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« O! worse than hell! What horrors blast the sight!
Horrors which even devils would affright.
Farewell! a land I never more must see,
Lost in her crimes, my country's lost to me!"

Emigrant of 1641.

Our readers, we presume, have not De Lacy, who was Lord Deputy of forgotten that when we parted from Ireland in the reign of King John, and them at the first stage of our narrative, discharged his trust with a wisdom, we had embarked at the little Friedland energy, and justice unknown to that port of Docklum, Henrietta, Queen of country even in the time in which we England, to exchange “ the raging of are now giving these details. His the sea” for the more perilous element mother's name was distinguished in of " the madness of the people.” Irish history by the defeat and death

We must now introduce, ‘more par- in battle of Richard the Second's Lieuticularly than heretofore, a personage, tenant, Mortimer Earl of March. Opthe younger cavalier, who will hold a posite currents are brought together prominent and distinguished position in and mingle in the course of time. The our little history of " Love and Loyal- extravagance and hospitalities of sucty.” O'Brien De Lacy was a native of cessive inheritors, together with the Ireland, that beautiful Island, for which unsettled state of Ireland, had greatly nature has done so much, and to whose reduced his paternal estates, and on his people heaven has imparted moral gifts accession to them he found that which is of the highest class, but choaked and not very novel in our days, his means lesperverted by bigotry, fanaticism, and sening as the number of his dependants centuries of misrule. Education has encreased and his benevolence expandnot dispelled the mists of ignorance ed. Rack-rents were unknown in these perpetuating the dominion of priest- times ; a labourer on three pence a craft, and with continued turbulence day did not pay eight pounds an acre and confidence in numbers, they know for potato ground, and middle-man and not how to be free ; they have yet to con-acre were terms not then engrafted discover that social liberty is opposed upon our rural economy to make the fruits to licentiousness, and whether in poli- of the earth bitter or unattainable to a tics or religion, that freedom is not miserable peasantry. The tenant, for separable from knowledge and truth. the most part, paid his landlord in De Lacy was not wholly Irish nor kind; while feeding him, they had also wholly English--the best and oldest to feed themselves, and as the political blood of both countries mingled in his economy of a Malthus was not then veins, and his loyalty to his King and dreamed of by the wildest Irishman, attachment to the British connexion, mouths were multiplying on the estate resisted the taint of the dreadful times every year, and the science of gastroupon which, in the early vigour of man- nomy wonderfully well understood in hood, he was thrown. By his father he its practice. No doubt, it appears an was descended from the good Hugh irreconcileable paradox to most persons VOL. I.

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who have ever taken the trouble to exclamation bordering on it. Between think on the subject, that even then him and De Lacy, the strongest and the Irish peasantry were more com most affectionate attachment subsisted; fortable and to the full as enlightened to the relative feelings of parent and and moral as they are now in the nine- child, were superadded those of friendteenth century, and, strange anomaly! ship and perfect confidence, and when that while in long and continual con the pupil was called home by the detact with the highest civilization, they mise of his parent, the preceptor yielded are still barbarous as ever and less to the solicitations of De Lacy to share tractable! The solution of the mys- his fortunes and repose beneath his tery is to be found in one word roof-tree. Under such an instructor POPERY; where this prevails, in every and the influence of a sound and liberal part of the world, the populace are education, it is scarcely necessary for the most wretched, the most ignorant, us to say that De Lacy was a Protestand the most profligate. France is not ant, without having it emblazoned on to be opposed as an exception, except his shield. How strange, that the sense to prove the rule, being popish in pro- of duty cannot, where most necessary, fession, but infidel in fact. "The times triumph over prejudice; and that the are such as to force these reflections conviction of truth cowers before a false upon us, and we trust to the sympathy pride, and the fear of what may be of our readers, that their occasional thought by those who, themselves, have admixture will not render our narrative no foundation for their opinions, and less interesting.

