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and muddy lanes, and dotted with ho- ascend, with many, blessed be God, in the vels. One of the tenants was asked present day, to the more elevated platby an acquaintance, “Why Ned, what form of uncompromising and ennobling did you mean by undertaking so many Christianity: dare to be, at least, what acres, at such a rent ?" We shall not your fathers were, men of high sensioffend the pious ear, by repeating his tive honor, and manly firmness. Men familiar oath, but his laconic reply, and who would rather die in the harness of significant wink, form no bad key to the a volunteer corps, or quench, with their history of Ireland. “ Why man, is'nt it blood, the flames of their desolated easier any day to get an abatement hearths and altars, than immolate every than to get land ?" Ned will pay his principle of honor and religion, upon enormous rent for a year or two, ho- the shrine-not even of mob popularity, nestly, provided the agent and his bai- but of mob insolence-than debase liffs keep a close watch upon his spon- themselves to the dust, by cringing to, taneously luxuriant crops. But when and kissing the rod of a priest, who three years have thoroughly exhausted has scourged and trampled upon them the native fertility of the land ; and than be escorted, for protection, to when, without skill or capital to restore the fox-cover, by a priest, who has it, every resource is taxed, not to pay raised, and on dúe submission condesthe rent, which were impracticable, but cends to lay, the tempest of popular " to force a stubborn soil for scanty indignation, which we never could have bread,” who will dare to eject him? excited, until they became consenting or if ejected, who will dare to enter parties to their own degradation ; and upon his dilapidated premises ? The who, with a half-suppressed sneer of landlord must be content to let so much scorn, would parade these “ lords of of his land lie waste and unproductive, the soil” over their hereditary estates, harbouring Ned and his family in es as his grateful protegés; to the contated idleness ; fit tools for Jesuit tempt and scorn of their very menials priests and revolutionising demagogues and tenantry. We speak but facts of corrupting his other tenantry, and da- newspaper notoriety. maging his other property, or he must But, with this protest for principle forcibly seize upon, and soon fling it and honor, we answer to your question, from him, as a firebrand to inflame the that the Roman Catholics will respect country. Such spots have often fes- you for looking after your own; which, tered into Ireland's worst sores. we contend, is a strong feeling amongst
We said, just now, that for an obvi- them. And, if you cannot appreciate, ous mercantile reason, quite distinct fully, the security to comfort, property, from any religious bias, namely, their and life, derivable from being conpossessing a large stock of disposable stantly surrounded by those who are labour, the system which we have pro- identified with you in sympathies and posed, would cause a decided prefer- interests, in friends and enemies, in ence, among men of all creeds-or weal and woe,-you will, we assert it, none, for Protestant labourers ; and throw around you the shield of moral thus, that it would materially check the veneration, which will give you value, awful torrent of Protestant emigration, and consequent security to your life, which is desolating this land of its sta- even in the estimate of your enemies. mina and luxuriance; to fertilize, with Why is the murder of an unpopular them, the wilds of America, or the king, an odious minister, a zealous parsands of New Holland. But, as this tizan, or a respectable gentleman, of so effect of the proposed system developes rare occurrence; while there is scarcely itself
, we think that we see some of the à fair, a funeral, or a holiday, when most timid gentry, in whom, even expe- some one of the “ignoble peers”—I rience has not dispelled the delusive speak it not in contempt, but to state hope of peace and safety, from com- my argument—is not offered up, by promise of principle, and prostration of his friends, in sacrifice to Moloch? independence, upon which their fears Why? Because character clothes the laid hold ; we see them shrug their one in the armour of a superstitious shoulders, and ask, “ what will the awe, against which the rabble may Roman Catholics think of all this?" We gnash their teeth but shrink from rude answer, “ No matter what they think collision. While the other is vile and of of it. Dare to be men. If you will not no estimation. The worthless comrade
