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: Select Committee of the House of any Lectureship, which did not annually Commons, made several years ago, which produce £200 at the least, should be report is not only discreditable to that suppressed, the professorship should be house, but an insult to this country, be abolished, and the salary struck out of the canse it was not founded on any examin- Estimate. In this opinion my Lords enation into the actual state of the Society, tirely concur, and feel it expedient that in but takes for granted, what is the very future the accounts should be rendered reverse of the fact, namely, that the Son and the Estimates founded upon the prin. ciety is not a public and national, but a ciples so laid down.” private Establishment. The Dublin Sow On referring to that report, we think ciety claims to be the oldest Institution of it due to the Committee to state that their the kind in Europe. It has done sub- Lordships have put a most unwarraptable stantial service to Ireland for a hundred and forced construction on what is said years, and so far is it from being a private respecting the Society's lectureships, for Establishment, that we fearlessly assert there is not one word in the report of it has stronger claims to be regarded as a suppressing any lectureship, or abolishing national lostitution, than even
the British any professorship and striking its salary Museum, simply because it has gratuit- out of the Estimate ; but the credit of ously dispensed greater benefits to the this interpretation, and the recent changes community. And yet, that Select Com- in the Society, is given by his countrymen mittee apparently ignorant of the constie to the worthy Irish Secretary to the tation and objects of the Society, legislate Treasury. for it, as they would for a private Dis- - If the above principle be sound, it will pensary, and hand it over to the Treasury, apply with greater effect to the British who, in the plenítnde of power, without Museum, in the wealthy metropolis of farther inquiry, in these times of reform, England, than to the Royal Dublin So. quite recolutionise the Society.
ciety in the capital of Ireland--a city As it is scarcely fair to refer to public impoverished by the Union which has documents without quoting them, at least, swept away our nobility and gentry; by in part, we trust our English readers will the partial decay or absolute ruin of our excose us for making a short extract from arts, manufactures, and commerce, and a Treasury Minute which was presented by the breaking up of our national estabto the House of Commons the 10th lishments. But has that principle been September, 1831. It will shew not only applied to the British Museum ? By no the narrow views, and want of informa- means. On the contrary, its grants of tion of the Select Committee, but the the public money, have of late years been short-sighted policy, and unfairness with materially increased, and in the last year which the Treasury has treated the Na- amounted to nearly thirty thousand tional Establishment of Ireland. That pounds, besides twenty thousand pounds Minute thus proceeds, “ My Lords read voted towards a National Gallery in the following passage from the Report of London, whilst the grants to the Dublin the Select Committee appointed to con- Society have been steadily reduced from sider the Irish Miscellaneous Estimates. ten thousand pounds to the paltry sum of -Resolved. That it is expedient to bring five thousand five hundred pounds. We sneb of the Estimates as may hereafter complain not of those enormous grants be presented to Parliament for the Mise for the national establishments of Engrellaneous Services of Ireland, under the land, but we protest as Irishmen against direct control of the Treasury, subject to the application of a principle to our nathe responsibility of which department, tional establishments, which would be it is the opinion of the Committee, that ruinous to the national establishments of they should be in future submitted to the England. We claim for Ireland her fair consideration of the House,” &c. My share, her equitable portion of the public Lords then proceeded thus
money, and let the Treasury, see that it " The principle laid down by the Com- it be honestly expended in the public mittee of the House of Commons has service. been to make the existence of local con The proverbial ignorance of our peotribution, the test of the utility of an ple is one grand cause of their moral deestablishment like the Dublin Society, and gradation. From this ignorance they the condition to be insisted on, in order must be emancipated before they can to justify a grant of public money. With become either good citizens or good subthis view it was suggested, that the at- jects. Whilst the government appears tendance on the lectures of this Society anxious to promote the cause of educashould cease to be gratuitous, and that tion in Ireland, the Treasury strangely,
overlooks or affects to despise the advan- tously instructing the public in the useful tages of gratuitously instructing the pub- sciences. We think such instruction calic in the useful sciences, in the different pable of producing a great moral effect departments of Natural History, Natural on the people, and is particularly adapted Philosophy, and Chemistry, and for the for our country. Men who acquire a taste poor saving of about three hundred pounds for science will very rarely be found in a-year! deprives thousands and tens of the ranks of political agitators—they will thousands of the community of such generally be lovers of order and friends important means of instruction. This to peace. Science humanizes and exalts sordid policy is greatly to be deprecated, the mind; it tends to preserve man particularly in the present excited and fe- from mean and vicious pursuits, and verish state of the country.
prompts him to useful and laudable unWe are professed advocates for gratui- dertakings.
