« הקודםהמשך »
should be disposed of in reduction of the articles of native production and manuexpense of new ones; that the cost will factures. be but trifling, not exceeding £6 or £7; The committee recommend that they and they request that the sum may be be empowered to make the necessary arplaced at their disposal, for the purpose rangements for the exhibition, stating of making the necessary arrangements. (when practicable) the number of medals
“ The Committee beg to direct the at- which they recommend to the society to tention of the Society to a report of allocate for the purposes of the exhibitheirs, presented on the 6th of April last, tion. relative to the keeping a Meteorological
Isaac D'OLIER, Chairman. Register at the Botanic Garden, which Mr. Boyd, V.P. having laid before the seemed to be an object of very general society two letters received by him, one interest ; that the want of funds at that from John Fenton, Esq., and another entime prevented the carrying into effect closed in it from Colonel Stannus, anthe recommendation of the Committee ; nouncing the arrival in London of the but, as they have reason to believe that Persepolitan casts, proposed to be prethere are at present sufficient funds ap- sented to the society some time back by plicable to this purpose, they submit that Colonel Stannus. a reference should now be made to the Resolved -- That the best thanks of the Committee of Economy, to ascertain and society be given, and communicated by report whether the sum of £80 can be Mr. Weld, Hon. Sec., to these gentleplaced at the disposal of this Committee, men for their letters, and particularly to to defray the expense thereof, the parti- Colonel Stannus, for the valuable gift of culars of which are detailed, as far as which his letter announces the safe arripracticable, in their report of April last. val in England; and that Mr. Weld do “ CHARLES PUTLAND,
also communicate with Messrs. Inglis, “ Chairman,"
Forbes, and Co., of London, respecting There was a meeting of the Royal the landing and transmission of the cases Dublin Society, on Thursday, February to Dublin, requesting them to take the 14, 1833,
necessary steps for that purpose. R. B. Bryan, Esq. in the chair. Daniel Simmons, Esq., took his seat as The report of the committee of Na a member of the society. tural Philosophy, presented on Thursday last ; and a report from the committee of economy thereon, were read.
We regret being obliged to notice this Mr. Weld presented the following re. Society in any terms but those of praise ; port from the committee of economy :
it would be our ultimate wish with resThe committee of economy have to pect to any institution calculated to raise report, in answer to Society's reference the character, or advance the real inteof Thursday last, that the funds of the rests of our country to give every assissociety will admit of the expenditure re- tance which lay in our power, and to commended by the committee of Natural devote a portion of our Magazine to disPhilosophy.
cussing their merits or extending their
utility by diffusing interesting information ANNUAL EXHIBITION OF IRISH MANUFAC- relative to them; and as our means for this
purpose are amply sufficient, so we hope Dr. D’Olier presented the following our remonstrances on their mismanagereport from the committee of manufac- ment will be proportionably effective.
When the Zoological Society was first The committee appointed on the 31st established the enthusiasm of its supporult., to consider the practicability of es ters knew no bounds, there were no sacritablishing an annual exhibition of specifices too great to make for it, no exertions mens of the manufactures and produc- to be spared in raising it to the highest tions of Ireland, are of opinion, that the rank as a national school of natural establishment of such an exhibition is not history; and we are ready to grant that only practicable, but would be attended great exertions were at first made ; but with considerable advantage to the coun- like all Irish undertakings the violence of try, by creating an honourable emulation zeal quickly cooled when the first impulse among the artisans, to improve their se- ceased to act, and when popularity was veral manufactures, and by exciting in the acquired, the means by which it was obnobility and gentry a desire to patronize tained were neglected; and though by a
TURES AND PRODUCTIONS.
FRENCH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. report which appeared in our first num. ber it is fully ascertained that the in A paper, by M. Hachette, was read on terest in the Society is increasing, yet the 8th of October last, in which he exwill it be believed that this valuable gare plained the construction of an apparatus, den is almost totally left to the care and invented by M. Hippolyte Pixii, for the superintendance of the menials of the exhibition of magneto-electric induction, institution ; consequently the most casual by wbich, not only was the electro-magnetic visitor is struck by the air of desolation spark brilliantly exhibited, but water was which is presented by the gardens, and decomposed in considerable quantity. The the appearance of tatal veglect which apparatus consists of an horse-shoe magreigns tbroughout the whole establish- net, which is made to revolve opposite a ment; and in corroboration of what is piece of soft iron, bent into a similar shape, here asserted hardly a month elapses around which is coiled a quantity of cop. without the death of some valuable ani- per wire, covered with silk, the extremimal; this shameful conduct on the part ties of which are placed in a vessel of of the Committee should at once be seen water. When the magnet is made to to by the proprietors, and we would sug- revolve, it induces magnetism in the piece gest the expediency of appointing some of soft iron, which produces the electric one accountable person to have the super- current in the copper wire by which it is intendance of the garden ; their present enveloped. M. Ampère mentions in a secretary we believe to be most fully vote on the experiments of Pixii, that, by competent to the task, as the garden was means of a magnet, which raised 100 in a most flourishing condition during the killogrammes. (3:22lbs.) and around which period he gave his valuable time to the the envelope of wire was coiled 400 times, superintendence of them.
