« הקודםהמשך »
THE SLAVE-FATHER, TO HIS SLAVE-BORN CHILD.
Thou’rt welcome to the world my boy!
As once it was for me ;
As tameless and as free!
Of deep and calm repose ;
I sung 'till evening's close.
Thine still must be the lot of woe,
Till death shall give thee rest ;
And evening gilds the west.
Of witchery 'round thy soul ;
Nor bend to base control.
Beneath the proud one's eye ;
With conscious liberty.
My fathers have their graves ;
To see their offspring slaves ?
Whilst echo answer'd wild ;
And rescue-each his child !
In bondage and in grief ;
Our wearied souls, relief.
If joy could reach him here ;
According to the promise made in the Oxford the degree of A.M. must be taken last Number, we subjoin the continuation before that of M.B. can be obtained, of the law argument before the Assessor which shews that the Bachelor of Mediat the late election in College ; and now cine is the higher degree. As to the give the argument and judgment relative higher authority of some of the Masters to the right of Bachelors of Medicine and of Arts, those are the Masters Regent, Law to vote without having previously deriving authority from special circumtaken the degree of Master of Arts. stances.
Mr. Solicitor General argued in favour Mr Lendrick argued against the right of the extension of the franchise to Ba- claimed. chelors of Law and of Medicine.
There are two Academic classes in The question is, what is meant by the which degrees are taken; the class of expression "higher degree,” in the 60th Arts and the class of Faculties. These section of the Reform Bill? It means two classes cannot be mixed or conBachelors of Law or Medicine, as well founded. In each class there are two as Doctors of these faculties.
sorts of degrees ; the imperfect or inThe degree of Bachelor of Laws and choate, and the perfect or complete. In that of Medicine, is a “higher degree" each, the degree of Bachelor is the than that of Master of Arts, and there. imperfect degree. The degree of fore comes within the words of the 66th Master in the one and of Doctor in section of the Reform Bill. In the 9th the other is the perfect degree. In chapter of the statute of the University, order to obtain the perfect degree in p. 146—“De gradibus in utroque jure either class, the imperfect degree of Bacapessendis,” it is said, “ si quis Magister chelor in that class must first be obtained.
artium Baccalaureatum in utroque jure That imperfect degree in one class, cani promoveri cupit &c.” This shews that not therefore be compared with the per
these Bachelors degrees are higher than fect degree in the other class, as the two that of a Master of Arts, otherwise the degrees are essentially distinct. The forword “promoveri,” would not be used; mula of admission for the perfect degrees, the proper meaning of this wor is to bé is quite distinct also, from those of the promoted or advanced: “ Gradus," means imperfect :-“ Ad respondendum," is used an Academic step.
in the latter-“ Ad incipiendum,” in the [Assessor. The degree of A.M. need former. This confirms the former disnot be obtained before that of Bachelor tinction which has been noticed. It is of Medicine, so that the step is not a ne- also further confirmed by the formula of cessary and regular succession.] supplication. The Senate House of Cam
There are several words used to ex- bridge is composed of individuals only, press the obtaining of degrees. But who have taken the perfect degrees. That where the word “promoveri,” is em house represents the University. No ployed, it must have its own peculiar sig individual is a member of that house nification. In order of dignity in the who has only taken an inchoate degree. book of degrees, the degree of L.L.B. So the Delegates, to whom the examiand M.B. range before that of A.M. nation of an appeal from the Consistory
