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their objects are not so mischievous 'as damped ; and by the influence you obtheir power is extensive; but when we tain from some degree of concurrence attempt to persuade ourselves that such with them at present, you may be enais the case, we are appalled by the re- bled to set them right hereafter. Thus collection that these very men were the leaders are at first drawn to a conactive agents in those very blasphemous nivance with sentiments and proceedand treasonable associations whose opi- ings often totally different from their senions we have stated above : that the rious and deliberate notions. But their Tories of the reign of Charles II., acquiescence answers every purpose." their legitimate progenitors, did not, The truth of this statement has been exwhile they were in office, think it neces- emplified in the conduct of the present sary to avoid the principles on which ministry with respect to the Kildarethey acted;' and that the reason that the place Education Society. The Popish present Whigs confine themselves to priesthood being naturally and profespractice, is because it is now only ne- sionally hostile to, and apprehensive cessary for them, as it is the only office of, all education, from the consciousof which they are capable, to follow ness that it must destroy their power that track, and steer by that chart, over their flock, detested and dreaded which was laid down for them by the this society, and why? because it was equally unprincipled, but infinitely loved by the people. They therefore more talented, individuals, in whose represented to the ministry that this schools of democracy, infidelity, mur- society was very unpopular; while they
der and blasphemy they were nurtured threatened their flocks with all the teri and educated. The theories of a party rors of the church if they continued to Les are produced when it is at rest, the send their children to its schools. It
projects are displayed when it is in might have been supposed, that men action. But even if we suppose, as is imagining themselves qualified to be indeed certainly the case, that the pre- advisers of the Crown, would have sent leaders of the Whig party are in- had the common sense to have seen capable of pursuing such courses, if through the motives of the Popish they perceived the full extent to which priesthood in making this statement ; they must lead ; we can derive no to have perceived that the hostility of hope from this belief; this was equally the Popish clergy could not have prothe case at the period of the French ceeded from the dislike of their flocks revolution ; and is, in fact, always the to this system; but from the reverse; case to a greater or less extent, in every and to have replied, “ Gentlemen, we revolution; and as the convulsion has are not surprised that the Kildaretens to its crisis the leaders become street Society does not please you ; bourly less capable of perceiving the but you must excuse us if we do drift of the torrent, as they become not consider that as any proof that more busily occupied in practical de- it does not please your people, or tails and less at leisure for theoretical in consequence that it does not, to the calculations.
fullest extent, answer the purpose for We shall quote the opinion of Mt. which it was designed. On the other Burke on this subject, as follows : hand, we conceive, that no system could * As to leaders in parties, nothing is receive your approbation, which really more common than to see them blindly tended to educate the lower orders of led; the world is governed by go-be- the Roman Catholic peasantry. It is tweens. These go-betweens influence not our purpose to lend our exertions the persons with whom they carry on to assist you in perpetuating popery in the intercourse, by stating their own sense Ireland ; our desire is, to afford such a to each of them as the sense of the other; system of education to the peasantry and thus they reciprocally master both as will enlighten and cultivate their sides. It is first buzzed about the ears minds, without offending their preju. of leaders that their friends without dices, you must therefore pardon us, if doors are very eager for some measure we consider your hostility to this socior very warm about some opinion ; that ety as the strongest proof that it is acyou must not be too rigid with them— ceptable to the peasantry, and productive they are useful persons, and zealous in to the fullest extent of the advantages for the cause They may be a little wrong, which it was designed.” Such would but the spirit of liberty must not be have appeared to any man unacquaint
ed with the clearsighted, judicious, and danger. Instead of bestowing influence enlightened policy of the present minis- they will ercite rapacity--they will be try, to have been the natural reply to looked to as a prey. Such will be the such attacks of the Popish clergy. impotent condition of those men of But far otherwise was the conduct of great hereditary estates, who inderd the government. They conceived that dislike the designs that are carried on, as there were but two religions in Ire- but whose dislike is rather that of land, there could be but two parties : spectators, than of parties that may they forgot that from the nature of the concerned in the catastrophe of the Romish church, there were, on the sub- piece. But riches do not in all cases ject of education, three parties in Ire secure even an inert and passive resisland;
the Protestant population ; the tance. There are always, in that de set Romanist population ; and the Popish scription, tnen whose fortunes, when we clergy; of which the two first, that is, their minds are once vitiated by passion the whole population of the kingdom, or evil principle, are by no means a se were anxious for education, and attach- curity from their actually taking the ed to the Kildare-place society, while the part against the public tranquillity
. third party were, and must be, hostile We see to what low and despicable to all education in general, and especi- passions of all kinds, many men in that ally apprehensive of that society, because class are ready to sacrifice the patriit was particularly acceptable to their monial estates, which might be perpeflocks.
