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spoliation are entertained only by a the repeal, of which he was the prophet few, who are either bigots in religion, and the panegyrist ? And truly it my or enthusiasts or radicals in politics. Lord Grey were compelled to answer That was what they told us before, this appeal, we know not how he could when the Catholic Emancipation was fashion bis reply, seeing that he does on the carpet. That also was what openly glory in his age having only adthey told us when the reform bill was ded, on political subjects, to the veheto be carried. They said that the Irish mence of his youthful passions, instead Roman Catholics desired no more than of imparting any of that wisdom and they then asked, and that when thus moderation which best befit gray hairs. much should have been granted, they He is not now the same Lord Grey, would be contented and thankful in who some few years ago, so patheticalpeace and quiet.

ly lamented that he stood alone among What is become of these auspicious the politicians of his country, without vaticinations now? What is now the either party or friends, and who, in adlanguage of those who are still, as they verting to this very topic of the superwere then, the leaders of agitation fluous effervescence of his political They stand forth in the same arena of zeal informer days, so eloquently, contention as before, and proclaim to (would that it had been as truly) adall comers that the victory they have ded "non eadem est ætas non mens." gained is valuable only as the precursor As to my Lord Plunket, he is also of a series of civil conquests. They disposed of by the Irish agitators withstand on the same ground, the same out much ceremony.* No one, say flags are unfurled, and, as they advance they, can forget the eloquent--the soulto the encounter, they cry aloud—“Our stirring speeches of the Irish Hamilcar trust in our success is confirmed by the against Lord Castlereagh upon the remembrance of our former triumphs. Union question except indeed himself. We remember in order that we may Nor is this all, for after these ancient hope. We refer to our recollection for fond records have been raked up, to no other purpose than to open, and cast in the teeth of their old friend, to confirm, our anticipation. Here, the agitators go farther, and with a and by these means, emancipation and pregnant allusion to the impossibility reform were carried ; and here, also, of resistance to Ireland's claim of inde by the same means, shall the Protestant pendence by a Ministry which is the Church be overthrown, and Repeal be avowed and active champion of all such be established.”

nations as struggle for freedom and inThey turn upon Lord Grey and dependence, on the continent of Europe. Lord Plunket with their own recorded Ireland is to Britain what Belgium was opinions. The quote the words of ci- to the Dutch, and the orators take great tizen Grey, when he not only denoun- credit to themselves for moderation (as ced the Legislative Union, but predic- very well they may from the present ted that “a time would come, when Cabinet) for not seeking a new dynasty Ireland, with a loud and anxious voice, to reign over them, but contenting would demand the repeal of a measure, themselves with demanding only a dowhich so far from being a means of mestic legislature. uniting the two countries, would scat And shall we be told that men who ter between them the seeds of ever- have shown and proved themselves thus lasting discord." And then they twit watchful, to lay hold upon every word his lordship with the much-vaunted and principle of former days, and to consistency of his political career-his use them for their present ends, against sentiments continuing quales ab incep- those who have given them emancipato, from boyhood to old age, and they tion and reform-shall we be told that ask, how then, in the name of that con- they will stop short at a partial church sistency, can he deprecate and refuse spoliation, once the principle was ad

• While Cobbett was, on a late occasion, smiting Lord Plunkett with sarcasm that convulsed the House of Commons with laughter and cheers, the Honourable and Learned Member for Dublin, sat behind him, prompting the information which Cobbet used with such surprising effect.

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1:mitted? Let no man dreams of such the middle classes the honors, emolu: absurdity. Nou the more that is given ments, and advantages which have hi

the more they will demand, and over thertó been enjoyed by those in a higher

the ruins of the prostaate éhurch the rank of society. There is nothing I shout for 3 Repeal" will be louder and which the Minister proposes for breakF more violent than ever. n:And who do ing down and scattering established j. the Whig Ministers espect will resist interests, which will not only be sane

thistery for Repeat of the Union : who tioned but applauded. ! Upon the night o con resist it, but the Protestants of Ire that Lord Althorp announced the Gote land? Yet these are the men whom vernment plan for cutting down the