of to-day, is, in a squabble, knocked on and she is prepared to spring upon her the head to-morrow. His place, in the prey, which, with lynx-eyed vigilance, social or domestic scene, knows him no she has scanned and measured ; we more. And after the funeral, which may expect to see the labour-market has supplied the neighbours with the transferred from the outer court of the carousal of another wake, and the chapel to the sanctuary ; and from the riot of another burying, he is less Sabbath noon to the vespers, and saints' thought of, by friends or family, than days, of Popish idolatry. We may see would the pig which was to pay his the time, when a heretic landlord must rent, had it been stolen,or met with some qualify at the font, to render himself fatal accident. In a word, the frequen- worthy of the services of a Popish cy of murder is, everywhere, inversely, labourer. And when, in some critical as the estimated value of a human life. emergency, he may have to make his And, now, assassination, through the option between poverty and poperyabundance of competitors, is the worst between temporal and eternal ruin. paid trade amongst us. The archives It should not, however, in justice to of our courts of justice have registered the plan here proposed, be, for a mothe fact, or rather, that half a crown is ment, thought, that it, necessarily, imthe purchase money of a human life. plies, that its subjects should be ProAnd why? Because in these days of testants. By no means. We confess, compromise and expediency; of pros- indeed, that we should far prefer that trate principle and tainted honor; of they were such. But we deny that it emancipation and reform; among the is at all necessary. If any proprietor, teeming moral embryos of the human or farmer of land, prefers, or is pledged family, with which the land swarms, it to, Roman Catholic labourers, we assert were difficult to find a man! As it that every argument advanced, in its respected my personal safety, I should degree, applies to them, and proves the much rather, not only that I were plan proposed to be better than the feared, but were hated, by an enemy, present one, for their management also. rather than despised.
But if any Protestant landlord is disAnd is there no risk to property, in posed to adopt it, as the nucleus of a a system, which places flocks and herds, Protestant colony; he will find it peand golden harvests, at the absolute culiarly calculated to effect this object, disposal of a priest, who well knows, permanently, and without furnishing and is not slow to avail himself, of the any reasonable cause of excuse ; on power, which this confers? Have we account of its gradual operation, and not seen meadows rot, and corn shed, preparatory discipline. and the herds, with bursting udders, At the very outset, such a man will exlowing piteously for relief, which could claim, “where are the Protestants to be be purchased from the tender mercies got? We see around us Roman Catholic of a priestly demagogue, but by a sa- labourers in abundance, from whom we crifice of principle and independence? might select; but where are we to find It were scarcely wise to leave a dan even without selecting, the requisite gerous weapon in the hand of an ene- number of Protestants ?! We might my, who did already, and, assuredly answer, procure them from Scotland will again, use it to your injury; because from the North of Ireland—from “ulthe sure process of disarming him, dis- tima Thulé,” from any distance, and turbed a false and treacherous peace, with any trouble; and if you agree with and anticipated some small portion of us, as to the state and prospects of Ireotherwise certain future annoyance, land, and their cause, you will think the The Romish Church has, indeed, only end worthy of the means such“ lapartially felt the pulse of the country. bourer worthy of his hire." But this But it has fully ascertained the revenue is unnecessary.