tuated in their families with splendour, It is commonly said, however, that, and with the fame of hereditary bendo " the great body of the landed propri- factors to mankind from generation to etors must be roused at last. It is im- generation. Do we not see how light-Pitan possible that they can consent to any ly people treat their fortunes when wnmeasure which would tend ultimately der the influence of the passion of to deprive them of their estates; and gaming? The game of ambition or when they take the alarm, all will be resentment will be played by many
of easily settled.” We covet not the cha- the rich and great, as desperately, and as of racter of “ μαντεις κακων,
but we dread with as much blindness to the consequennothing so much as a hollow and de- ces, as any other game. Was he a ceitful security. To this ground of con man of no rank or fortune who first set honey por fidence, then, we reply in the words of 'on foot the disturbances which have the same wise and almost prophetic ruined France? Passion blinded him author ; " I know too, that besides this to the consequences so far as they comvain, contradictory, and self-destructive cerned himself
, and as to the consesecurity, which some men derive from quences with regard to others, they the habitual attachment of the people were no part of his consideration ; not to this constitution, whilst they suffer it ever will be with those who bear any with a sort of sportive acquiescence to resemblance to that virtuous patriot be brought into contempt before their and lover of the rights of man." faces, they have other grounds for re We trust we have sufficiently proved moving all apprehension from their how little claim, the modern Whigs, as minds. They are of opinion, that they call themselves, or Tories, as they there are too many men of great here- ought to be called, possess, to be conditary estates and influence in the sidered as members of the same party, kingdom to suffer the establishment of with those consistent, loyal, Protestant
, the levelling system which has taken and constitutional men, who brought place in France. This is very true, if about, and conducted to its happy ter in order to guide the power which now mination the celebrated revolution of attends their property, these men possess 1688. But we cannot dismiss this subthe wisdom which is involved in early ject without calling the attention of fear. But if, through a supine security, our readers to some coincidences which to which such fortunes are peculiarly či- attract the notice of those who come able, they neglect the use of their influ- pare the period of the French revoluence in the season of their power, on the tion with the present state of affairs
. first derangement of society, the nerves of The Whigs of this day profess toletheir strength will be cut, their estates, ration to all sorts of religion ; they instead of being the means of their secu- disclaim the slightest preference to the rity, will become the very causes of their true over the false ; and assert that all
religions should be placed upon a level gards our laws. Uniformity and anathat is, in other words, they raise the logy can be preserved in them by this false at the expense of the true, in or- process only. That point being fixed, der that when by its agency they have and laying fast hold of a strong botdestroyed the latter, they may cast tom, our speculations may swing in aside the former without hesitation or any direction without public detriment,
But we shall see these very because they will ride with sure anmen, and the character of that libera- chorage.” lity, which is generous of others' rights, In the course of this article we have and tolerant of others' wrongs, describ- endeavoured to prove, and we trust ed by Mr. Burke as accurately as if he with success, the fact, that the prinhad lived to see the Church of Ireland ciples of the ancient Whigs, were delivered bound by a Whig ministry essentially conservative, and that those into the hands of a gang of blood- of the ancient Tories are the same thirsty, cowardly, and merciless trai- with modern Whigs, on whom it is an tors; and its meek, pious, and benevo- act of injustice, alike to ourselves lent pastors butchered in cold blood by and our forefathers, to bestow that the
very wretches whom they had de honorable name. We have likevoted their labours to humanise, and wise endeavoured to show the reasons their properties to support and relieve. why, and the means by which these That which the assembly calling it- appellations came to be conferred on self national, held out as a large and persons holding the opposite prinliberal toleration, is
, in reality, a cruel ciples from those upon whom they and insidious persecution ; infinitely were originally bestowed. We shall more bitter than any which had been now conclude our task in the warning heard of within this century,—it had a language of that great man, whose feature in it worse than the old perse- opinions, delivered in order to stem cutions. The old persecutors acted, the torrent of revolution and infidelity or pretended to act, from zcal towards in his own age, are the best guide to
