« הקודםהמשך »
cial observer of human nature who “ Tua res agitur cum proximus ardet said
Ucalegon.” Nor is their danger the • Of all the griefs that harass the distressed, greater nor the lesa, because U calegon Sure the most bitter is a scornful jest."
is their friend or their foe. No! Our The beggared clergy are surrounded rulers have permitted the rights of proby the malignant authors of their woes. perty to become an empty name, and
They are living amongst those to whom look on with stoical indifference whilst their fallen state is a subject at once of the laws of the land are trampled under triumph and of mockery. And we foot. No! There is no safety under an have seen a Minister of the Gospel administration which considers the impursued to and from his Church, on the mortal principles of truth and justice Sabbath day, with the imprecations and secondary to some temporary and quesinsults of the surrounding populace, tionable expediency. Landlords of Irewhilst his dejected look and threadbare lond look to your title deeds. The garments excited their derision and tbeir sacrilegious spoliators, who have robbed jeers !
your clergy, call upon you with a voice And now,at the bar of public opinion, of thunder to set your houses ja we appeal to all classes of his Majesty's order." Do you look for protection to subjects to determine whether there is the government ? So did your pastors. any security for property under a They leaned upon a broken reed. Will Government which permits, if it does you do the same? Be wise in time. not encourage, this monstrous combi- There is no safety under rulers who nation. We appeal even to those most regard not vested rights ; and where hostile to our establishment. We tell we find the will to do injustice, how them that the Government which will shall we obtain security but by taking not respect the rights of their enemies, away the power ? will not respect their own.
By the kindness of a legal friend, we English degree, whether it was granted are enabled to present to our readers, the speciali gratiâ. highly interesting law argument, relative The patent of collation to a Bishopto the ad eundem" degrees, which was ric is a title to a degree; so also every argued before George Bennett, Esq., privy councillor has such a title. K.C. Assessor to the Returning Officer, Assessor. Such degrees are not “ad and the Provost of the University, at the eundem" degrees. late election. The very important argu Mr. Lendrick argued in support of the ment and judgment on the rights of Baó' right. The question is simply a matter chelors of Medicine, Law, and Divinity, of evidence; and the point is, what is the shall be given in our next.
evidence of the "exercitia proestita ?” The Is a Master of Arts, or a person of a rules and ordinances in Oxford and Camhigher degree in Oxford or Cambridge, bridge being substantially the same as who has obtained an “ad eundem" de- those of this University, the “ad eundem” gree, in the University of Dublin, enti degree is admitted, not “honoris causâ," tled to vote in this University, under but because there is a certificate produced the 60th section of the Irish Reform to satisfy the triple caput here, of exerBill?
cises performed there; and which, if per-' Mr. Solicitor-General argued against formed here would entitle the party perthe right. An “ ad eundem" degree is forming them to his degree of A.M. In one of a purely honorary nature. There the college statutes, p. 138, cap. 4. “ De are two kinds of degrees; one conferred, gratiis concedendis," this same reason is after the performance of the statutable given ; «qui eadem statuta habent, idemqualifications; the other, by mere favour, que tempus nobiscum observant in gradias of grace. A Master of Arts from bus capessendis.” The degree from the this University, on obtaining an “ad eun- English University is evidence of the dem” degree in Oxford or Cambridge is performance of the exercises by the pernot entitled to political privileges there; son who has obtained it. That is vouched why should there be privilege granted for by the senior Proctor, who acts upon here in such a case, without a perfect re- his own knowledge, where the exercises ciprocity? As to the meaning of the are performed here; and where they are phrase, “ degrees not by grace only,” it performed in the English University, he is well explained in the commentary on acts upon documentary evidence, recogthe statute of pluralities (21 H. 8. c. nized as authentic. As to the objection 13.) in Gibson's codex p. 908. note 9. in that an ad eundem degree might be obwhich it is stated that the phrase means tained upon an English degree granted that the party obtaining a degree not by by special favour, that has been satisfacgrace only, has performed the statutable torily answered by the explanation given exercises in order to such degree, without by the Provost. The ad eundem degree any favour or dispensation therein. That is only conferred on graduates of the shews the nature of the distinction ex- English Universities at Oxford and Campressed in the 139th page of the college bridge, consequently cases of honorary statutes. The exercitia there mentioned degrees conferred on graduates of the are the academical acts which the statutes Scotch Universities do not apply. The require. Honorary degrees are those reason why Masters of Arts from our obtained “sine exercitiis." The “ad University, taking out ad eundem degrees eundem” degree is founded on a certificate in Oxford and Cambridge, have not polifrom the English University, and there- tical privileges there, is that residence is fore “sine exercitiis." The English de- required for a certain number of Terms, gree on which the ad eundem degree is and that is not required here. founded, may have been granted “speci On the 17th of December, the Assesali gratiâ.” The “ad eundem” degree is sor gave judgment in favour of the right. not one for which our University “ se “The question in this case is, whether an spondet;" it is given “ honoris causâ," ad eundem degree must be considered as and not «actuum causâ.”