whose censure is, therefore, more to be De Lacy received the greater part desired than their praise. The almost of his education in France, as was the uniform consequence, in such cases, is, fashion of the time with the higher that those who are ashamed openly to classes of the aristocracy, and his prin- recant religious errors and as openly cipal preceptor, except in the politer to embrace truth, cease altogether to accomplishments and liberal arts, was a become Christians, and terminate in countryman and relative of his own, infidelity the struggle between false the Abbe O'Reilly, or, as familiarly pride and conviction. If the highlycalled in his native locality, Father educated and reading Roman Catholics Denis. Although a Romish priest, of Ireland had the courage to declare he was a genuine practical Christian, the secret Christianity of their minds, and his greatest sin was that he had not the priests would find their subjects courage openly to renounce the er- reduced to the rabble of the ignorant rors which he secretly condemnned; and the base. but, if he did not professedly abjure The state of Ireland at the period the revolting and uncharitable tenets we speak of, about the year 1637, of his church, he enforced them feebly shared in the afflicting events which and as little as he could in precept, and have imparted to the reign of the unnever by example. He loved all the fortunate Charles, a dark and revolting virtuous of mankind, whatever their page in English and in Irish history. creed; he acknowledged the boundless It was just when the deputy Wentmercy of a Saviour's atonement ; to worth was exhibiting the inefficacy of those he could not love, he accorded a government, predominant in the inthe kindest emotions of pity, and never fuences of vanity and passion, and forgot the awful and correcting decla- which led him to precede his royal ration—" Judgment is mine, saith the master, as the victim of faction and the Lord.” It was scarcely in bigotry unbalanced power of the three estates itself not to have loved and revered of parliament. In England puritaFather Denis. He was a holy libel nism and democracy were assailing the on his brethren, a monster among the throne, and evoking the spirits of civil Irish priesthood, and we fear would be strife, while in Ireland agitation and little less so were he living now. In popery were actively, although more many things, and knowledge of the silently working national mischief, and world, he was simplicity itself; but progressing to that frightful tragedy, he had one fault, a little warmth of which has affixed an eternal stain to temper, ever springing from a warm the Irish character. Far as his means

this would occasionally betray permitted, De Lacy studied the comhim to the very confines of an oath, or forts and happiness of his retainers.


His benevolence flowed a constant great “ninth wave," as it is called, crownstream, and if any distress “in mind, ed with fierce and curling foam, broke body, or estate," escaped his notice, upon, and overwhelmed it. A shriek the good and kind Father Denis was was faintly heard, and the boat and its sure to bring it under his pupil's obser- freightage rose not on the next wave : ration. Both saw, not understood, the by and by, the cot was seen capsised, indications of an approaching moral and the hats of the passengers Hoated tornado, which was to burst, all un on the wild waters. De Lacy's oarslooked for, upon a doomed people. men redoubled their exertions to an alThey were not altogether unconscious most superhuman degree, he, himself of a gathering storm of civil strife, but shouting his directions, and encouragehad no presentiment of that simoom ments, so that his voice overcame even from hell, which blasted pity, and all that of the storm. De Lacy, who was the charities of social life in the human an excellent swimmer, disencumbered breast, and, in religious fanaticism and his person of its most embarrassing hahereditary hatred of England, trans- biliments, ready to plunge into the wild formed men into devils.

waters, at the mandate of humanity. Three or four years passed away, The direction of the waves towards with alternations of alarm and security, them lessened the distance, they and even in despite of the ominous reached the drowning men--the moshalows of approaching evil, Father ment was critical-neither could swim Denis would prepare his angle-rods, —they were entangled, the peasant havfies, and other tackle, all of which, he ing grasped the monk's long garment, himself made, and, with his young which, being expanded thereby on the friend, enjoy on the neighbouring lakes surface, assisted to the partial buoyancy and streams, the sport of fishing, of of the latter—they were going down which he was passionately fond. Upon for the last time, when, a boat-hook, one of those occasions, a sudden and being fortunately on board, De Lacy violent storm arose on the lake on arrested with it the sinking monk, the which they were angling, and a small death-grasp of the other was tenacious cot was crossing from one shore to the the hold had by the boat-hook gave other, where the waters were most ex- way—De Lacy saw at once that the posed to the action of the wind. It weight of the peasant would sink both, Was rowed by one man, with the lusty and handing the boat-hook to one of vigour for which the Irish peasant is the rowers, he unhesitatingly plunged distinguished, and in it was a monk, of into the flood, seized the man by the

the brotherhood of a neighbouring ab- hair, and stemming the tide with one - bey, whose towers were visible on the arm, sustained the cotsman's head above

