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prised that secresy and fidelity towards door was assailed by the loud and each other, should characterise the vehement knocking of men who would people of this country when engaged not be denied. When it was opened, in the concoction of treason. It is, in Captain Wilcox did not ask whether their minds, wholly unaccompanied by Mr. Marsden was at home, but desired any sense of guilt or sin. On the con the servant to tell his master that they trary, they labour under an insane per. must see him immediately, the sumsuasion that they are engaged in a good mons was instantly obeyed; the Underwork; and that in pulling down a Pro- Secretary stood before them. Upon testant Government, and extirpating seeing the wounded man he exclaimheresy from the country, they are do- ed, " Mercy on me! Captain Wilcox, ing that which is positively meritorious, what's the matter ?"“ Matter, Sir," and which, like charity, will cover a rejoined the Captain, “it is too late multitude of sins. Now I do not sup now to ask what's the matter-the pose there is a man in the county of town is in insurrection, and its principal Dublin who has servants of the Roman streets may, by this time, be in possesCatholic persuasion more attached to sion of the rebels.” “Good God!" said him than mine are to me, and yet -—" Marsden, is it indeed so?-what is to

But, while he was speaking, the re be done?” Wilcox was far too gene port of a musket rung in his ear ; he rous to reproach him, at such a moment, started, and instinctively drew a pistol for his incredulity. If he before was from his holster, and firing it at an in- provoked by his obstinacy, he then dividual who was in the act of taking pitied his consternation, and was defrom his shoulder a gun which he had termined to do all in his power to rejust discharged, both he and his com- trieve the almost fatal error which had panion put spurs to their horses and been occasioned by his pertinacious galloped furiously in the direction of self-sufficiency. Marsden was thoroughKilmainham. When they had pro- ly frightened. That he saw. And it ceeded for some time, and felt that was his duty to do all that in him lay there was no pursuit, and that they that the country should not suffer more were not threatened with any imme- from his terrors at night, than from his diate danger, they slackened their over-confidence in the morning. Harpace, and Captain Wilcox, turning ing, therefore, seen that his friend was round to address Mr. Clarke, perceive taken proper care of, he immediately ed, for the first time, that the shot which applied himself to re-assure the falterwas fired at them had taken effect in ing Secretary, and to devise the best the side of his head, and that his face means of meeting the formidable was covered with blood. Fortunately, attack, which, he was persuaded bad the wound was not mortal, nor even already commenced, and against which dangerous, although the appearance of the city was so completely unprovided. his mangled friend was, at the moment, What are your means of defence, sufficiently frightful. He resolved im- supposing the castle to be attacked? mediately to return with him, and have he asked. “ Oh, attacked ! But do the best advice and assistance that you think it will be attacked ?-do you could be procured ; and it was, we think that the rebels dare attack the believe, Mr. Clarke himself who sug- castle ?" This was too much for Wilgested, that, before they went any cox, he however checked his indig. where else they should present them- nation, and replied, with a severe selves, in their present coudition, to Mr. gravity, “ I think, Sir, you have already Marsden. “ If he does not believe us seen enough to remove any doubts renow," says Wilcox, “ he would not be specting that. The question is not lieve, even though one rose from the now, what they will dare, but what they dead."

can do ; if they think, that by attacking The incredulous Under-Secretary the castle they can take it, you may was quietly sipping his wine, and depend upon it, it is not by boastfal amusing his company by an account of words they will be scared from their the foolish alarmists who had so un- purpose. It is our duty, therefore, to ceremoniously intruded upon his hour suppose the worst, and to provide of privacy and enjoyment, to disturb against it. If they should attack the him with their idle tales, when his castle, what are we to do 2**



Marsden stood aghast !

sassins might not be cut off by any “ What troops," said Wilcox, summary process of military vengeance, in readiness ?”

and that no one should suffer for his “I know of none," said the Secretary. murder, until duly convicted by the " How many stand of arms have you" laws of the land. There he lay in dust “ Not one within reach.” "How and gore as he had been taken from the many round of ammunition ?” “Not a pikes of the savages, whose first overt act single one."