Communicate your of power, over our country gentlemen, plan to the Protestant clergy, of your to be derived, from first prohibiting, own, and of the neighbouring parishes; then sanctioning, by a conditional in- and you will, soon, have an ample list dulgence, their agricultural occupations of names, and characters, and other and field sports. Full-grown Popery necessary details, from which to make has ever been a relentless tyrant. The your selection. But are there, indeed, time of her maturity is fast approaching. in your immediate neighbourhood, and And when her claws have fully grown, among the very labourers whom you
occasionally employ, no Protestants have been proud to own. And see neglected and unknown? Look more them, bowing before the spirit of the closely. It is wonderful how Protest- times, and with mingled feelings, of ant individuals—aye, and Protestant tender regret, and burning indignation, congregations too, when sought after, bidding a final adieu to her devoted emerge from the rubbish of Popery, shores. There see, at once, the effects and start into view, in places, where of conciliation, and a fruitful source of their existence was not previously the miseries of Ireland; for there dreamed of. The eye that but searches
See the rural virtues leave the land, them out, seems as though it created
Down where yon anchoring vessel spreads them. If you observe, among your
the sail, labourers, a man who appears as if he
That idly waiting flaps with every gale,
Downward they move, a melancholy band, had known better days; and rather to Pass from the shore, and darken all the strand. have been reduced to, than originally
Contented toil, and hospitable care,
And kind connubial tenderness, are there; on a level with those around him—with And piety with wishes placed above, some lingering traces of the aristocracy
And steady loyalty, and faithful love. of feeling, civil and religious, still visi The sum of Protestant emigration, ble in his downcast countenance--his within the last five years, it were almost general appearance--decency in rag's impossible to state fully, and if so stated, -a man, who, if his pastor be negli- would not be credited. It is not from gent, is seldom, indeed, seen at his this or that neighbourhood alone. Panie parish church ; because his profession and disgust have seized upon the Proof your religion, and that of the State, testant yeomanry, throughout Ireland. draws upon him persecution and con. The country is not bleeding merely; tempt-a man, apparently, ill at ease in it is sweating blood. Protestant emiheart or conscience ; and as if balanc- gration is checked but by one argument, ing between emigration and apostacy, we are not yet ready.” We have beEnquire more diligently about this man, fore us a list of THREE HUNDRED AND and you may find in him the seeds, when
names of Protestants, fostered and developed, of a manly, who lately emigrated, almost in a body, loyal, and faithful dependent. Enquire, from a circle not exceeding five miles too, among the tenantry of any liberal in diameter, and from one of the most Protestant in your neighbourhood, and Popish and turbulent counties in Ireyou will sometimes hear of a decent land-Tipperary: They have aban. Protestant family, which has sold its doned to the evil genius of the land, little all, and is on the wing for Ame- the neat cottages, and smiling enclorica, with its capital and industry; not sures, of a once thriving Protestant cobecause it feels no pang at parting from lony. Numbers from adjoining districts each hill and dale, each rock and tree, from Templemore, from Clojordan,
from Rathdowney, from Kilcooly, &c., Which embosom the bower, Where the home of its forefathers stood,
have also fled for their lives, and more
are preparing to follow. The Palatines but because it can no longer bear up are all quitting the country. A gallant against the grinding despotism of and loyal officer, while on duty lately Popery, leagued with the discourage- with his regiment, in the neighbourment of liberal Protestantism; which, hood of Adare, where are still the exat whatever expense of principle, would piring remains of a Palatine colony, escape the condemnation of mob county passed on the road a peasant, with a regulators, as they are pleased to style manly but discontented countenance. themselves, for the heavy crime of He said to a brother officer, “ That man patronising industry, loyalty, and some is of German extraction, I know his times genuine piety, in the person of a light hair and blue eye.". The question Protestant.
