the principles Roman Catholic population by the appliwhich ought to be inculcated in that cation of such epithets as * Idolaters; University ; but the very next year 'superstitious believers,'' mutilators of the his Grace accepted the Archiepiscopal Scriptures,' 8c. Look, Sir, I pray you, mitre in this unfortunate country, and to what a lamentable pass the Protesundertook to carry into effect for the tant religion is arrived--but one or Prime Minister of England, a system two short years ago, the whole body which the year before, he had himself of the British Senate, Archbishops, publicly denounced—and justly and Bishops, and all the Peers of the unansweredly denounced, as a com- realm, called, in the most solemn manpound of Popery and Paganism, at ner, the God of Heaven to witness the Oxford. The detailed comparison of idolatry and superstition of the Popish his Grace's sentiments, and of the church; and now an Archbishop of Board, are fully before the public, they the Protestant religion, whose duty it remain unanswered, and unanswerable, is to testify against this, and to labour and it is rather hard to impute to us as to reform these unhappy people, is an ebullition of faction in Ireland, the represented as gravely complaining to adherence to those principles, which these very Peers, that Ireland is agihis Grace the Archbishop of Dublin, tated. How ?-Because men are found had published as the principles of the to say, what they every one themselves Protestant Church at Oxford. Is it had sworn!!! As to the Peers—is this faction, Sir, that we cannot conve a compliment to their conscience, or niently accommodate the policy of my their understanding ?-as to IrelandLord Grey, by surrendering our re- alas, poor country when those who ligion and our Bibles at his Lordship’s ought to be the pillars of the truth, behest ? Is it faction, Sir, that we take part with the ministers of supercannot profess one set of principles one stition, to complain that truth is spoken, year, and shift them like a scene in a and to mutilate and suppress the Word comedy, to please a Prime Minister, of Life, which they ought to teach and the next? If not, Sir, then I pledge preach even to the death-what prospect myself on behalf of the Church of Ire- is there of your improvement-what land, that when the Archbishop of hope can be indulged of your salvation !
But we are called on to sympathize the substance to grasp at the shadow, with the sufferings of those who are however fatally injurious the result of engaged in the maintainance of this their conduct to their fellow creatures, system, and who have to complain of it is universally to be allowed, that the "moral assassination of their charac- they are objects of deep commiseraters. And we are told of the melan- tion, as it regards themselves. Pity choly instance of a Presbyterian minis- must not presume to arrest the rod of ter who was deserted by his congre- justice ; but justice cannot forbear to gation, because he approved of the mingle her tears with those of pity. Board of Education. As to this minis How are the miseries of their conditer, Sir, I grant, he is to be pitied, tion aggravated, when the calumnies of
less, however, for his fate, than for his which they complain, are derived, not - crime. I rejoice to hear of the fidelity from their enemies, but from them
of his congregation—it is time for a selves? Who ever thought of imputing congregation to abandon their minister, to the Protestant commissioners, that
when he deserts the Word and the any one of them would actually dare • authority of his Creator. As to the to set forth the Popish principle, that i reproaches that are cast on the Protes- the Bible was not fit to be put into the
tant commissioners, it is readily ad- hands of our children ? Who ever : mitted, that for these they are de- thought, however criminal we con- serving of compassion. If men are re- sidered the policy of the Board, that
proached for the cause of truth, and in any one of them actually held an opithe path of duty, supported by the nion of the Bible, in common with the Word of their God and the testimony blasphemies and superstitions of Dr. of their conscience, it is their privilege, Doyle, Mr. Sheil, and Mr. Maguire ? according to that Word, to®“ rejoice, Alas! Sir, how hapless is the condition and be exceeding glad," and therefore, of the culprit, when the miserable adso far from complaining, we see the missions of the defence, outnumber apostles of our blessed Lord,“ rejoicing even the counts of the indictment ? that they were worthy to suffer shame for How hapless is escape from the terrible his name," and we are called on to sym- severity of censure, when the melanpathize, not their sorrows, but their choly confession of the truth sets even joys. But when men suffer under the detraction itself at defiance? With just, indignant rebuke of truth, for de- the hope, Sir, that your Magazine shall stroying the cause of God and of his long afford a pledge of what Oxford Word, then, indeed, they are truly to and Trinity College ought to maintain, be pitied—no Scripture to support with respect to the Word of God, no hope to cheer-no testimony of conscious integrity, that is ratified by
I remain, the authority of God, to uphold them, when they have sacrificed the glory of
Your Friend and Servant, the eternal World to some contemptible expediency, or some criminal policy
PHILO VERITAS. of this when they have thrown away
LETTERS FROM CANADA.*
Canada! we never meet that word, political economy, Heaven save the without feeling a rush of combined mark, each in his turn exclaiming, sensations to our heart ; we
• Eureka," as he offers some vamped know whether pleasurable or other- panacea for all human ills, and as each wise. A flowery scene rises before shrinks to darkness again, they leave our eyes, and all the witchery of that us the admiration of naught save their noble land comes like a summer gleam across our soul. Yet not unmingled “ Dull dexterity of groping well." with pain do we experience these feelings, the memory of friends, driven Enough of these; let us turn to the from this once happy land, now settled other fund of laughter, of which the prein peace with their families, but for sent volume affords no mean specimen. ever lost to us, comes to our mind, and On comparison with other works writthen we turn to the mighty operations ten on this very popular subject, the in the state, which have thus exiled so reader will find that, although you may many thousands of our brethren from laugh with Tiger Dunlop and Mr. their English home, and in long and Magrath, yet you much more fregloomy train uprise our wrongs and quently laugh at the writers who, in sufferings—but we will not continue the words of Hall“ take walk and the picture, we do not intend to be make book.” (But who differed, oh, learned in this month, and we have no ye gods, from his volumes?) Who need to be gloomy or desponding, so can restrain a guffaw when we find drawing a veil over our sketch, let us descriptions of scenery which had been turn to subjects more immediately con- voted"indescribable? But putting all nected with our title, and fain are we these aside, and leaving them to their to say, that he must be a thorough cry- probable fate, let us show what may