of treason, with an atrocious propriety, Such was the condition of Dublin- was, to imbrue their hands in the blood of castle at the moment when Emmet and the mild and benignant representative of his partizans were already in arms. It the majesty of the law; there he lay, must be unnecessary to inform the rea- still retaining in his countenance that der, that the party by whom Captain expression of piteous and beseeching Wilcox and Mr. Clarke were fired at, anguish, which could no more excite was the same that had been despatched the sympathy of his merciless tormenfrom Palmerstown for the purpose of tors than it could soften the steel by intercepting them on their way to the which they pierced him to the heart. castle. By some divergence from the Beside him, in similar guise, lay his usual rout, either on the part of these nephew, a young man of mild manners, gentlemen, or of the assassins, they and the kindest heart; while the screams missed them as they went, and could of his daughter, Miss Wolfe, who narnot, therefore, prevent the fatal com- rowly escaped a similar fate, were munication, but met them as they re- heard, amid the noise and tumult by turned, and were determined upon a which she was surrounded ; her's was bloody vengeance. How narrowly indeed a voice of lamentation, which the Captain and his friend escaped, has would have penetrated even a heart of been seen. It should be added, that stone. She had been saved, it is said, Wilcox's ball took effect in the hand of by the gallantry of some of the rebel the individual at whom he fired, and chiefs, but her very preservation, whose presence of mind was such, that after she had witnessed the inhuman he threw away his gun, separated him- butchery of her beloved parent, was self from his accomplices, and running sufficient to prove, that even the “ tento a distant part of the quay, pretend- der mercies of the wicked are cruel.” ed to be the victim of the very villany It was now about half-pastnine of which he was the perpetrator, and o'clock. The night was pitchy dark. that it was against him the fury of the Major (the present General) Shortal assassins was directed. He actually was taking his rounds in the Star fort obtained surgical assistance from a in the Phænix Park, to which he had loyal man, upon the audacious misre. been at that time but recently appointed, presentation.

and which he still commands, when his The alarm had now become general, attention was arrested by firing in the and the loyalty of Dublin was instantly city. “ What is that?” he said to the in arms ; that is, in such arms as the iu- person in attendance upon him. dividuals could procure for themselves. ing, your honour," was the reply. The

The yeomanry, in great numbers, came Major paused, and listened again. to the castle, but they might as well

“ It is,” he said, and platoon firing have gone any where else ; for there too. You may depend upon it there is was neither a head to direct them what something wrong." At that moment a to do, nor an arsenal from which they considerable number of persons apmight be furnished for the conflict. proached the fort, and desired to speak While they were thus assembled in with him. The Major advanced. They uncertainty and terror, the mangled told him the real state of the case ; bodies of the Rev. A. Wolfe and Lord that the rebels were in arms—that the Kilwarden were brought in. Nothing Castle was about to be attackedcould exceed the horror or the anguish that they applied for arms and amwith which the piteous spectacle was munition, and could procure none—and regarded. There lay the venerable that, unless they were supplied by him judge, who never dispensed justice the consequences might be most deplorbut in mercy, and whose last words able. “ You are aware, gentlemen,” were a prayer, that his ruthless as- observed Shortal, that I cannot give

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any supply of ammunition from this Emmet did whatever could be done place, without orders from the Govern- by personal valour and enthusiasm, to ment. Have you any such orders to keep his followers together, and ani« No," it was answered ; " the Govern- mate them to take the castle by a coup ment have been taken completely by de main ; but he soon found how little surprise. We have been left without mere numbers availed against the disorders or directions of any kind. For cipline and the well-directed fire of the God's sake, Sir, do not stand upon ce- military; who, although but a handful remony on an occasion like this. Con- of men, under the conduct of Lieutesent to supply us, or all may be lost.” nant Brady, put the rebels to flight in Shortal felt the situation in which he all directions, and restored order and was placed as most critical. But be tranquillity. was a soldier and a man of sense ; and By the flashes of the musketry Emwas soon convinced that the emergency met was to be seen flying from man to · was such as to justify a departure from man, exhorting his people to maintain ordinary rules ; still he was resolved to their ground, and recklessly exposing proceed with caution. “What you say, his own person in the thickest of the gentlemen,” he observed, - “ 'is very conflict; while Lieutenant Brady might strong. But how can I be sure that I be observed chewing tobacco, and giving am not this moment talking to some of his orders with a coolness and precision the emissaries of the rebels? Is there which was admirably seconded by the any one amongst you whom I know?" gallant fellows he commanded, and who “ Yes, here I am," said the present threw in their fire with a steadiness and Surgeon-General

. Is that Cramp- effect which speedily rendered the cause ton" asked Shortal. “ The same,“ of the insurgents as desperate as their was the reply. “Then,” said the Ma- project was abominable. The morning jor, “ Crampton shall be the counter- had begun to dawn before Emmet could sign.” The men were immediately ad- be induced to abandon the scene of mitted, and the ammunition was pro- action, when he and a few others re. cured.

tired into the county of Wicklow, But by this time an effectual check where he remained for some time colihad been given to the progress of the cealed. insurgents. They had assembled in About the same hour Capt. Wilcor great numbers, and were well supplied began to retrace his steps home. He with weapons which might have rene had not seen or heard anything of his dered them very formidable. But they family since the evening before, when were under no sort of control or disa he left them in the midst of treason and cipline ; and many of them availed surrounded by danger: and the reader themselves of the implements of may imagine with what trembling solidestruction which were placed in citude he approached the precincts of their hands, to pursue some project of his residence, where his wife and chilindividual plunder, instead of bending dren had been for so many hours deall their energies to the accomplish- fenceless and exposed, liable, at any ment of their common object.