They are also more costly. The degree Court of the Chancellor is committed, are of L.L.B. is mentioned in the statute of either Doctors or Masters of Arts the Pluralities, the degree of A.M. is not. perfect degrees. In Cambridge the The 41st canon of the Church says Esquire Beadle marshals the dignities. “ Any man who has the degree of A.M. In the Cambridge University Calendar at the least &c.” The formula of sup for 1832, in pp. 10 and 11, the order of plication shews that the same rule applies precedence is given. In No. 3, Doctors to the degree of Bachelor of Medicine. of the several faculties, Bachelors in DiBut again, the term “higher," may refer vinity, who have been Masters of Arts, are to the degree of A.B. In · Senatu Aca. classed together; after these follow the demico, the degrees of L.L.B. and M.B. Bachelors in distinct classes. So in the precede in rank the degrees of A.M. and Oxford statutes, p. 87, it is said, “MaA.B. The 61st section of the Reform .gistri in artibus necnon Doctores, &c." Bill, refers the word “ higher,” to the de when speaking of the constitution of the gree of A.B., and thus it may be taken congregation. And in p. 157, of the sein different senses in the two sections. In lection from the Oxford statutes, a Ba
chelor of Laws is directed to pay reve The Bachelor has in each class a superior, rence to a Master of Arts. All these but in the scale of Arts there is no higher shew that the imperfect and perfect de- degree than that of Master ; and it does grees cannot be mixed or confounded. not appear that the degree of A.M. is a As to the word “ promoveri,” it properly necessary antecedent step to the acquiremeans to be extended. Thus a general ment of the degree of Bachelor of a Faof the Army going into the Navy may culty. The Solicitor General has argued, be said “promoveri ;” the word is used with much ingenuity, that the Bachelor in the sense of extension in the Oxford of a Faculty, is of a higher Academic statutes. It is never used in reference to rank than a Master of Arts, and has the Bachelors of Medicine. That the founded his reasoning mainly on the use proper meaning of the word is extension, of the word, promoveri.' That word and not elevation or advancement, may be appears to have more than one significashewn by reference to classical writers. tion, and consequently its meaning, in Thus in Cæsar de Bello Afric. c. 14, any particular case, must be taken from “ Equitatus subito se extendere et in la- the context. A Master of Arts going titudinem promoveri cæperunt." So in into one of the faculties, is extended, - proLivy, lib. 1, c. 28__Aciem longius ab movetur,' into another scale, but that adversariorum copiis promoveret.” In does not at all imply that he is promoted Facciolati's Lexicon, the proper meaning in rank or degree. Besides in a parallel ascribed to the word “ promoveri,” is “to scale, the Bachelor of a Faculty is lower extend :" the same meaning is given in than a Master of Arts, the latter being Ainsworth’s Dictionary. Before obtain- the head, the former the pedestal of a ing the degree of Doctor in any of the class. The Cambridge Calendar shews Faculties, it is indispensably necessary, that in every possible sense of the word, even for a Master of Arts, to take the the degree of Master of Arts, is “ higher” degree of Bachelor in that Faculty, so than that of Bachelor of a Faculty, and that he is said. promoveri,” from Arts therefore I feel bound to reject the vote." into a Faculty. If then the term “ higher," be descriptive of a class, it must be con At the late quarterly examinations fined to the perfect degrees. If a rela- held in Trinity College, the following tive term, it must be taken with refer- honours were adjudged :ence to the correlative specified in the PREMIUMS IN SCIENCE,—To Mac Donstatute. In the 60th section, giving a nell (Robert,) Hardy (Simeon,) Mr. right to vote, the correlative is the de- Rutherford (Thomas,) Turner (Joseph,) gree of Master of Arts, and that being a Carson (James,) Orr (Alexander S.,) perfect degree, does not admit of any Andrews (Thomas,) Young (James) comparison with an imperfect degree in Mr. French (Michael,) Willes (James,) any of the Faculties. In the 61st sec- Baggot (Charles,) Lee (William,) Vick) tion the correlative is changed to the ery (Henry,) M‘Dowell (George) Mrdegree of Bachelor of Arts, and conse Shaw (George Augustus,) Sandes (Falkquently, the privilege given by that sec ner,) Conway (Michael,) Connor (Rodetion is applicable to Bachelors in the Fa rick) O‘Leary (Cornelius,) O‘Leary culties; that is, they are to have their (Goodwin,) Hallowell (John William,) names inserted on the University books Biggs (Richard,) Kyle (Hallam.) as therein directed, in order to preserve PREMIUMS IN CLASSICS-To Mac Donthe enjoyment of the franchise, on their nell (Robert,) Crawford (Francis,) Armobtaining a higher degree within the 60th strong (John) Butcher (Samuel,) section.