some system of piety and virtue, they direct our efforts against that which Bi
gave strong preference to their own ; now threatens to annihilate every and if they drove people from one re- thing which we value, for which our ligion, they provided for them another, fathers hazarded their fortunes and in which men might take refuge and their lives. I have stated the calaexpect consolation. Their new perse- mities which have fallen upon a great cution is not against a variety in con- prince and nation, because they were science, but against all conscience. It not alarmed at the approach of danprofesses contempt towards its object : ger, and because, what commonly hapand whilst it treats all religion with pens to men surprised, they lost all rescorn, is not so much as neutral about source when they were caught in it, the modes. It unites the opposite evils When I speak of danger, I certainly of intolerance and indifference.” mean to address myself to those who
The friends of the modern Whigs consider the prevalence of the new may adduce one palliation for their Whig doctrines as an evil. The Whigs misconduct. They may say, that they of this day have before them, in this err through ignorance. Ignorance is appeal, their constitutional ancestors. a melancholy excuse for a statesman; They have the doctors of the modern if it were an excuse, however, the school. They will choose for thempresent Whig party would be, perhaps, selves. The author of these reflections
the most blaineless class of men who has chosen for himself. If a new or1
have ever adorned the ministerial der is coming on, and all the political benches. Butignorance cannot excuse, opinions must pass away like dreams, when that ignorance is voluntary. We which our ancestors have worshipped shall see what Mr. Burke considers as revelations, he would rather be the the right source whence statesmen last, (as certainly he is the least) of should derive information ;-speaking that race of men, than the first and
That author greatest of those who have coined to makes what the ancients call . mos ma
themselves Whig principles from a jorum," not indeed his sole, but cer
French die, unknown to the impress of tainly his principal rule of policy, to
our fathers in the Constitution." guide his judgincnt in whatever re
of himself he says,
O traitors! murderers!
3rd Part Henry VI.
The passions of democracy when ration, they were bearing their perille? not corrected and softened by the chi- sovereign hastily away, when a crosta valric spirit of monarchy, are, in poli- bar shot, passing directly through the tics, what the physical wants are to the room, nearly smothered them in dust and primitive savage, fierce, ravenous, and splinters, but luckily, ranged to high sanguinary, stopping at nothing to sa. to be fatal in its effects. This danger tisfy them. The cutter which Van escaped, they were rapidly descending Happerty chanced to fall in with, and the stairs, when Henrietta, recollecting partially chaced, conveyed to one of the Lady Eleanor, screamed her apthe Parliamentarian squadrons intelli- prehension and anxiety for her beaugence of a Dutch ship of war being in tiful and attached favourite. Leaving the channel, we shall see what fol- his royal mistress in the care of the lowed. De Ruyter having discharged marquess, De Lacy flew to rescue
the his trust
, in landing the Queen and the adored mistress of his heart, or perish warlike stores, &c. departed with his along with her. She had been lodged ships for Holland, and fortunately es in the room immediately over that of caped coming in contact with the Eng- the Queen ; and just as the fair lish squadron, which, instructed by the Eleanor's lover had reached the door, cutter, already mentioned, was making a stack of chimnies, built in the ponfor that part of the coast. It was derous fashion of the times, came earliest dawn on the morning after the thundering down, dividing the house departure of the Dutch commodore, nearly in two. We shall not detail
) when a sail was seen in the offing, and the means by which, with the assistunfortunately perceived by the round- ance of the good Abbès O'Reilly
, head cullion Crabtree, whom our De Lacy was enabled to bear Lady readers we presume have not forgotten. Eleanor, by this time insensible with From the experience derived by his terror, outside the house, which every residence on the coast he was assured moment threatened to fall of her being British, and he lost not a It was perceived that the direction of moment in taking boat and making for the cannonade was changed somewhaty the vessel-his information directed but still ploughing up the grouns along the base and sanguinary attack which the left of the quay, so as to render the we have to relate. having neared the shore as close as she struction. They were
turning to looks The ship of war attempt to pass that say, certain dan could, opened a fire, aimed at Small- for the means of escape in another craft's house, and the Queen was buried quarter