and was 1,000 metres in length, (3808 We regret to be obliged to speak thus feet), he obtained I°, vivid sparks ; 2°, of a Society which has received such pretty strong shocks, (des commotions ample encouragement from the public, assez fortes) ; 3, when the hands were and which we formerly regarded as cal- placed in acidulous water, involuntary culated to advance our country in useful motion of the fingers ; 4°, great separaknowledge; but we must say that unless tion of the gold leaves of the electrothe present Committee are willing to meter ; 5°, rapid decomposition of water. perform their duty to the public, the The writer of an anonymous note, sooner they resign the idle honour of addressed to M. Faraday, which appeared figuring in the printed reports of the in the number of the Philosophical MagaSociety, the better. We shall in our zine for August, therein stated, that he next number, if possible, give a fuller hnd effected the decomposition of water by statement of our views on this subject magneto-electric induction, which was the by exposing the evils under which thc first notice given to the scientific world of society labours and proposing some prac- the successful performance of this interesttical mode of obviating them. ,
HERR ZANDER'S LECTURES ON GERMAN LITERATURE.
During the last month we were much style and mode of thinking, could not fail gratified by a course of Lectures which to be highly interesting, especially, as Herr Zander of Berlin, delivered on the these subjects were to be illustrated by a Belles Lettres of Germany. The his- native who is so much better qualified to tory of the intellectual developement of a enter into the peculiar spirit of the writers dation—incontestibly the most literary in of every age, than any foreigner. We, existence and an account of the principal therefore, had raised our expectations authors
, and the peculiarities of their rather high, yet find great pleasure in Vol. I.
saying, that Herr Zander has not only Scholar tears the French tragedians fromthe justified, but far surpassed them. The throne they had usurped, which he claims for manner in which he connected the rise Shakspeare; his merits about the Drama and decline of literature with political and his influence upon all modern German events, and the critical views he took of the Dramatists : his Plays; Analysis of authors were highly interesting, and, to Emilia Galotti
, a tragedy; his Laocoon ; a great extent, entirely novel.
his Polemical writings— Winkelmann has The following is an abstract of these entered more profoundly into the arts of Lectures :
antiquity than any modern inquirer LECTURE I.–German Language, its Wieland, his philosophy, his taste, and origin and various dialects—The age tact; his humour; Goethe's opinion of before Charlemagne—Ulphilas—Charle. him ; analysis of Oberon interwoven magne and his merits about German liter. with specimens Account of the Poetical ature-Influence of the intermarriages Society of the Grove, formed at Göttingen between the Imperial Houses of Germany in 1772: Amiable character of Hölty and Constantinople-During the Crus and extracts from some of his letters.si sades, German Poetry rises to its greatest Great merits of the Counts Stolberg height ; Minnesingers ; their Lyrics. Bürger's Genius–Jung Stilling's writ-1 LECTURE II.- Epic Romances of the ings of an original mystic character
, Minnesingers; their subjects derived directed against Atheism—Short review partly from foreign, partly from native of the writings of Tiedge, Matthison, and Legends: Developement of the origin Salis (living Poets.) and history of the four principal Legends LECTURE V.-Jean Paul Friedrich and their branches ; Poems formed upon Richter, the most original of German them-Foundation of the first German writers; his genius and style, combining Universities~ The political state of Ger- the pathetic with the humorous; extracts many causes the decline of national from his work ; his celebrated Dream in Poetry-Master Singers; the rules and Siebenkäs-Schiller, the most beloved regulations of their poetical trade— Wars author of the Germans; his Lyrics and of the Swiss against the Austrians and Ballads; his Dramatic Genius, more of Burgundians call forth a number of an epic-romantic, than purely tragic chapatriotic bards, amongst whom Veit racter : analysis of Wallenstein, a tragic Weber, the Swiss Tyrtaeus Prevailing trilogy, and the characters of Wallenstein taste for Satire ; several great Satirical and Piccolomini : Kotzebue's talents, Poems—The new-invented Letter-press his merits and demerits Goethe's early gains vast influence-Luther's lite- original views of nature and philosophy; rary merits, resting not only on his nume his humour. rous writings, but also on his vast influ LECTURE VI.-- State of Weimar before ence upon all Germany— The exasperated and after the year 1800—General character spirit between Protestants and Catholics, of Goethe's' Works; his Götz von Berinjurious to Poetry, more beneficial to lichingen and its influence upon Sir WalProse_Intense Classical studies-- With ter Scott. Real tendency of Werther's the beginning of the 17th Century Sorrows. Wilhelm Meister's Apprentice to dawn of a better age of Literature: ship, a manual of experience of the Opitz fixes German Prosody: First Sile- world, and knowledge of man, of philosian School-Abraham a Sancta Clara's sophy and critics, not written for a super-452 Sermons-Second Silesian School—Sad ficial reader ; original views of the influence of French taste and French character of Hamlet ; Mignon's characliterature-18th Century, new Schools ter. Faust, very little understood, vindifounded by Bodmer and Godsched. cated against the charges of blasphemy,