Thompson (Bowen,) Mr. Goold (WyndOn the 17th December, 1832, the As- ham,) Turner (Joseph,) Carson (James) sessor pronounced his judgment. Reeves (William,) Hawthornwaite (Tho
“ Upon the best consideration I can give mas,) Mockler (William,) Mr. Leader this question, I conceive myself bound to (Henry,) Russell (Mark,) Bruen (John,) reject the votes to which Mr. Lendrick Lee (William,) Woodward (Thomas,) has objected. The question turns upon Geran (Richard,) Mr. Verschoyle the force of the words “ higher degree,” (James,) Johnston (Benjamin,) Ecclein the 60th section of the Reform Bill. ston (James,) Maunsell( George,) WrightThat phrase must mean higher in a scale son (Thomas, R.,) Hickey (John S.) of gradation, of which scale the degree Hallowell (John William,) Marshall of A.M. is a step higher in Academic (James K.,) Callaghan (Timothy.) rank; or thirdly, it must be intended to GENERAL PREMIUMS, to Thomas ( Hendesignate a class of degrees, in itself so ry,) Nash (George,) Mr. Synnott (Mardenominated.
cus,) Digby (William J.,) King (Robert.)
The next Quarterly Examinations will the Principal have determined to found be held in the month of April
in Magdalene Hall, three Scholarships, For Senior Sophisters, on Friday and open to all Undergraduate Members of Saturday, the 19th and 20th.
the University of Oxford, who are not For Junior Sophisters, on Monday and under fouror above eight Terms standTuesday, the 22d and 23d.
ing from their matriculation. The elecFor Senior Freshmen, on Thursday tion of the first Scholar will take place and Friday, the 25th and 20th.
during the present Term, and the time of And for Junior Freshmen, on Monday examination will be named in a future adand Tuesday, the 29th and 30th. vertisement. The Scholarship is tenable
STEPHEN CREAGHE Sandes, for three years, provided the Scholar re-
sides, and the annual payment will be
£100. The commencements were held on On Monday, being the first day of Tuesday, the 19th of February, when Lent Term, the following Degrees were the following Degrees were conferred :- conferred:
Doctor of Divinity-Rev. Thomas Masters of Arts—T. J. Ormerod, Thorpe.
Fell. of Brasennose; W. H. VandersteDoctors of Laws— Thomas Berry and gen, Brasennose; T. H. Whipham, Tri. Fr. Bourke.
nity; W. B. Dynham, Magdalene Hall; Bachelor of Laws—Thomas Browne. H. S. Hele, Magdalene Hall.
Bachelors of Medicine-Fr. Corn. Bachelors of Arts—J. Walker, BrasenSampson, George Dyas, John Nicholson, nose, (incorporated from Trin. Coll, (ad eundem Cambridge,) James Has- Cambridge); J. Carey, Exeter, (incorkins.
porated from Trin. Coll., Cambridge); Masters of Arts-Rev. S. M-Clean, G. W. Ormerod, Brasennose; B. B. F.T.C.D., John Martin, Henry Lyons, Bockett, Magdalene Hall. George Kiernan, James Kelly, Peter,
January 26. Bourne, Rev. T. Atkin, Thomas Browne,
Corpus Christi College.—An election J. Thornhill, Wm. M.Mahon, J. Glas- will be held in the above College on the cott, C. Tottenham, J. Rogers, J. Kelly, 15th of February, of a Scholar for the A. Carse, D. J. Coyle, J. Bridge, Rev. Diocese of Bath and Wells. W. Gibbs, Nat. Hone, Edward Grogan, Any persons are eligible who are naThomas G. Bourke, Patrick Lavelle, tives of the above diocese, and who may Rev. G. Foster, Rev. W. Ball, Rev. J. not have exceeded their 19th year on the Rainsford, Thomas Nolan, J. Montgo- day of election. mery, Robert Maxwell, Robert Moles. All candidates must appear personally worth, John C. Ferguson, J. G. Smyly, before the President on the 9th of FeRev. Thomas Hartley, Edward Totten- bruary preceding, and must produce cerham, Rev. Nicholas Cuthbert Fenwick, tificates of the marriage of their parents Rev. James Armstrong.
and of their own baptism ; an affidavit of The Gold Medal for Science was gi- their parents, or some other competent ven to Andrew Searle Hart; and that person, stating the day and place of their for Classics, to Richard Trayer.
birth, and a testimonial of their previous The Berkely Medals for attention and good conduct from the tutor of their Coldiligence at Greek Lecture, were given lege, or head master of their School. to Sirs Nolan, Finn, and Callanan.
On Wednesday last, a meeting of the There were at the same time 163 ad. Clergy, for the diocese of Oxford, took mitted to the Degree of Bachelors of place in St. Mary's Church, when the Arts.