shore which the cot was labouring to water, until both were raised into the attain. The oarsman appeared to ex- boat, and rescued from the jaws of ert all his strength and skill, but made death. little or no way. Sometimes the frail In the oarsman of the cot, De Lacy and puny bark was hidden in the valley recognised a tenant of his own to of thie waves, and then rose again, as if whom he had extended many and subtlung from the surface of the waters. stantial acts of kindness and benefit, Apprehensions arose in the minds of previously to this last paramount and De Lacy and his aged companion, for saving service, and in the monk, Fathe safety of the passengers, and as ther Denis recollected an old schooltheirs was a large and good sea-boat, fellow of the order of Saint Francis. they urged their rowers to make with Since their return to Ireland, De all speed towards the struggling cot.- Lacy and his reverend friend had their It was seen that the ecclesiastic had retirement seldom invaded. The known taken one of the oars to relieve his loyalty and suspected orthodoxy of the wearied companion, perhaps for the one, (for he was never seen at confesworst, as pot accustomed to its use. sion, and was known to have laughed The little vessel still sunk and rose, to at the idea of purchased masses liberatview, when the oar was wrested, through ing a soul from purgatory,) together his unskilfulness, from the grasp of the with his fine and cultivated mind, were ecclesiastic, and was rapidly borne be- not calculated to attract the sympathies yond the hope of recovery-the boat or fellowship of his Roman Catholic now became utterly unmanageable, anda neighbours, even of the same rank ;

besides the still greater cause of repul- Things were in this state.— Father Desion, his being of English descent- nis had replenished the medicine chest, the black drop of the Sasenach in his his winter's dispensary for the neighveins, was not to be forgiven : the bouring poor ; wool was gratuitously other, when not indulging in his favor- distributed through the cabins on the ite piscatory amusement, was occupied estate, to be converted, by the indusby his religious studies and offices, and try of their female inhabitants, into by acts of benevolence and charity, in clothing for themselves and their chilcomforting and relieving the wants and dren; and Christian-charity was laying maladies of the poor, he having no se- up for itself, “ treasures in heaven," cular charge. For some months pre- when, early in the month of October, vious to this period of our narrative, a a meeting or council of Romish clergy gloomy reserve marked the demeanour from various parts of Ireland, together of the peasant classes towards De with many laymen of turbulent characLacy, and, in a degree, even towards ter, was held in the abbey of Multiferthe good father. The resources deriv- nam, county of Westmeath. The holy able to the former from his estates be- brotherhood there, a remnant of whom gan to be reluctantly or only in part exists to this day, were so much in the yielded, and the lower orders who were habit of extraordinary religious obserwont to flock to the latter to be shrived, vances—stations, confessions, penances, because he did not make merchandise jubilee, &c. that such an assemblage of his absolutions, now scarcely or excited no particular notice, except in never sought from him the consolations the devotees who were wont to attend of religion. De Lacy could not help on such occasions. This meeting pasnoticing that even his own tenantry and sed away without creating any alarm, dependants, not only failed in the pay- when on the evening of the twenty-first ment of their rents, in specie or in of October, a scene of deep and harkind, but also began to fail in those rowing interest took place, at the resihumble and respectful acknowledg- dence of De Lacy: ments demanded by the relative situa The capacious hearth was fresh furtions of the parties in society. What nished with a cheerful peat fire, before could be the cause ? The solution of which De Lacy sat musing, as he was the mystery soon came upon him in the wont to do, on plans of a more active lurid gloom and terrors of the earth- and spirited-stirring course, by which he quake, or meteoric destruction. might retrieve his decayed fortunes,

The occurrence on the lake, already and not waste his prime of life inglorimentioned, took place in the month of ously : Father Denis was deeply enAugust 1641. A murkiness, deep, si- gaged in the pages of Saint Augustine, lent, and unaccountable, was, from and silence was broken only by the thence gradually spreading over the crickets beginning to resume their winsocial horizon, close and dark as pre- ter quarters, and the mice who were cedent of a physical convulsion. There pursuing their gambols behind the old was a moral sensation, depressing to oak wainscotting, which lined the parthe spirits and alarming to the fears, lour walls. The reveries of De Lacy, yet none, not initiated, could tell why. and the studies of his aged friend, reThe latter part of September had ar ceived a different and fearful interrup rived. Father Denis had laid up, for tion. It was announced that a stranger