LECTURE III.-Modern German Liter- deism and unchristian tendency; the proature-Influence of the seven year's war prologue in heaven not understood by the Hagedorn-Haller's Odes and Elegiac English translators; examination of Poems-Gellert's Fables and Narratives the characters of Faust, Mephistopheles, Influence of Young's Night-thoughts : and Margaret. Klopstock, his life ;-religion, friendship, The Destiny-Tragedians ; Müllner, and love to his country form the three- his views of the tragedy; the lay of his fold impulse of his genius; several charac- Guilt. ters of his Messiah reviewed ; bis Odes LECTURE VII.- Destiny-tragedians rank far above the Messiah—Herder's life, continued ; Grillparzer, the lay of his character, genius, and works, illustrated : Ahnfrau,Merits of Raupach's Dramatic Jean Paul's opinion of him.
compositions; Schulze's Caecilia and the LECTURE IV.-Lessing, an universal Enchanted Rose, two of the best epic
romances of the Germans–Körner, the eminently laudable in their design. We German Tyrtaeus; his life and death; his should lose no opportunity of entering unequalled war-songs; his tragedies; Zriny the lists of noble emulation with their analyzed; his Rosamunde Observations spirited societies, but encourage as far as on the study of the German language. it is possible such able Professors of
From the foregoing brief sketch, Continental literature as come to sojourn to which the Lecturer did most ample amongst us. The Works of German justice in detail, by imparting to every authors have been but little understood portion of his subject, the greatest here as yet, and of course but imperfectpossible interest, a fair estimate may ly appreciated. We trust sincerely that readily be made of his capabilities which the public lectures, which we understand we have no hesitation in pronouncing to it is Herr Zander's intention to deliver be of the highest order. A German from time to time, so admirably adapted Professorship has been established in to remedy the deficiencies of a mere sutheir Institution by the enterprising perficial knowledge upon a subject so inbabitants of Belfast, whose exertions important, may meet with such a recepin the advancement of literature in all its tion as from the talent and industry disbranches have been, we are happy to say, played in their style and arrangement we as successful in their result as they were firmly believe them entitled to.
The British Cyclopædia-edited by C. F...Par. advantages attendant on education judi
tington, Esq. London: W. s.' Orr, Pater. ciously imparted : and this avowal we The Penny Cyclopædia-published by the Society are the more anxious to make, as it has for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledgc. Lon.
almost become an axiom amongst Whigs don : Charles Knight, Pall Mall. Chambers's Edinburgh Journal-republished in and Radicals, that the party opposed to
Dublin, by W. Curry and Co.
the spread of infidelity and republicanism ciety for the promotion of Christian Know are also united against the dissemination ledge. London: J. W. Parker.
of knowledge. The falsehood and maThe Dublin Penny Journal. Dublin : J. S. Folds.
lignity of this opinion, which has only
gained ground by the impudent perseveIt has been well remarked by one of rance of its promulgators, we might the ablest philosophers of our time, (Sir easy refute by an appeal to facts, if it D. Brewster,) that, “ To remain wil- served any purpose, and we could most lingly ignorant of the revelations of the easily prove from the declared opinions divine power, afforded by scientific inves- and consistent actions of many of the tigation, is a crime next to that of re leaders of our party and the readiness they jecting the revelation of the Divine will have always shewn, to co-operate in any Knowledge is at once the handmaid and rational system of national education, the the companion of true religion. They utter groundlessness of the assertion : but mutually adorn and support each other; we freely acknowledge that they have at and beyond the immediate circle of our the same time shewn a just degree of hesecular duties, they are the only objects sitation in wildly joining in the cry of the of rational ambition. While the calm cockney cognoscenti, who wished to make deductions of reason regulate the ardour all classes of his Majesty's liege subjects of christian zeal, the warmth of a holier walking Encyclopædias of what they enthusiasm gives a fixed brightness to the termed useful knowledge, and held back glimmering lights of knowledge."