Rev. James Ingram, D.D., Rector of Garsington, and the Rev. Philip Wynter, D.D., Rector of Handborough, were
elected Proctors for the whole Clergy, to January 19.
attend the Convocation at St. Paul's, Magdalene Hall- Lusby Scholarship. London, during the ensuing Parliament. -The late Mr. Henry Lusby, of Nave In a Convocation holden on Thursday stock, Essex, having left some estates to last, the Rev. William Harding, M.A., the University in trust for the promotion Fellow of Wadham College, was nomiof sound and religious learning in Mag- nated a Master of the Schools, in the dalene Hall, in such manner as the Pre room of the Rev. Mr. Harrington, of sident of Magdalene College, and the Exeter. Principal of Magdalene Hall, for the On the same day the following Degrees time being, shall direct, the President and were conferred :
Masters of Arts J. Walker, Fell. of Examination in the last week of the Brasennose ; Rev. B. Harrison, Student Lent Term, 1834 :of Ch. Ch.; G. H. S, Johnson, Taber 1. The Gospel of St. Matthew. dar of Queen's; W. Leech, Queen's ; 2. Paley's Evidences of Christianity. J. Rogers, Balliol ; Rev. H. H. Pear 3. Plato's Apology of Socrates, son, Lincoln; R. Luney, Magdalene 4. Horatius de Arte Poetica. Hall.
January 25. Bachelors of Arts_F. A. S. Pane, The Vice-Chancellor has given notice New Inn Hall; M. H. Marsh, Student that the Rev. Judd Carrighan has reof Ch. Ch. ; R. Barnes, Student of Ch. signed the office of Lady Margaret's Ch.; S. F. Strangways, Student of Ch. Preacher, and that an election into the Ch. ; M. W. Mayow, Student of Ch. said office will take place in the vestry of Cb.; Hon. !J. Bruce, Student of Ch. Great St. Mary's Church on the 30th Ch.; G. B. Maule, Ch. Ch.; J. S. instant. Brewer, Queen's; E. H. Abney, Ex The Rev. James Tate, who has been eter; W. Laxton, Trinity.
for thirty-five years Master of Richmond On Monday last, George William School, has been lately in London, sitHuntingford was admitted Scholar of ting to Mr. Pickersgill for his portrait, New College.
which his pupils have requested him to accept from them in testimony of their
gratitude and respect; and they will have Friday, January 4, 1833. much satisfaction in learning that their On Monday last, the Rev. J. A. Je- old Master has just received a still more remie, M. A., Fellow of Trinity College, substantial acknowledgment of his prowas chosen to the office of Christian Ad- fessional talents and labours, in his apvocate, in the room of the Rev. Hugh pointment as Canon Residentiary of St. James Rose, resigned.
Paul's. On the same day, the Rev. Henry On Saturday last, Henry George John Rose, B.D., Fellow of John's Col- Hand, Esq., and Robert Gordon Lalege, was elected Hulsean Lecturer, va- tham, Esq., Fellows of King's College, cant by the resigoation of the Rev. J. J. were admitted to the degree of Bachelor Blunt, B.D.
of Arts. Hulsean Prize Subject.-A premium exceeding £100 will be given this year
DURHAM. for the best dissertation on the following Durham University will be opened in subject :-“ What were the opinions of October for Students. The appointments the ancient philosophers of Greece and to Professorships, Tutorships, and SchoRome, respecting the nature and attributes larships, are to be annouuced in July, and of the Deity; and how far did they differ the lists are ready for the reception of romthe revealed word of God ?”
names of Students. Applicants are exJanuary 19. pected to state to the Warden their
ages The subject of the Seatonian prize- and previous education. Letters may be poem for the present year is, “ St. Paul addressed to the Warden, College, Durat Philippi.”
ham. The following will be the subjects of
ROYAL DUBLIN SOCIETY.
the Model Room is the proper place to
deposit the model of the Steam Frigate On Thursday, February 7, Mr. C. alluded to, and that it can be there adPutland presented the following Report vantageously exhibited. That, in order from the Committee of Natural Philoso- the better to arrange the models already phy:
collected in that room, some further ac« The Committee of Natural Philoso- commodation and alteration is necessary ; phy, to whom was referred the report of that it will require tables of a different the Museum Committee, on Thursday description and dimensions from those at the 24th January, have to report that present there, which are inapplicable to they concur in opinion with them that, the purpose, and which they recommend