The first general meeting of the Soci- course of lectures on Geology, under the ety was held at the Royal Irish Acades auspices of the Society, at the Society's my, on the 8th of February, on which apartments, 37, Upper Sackville-ttreet. occasion tue Provost, as president, deli At present we have only to say, that vered an able and eloquent address, on in a country like this, which has ever been the advantages likely to be effected for so much divided by party feeling and polithis country, by the proper cultivation of tical animosity, we are glad to find the Geology as a science, which has since been introduction of any society, which will published at the request of the Society, furnish (like the present one) some comDuring the course of last year, several mon ground, on which men of all polioriginal papers were read at the general tical creeds can meet in harmony, and meetings of the Society, among the prin- leaving behind the angry feelings of public cipal were the following
life, exert themselves together, for the A paper on globular formations, by Dr. advancement of science, and the developStokes.
ment of the resources of their common Two papers on the study of Geological country. Science, and a paper on the Basaltic dis On the 29th of November, 1831, a trict of the north of Ireland, by Captain number of highly eminent and influential Portlock, F.G.S. M.R.I.A.
gentlemen met together, at the Provost's A paper on the transformations of the house, for the purpose of forming a GeoCounty of Limerick, by Dr. Apjohn. logical Society in Dublin, the objects of
And a paper on the Cervus Megaceros, which, (as stated in the words of their own or Fossil-deer of Ireland, by John Harte, resolutions) should be, to contribute to the Esq. M. R. I. A.
progress of Geological science, by all posIt is not our intention at present to en sible means, and to cultivate more espeter into a more detailed account of these cially such branches of Geology aud Micommunications, which contain much in- neralogy, as are likely to lead to imteresting and original matter, as we are provements in manufactures, in agriculinformed that this Society intends shortly ture, in the construction of roads and cato publish a report of its transactions of nals, in draining, in searching for coals
and other minerals and more particularly The Society has now permanently en in Ireland, where there is reason to be gaged apartments in the Richmond Insti- lieve, that much remains to be discovered, tution, 37, Upper Sackville-street, where which will reward the labours of patient it will in future hold its general and other and intelligent inquiry. meetings; and deposit the collection (al To promote these objects, several resoready made) of specimens, books, maps, lutions were then passed, and finally a so&c. for the advantage and convenience of ciety established, resembling in its constimembers.
tution, as nearly as possible, that of the Wm. Ainsworth, Esq. has just deliver- Geological Society of London. ed an highly interesting and instructive The following officers were appointed
the last year.
to act for the first year:
Rev. Thos. Luby, F.T.C. D. The Provost, T. C, D., M. R. I. A. Wm. Tighe Hamilton, Esq. Vice Presidents.
Maziere Brady, Esq.
Professor Hamilton, F. R. S. M. R. I. A.
Esq. M. R. I. A. F.G.S. Robert Hutton, Esq. F. G. S. Whitty Stokes, Esq. M. D. M. R. I. A. Arthur Jacoh, Esq. M. D. M. R. I. A. Secretaries.
Henry Fry, Esq.
Professor of Natural Philosoph, Trinity John M.Donald, Esq. M. D.
Lord Oxmantown, M. A. S.L. James Apjohn, Esq. M. D. M. R. I. A.
David R. Pigott, Esq. Professor of Chemistry, Royal College Rev. George S. Smith, F. T. C. D. of Surgeons.
Thomes Staples, Bart. L. L. D.
Isaac Weld, Esq. F. G. S.
BELFAST NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY.
The following is an abstract of the and mental capacities, by Mr. Grattan, proceedings of the Society, since those illustrated by magnified drawings, and by which we noticed in our last number. the crania of different animals. November 7.