one of a purely honorary nature? If it Provost. The Board has the means be not of that nature, the right cannot be of ascertaining, by an inspection of the disputed. Degrees are granted either by
special grace, or by reason of exercises poole, Fellow of New Coll. performed. The former is of a purely Bachelors of Arts-J. R. Harvey, St. honorary nature, being conferred at the Alban Hall; G, H. Somerset, St. Mawill of the Board, and sanctioned by the ry Hall; J. D. Giles, Exhibitioner of University. In cap. 4. p. 139. the ad Č. C. C.; R. G. Macmullen, Scholar of eundem degree is referred to, as distinct C. C. C.; W. Pearson, Scholar of Unifrom the degree obtained by special fa- versity; J. W. M. Berry, Brazennose ; vour; and as the party claiming it, must J. W. Macdonald, Ch. Ch.; A. J. P. have taken the same degrees under the Lutwyche, Queen's; E. Wear, Queen's; same statutes and after the same lapse of S. C. Denison, Scholar of Balliol: W. time as here, the necessary exercises are H. Lushington, Oriel; W. Spooner, performed by him, and consequently his Oriel. degree ad eundem, is not of a purely ho.
December 15. norary nature. The right, therefore, is
Magdalen Hall-Lusby Scholarshipin my judgment clearly established.”
The late Mr. Henry Lusby, of NaveThe Quarterly Examinations commenced on Tuesday, Jan. 22, and termi- the University, in trust for the promotion
stock, Essex, having left some estates to nate on Feb. 1st inst.
of sound and religious learning in MagThe subjects for the Vice-chancellor's dalen Hall, in such manner as the Presicompositions are, for Graduates, “ The dent of Magdalen College, and the advantages of Political Economy" and Principal of Magdalen Hall
, for the for Undergraduates, “Druidæ.” Mr. Saurin has given his opinion, that the Principal have determined to found
time being, shall direct, the President and any persons registering after the 23d of in Magdalen Hall
, Three Scholarships, January last, will not be enabled to vote at the elections of members for the Uni- the University of Oxford, who are not
open to all Undergraduate Members of versity. If this decision be correct, ma
under four, or above eight Terms standing ny persons will lose their right of voting from their matriculation. The election for College, as it was generally supposed of the first Scholar will take place next that the time for replacing the names of Term. voters fon the books did not terminate until the 7th of this month; which day day last, for the purpose of choosing two
In a Convocation holden on Wednes is six calendar months from the time of Burgesses to represent the University in passing the Reform Bill, and virtually Parliament, Sir R. H. Inglis, Bart., D. the period allowed in the clause relative C. L. of Christ Church, and T. G. B. to our University. Mr. Saurin's decision Estcourt, Esq., D. C. L. of Corpus is
, we believe, grounded on the difference Christi College, were unanimously electbetween lunar and calendar months, the ed. The former was nominated by the former of which he supposes to be in. Very Rev. the Dean of Christ Church, tended by the Bill, and which terminated and the latter by the Rev. the President on the 23d of last month.
On Thursday last, the following deOXFORD.
grees were conferred :December
Bachelor in Divinity- Rev. J. S. On Thursday, the 6th inst., the fol- Richards, Fellow of Exeter. lowing degrees were conferred :
Masters of Arts—T. Clutton, Fellow Masters of Arts J. Spink Wadham, of New Coll.; Rev. G. Taylor, Exeter. grand comp.; Rev. J. J. Vaughan, Mer On the 4th inst., Mr. B. Williams, of ton; A. Mangles, Merton.