, when a loud halloo! cayen in profound sleep, when the cannonade their ear; and" De Lacy, perceived aroused her to all the horrors of her Oakshaft
, the pilot, alone in a small situation, Fortunately De Lacy had boat, directly under the e pier: “We been up some time, and in the Mar- have a chance," cried he“ nur ouls quess of Winchester's room. Both chance to get back across the creek u rushed with little ceremony into the discovered – I got over well enough." royal apartment, and after brief prepa- There was no time for deliberation :
they got, as speedily as possible, into the other side, took but one oar, and, the boat, placing the Lady on its saving his wounded arm, pulled as well flooring. “How came you here ?" as he was able with the other, which asked De Lacy, “ and know you any kept the boat slowly progressing up thing of the Queen ?" "I do not, the creek. The firing from the ships answered the honest pilot, “it was had evidently slackened. Lady EleaSmallcraft sent me it was lucky he nor and the good Father had escaped thought on it-I should not-he is unhurt; and the boat being now upon gone across the creek higher up, to the shore De Lacy prepared to land. seek after the Queen.” De Lacy He ascended the muddy side of the seized an oar, and they pulled for lite creek with some difficulty, and peror death, the shots passing every mo- ceived, under shelter of a high bank, ment over their heads ; nor was the a crowd, which being clearly out of the desperate attempt made unobserved. range of fire, made him hope that the A boat pushed off from the nearest Queen had there found safe refuge, vessel full of men, and rapidly gained while on one side were several detachupon them; they had got three parts ments of horse, evidently placed to of the way across, and the chase was command the upper part of the creek. almost upon them; so much so, that Raising his voice and waving his hat some of the men in the ship’s boat he soon obtained assistance from the were about to fire upon them, but nearest of these parties, and in a few were prevented by the officer who moments had the inexpressible satisfacsteered, and wished, with hostile pur- tion of placing Lady Eleanor,unharmed, pose to obtain information from his except labouring under the terrors of prisoners, whom he considered himself the dreadful scene she had gone through, on the point of capturing. Our poor in the arms of her father, who, with a fugitives were, by this time, fairly countenance that evinced what he had overhawled, and the bow-oarsman had suffered, was standing beside a baggage seized his boat-hook and grappled waggon, where, stretched upon a truss them, when De Lacy, starting with of straw, and covered with horsemens? the frenzy of desperation, dealt the cloaks, lay the Queen of England. grappler on the instant, such a Finding that his murderous attack blow across the arms with his oar, as had failed of its full intent, Batten, the not only compelled him to loose his thus infamous vice-admiral of the parhold, but staggered him so, that he lost liamentary fleet withdrew his squadron his balance, and fell over board. This and put to sea, having effected nothing threw them a little a-head, and the more than the demolition of Smallman of war's crew irritated, threw craft's house, some adjoining tenements, down their oars, seized their arms, and the slaughter of a few unfortunate and gave their fire irregularly, in the individuals of little note, except the act of which, as they all rushed to one young and gallant Pomeroy, who, as side, the boat capsized, and all were he was assisting the Queen along the precipitated into the tide. " Pull for quay, was struck by a splinter which a life and death !” exclaimed our gala cannon shot separated from the quay lant Colonel, laying his hand on his wall, and cut nearly in twain ; the loyal left arm, where he felt he was wounded. blood of this youthful and ill-fated ca“For death, master,” said Oakstaff un- valier sprinkling the person of his dauntedly, “ my yarn is spun!” And royal mistress, and giving to her a frightDe Lacy now perceived, that though ful augury of the yet dearer blood he continued his exertions, the blood which she was doomed to mourn. The was pouring from his side in an unin danger over, the Queen rallied, and terrupted stream. Short time was was enabled, with her small personal allowed for sympathy with the living ; retinue, and military escorte, to prothe dead claimed his strong, but, alas! ceed forth with to Kilham, eight miles unavailing feelings. The lion-hearted distant,the mansion of the loyal and deterpilot tumbled from his seat, and, with a mined Bunckley, where her security was few convulsive groans, expired.
further ensured by a re-inforcement to The boat by this catastrophe drifted her guard of three hundred foot under her own way before De Lacy could the command of Lieutenant-Colonel get to the oars, and he, perceiving that Webb. Here the Queen was allowed the current tended strongly towards to take that repose which the unmanly