, the season, his angling apparatus. De apparently of the rank of a farmer, deLacy took the field, with his gun and sired to be admitted.—De Lacy orderdogs, against the partridge. The late ed him to be shewn in. Shortly a man hours of evening saw him pass over entered the room, dressed in the ordihill, and moor, and stubble field in safe- nary garb of the farmers of that period, ty, and yet, not without instinctive yet there was in his port and the glance misgivings which he could not define, of his eye something that denoted supe. and therefore sought to reject. He rior rank and intelligence. He paused could not help noticing, that, except just inside the door of the apartment

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very few instances, the peasants until the retreating footsteps of the mehand to his hat and cordial and accus- nial died upon his ear-he then shot tomed benedictory salutation, “ God the bolt of the door-listened for a save you,” was withheld, altho’ never space, inclining his ear towards the pasmore needed than at that moment. sage--then, looking round with painful

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caution, advanced towards De Lacy, a stranger to those proceedings.” in whom and in Father Denis, his “ Thank God !” exclaimed the humane manner had excited intense interest. father, “unless I could have averted He first asked if they were secure from them.” “At the confessional we were interruption or prying curiosity; being wont," resumed the friar, “to sound assured of both, he continued :-“ Mr. the disposition of our flocks of every De Lacy, I am come to discharge a degree, and swear them to secrecy debt."_“I cannot bring you to my re

and obedien to the commands which, collection as a tenant,” answered De on the authority of the sovereign ponLacy. “ I am, nevertheless, a life ten- tiff, in the ripeness of the time, would ant: but for you I had perished in a be issued to them. We appointed the watery grave, and the life you gave, as fittest and most zealous of our flocks a second existence, I now again hazard to infuse the spirit into others, and to save your's and that of my reverend pledge them to co-operation.” school-fellow and brother.”

Give me

The signs of alienation and inleave !–God's my life !” exclaimed cipient hostility, not hitherto underDenis,' springing forward, “can it be stood, are now explained to me,” said -yes, surely it is Friar M.Carthy, De Lacy. what means this masquerade ?" "Hush ! “ All is organized,” resumed the betray no surprise, nor let your words friar," and the word of death remains be heard,” replied the friar. “Yes, I only to be given.” Of death !" exam he whose life, together with that of claimed Father Denis. “ Yes, of my oarsman, you saved on the lake. death to all. Listen, my time is scant, Heaven grant that I am not too and I must be brief. At the National late in this attempt to save yours.” Council, recently held at Multifernam * Our lives !” exclaimed De Lacy. Abbey, and of which you must have • Nay," replied the Friar, looking fear- heard, although ignorant of the purfully around him ; “ nay, suppress your pose, the time of a general insurrection astonishment, and listen—the moments was fixed on, and how to dispose of are precious to you and to me, each the English and half-blooded native pregnant with life or death.” The Protestants was debated.

The exparty had been standing all this time ; ample of the king of Spain, in sufferDe Lacy set a chair for the mysterious ing the Moors, expelled from Granada, visiter, and all being seated, the Friar to depart unharmed in life, and, for again looked cautiously around him, the most part, in goods, was urged by and then commenced an explanation all the laymen of the council and a fraught with unexpected horror. few of the ecclesiastics—but against

My duty to the church is compro- this course of mercy an overwhelming mised even by the step I have taken majority prevailed.”. A deep groan for your safety ; severe penance must issued from the labouring bosom of atone for my disobedience, but the Father Denis. De Lacy was fixed effects of that disobedience cannot ex in almost petrified attention.

It was tend beyond yourselves ; your lives in vain," continued the friar, “ that the depend upon your rigid silence- lay members pleaded the obligations breathe a thougħt of what I tell you, conferred by English civilization on and you are lost; when you shall reach the country; the intermixture of blood a place where your persons will be by marriage—the naturalization effectsecure, and your tongues at liberty- ed by time—the social intimacies—the the work of destruction will have been personal friendships—the vengeful recompleted the curtain have fallen on tribution which blood would draw a national tragedy. Listen! for a upon us from England—and the duconsiderable time back, means have ties imposed by the great law of hubeen concerting how to get rid of manity. An hundred voices exclaimed, English dominion, and of English “we must obey the greater law of our

It was determined, that the holy church --the heretic and Saserule of the Sasenach should be put an nach must perish!" end to. To this deterinination, and in “ Mighty God!” exclaimed De Lacy, raising the spirit of the people to its “ where were thy thunders, that they execution, the Catholic clergy have fell not on thy blasphemers !" Hush!” been the instruments. Your residence said the friar, “you forget your rein France, Fatheer Denis, made you verence towards the church ; but I



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