Trinity College, was elected an ExhibiBachelors of Arts—C. Boys, Scholar tioner on the Fitzgerald Foundation, of Merton; W. Harrison, Scholar of Queen's College; and on the same day, Brazennose ; T. W. Allies, Scholar of Mr. E. Meyrick was elected an ExhibiWadham; J. P. Keigwin, Scholar of tioner on the Foundation of Sir Francis Wadham; H. F. Cheshire, Wadham; Bridgman. G.T. Clare, Fellow of St. John's; W. On the 7th inst., Mr. G. M. Giffard Froude, Oriel.
was admitted Scholar of New College. On Thursday, the 13th inst., the fol On Monday last, Mr. H. Fawcett, of lowing degrees were conferred :
University College, was elected to an Masters of Arts—Kev. G. D. George, open Scholarship in that Society, on the Scholar of Jesus; Rev. E. A. Waller, Foundation of Mr. Browne ; and Mr. Brasennose ; Rev. G. D. Grundy, Bra- J. Brenchley, to a Scholarship attached sennose; Rev. W. Drake, Lincoln; to Maidstone Grammar School, on the Rev. J. King, Baliol; Rev. A. D. Stac- Foundation of Mr. Guusley.
At an election holden at Corpus Christi members of Cambridge Uuniversity beCollege, on Wednesday, Dec. 12, the longing to each College :Rev. R. M.A., and the Rev. T. Med
In Commons In Lodgings land, M.A., were elected actual Fellows Trinity of that Society.
St. John's 331 On Thursday last, Mr. W. S, Richards, Queen's
74 B.A., was admitted Scholar of Jesus Caius.
8 St. Peter's
7 Corpus Christine 69
8 Friday, November 30, 1832.
4 Joseph Walker, Esq., Scholar of Trinity
27 College, Cambridge, was on the 22nd
2 instant elected Probationary Fellow of Brasennose College Oxford.
43 At a congregation on Wednesday last,
34 the following Degrees were conferred :
12 Doctor in Physic-J. Johnson, Tri
Trinity-hal laman 24
3 Bachelor in Divinity.- The Rev. G. Wilkinson, St. John's,
553 Honorary Bachelor of Arts, The In College, 1,144. In Lodgings, 553. Hor. W. C. Wentworth Fitzwilliam, Matriculations (Mich. Term,) 383. Trinity.
December 7. Master of Art-J. W. Lubbock, Trinity, (comp.); L. Thompson, Trinity, The Vice-Chancellor has received from (comp.); S. Marinden, Trinity; P. W. the solicitor of George Buxton Browne, Ray, Clare-ball; W.P. Hulton, Down- Esq. a proposal to appropriate 2,0001. ing College.
free of legacy duty, part of a bequest left Bachelors in Civil Law— W. Lowndes, to the said George Buxton Browne, in Trinity-ball, (comp.); Rev. R. M. Hope, trust, by the Rev. John Crosse, late of Trinity-hall ; Rev. H. B. Hall, Trinity- Bradford, in Yorkshire, “for promoting hall; T. Wirgham, Trinity.
the cause of true religion," and to transfer Bachelors of Arts-W. J. Havart, the said sum to the University for the St. John's.
