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that legislature should adopt. A great her dwellings; her land, now rent by deal has been written and a great deal civil and religious discord, obedient to said upon this topic during the last the beck of the demagogue, and the twelve months, and when the proposed slave of every evil passion, would bemeasures of the present Government come a scene of industry, contentment, come into action, it is to be hoped that prosperity and peace; and the beautisomething will

, at length, be done. Much ful apostrophe of Schiller in his “ Song valuable information and many excel- of the Bell,” where he contrasts the lent suggestions may be derived from serene stillness and security of the inthe evidence before the Parliamentary habitants reposing under the watchful Committee last session, which, together eye of order and law, with the horrors with the report, deserves the most of moral insanity, insurrection and muranxious consideration. But there are der, would, at length, be realised. gradual and permanent remedies, such With regard to the great subject of as those above suggested (the religious scriptural education, which must be our education of the people, and an earnest sheet anchor, in the sea of troubles on and systematic sympathy between the which our country is cast, no one who upper and lower classes, which it rests knows the Irish can possibly doubt of with the former to create and to main- their thirst to drink of the chrystal tain), without which temporary mea streams of the Divine Word, and to sures of physical restraint, or the re- investigate those truths which relate removal of taxation, or of any other to their permanent being, (co ortãs ox), alleged pecuniary grievances, can pro- where they are not thwarted by their duce no solid good, nor restore perma- priests. The progress of the Sunday nent tranquillity. He then, who will School Society in the last ten years, earnestly promote the measures, and amidst every species of threat, promise, labour to counteract the evils, political terror, and excommunication, is alone and religious, which we have thus has an abundant proof. The Irish were, tily enumerated, and, above all, who indeed, remarkable for their earnest humbly but ardently strives for the uni- desire for scriptural knowledge two versal diffusion of scripture truth, would centuries since. Dr. Owen, who came justly be entitled-" Ireland's true over in 1649, at the instance of CromPatriot."

well, speaks of them as Hitherto, throughout her long and multitude of as thirsty a people after dreary annals she has had few such. the Gospel as I ever conversed with." Yet the language of Lord Bolingbroke When he returned to England, he took is no less true than eloquent, that, occasion, in a sermon preached be** Neither Des Cartes, in building new fore the Parliament, to urge the preachworlds, nor Newton, in establishing ing of the truth in Ireland.

The the true laws of nature on experiment people,” he said, “are sensible of their and sublimer geometry, felt more intel- wants, and cry out for supply. The lectual joys, than he feels, who bends tears and cries of the inhabitants after

the force of his understanding, and the manifestations of Christ are ever in directs all his thoughts and actions to my view. If they were in the dark the good of his country."

and loved to have it so, it might someWe would rejoice that these words what close a door on the bowels of our were graven with a pen of iron on the compassion; but they cry out of their heart of every Irishman, then “she darkness, and are ready to follow every who has lain among the pots," and been one, to have a candle." These remarks a bye-word to the nations, should be are even more applicable to the Irish " as the wings of a dove, that is covered of the present day ; to those at least, with silver wings, and her feathers like who are not yet enrolled in murder's gold.” The voice of joy and health ruffian bands, nor spell-bound in the would, with God's blessing, be heard in thraldom of the cruel demagogue.

a numerous

the returns from the county of Dublin alone include nearly one-fourth of the total number of accounts, one-fifth of the total amount, and almost one-half of the increase shown in the number of depositors, while in England, the returns from Middlesex include a proportion as nearly as possible coincident with its population, as compared with that of the whole kingdom. VOL. I.

3 B

In 1827, two of the Commissioners during the preceding year; and I have of Education Enquiry stated, that about now before me,” he adds, “a list of twenty years before, the scriptures were ninety-two Roman Catholics, who, by not read in so many as 600 schools in the blessing of God upon the preached Ireland ; " at present,” they say, we Gospel, have been led to embrace have ascertained, and stated in our Protestantism. These persons have second report, that they have found received the Sacrament of the Lord's their way into 6,058 daily schools, inde- Supper at our Chapel, and have joined pendent of Sunday Schools.It is wor- the communion of our Church." thy of remark, that of the 6,058 daily So we learn from the last report of schools in which the scriptures were the Kildare-street Society, that, notthen read, only 1,879 were connected withstanding the establishment of the with any societies whatever, whether New Board of Education and the those aided by Government or those exertions of the priests, the number of supported by individual contributions. Roman Catholic children in the schools In the remaining 4,179 schools the in connexion with the society, never scriptures had been adopted by the was so great. Will not these facts voluntary choice of the conductors and open the eyes of many worthy and teachers, the latter of whom are gene- sensible men, who were led blind. rally dependent for their livelihood fold into the delusion, that Scriptural upon the pleasure of the parents of education is received unwillingly by their pupils, a signal proof that there the Roman Catholic laity in Ireland ? is no repugnance to scriptural instruc The present momentous crisis detion amongst the people, and not less mands the devoted and uncompromisan illustration of the effects silently ing exertions of government, and the produced by the example and compe- earnest and vigorous promotion of tition of better institutions upon the sound, religious national education by common schools of the country. Only every man of rank, property, or ina few months have elapsed since a de- fluence in the country. Let religious claration was sent from Kingscourt dis- and moral knowledge be the first aim, trict to “ The Irish Society," signed by secular knowledge a secondary and 3,221 Roman Catholics, masters and subordinate object. When writing adult scholars, in connection with the to James First, on the proposed planSociety, claiming the right and ex- tation of Ulster, Lord Bacon said," “ A pressing an earnest desire for scriptural work, of all others, most memorable, education in their native tongue." In your majesty has now in hand ; speour humble sphere of life," say the cially if your majesty join the harp of petitioners, “ we have more sure and David in casting out the evil spirit of certain means to know and ascertain superstition, with the harp of Orpheus the real sentiments of the peasantry, re- in casting out desolation and barlative to scriptural education than any