be ing philosopher, who can read some of really profitable or amusing reading for these “ Canadian Tours," &c. without the public. Of the latter class may hearty laughter. But the causes of be ranked such men as Howieson, this mirth are by no means the samé Stuart, Evans, and many others, who in all. At one time we take up a profess little further than giving a book volume written by some blockhead of of travels, and who do that well; but scribbling notoriety, and at his dull with the former class, the profitable, we vague theories we cannot help laugh- have more immediately to do now, and ing, and anon we get some semi-poli- this is divided into two subdivisions, tical essay, which, with its crude fan- that comprising information for the tasies, is only prevented from being majority of emigrants, the poorer ranks mischievous by its utter inanity; there of settlers, and that which, as in the we sit, and laughing view the hubbub work before us, is addressed more dicreated by the follies promulgated by rectly to the higher grades of persons. the Martineau class, who with a smat- of the former of these, we have abuntering of technical terms, “ Corn, cur- dance, and we have in a former number, rency, capital,” and all the cant of treated of such, but of the latter, we trades' unions, waste, paper, pens and had none, until this present volume was ink, and their own time--the least sent before the public. It was a great valuable of the lot--and come before deficiency, and has been amply filled the public as writers on population and up. It had been allowed on all hands
* Authentic Letters from Upper Canada; with an Account of Canadian Field Sports. By T. W. Magrath, Esq. The Etchings by Samuel Lover, Esq. Edited by the Rev. T. Radcliff. Dublin : William Curry, Jun. and Company; Simpkin and Marshall, London; and Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh.-1833.
that it was a desideratum, that those of shirt. Some excellent advice to go out the higher rank about to emigrate, with a wife, and not for one ; they must should obtain information. The works be scarce cominodities there, and a published gave ample instructions to young widow with a parcel of brats, those who could live on meal and which here are the plague, but there potatoes, but to the civilized family are the pride of life, -would surely it was an unbuoyed channel, and they meet encouragement. Some hints on who sailed it were on all sides liable to the voyage, as not to put yourself to a fraud, accident, and expense ; in pro- month's additional tossing, by engaging portion, therefore, to the want of the a berth in a cheap vessel, with as good information hitherto, should the public sailing qualities as a beef barrel, but to appreciate it when offered them. get one of the prime liners from Liver
This voluine comes before the pub- pool, where the bill of fare is such as lic under peculiar circumstances ; it is to tempt us to go only for amusement, not the work of any one pen : one part wines, including claret and champaigne, of the letters are from a family, settled and board and bed for thirty-five for some time ; the rest from the mem- pounds. Marvellous ! bers of the Editor's family, who sailed
The second letter is highly useful from Ireland, and thus we have the cir, and interesting, and gives a most gracuinstantial detail of the voyage and phic account of the raising a log house, land journeys at the same time that the which after all is no bad roost. We farming operations of the located family suppose the settler at York, U. C., and are laid before us. Now although we paying a visit to the Commissioner of are spared the dull dry account of a Crown Lands, to enquire what lands Canadian diary, and are not burdened are to be disposed of : with “ trees cut and girdled, ditto “Being there informed that he can pur. burned,” &c., yet we have enough to chase certain lots of wild land in an unshew what the requisite proceedings settled part of the country, at from five actually are. We said that more than to ten shillings an acre, he next proceeds one pen had been employed in this to inspect their situation and quality. work, and to this does it owe much of And with this view he travels in a public the very pleasing diversity of style, conveyance as far as is practicable, say 15 and we turn from the tender regrets of miles, and hires a waggon to carry him the lady to the manly hopes of the gen- from thence to the settlement nearest the tleman, and again to the rich and vivid land he wishes to inspect, : ay five miles, sporting letters of Mr. Magrath. We and there procures an intelligent persou have also more than once recognised acquainted with the township, lots, &c. our old friend Martin Doyle. The
to act as his guide, with whom he sets first letter contains an account of the forward for the laud on foot; and finding expenses incurred in the voyage and that instead of performing the remaining the journey through the country to the ten miles, and of reaching it, as he may settlement, the total for which, for nine will, perhaps for the first time in his life,
have expected, in a few hour's walk, he individuals, is only £135; then we have lists of provender, not bad in
be obliged to dispense with the luxury of their way; then the expenses in the he best may, upon one composed of the
a good bed, and dispose himself to rest as Bush, as the uncleared forest is called; boughs of the hemloc in the small including stock of all kinds ; in short, sliantyt of a new settler. it appears that this lot of settlers were
“On getting up next morning, not located, for little more than £400. We perfectly refreshed: after drinking his shall not offend the ladies' eyes with tea without the agreeable accompaniment the list of gentlemen's apparel, but ne of cream, or even milk, he proceeds with vertheless, it is very useful for them to his guide, who, instructed by the index know what sort of materials may fall posts of the surveyor of the township, at beneath their delicate fingers, which length exclaims “this is the lot;"—when, must do all work, from making a fire to the weary emigrant, seating himself upon sewing a new collar on the Sunday a log, and looking round him, ponders
* A tree of the fir kind.