purpose of founding Three Theological
Scholarships. A meeting of the Philosophical So
December 14. ciety was held on Monday evening, Professor Cumming, one of the Vice-pre On Wednesday last the Right Hon. sidents of the Society, in the chair. Henry Goulburn and the Right Hon. Among the presents to the society, was Charles Manners Sutton, of Trinity Colannounced a goat-sucker, presented by lege, were elected representatives in Parthe Rev. G. A. Browne, and two bottles liament for this University. of water from the poisonous fountains of The office of Christian Advocate bas Wirosari, in China, presented by the become vacant by the resignation of the Rev. L. Jenyns; also an account of the Rev. Hugh James Rose. The election effects of this water. A memoir was of a Christian Advocate will take place read by the Rev. R. Murphy, Fellow of on the first of January, 1833. Any Caius College, on “ Elimination between person who has filled the office of Hulsean an indefinite number of unknown quan- Lecturer is not eligible to this office. tities;" and some memoranda on the A meeting of the Philosophical Society architecture of Normandy, by the Rev. was held on Monday evening, the Rev. W. Whewell. After the meeting, Mr. Professor Sedgwick, the president, being Brook, of St. John's, gave an account of in the chair. Among the presents anthe history of the various process of li- nounced to the society were several pieces thotripsy, and of the recent improvements of fish collected by Professor Henslow in introduced by Le Roi, Civiali, and Heur the neighbourhood of Weymouth. Mr. teloup, and others. This account was Whewell read a continuation of his notes illustrated by the exhibition of the instru- on the architecture of Picardy and Norments employed for this purpose, and by mandy. After the business of the meetvarious drawings.
ing. Mr. Simms gave an account of the The following is a list of the resident method of graduation of astronomical
instruments, by which he has divided the PRIZE SUBJECTS.- The Vice-Chanmural circle of eight feet diameter, re- cellor has issued the following notice in cently placed in the observatory of this the University : University, and divided in its actual 1. His Royal Highness the Chancellor place. This account was prefaced by a being pleased to give annually a third notice of the methods of engine dividing, gold medal for the encouragement of or derivative. graduation : and of the English Poetry, to such resident Undermodes of original dividing, employed by graduate as shall compose the best Ode Bird, Graham, and Ramsden, previous or the best Poem in-heroic verse ; the to the one which has now superseded Vice-Chancellor gives notice that the them, and which is the invention of Mr. subject for the present year isDelphi. Troughton... The explanation was illus II. The Representatives in Parliatrated by the exhibion of models, and of ment for this University being pleased to some of the apparatus and calculations give annually.. which have been actually employed for (1) The Prizes of Fifteen Guineas the observatory circle.
each, for the encouragement of Latin The circle was brought to the obser Prose Composition, to be open to all vatory in the beginning of October, and Bachelor of Arts, without distinction of Mr. Simms has since been employed years, who are not of sufficient standing (personally) in cutting the gradations to take the Degree of Master of Arts; after the circle was mounted on its pier, and an advantage which, we believe, no other (2) Two Prizes of Fifteen Guineas instrument has ever possessed. The ob- each, to be open to all Undergraduates, servatory may be considered as, at least, who shall have resided not less than seven equal in instrumental power to any similar years at the time when the exercises are establishment in the world. Another to be sent in. assistant will be required as soon as the The subject for the present year are, new instrument is completely in action. (1) For the bachelors, December 21.
Quænam præcipue sint labentis imperi The office of Hulsean Lecturer being
indicia? vacant, the Trustees of Mr. Hulse's Be
(2) For the Undergraduates, nefaction have given notice, that they pro- Indorum Occidentalium. confestim facta,
Utrum Servorum manumissio in Insulis pose to proceed to the Election of a new Lecturer on Tuesday, the 1st of January, plus boni aut mali secum afferat?
We learn with regret, that this useful been suddenly withdrawn, to the great Society has been placed in a very novel dissatisfaction of all classes of the comand embarrassing situation. After all its munity. These sweeping changes in our ordinary arrangements for the last year National Establishment, which we could were completed, the Treasury most un not have anticipated, do not, we think, expectedly made a reduction of £1,500 reflect any credit on the Government. in its usual small annual grant.
The The Treasury carried those barsh meaSociety, in consequence, was scarcely sures into effect without sufficient inforable to meet its engagements, and its mation or inquiry against the Royal Dubefforts to benefit the country were para- lin Society, whilst they have acted with lysed. Its Lecture-room, which used to their usual partiality for the British Mube crowded to excess with attentive audi
The Treasury did not trouble tories, have of late, presented empty themselves, we are informed, by any direct benches. The long services of its Profes- communications to the Society, in order sors and Officers have been compensated to gain information respecting its naby considerably diminished salaries. Even ture, objects and public utility, and the the privilege of gratuitous attendance on duties of its Professors and Officers. No all the Lectures enjoyed by the public All this was quite annecessary; they fór upwards of a quarter of a century has acted solely on the very meagre report of