from the more than absurd scheme of im. With the principle laid down in this parting by means of sixpenny tracts a extract we most readily concur, convinced mere verbal knowledge of the most abas we are of the vast importance to be struse branches of natural philosophy; witattached to the unlimited extension of ness the library of useful knowledge, suitable knowledge among all classes of which is written in such a style, that we society and fully sensible of the numerous unhesitatingly assert, that not one in ten
thousand of that class for whom they similar to that adopted in the Encyclopeare nominally intended,' would be able to dia Metropolitana in which every science read them ; and yet the dispensers of this is classed under separate divisions, each useful knowledge pretend to be the only division containing a complete body of scifriends of Education, who would give to 'ence in itself. The British Cyclopædia the mechanic after his daily toil, works is founded on the celebrated German for his amusement and instruction, as Con ersation - Lexicon, which is too intelligible to him as Laplace or New- well known to need any recommendation ton—we appeal for example to their trea- from us. tises on Optics, Electro-Magnetism, or Of the Penny Cyclopædia there is too Heat; and will ask any competent judge, little published to enable us to give a final do these not require, almost as much pre- opinion on its merits, what has been pubparatory reading to understand them as any lished certainly gives us no favorable idea physical elementary works in existence? respecting it; the wood-cuts are very bad, To these friends of the people, we yield and it appears to us, that too much of its not in anxiety for popular education, but space is occupied by subjects of little inwe would wish to have them instructed, terest, and of very little utility; the editors not merely in the very elements of all seeming to suppose, that the appearance knowledge, reading and writing, but also in of research will compensate for deficiency such branches of science, as will either ad- of USEFUL KNOWLEDGE. vance them in their several occupations, Of the other works at the head of this or serve to shew them the extent, variety article we must speak in terms of the and wisdom of the works of the Supreme highest commendation, literature is sendand teach them to look for another reve- ing forth her light troops as well as scilation of his will, than that afforded by ence; Chambers' Edinburgh Journal, the works of nature ; which will lead which is republishing in Dublin by Messrs. them from beholding him as the Omnis- Curry, and Co. is one of the best of the cient and Allwise, to studying his will as cheap periodicals, the Saturday Mathe Merciful and Just. Such is the edu- gazine and the Dublin Penny Journal, cation we would advocate, such the course are both very attractive from being ornaof instruction we should wish to see adopted mented with beautiful wood engravings. without separating either revelation, one We trust sincerely that the foregoing may of which is but the handmaid or compa- receive such ample encouragement and nion of the other, and either of which support as from their various and wellalone loses half its excellence and beauty. grounded claims they cannot but be ad. As the advocates of such a system, we mitted to be well deserving of. heartily rejoice at the appearance of any cheap scientific and literary periodicals, suitably adapted to the wants of those A Compendium of Modern Geography. By the for whom they are intended; if the for.
Rev. Alexander Stewart, Author of the His.
tory of Scotland. &c. Oliver and Boyd, Tweed. mer have elementary information convey. dale court, Edinburgh; and Simpkin and Mar. ed in a clear and lucid style, with such de shall, London, 1833. monstrations as are adapted to the capaci. Among the numerous 'works which ties of those whose numerous occupations, have been published for the facilitating prevent their acquiring, such elementary the acquirement of Geographical Knowinstruction, as is required for the more ledge in our schools, we have no hesitaabstruse branches of natural science. We 'tion in pronouncing the one whose titlehave before us two new cheap periodicals, page we have just quoted as claiming a the British Cyclopædia, edited by Mr.
very high place. The nature of such a Partington, the author of some excellent publication precludes of course the intropopular scientific works, and the Penny duction of original matter which would Cyclopædia published by the Society for generally speaking only serve to display the diffusion of useful knowledge. In the ingenuity of the author, without ad. price they are nearly equal, the former ding proportionally to the real value of giving sixteen pages for two pence and the book as estimated by the purposes it the latter eight pages for one penny : so was intended to serve. The author how. far are their merits equal; but in every ever has evidently had recourse to the other respect the British Cyclopædia is
very best and approved sources of inforfar superior to the Penny one, in typo- mation as will appear evident to any one graphical execution, in possessing steel
conversant in matters of Geographical reengravings, and in the far greater excel- search. The Introductory remarks are lence of its wood cuts. The arrange- written with a great degree of judgement ment of its matter is also better, as it is and the lively style in which they are ge