the Whig! Ministerst insultzo strample Irish Church Establishment, a sort it upon, and plunder, that the agitators of spirit was displayed which was

may be conciliated!”Is it possible never before seen in the British House

that political insanity can go fuļther of Commons. At every fresh announce it than this? We do not think it can, ment of intended confiscation of ecclei brat we shall not answer positively til siastical rank or property, immediate i wei see the end of Whig Adminisa or prospective, a shout of exultation tration, 0% pada 19. i

was raised which could be compared to * We are sorry that in our politics this nothing but the vociferous ery of a mul

menth we have been obliged to dwell titudinous rabble that has beset some solexclusively on topics relating to Ire- devoted building, and puts up a triland, and those anything but topics of umphant huzza as each door is broken congratulation. This is not our fault

, through or buttress tumbled to the for if the legislature will honor this ground. Even the strangers in the isłatid with all its attention what can gallery took part in this unseemly exwe do but adapt our comments to the pression of rampant satisfaction, and text with which they furnish us? We they were not repressed. lament to say that the more experience v These joyful people are little aware we have of the new House of Coma of what they are doing. They would mons, the more confirmed are we in our pull down those above them, forgetful fears that much further violation will how much higher they are themselves follow the Reform Bill. The spirit of than the mass--the physical force of the house is indubitably that of despe- the country. Their own turn may rate appetite for change. It is palpably come much sooner than these turbulent obvious that the majority of the mem- reformers imagine, and too late they bers think they have been sent to cric will discover that they must pay the tieise with a joalous' eye every thing penalty of the tyranny of which they that is established, and to make alter- now set so dangerous an example. ations that may distribute among the -I'S BV 1, MB 1mi! KILL 1194996 de Viti 79 tar7h 0907 34. Por all that freedom's highest aims can reach

1991navy to Is but to lay proportioned loads on each ;
be piec 'T' And should one order disproportioned grow,

Its double weight must ruin all below,
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VOL. I.

3P

LEARNED SOCIETIES.

ROYAL DUBLIN SOCIETY.

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February 21, Mr. Hawthorn present “ See account of Spade Husbandry by ed the following Report from the Com- Doctor Radcliffe and others; also the mittee of Agriculture :

Quarterly Review, vol. XLI. p. 240, on “ The Committee of Agriculture, to the condition of the English peasantry. whom was referred on the 24th ult. the letter of Mr. Alexander Kinmonth, and

SECOND PREMIUM. the documents connected therewith, claiming on the part of Colonel Close, two Laying down Ground to Permanent Paspremiums offered by the Society in Fe

ture. bruary last, for the erection of the “ To the proprietor or tenant in Ire greatest number of cottages, and for the land who shall report the most successful allocation of land thereto, having investi- experiment in laying down a field to per gated these claims, and having had a com- manent pasture, not being less than ere 7 munication with Colonel Close there- English or statute acres, and which shall upon, who has fully confirmed and certi- afford the best combination of the finer fied the facts as set forth in Mr. Kin grasses, for giving a renewed successive month's letter, are of opinion, that Co of plants in proportion to the advance of lonel Close is entitled, under the list of the season, premiums held out by the Society, to

The Gold Medal, or Ten Socereignte. receive the Gold Medal for each of the

“ The land which is the subject of the two objects set forth in No. 4 and No. 5, experiment, must have been pastured for

“ The Committee cannot omit the at least one season, exclusive of that in opportunity of congratulating the so which the report is given in, and a ce ciety and the public, on the patriotic and tified account must be transmitted of the praiseworthy cxample set by Colonel kinds and quantity of the grass seeds Close to the landed proprietors of Ire

. The nature of the soil must also land, towards ameliorating the condition be stated particularly, and the experses of their tenantry, by providing comfort accurately detailed. able residences for them.

