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He thought of what a changeful fate
Had borne him from the land,
High o'er the Rhenish strand,
And plac'd before his opening view
A realm where strangers bled,
The tongue of those he led !
He looked upon his chequered life,
From boyhood's earliest time,
Endur'd in every clime,
Usurp'd the raven's stand,
The broad-sword in his hand !
He turn'd him to futurity,
Beyond the battle-plain,
Hung o'er the heaps of slain ;
And through the darkness of the cloud,
The chief's prophetic glance
His fatal hour advance.
He quail'd not, as he felt him near
Th' inevitable stroke,
'Twas thus the old man spoke :
“God of my fathers ! death is nigh,
My soul is not deceived ;
The conqueror I have livd !
" For thee-for freedom have I stood,
For both I fall to-day ;
The price I gladly pay !
“Forbid the future to restore
A Stuart's despotic gloom,
The tyranny of Rome !
“ From either curse let Erin freed,
As prosperous ages run,
Upon this day was ne!"
Schonberg, or the “the mount of beauty,” is one of the most magnificent of the many now ruinous castles that overhang the Rhine. It had been the residence of the chiefs of a noble family of that name, which existed as far back as the time of Charlemagne, and of which the Duke of Schomberg was a member.
He said-fate granted half his prayer
His steed he straight bestrode,
Of James's host he rode.
He sleeps in a cathedral's gloom*
Amongst the mighty dead,
Regardful pilgrims tread.
The other half, though fate deny,
We'll strive for, one and all,
We'll gain-or fighting fall!
* St. Patrick's, in Dublin.—A black marble slab, with the following inscription, is inserted in the wall above the tomb:-
“ Hic infra situm est corpus Frederici Ducis de Schonberg ad Bubindam occisi, A. D. 1690.
Decanus et capitulum maximopere etiam atque etiam petierunt, ut hæredes Ducis monumentum in memoriam parentis erigendum curarent. Sed postquam per epistolas, per amicos, diu ac sæpe orando nil profecere ; hunc demum lapidem statuerunt saltem ut scias hospes ubinam terrarum SCHONBERGENSES cineres delitescunt.
Plus potuit fama virtutis apud alienos quam sanguinis proximitas apud suos.A.D. 1731.
TO THE GUMCISTUS.
“ Sweet Cista, rival of the rosy dawn,
AN ORIGINAL LETTER OF EDMUND BURKE.
It is addressed to John Stewart Esq. Secretary to Warren Hastings, and afterwards
Judge Advocate of Bengal. We are indebted to the kindness of C. Skinner, Esq. of Belfast, in whose possession it is, for permission to publish this interesting relic of one of the greatest Statesmen this kingdom has produced.
Dear Sir,—“ I am heartily thankful masters are in such a strange state of to you for your very kind remembrance derangement, Discord has chosen the of me in every stage of your progress India House for her temple, and I as-the wines of the Cape, the canes of sure you her devotees are as zealous Bengal, everything good in every and enthusiastic as any bigots whatsoplace, revives your obliging disposition ever. The company is shaken to its towards your friends. The wine is foundations ; the unfortunate contest not yet arrived. Indeed that kind of about superiors-the heavy debt, a litwine, and in that quantity, is beyond tle too lately divulged—the probable the mark of patriotism, not endowed deficiency of dividend, both to the prowith a good fortune. You know that prietors and the Exchequer—the fall his worship, Alderman Wilkes, only of Stock, and the strange unmeaning gives Port in his Shreivalty Feasts ; hostility of the Court-all join to Constantia is therefore a lady, much too throw one of our most important conhighly bred to appear at my private cerns into the most perilous situation. table, though neither she nor any one These events have given a rude shock else is too good for those who honour it to our friend Sir G. Colebrook's inwith their company. I will, therefore, terest—that power is shaken, but it is send your Constantia to a place where not destroyed ; and no other party it will be rather better assorted. A that I can find is yet able to profit by good friend of yours, Lord Rocking- the blow our friends have received. ham, shall have my portion; and there The list of chairs you see have been I will drink your health in my own rejected by the Court of Directors, wine, and would continue to renew the what list will be finally ratified by the toast, if it could be any way pleasing general Court, I cannot guess. or useful to you, until your cane should “ In the first scheme, no more than be necessary to support me in my way three superiors were proposed. Gehome. Perhaps this was the typical neral Monkton and Mr. Stuart were meaning of the "wine and cane ?"- intended by the chairs ; to them they whatever it was, I am extremely ob- did me the honour to add me, with liged to you for both, and for the very every circumstance of rank in the sensible, friendly, and polite letters commission and in the office that could that accompanied them. Your coun- make it desirable. I was extremely trymen may now fill their newspapers sensible of the kindness of their intenwith as much abuse of me as they tions ; but things were so situated, think proper ; I have abundant conso both with regard to the Company's lation in the friendship of one Scotch- affairs, and the government at home, as man, who has more wit than their whole not to permit me to think of obeying set, and the whole body of their Eng- their commands.
Whoever goes, I lish allies along with them; and who wish him sụccess ; his duty is difficult, has so much good humour and good but his exertion seems necessary-at nature, as would make him agreeable least we think so here, where we enand amiable, if he had no more genius tertain, perhaps erroneously, an opinithan the rest of the corps.
on, that there have been great mistakes “ I am sorry that the affairs of your and mis-management. City politics
you are abundantly supplied with in use to a man of spirit and principle; the newspapers.