barism." member of his Majesty's Government. We are aware, that many worthy We most truly and solemnly declare individuals have been latterly led away that the Irish peasantry, in general, are from the path of perseverance in Scripsincerely and zealously attached to the tural education, by a notion of a growscriptures; that, instead of objecting to ing liberality and tolerance, and an send their children to Bible schools, adoption of more enlightened principles the very circumstance of the Bible be- in the Church of Rome; and we are ing read in a school will induce many often told by amiable and religious to prefer that school. We would refer persons, that her prelates and pastors, to the thousands of the adult Catholic if not irritated by the misjudged zeal population at present in the scriptural and by suspicions of the proselytizing schools of the Irish Society.”

spirit of their Protestant rivals, would The same zeal for scriptural know- readily concede to the earnest and ledge has shown itself in no less de- almost universal desire, of the Irish gree amongst the native Irish, in peasantry, to become acquainted with St. Giles's, London. The Reverend the Scriptures, and that they are not H. Beamish writes, in March, 1832, opposed to the circulation of the verthat several hundreds, both of the sion of their own church amongst the English and Irish versions of the scrip-, people. Now, we are sure, that those tures, were distributed amongst the poor who say so, cannot have read the

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evidence which was given, but a short by this Holy See." He calls upon the time since, before the Commissioners Prelates of the Church "frequently to of Education Inquiry, relative to the remember that the Universal Church Roman Catholic College of Maynooth, is shaken by any novelty whatsoever, and nor do they remember what Mr. Do- that nothing, once regularly defined, nellan, a Roman Catholic gentleman, ought to be retrenched, changed or increasand nephew to Lord Fingall

, stated ed.," and concludes this enlightened dobefore the Commissioners,saying “ that cument by conjuring the saine prelates the peasantry in Connaught could to lift up their eyes and hands to the scarcely distinguish between a Testa- most blessed Virgin Mary, “ who alone ment and any other book of the same has destroyed all heresies, who fills with size on a religious subject." I think he the greatest confidence, or rather, who added, we may say, in general, they is the whole foundation of our hope.) do not understand that the Bible con- (Tota ratio spei nostræ.) May she, by tains the Word of God, the History of her intercession, &c. our Saviour, the History of the

Creation, While such opinions and doctrines and the Redemption of the World!” are entertained and promulgated by the

With regard to the historical argu- Head of the Roman Church, can any ment afforded by the continuous past be so absurd as to expect that its pasHistory of the Church of Rome, we tors will co-operate with sincerity in an do not mean to ground our opinions endeavour to promote the knowledge upon that. We are aware, that this of the scriptures amongst the people, is slighted and sneered at by the libe- and thus to ameliorate the moral feelralism, indifferentism, and the sufficient ings and soften the outrageous passions wisdom of the present day. Le of the Irish peasantry? monde est trop indisciplinable, pour How long are Protestants to continue profiter des maladies des siecles pas- lukewarm in this work, and quietly to seés. Chaque nation se comporte, look on, while ignorance, and hatred, comme s'il etait le premier venu." and vengeance, and murder, stalk thro' Boyle seems to have anticipated, in the land? these words, the peculiar character of The memory of no living man can the present day. But, unhappily, we recollect Ireland, in such a condition as have too abundant proof afforded of it is at this hour. We do not except the unchanged spirit of that church, by the period of the last rebellion. It was the avowed sentiments, doctrines, and by no means so formidable, and was, tenets of its leaders at this very hour. comparatively, easily put down. In the late encyclical letter of the


The progressive state of crime in the sent Pope, Gregory XVI., published province of Leinster during the last in Ireland about seven months since, three years, is as follows this summary by the bookseller of the College at contains serious offences only :- In the Maynooth, His Holiness speaks of a last three months of 1829, 300; in the general liberty of conscience, as an ab- last quarter of 1830, 499 ; of 1831, surd, mistaken notion, or rather a de- 814; and of 1832, 1513. During the lirious raving, and most pestilent error!" month of last January alone, 1044 dif(Ser potius deliramentum, assesendam ferent kinds of outrages were comesse ac vindicandam cuilibet libertatem mitted in the same province. The conscientiæ : quidam pestilentissimo number of burglaries in the first of the errori, &c.) In another paragraph, he above periods was 94, and in the third,

the wicked ravings and 532. The number of homicides and schemes of the Waldenses, Wickliffites, attempts to kill was, in the first period, and other similar sons of Belial, the 15, and in the second, 47. There offscourings and disgrace of human nature were seven homicides during the month (humani generis sordes ac dedecora) of last January, and 130 burglaries. who were justly so often anathematised


descants upon



“ All is not lost--the unconquerable will
And courage never to subinit or yield."