“ The Committee have further to report, that they have considered the ex For Improving the Condition of the La pediency of renewing the offering of pre bouring Poor by Erecting Cottages, and miums proposed last year by the Society

Apportioning Land. for the above and several other objects of general utility, and they recommend to vinces of Ireland, who in the year 1892

“ To the person in each of the pro the Society to sanction the same, with the

or 1833 shall erect' on his estate the exception of the second premium. « C. STEWART HAWTHORNE,

greatest number of cottages (not less than “ Chairman,"

five) in proportion to the extent thereof, upon an improved construction, for the

accommodation and promoting the comLIST OF PREMIU MS,

forts of the labouring poor; and skal Proposed to be continued for the ensuing allot to each of such cottages a portion of

Year, by the Committee of Agriculture land not less than one Irish acre. and Painting,

The Gold Medal

. February 21, 1833.

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THIRD PREMIUM.

FOURTH PREMIUM.

FIRST PREMIUM.

Management of Landed Property in For Improving the Condition of the Los Ireland.

bouring Poor, by Apportioring Land « For the best and approved Essay

to Cottages already Built. on the Consolidation of Farms, and the “ To the person in each of the proexpediency of maintaining in Ireland a vinces of Ireland who in the year 1832 mixed system of plough and spade hus- 1833 shall allot to the greatest number bandry,

of cottages on his estate, (not less than The Gold Medal of the Society. five,) in proportion to the extent thereos

,

« EDMUND DAVY.

already built on an improved construction, rable progress in them, and I purpose, for the accommodation and promoting with the concurrence of the Society, to the comforts of the labouring poor, a finish them forthwith, as the results are quantity of land less than one frish acre. wanted to lay before the Government.

The Gold Medal. The subject of the Irish Soap Manu" It is not intended to prescribe any facture has just been before Parliament, specific form of building or materials, and is shortly expected again to come only the covering to be of slates, if under the consideration of the Legislathey can be procured at a reasonable ture. price.

“ I remain, dear Sir, “ The competitors must furnish the

“ Your's faithfully, Society with the plans, surveys, estimates, and accounts of expenditure, together “ Edward Hardman, Esq., with a certificate signed by at least one of 8c2 8c3 8c.” its Members, the clergymen of the different religious persuasions, or some of March, 7, The following report of the the resident gentlemen, setting forth their Committee of Botany was read :personal examination of the cottages, “ The Committee of Botany have to when finished, the manner in which the report that the Hydraulic Ram, lately work has been executed, and their fitness erected at the Botanic Garden, is now to promote the comfort and health of the complete, and that an ample supply of inhabitants.

water is conveyed by it, from the River,

to a Reservoir, formed for its reception, FIFTH PREMIUM.

in the neighbourhood of its ConservaQuantity of Land required to Support a tories and Hothouses ; that a plan and

Labourer's Family, and enable' him to estimate have been laid before the Comkeep a Cow.

mittee, by Mr. J. M. D'Olier, one of

its members, for the erection of an Orna« For the best account founded on ac mental Fountain, in the centre of the tual experience in Ireland, of the quan- Reservoir, which the Committee conceive tity of land of an average quality which would not only be highly conducive to would be required to supply a labourer's the improvement and beauty of the family, consisting of two grown persons Garden, but would be of the utmost and two children, with all necessary cali- importance, in bringing water into the nary vegetables, including potatoes, to Houses for the supply of the Plants, enable him to keep a pig or two, and without the necessity of opening doors. likewise maintain a cow all the year The expense of this would not much exround.

The Gold Medal. ceed £30. They beg to recommend to « Seo Martin Doyle's · Hints to Small the Society to empower the Committee Farmers,' Allen on • Home Colonies,' to have the same executed on the most and Coblett's Cottage Economy.'" reasonable terms: and if they shall be

pleased to approve of the recommendaFebruary, 28, The following letter tion, the Committe request that a sum from Mr. Professor Davy was read : of £35 may be placed at their disposal

for the same. Royal Dublin Society's Laboratory.