The Aldermen in and I am sure you will oblige me exthat interest fought with some resolu- tremely. tion ; but their retreat, if it does not The next is one to whom you are no cover some extraordinary design, was stranger, Emin, the Armenian. He is neither able nor reputable. Wilkes not with me, nor I dare say with you, even losing the Mayoralty, is in some the less a hero for being unfortunate. sort triumphant ; he lost his point but He has attempted great things, gone by one, even in the strongest hold of through infinite labours and infinite the enemy. It is odd to see how he perils, and is at last where he set out, drags some of your old friends after poor and friendless in Bengal. This him. Townshend is now Mayor, made should not be. It would be a disgrace by Wilkes with the exception of the to his nation, that a man once counteone, and against the will of the other. nanced by the first people in this king. It is an odd sort of creation. By this dom as well as in Germany, should means your old friend Lord Shelburne without any cause of his own, pass his becomes master of the city one year at decline of life in misery and contempt least.
in an English settlement. I know The partition of Poland is a subject many think him an impostor, but I can worthy of your pen. To make a par- bear witness to the truth of what he tition of Poland, formerly put all Eu- asserted, long before he attracted any rope in a ferment; now it has four part of the public notice ; and to the kings, and all Europe is quiet. Sweden patience, integrity, and fortitude with has taken an absolute monarch as a which he struggled to improve himself cure for scarcity of provisions, and an in all knowledge within his reach. His army surrounds the Diet to persuade having served in Germany, and in all the States to agree to their unanimous the expeditions to the coast of France, resolution. These are odd paradoxes, gives him a title to the little favour he but two great and pacific monarchs at asks—some respectable post in the present keep these matters from being Company's India troops. "Be so good any thing worse than ridiculous to the as to give him my humble service, and rest of mankind. What effect their the enclosed. action, and our repose will produce, is Mrs. Burke, my brother, and Mr. W. not for me to divine.
Burke present their best compliments; Permit me, before I bid you good- and believe me, with great truth and bye, to recommend to your protection affection, Dear Sir, two of my friends in Bengal, the first “ Your most obdt. humble serst. is my relation and namesake, Walter
EDMUND BURKE. Burke, a captain of Seapoys, I be- Beconsfield, Oct. 30, 1772." lieve that in seeing him, you will be of
“ Of all the powers in nature,” says the sport of winds and waves—no Lord Bacon, heat is the chief, both longer dependant on animal strength for in the frame of nature and in the works the performance of his wishes ; he has of art ; heat and cold are the hands of acquired means of conveyance which nature.” And this opinion, to any one enable him to vie in speed with the who has given his attention to observ- tenants of the air, and acquired powers ing the constitution of nature and her which have increased the available various and continual alterations, will population, as if there had been a new not appear extravagant, though to the creation of human strength. “ Fire, casual or superficial observer such a flood, and earth are the vassals of his rank may seem too exalted for this will ;” but it is to the first of these that single agent; and at the present time, he owes his mastery over the other elewhen the researches of modern science ments. Such is the agent to which we have laid open to our view so many of would direct the attention of our reathe secrets of the universe, it may seem ders, as there are very few who are in strange that an aphorism of one who any degree acquainted with its theorelived but during the infancy of natural tical applications, though its practical science should remain, its truth unques. uses are continually before them, or tioned and its importance undenied. who have any clear or definite notions For of all the imponderable physical relative to its nature and propertiesagents which are appointed for carrying ignorant alike of the investigations of on the course of nature there is none of some of the greatest philosophers of such paramount importance ; we wit- our times, and of the great practical ness the effects of heat in every pro- results which have rewarded their lacess of nature ; we see its genial in- bours ; this inattention to a most fluence exerted in the production of important branch of physical knowall those objects which serve for the ledge has chiefly arisen from its being convenience or luxury of man--the generally considered merely as a branch fruits of the earth—the flowers of the of elementary chemistry, to which it fields—the sparkling rivulet—the no more properly belongs, than elecmighty ocean are all dependant on tricity and light do, but with which it this agent for their production or has generally been studied, as its most utility to man; without it existence important laws are disclosed to us by would be impossible for beings orga- chemistry, and have been investigated nized as the present inhabitants of the by cultivators of that branch of science; world are ; we see that where its in- and also from the fact, that the only fluence is withdrawn, vegetation al- treatises on heat were those given in together ceases, animal life is extinct, works on chemistry, no separate geneand the mighty ocean itself is chained 'ral treatise having appeared on this by eternal frost.
subject until the present, with the exNor is it less necessary to man, as ception of the admirable article on an artificial, than as a natural agent-in heat, by the Rev. F. Lunn, of Camall the conveniencies and luxuries of bridge, in the Encyclopædia Metrolife we behold its importance; by its politana, which, from the form under agency has man been enabled to add which it was published, cannot be lookto his power and multiply his resources ed upon as calculated for general use ; almost to an infinite degree. By means however, Dr. Lardner has in his preof the steam engine he is no longer sent work, supplied the deficiency and
Treatise on Heat, by the Rev. D. Lardner, Cabinet Cyclopædia, Vol. 29 : London, 1833. VOL. I.