The Hall of Harps is lone to-night,

And cold the chieftain's hearth;
It hath no mead, it hath no light,

No voice of melody, no sound of mirth.
The bow lies broken on the floor

Whence the free step is gone ;
The pilgrim turns him from the door

Where minstrel-blood hath stain'd the threshold stone.

And I too go my wound is deep,

My brethren long have died
Yet ere my soul grow dark with sleep

Winds ! bear the spoiler one more tone of pride !
Bear it, where on his battle plain,

Beneath the setting sun,
He counts my country's noble slain-

Say to him-Saxon! think not all is won.

Thou hast laid low the warrior's head,

The minstrel's chainless hand;
-Dreamer! that number'st with the dead,

The burning spirit of the mountain land!

Think'st thou because the song hath ceas’d,

The soul of song is flown ?
Think'st thou it woke to crown the feast,

It liv'd beside the ruddy hearth alone ?
No! by our wrongs, and by our blood,

We leave it pure and free-
Though hush'd awhile, that sounding flood

Shall roll in joy through ages yet to be.
We leave it midst our country's woe,

The birth-right of her breast-
We leave it, as we leave the snow

Bright and eternal on +Eryri's crest.

We leave it with our fame to dwell

Upon our children's breath.
Our voice in theirs thro' time shall swell-

The Bard hath gifts of prophecy from Death.

He dies—but yet the mountains stand,

Yet sweeps the torrents tide ;
And this is yet | Aneurin's land-

Winds! bear the spoiler one more tone of pride ! * At the time of the supposed massacre of the Welsh bards by Edward First.

+ Eryri, Welsh name for the Snowdon mountains.
| Aneurin, one of the noblest of the Welsh bards.



PART III. Chap. V.

I will not yield
To be baited with the rabble's curse."


Our last chapter made the reader spite of his priesthood, warmed his own more intimately acquainted with all the heart ; a ray from that spirit would personages who formed the floating sometimes shoot into the vista of time, cortege of the Queen of England : we and cheer its darkness with the hope now return to them on their perilous that the progress of civilization would voyage.

yet call into bright and vigorous disAccording to his orders, Commodore play the moral qualities of his countryde Ruyter steered his course due north, men—that Christianity would triumph keeping as close into the continent as over creeds, and the moral and politisafety would permit, the wind barely cal amalgamation of the two islands, allowing to lay their course, which, to fiated by nature and by interest, would gether with the dull sailing of one of one day be accomplished. The fiendthe brigantines obliging them frequently ish ingratitude and truculency of those to heave to for fear of separation or to whom he and De Lacy had been surprise, added to the tedium and dis- such kind and constant benefactors, gust inseparable from a sea voyage to would at times, subdue his feelings to those unaccustomed to that element. a less kindly tone, and chill the hopes The whole party, with the exception of springing from the love of his country; De Lacy, were prostrated in the humi- often forcing him to doubt the latent liating misery of sea-sickness, which is virtues ascribed to the Irish character, no respecter of persons. The Queen and suggesting the painful conclusion, was its victim, more or less, during the that with the Irish peasantry, good was whole voyage, but still she was keenly but an impulse—evil their nature! The alive to the dreadful hazard to which good man would labour, by every vashe was momentarily exposed. The riety of principle and reasoning, to Marquis of Winchester, in a state little account for this singular degradation better, was unable to leave his cabin, of the moral and Christian character of and it was not until the evening of the his countrymen. Like many others third day, that the Lady Eleanor, at who would not look at facts, with the the Queen's special desire, was led upon piercing scrutiny of truth and justice, deck by De Lacy, to make trial of the nor take the trouble to analyse their effect of freer air towards her conva own feelings, he would ascribe all to lescence. Father Denis's time was the rule of England, never recollecting divided between affording to the Mar- the rule of Popery, Occupied with quis the relief derivable from conver- such reflections and his books, Father sation, or in low and deep communion Denis was the only one on board whose with that book which he, at least, would thoughts were free of apprehension not seal to the laity of his creed. Nor from a probable encounter with some can we suppose that the horrid crimes, of the Parliamentary squadrons. sanctioned by his church, and which The fresh air, together with the drove him from the still loved land of curiosity awakened by witnessing the his birth, did not painfully occupy his manner in which a man of war is mind. He looked at every thing-he worked, soon restored Lady Eleanor hoped every thing in the spirit of that to health, if not to tranquillity, and she genuine Christian Charity which, in was daily upon deck. Had her tem

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