“ JOSEPH CLARKE, Chairman." « DEAR SIR– I beg you will acquaint The Assistant Secretary having anthe Royal Dublin Society, that the Cor- nounced to the Vice-President in the poration of Tallow Chandlers and Soap chair, the lamented death of their highly Boilers of Dublin, recently requested me talented and esteemed Professor of Mito make some comparative experiments neralogy and Keeper of the Museum, on the Soaps imported into Ireland, and Sir Charles Giesecké, which melancholy the Soaps of home manufacture, with a event took place in the afternoon of view to assist the Corporation in in- Tuesday last very suddenly. vestigating the causes of the present Resolved – That the Society do exruinous state of the Irish Soap Manu- press, by placing the same on the Mifacture, and, possible, to procure le- nutes of their Proceedings, their sincere gislative relief. Being anxious to render sorrow at the loss they have thus susevery assistance in my power to the tained, and the high sense they enterManufactures of this country, I imme- tain of the long-tried talents, as a Sciendiately commenced those experiments, tific Professor, and the amiable manners (which will be made at no expense to and chararcter, as a gentleman, of the late the Society,) and I have made conside- Sir Charles Giesecké.

11

Mr. Weld presented to the Society for The Monthly Returns of the Attentheir Museum, on the part of Matthew dance of Pupils in the several Schools Moran, Esq., the Head of a Tiger from for the month of February, was read, NEPAUL. He was discovered in the act which was as follows: of devouring a buffalo, which after having killed, he had dragged to the top of Figure School, Average attendance a bank twenty feet high, where he was Landscape and Ornament,

Architecture,

do. shot.

Modelling,

do.

do.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

kins.

Martineau.

we

Notions on Political Economy by John Hop- rupt the hearts of the lower classes, and Illustrations of Political Economy-by Harriet

in their pernicious exertions have met

with no opposition, except from the feeble The powers of good and evil appear and ineffectual forces of law and criminal to be engaged in mortal conflict in these prosecutions. But no pains, or compa Islands. The latter, although natu- ratively little, were taken to unteach rally inferior in strength, has never what they had taught, and to leave no theless by its superior industry and room if possible for the most destructive unwearid perseverance prevailed against errors, by pre-occupying the minds of the its more powerful enemy. Yet, not- people, and bringing home to their unwithstanding those partial victories and derstanding, the strong and simple arguthe mischiefs they have done ments in favor of the most useful and cannot look upon the conflict without important truths. The lovers of truth feeling some degree of pleasure. The and justice were too often disgusted by allies of evil, indeed, appear to have the bigotry and narrow-mindedness of gained a signal and enduring advantage those who were opposed to them. They by their late triumphs, by one of which forget that many of the followers, and they almost destroyed the constitution, even of the advocates of falsehood were and by the other they fondly imagine that on that side, only because truth had they have overwhelmed the church. But never been clearly presented to their we confidently trust that their hopes are eyes. Unfortunately overlooking this unfounded, and that their conquests will plain consideration, they trusted to the not be of long endurance. The friends law as if it were an effectual or the only of peace and order and humanity have means of preventing the mischief, which beeu violently roused from their repose, the spread of delusive doctrines bad a and we already see them advancing with tendency to occasion. The unfair temper superior force and equal activity to meet and unwillingness to hear arguments conand conquer their implacable foes. From trary to their present opinions, which the the immense powers now entrusted to the people generally exhibit on occasions of populace of these kingdoms, and from the public debate, were too often deemed a quickness and freedom with which state- sufficient reason to abstain from them, ments and arguments, whether true or on the specious grounds that it is to no false, whether in favour of good or evil, purpose to argue with men who will not are disseminated through the country, treat you fairly and who are determined there remain now no means of success not even to listen to any arguments in for any party but through the instrumen- favor of the opinions, which at the time tality of the populace, and no means of they chance to consider as erroneous, or acquiring the possession of those instru- hostile to their interests. But even this ments except by appealing to their feels disposition in the people, how ever unfair ings to their understandings or their con- it certainly is, and prejudicial to the cause sciences.

of truth, is now justly considered as itself For a long time the enemies of peace a delusion and among those mistaken opiand order have been unremitting in their nions which may the most easily be reendeavours to mislead the minds and cor- moved by force of argument.

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