moment, to fall victims to the sanguiThe leaders, too, were divided nary fury of the disappointed ruffians amongst themselves. From the moment by whom he had himself been devoted they had received the information of the to destruction. The quiet and soothing language used by Clarke to the work. How of the river, the balmy freshness men at Palmerstown the majority of of the breeze, and melodies poured them resolved that the insurrection from the emulous throats of thousands should commence at nine o'clock. But of the feathered tribe, who rendered there were some who pertinaciously the atmosphere vocal with living hari maintained that they should still ad- mony, were all lost upon the anxious here to their original purpose, and not ear and the straining eye of the hus appear in arms until they were fully band and the father, who, at every supported by their friends from the step, was fearful of encountering some country. The opinion of the former sight or sound of woe, which might prevailed; but not so completely as to consign him, for the remainder of his ; give that hearty unity to their measures days, to solitude and bereavement that could alone render them successful. But his mansion was uvmolested. The

hand of violence had not approached guish-stricken inmates, who had almost it. Instead of smouldering and black given him up for lost, and who now ened walls, such as he had pictured in felt, with deepest gratitude, the truth his excited imagination, the sun was of that saying of the Royal Psalmist, shining upon it in peacefulness and that though heaviness may endure for splendour; and his presence revived the a night, joy cometh in the morning." fainting hearts of its forlorn and an


(From the French.)

Sweet Nightingale! that on the myrtle tree,

Sing'st all alone,
Thou feelest happy bird, that thou art free;
And much rejoicing in thy liberty,

Would'st make it known.
Ah! think that in thy tree
Some cruel spoiler's hand may spread the snare,
To rob thee of thy cherished liberty;

Ah! then-beware!

That tree, sweet Nightingale, appears to be

A home of rest,
Where spoilers cannot come to injure thee.
Or rob thee of the liberty

That glads thy breast.
Alas! there is no home,

Tho' it be e'er so shelter'd or so fair,
Where danger and misfortune cannot come ,

They're every where.
The odoriferous leaves that shade thy head,

Are always green.
Hope's brilliant colours are around thee spread,
Her soothing influence is o'er thee shed,

Tho' all unseen.
Do not too firmly trust the flattring word,

Or golden smile of Hope, however fair;
In this deceitful world, alas! sweet bird!

Even Hope's a snare.


4 C




The researches of De Humboldt render the doctrine of parallelism of and his associates attach themselves chains of synchronous elevation one of more particularly to descriptive and to the most striking additions made in mophysical geography, the details belong dern times to the philosophy of geology to experimental philosophy, natural and consequently to the progressive dehistory, and the other branches of pure velopment of our knowledge of the rescience; but, as in geology, the specu- lation and mutual dependance of all lation becomes one

of physics, the mo- physical phenomena. ment the element of time is intro Baron Humboldt and his companiduced, so the fixed principles of the ons Professors Ehrenberg and G. Rose other sciences receive a wider applica- embarked at Niznei-Novgorod on the tion when we connect them with the Volga, to descend to Casan and the history of the earth or other planets. Tatar ruins of Bolgari. From thence

The most important researches are they went by Poun to le Katherinethose on the age and relative situation bourg on the eastern slope of the Ural of the mountain chains, and on the a vast country of mountains composed comparative elevation of the steps, and of many chains almost parallel, the table lands of the almost unexplored summit of which scarely attain an ele continent of Asia ; the considerations vation of fourteen or fifteen hundred on volcanic geology, the researches in yards, and which follow, like the Andes, zoology, and the experimental disco- the direction of a line of the meridian veries in terrestrial magnetism and from the tertiary formations neighbourclimatology-the last of which has ing lake Aral to the green-stone rocks taken its name, and may almost be said upon the Icy sea. to have originated with the first of these Humboldt visited for a month the celebrated men.

central and nothern parts of Ural, so The combined results of astronomy rich in alluvial deposits which contain and physical geography, pointed out by gold and platinum, the mines of Mr.' de Humboldt, in the relation of Malachite of Goumecheoski, the great mountain heights, and oceanic depths, magnetic mountain of Blagodad, and or of continental and pelagic masses, the celebrated repositories of topaz with the figure of the earth, have re- and of bery] at Mourzinsk. Near ceived a further impulse from the new Nizni Tagilsk, a country which may light thrown upon the causes of the in- be compared to the Choco of South flexion of the isothermal lines, and the America, a piece of platinum was found empirical laws which have been recog- that weighed more than eight Kilo nised in the distribution of heat upon grammes. From Iekatherinebourg the the globe. Sir William Herschell has party proceeded by Tiouman to Toalready instituted enquiries into that bolsk on the Irtyche, and from thence portion of geological dynamics which by Tara and the step of Baraba, so are connected with astronomy-pro- much dreaded on account of the abunviding a link between the revolutions dance of a kind of musquito, to Barof our globe, and those of the system naoul on the banks of the Ob, to the of which it is but a single member, and picturesque lake of Kolyvan and to the phenomena of volcanoes, now the rich silver mines of Schlangentaken out of the domains of geognosy, berg, of Ridderski, and of Zyrianovski, to become one of the most important situated upon the south-western acobjects of the physics of the globe, clivity of the Altaï, of which the loftiest

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