December 26. On the Grains cultivated in the Bel On the geographical distribution of fast Botanic Garden, during last year— Birds, by Dr. James D. Marshall. The read by Mr. Edmund Getty, in which paper was illustrated by a number of was noticed their respective productive- splendid specimens of stuffed birds,
ness, their adaptation to our climate, and among which were the following :--The E their fitness for particular soils.
white-headed eagle of North America ; November 21.
the Golden eagle; the sea eagle; the ger On vision in man and the lower ani- falcon; two large and rare species of mals, by Dr. H. Purdon. Dr. Purdon crane, from the East Indies ; the greater commenced his paper by describing briefly bird of paradise ; numerous varieties of the phenomena attending the passage ot humming birds. Besides these, many of
light through various media, and the al- the following specimens, presented on : terations produced on its course by diffe- this evening to the Museum, served as
fent surfaces, he then applied these prin- illustrations to this interesting paper :ciples to the human eye, having noticed The gigantic crane, measuring 15 feet its structure, and concluded by pointing between the tips of the wings. This out the peculiarities to be found in the bird is an inhabitant of Bengal, and is eyes of the lower animals.
very rarely brought to Europe ; it was November 28.
presented by Mr. Edmund Getty-A On the food and process of nutrition rhinoceros horn ; presented by Mr. G. C. in vegetables, by Mr. James Grimshaw, Hyndman.--A pelican from James Orr, jun. In this paper, a description was Esq.-A remarkable species of vulture, giren of those parts of the plant, in from the East Indies; presented by Mr. which the functions necessary to its indi- R. S. M'Adam.—A specimen of a rare vidual existence reside; a survey was and beautiful species of duck, also from then taken of the sources whence their the East, by Mr. Patterson.—Among food was derived the peculiar nature of the other donations of the evening, were the food deduced, and the whole concluded a collection of bird skins, from Chili, by observations derived from the author's transmitted from that country by Mr. own researches.
James G. Hull, formerly of this town, December 12.
and now a resident of Santiago de Chili. On the cerebral development of ani- -Several cases, enclosing specimens of mals as connected with their instincts, British birds and quadrupeds, and a num
ber of reptiles from Demerera, by Mr. the county Wicklow, from Mr R. PatJames Grimshaw, jun.-A trigger fish, terson; a white rat, from Mr. Miller, from Mr. Hugh C. Clarke.-A collection Comber; a pole cat, and a raven, from of snakes and insects, from Carolina, by Captain Fayner, R. N.; specimen of Mrs. Dickey, of Myrtelfield.--A Brent magnetic rock, from the Island of Asgoose, and a small quadruped, from New cension, and Scoriæ, from Graham's Holland; presented by Dr. James D. Island, from Lieut. Graves, R. N; speMarshall.—A brazen spear head, from cimens of calcareous incrustation, from Mr. Hugh Kirkwood.
the Solfatara, in the Campagna di Roma; January 2. 1833.
of the Rhododendron ferrugineum, of On the genus Aranea of Linnæus, by rusty leaved rosebag, from the Mer de Mr. Templeton.
The reader com Glace, in Switzerland ; aud of the mimenced by noticing the external and in- terials used in forming the Mosaic paintternal conformation ; in the latter dwel- ings at the church of St. Mark, at ling on the circulatory system, pointing Venice ; a pair of horns of the chamoris; out the discoveries of Cuvier, and Tre- and a catalogue (in German) of the colviranus, and detailing his own observa- lection of Swiss birds, in the possession tions on the blood, and the course of the of Sprungli at Bern, from Mr. Wm. vessels through the thorax, legs, and or Thompson; an ancient Mexican manugans of prehension of the animal, he script, written on paper made from the then alluded to the position assigned the plant Magney, a species of Aloe, from genus by Linnæus, Cuvier, and Lamarck, Robert M.Calmont, Esq. of Abbeylands, and concluded by describing the peculiari The Museum was opened to the pubties of habit in the several subgenera.- lic on the 1st of last month. A well Specimens of many genera, and nume- proportioned and handsome room, nearly rous drawings were exhibited.
fifty feet in length, contains the collecJanuary 16.
tions of specimens, some of them disOn the present inhabitants of Brazil, played upon the wall of the apartment, communicated by Mr. Mitchell. The and others in cases of various kinds. Ou paper was written by Mr. Mitchell, jun., opening the door, the first object which and contained his observations, after a meets the eye is a cast of the Gladiator, residence of 10 years in Brazil, on the the full size of the original statue. From different stocks from whence the present the pedestal on which it stands, to the population have been derived, and on the door, the floor is occupied by several cases peculiarities of their mental and physical of rich and valuable shells, the property powers.
of Dr. Drummond, the President of the January 23.