was put, and answered in the affirmaBut if you would draw from the tive. He was asked, “ whether there fountain, go to the nearest sea-port ; were many of his countrymen in the and there see the ruptured artery, neighbourhood?" He answered with through which, the heart's blood of Ire- honest indignation, “ Not row, and land is fast flowing. There see the there will shortly be fewer! This is only specimens which Ireland ever fur- not a land for Protestants !" nished of a respectable yeomanry, such At our sea-ports then you will find as England, in her best days, might Protestants of every grade-labourers,
farmers, and artisans. These “heart- thrown out a hint, for the consideration siek exiles" will gladly stop, in answer of those who are more conversant with to your call, and hail it as the dawning the practical part of such matters than of a brighter day for their illfated we are, whose rural excursions, it may country. Protect and cherish them. be supposed, are confined to College Substitute them every where, as oppor- parks and academic groves. The plan tunity offers, for the uncivilized horde which we have suggested, will, perhaps, with which you are now encircled, but be attended with some trouble in its which are connected with you by no execution ; though by no means such moral tie. Whose Proteus characters, as indolence and timidity would conjure totally devoid of truth and gratitude- up. But if any plan for the moral imfor the latter of which, their language provement-nay, we must say, moral has never been taxed even for a name regeneration, of a people, can be de-no kindness can win, and no princi- vised, free from trouble, let it be preples can fix. And who are, therefore, ferred. It will, we have no doubt, even prepared, as the times vary, to be admit of many modifications and imabject slaves, or insolent tyrants. provements in its detail, suggested by
In what we said above, as to the ob- practical experience, or required by ligation on landlords to provide for their local circumstances. To these we freely cottier tenants, we would not be mis- submit it. The principle, alone, we understood. In the relation of land- contend for, and it is this, that landlords, lord and tenant, as in every other rela- and farmers generally, should avoid, as tion, there is, of course, a reciprocity of far as is practicable, the creating, or obligation. The landlord can be bound continuing to maintain, a body of men to the tenant by no tie, beyond what with the usual appendage of wives and his legal bonds furnish, unless where children, over which they can exercise the tenant identifies himself with his no moral controul ; and with whose interests. If the latter practically characters, and even persons, they are evince that he has another, and a rival for the most part, unacquainted. A master, with interests diametrically op- body, too, which bears within it a tenposite: if he candidly avow, that at the dency to increase beyond its means of bidding of a priest, he would rise in subsistence. Whose daily resources rebellious arms, to further a secular are but barely sufficient for its daily cause, which can stand but upon the wants, and which, thus, lives, as it were, ruin of his landlord's interests—which daily upon the confines of destitution would eject him from his property, and and consequent anarchy. A body selfrob him of his life then, doubtless, his trained, and therefore trained by ignolease accurately defines all that such a rance and idleness. And that for such man can claim, or reasonably expect, should be substituted a body of labourfrom his landlord-except, indeed, every ers, over whom they can exercise a effort in his power, to let in light upon training discipline, a vigilant superinhis gross darkness, and to promote his tendance, a powerful moral, and in spiritual good.
many cases, religious influence. With We have stated, what we believe to the certainty of detection and punishbe, one of the mediate and instrumentalment, to deter them from crime-with causes of the moral debasement, the in- the necessaries and comforts of life assubordination, and the wretchedness of sured to them, to remove much tempIreland. The final cause is the laxity tation to crime, and to carry them of principle, the compromising expe- cheerfully through their duties. And diency, the griping covetousness, the with the prospect of advancement and religious indifference—in a word—the reward, comfortable independence, and ungodliness of nominal Protestantism. domestic enjoyment, to stimulate them The radical reform, therefore, which we to active and intelligent industry-to would propose for the consideration and temperance, frugality, and virtue. adoption of Protestants, is-Godliness. We need scarcely to repeat, with
Let God arise, and his enemies shall the qualification already mentioned, be scattered, and all they that hate him that no landlord would be justified in shall flee before him.” In the topi- adopting this plan, whose estate swarms cal remedy proposed for the proxi- with cottiers, who exist but by his emmate cause to which we have more ployment, and who are faithful to his particularly referred, we have merely interests—in his neighbourhood and
connection with whom, he feels, that by justice, but benevolence, in selecting life and property are secure. But, cer- from out of the great mass of labourers tainly, the landlord whose estate is who, now, divide their employment, the clear of such—and the great body of few, to whom, for the attainment of farmers who rent land, and who are such desirable ends, they would, res under no engagements or obligation to pectively, confine it. such, would be fully warranted, not only
MOSCHUS IDYLLIUM I.
“ Ye Paphian nymphs, search every grove,"
« I'll tell ye
best may know,
my vagrant child,
“ His golden curls unbraided flow,