Natural History Society. On either side An interesting paper was read by one of these are double ranges of cases, in of the Members on the Natural History which minerals, fossils, shells, and insects and Antiquities of the neighbourhood of are deposited. A case, at one end of Portarlington, in the Queen's County. the room contains a number of small
This was illustrated by a number of quadrupeds, and is surmounted by a boa drawings of the scenery in that part of constrictor. Another, at the opposite Ireland, taken on the spot; and also by extremity, contains some large lizards, specimens of various objects of Natural and a variety of corrallines, over which History procured there. The paper gave is placed an Esquimaux canoe. In a fiat rise to an animated conversation in the
case, on the right hand side of the door, latter part of the evening, in which are placed some interesting antiquities ; various Members of the Society took a and, on the left hand, a case of about 20 part. The following donations were pre- feet in length, and 12 in height, contains sented on this occasion :--A New Zea. some of our rarer native birds, with maland boat, and the fruit of the nutmeg ny of those of the tropical climates
. tree, from Dr. Birnie, R. N.; pendent This case is surmounted by three noble nest of the grossbeak, from Dr. M.Cor. eagles, of different kinds, and in various mac; 2 jays, some insects, and fossils, attitudes. The scientific arrangement from Portarlington, presented by Mr. W. has not yet been, in every department, Patterson ; specimens of copper ore, from completed.
The first and most important end of sults, let the present state of the Gowise political arrangements is to pro- vernment, the legislature, and the counmote the practical welfare of the great try, tell. Instead of substantial benefits body of the people; and the second is, we have palpable loss of public security, to satisfy the people that the arrange- and profitable industry; instead of ments have been made with this end in public contentment and cheerfulness, we view. The first is the duty of the rul- have gloom and rage, and a fearful ing power, the second is prudent policy. looking forward to dark and undefined The first confers on the people a-sub- calamity. stantial benefit, the second imparts to We may call the Reform Bill them a consciousness of it, from which Ichabod, for its glory hath departed flows popular contentment. The first it is no longer a thing for present boast gives prosperity, the second gives peace. and future promise—it has become the Twelve months ago it was very gene- Frankenstein of the Whig administrarally, and with most unseemly violence tion, and they now regard with fear and insisted that the Whig ministerial party abhorrence the monster of their own were pursuing the direct road to the creation. They cannot bring themaccomplishment of both these ends. It selves even to name it in a public dowas said that by the Reform Bill, and cument where it might be well supby the “liberal and enlightened” views posed it had rightful claim to that of the administration generally, the honor, and in the speech from the country was to obtain practical benefits, Throne to the first Parliament, dictated unknown during the dark ages of Tory under the new reformed Constitution, ascendancy; that the people were the grand improvement is not even to feel satisfied that every thing which alluded to.— It was no longer an agreecould be done, was done, for their good; able theme for the exercise of Minisand that prosperity and confidence terial eloquence. While it was yet in would go hand in hand, and establish a perspective, distance lent enchantment universal reign of peace and plenty. to the view, but its actual presence met A new era of freedom and happiness, with no gladsome greeting, and the of national union and national strength, Reformed Parliament entered upon its was to date its commencement from the labours unhonored and unsung by those accomplishment of the Reform Bill, and who had hailed its far-off coming in full all was to be sunshine and happiness, chorus, from the small treble of Lord save in the obscure haunts of disap- Johnny Russell to the loud tenor of pointed and defeated Tories. This is Lord Brougham, and the low droning no exaggerated statement of the things bass of Mr. Charles Grant. Undoubtwhich were expected, and which were edly this omission of any congratulatory actually foretold as the consequences of notice respecting Parliamentary Reform Whig' experiments upon the legisla- in the speech from the Throne is one tive constitution, and the great estab- of the most remarkable circumstances lishments of the country. How utterly connected with that unlucky state paper they have failed to produce these re, in which all parties seem to find abunVOL. I.