« הקודםהמשך »
For ever toss'd
other ground, that we never met with a The Muses, to be won, must be wooed more marvellous metre than that of the by gentle approaches; they never fail “ Mountain Spirit.” For instance, to shrink from the rude grasp of unHow beauty fies
couth and uncivilized violence; this we Where sable care Comes on raven wing;
have seen tolerably well exemplified in And armed Time,
the rather indifferent success of the (Destructive God), Follows close behind.
"uneducated Poets ;" very few of whom The ship of life,
have approached the fame of Robert On a starless sea;
Burns, whom we shall mention as the The salty wave,
most splendid exception whereby to Beneath whose lash, Is heard the bubbling groan !
prove our rule, in any defineable num
ber of degrees. As it is still a moot Now in the West
point whether Shakspeare was or was Thęcadiant sun To his God derlines;
not indebted in some degree to art, we O'er shiver'd altars,
shall not adduce him as an example Pallen domes, The ruby beam ','
where we are discussing the capabilities Its working glare
of nature per se ; besides we take it for Wildly smites !
granted that no one has
any intention And so on, for whole pages, trips the of breaking a lance upon the ground of "Spirit". But we have had enough of uncultivated genius with him, about it, and shall turn with pleasure to a whom Dr. Johnson has left nothing for very interesting and unpretending admiration to express : neither should morceau, from the pen of a reverend
we permit the "unschoole. to build author of great literary eminence. How upon Swift as a model or a ally, beadmirably he developes his immediate cause he obtained his University degree inspiration from the genius of face by special grace, which he had the wit tiousness, must strike the reader at to convert from its proper meaning once on perusal of the ensuing lines into a particular compliment.--The
They savour a little of the “ Lakist” natural talent which springs elastic from school, but far be it from us to cast a the pressure of adverse circumstances, stain upon the diyine garb of simplicity or unassisted by the extrinsic aid of upon which we should say a good deal academic education, of itself at orice had we not been anticipated by what commands notice and approval, is in- . old Jacob Tonson used to call more deed of the most brilliant and dazzling "able pens."
character, but it appears with the inter
vals of centuries between its rare and When rain spartly fell,
beautiful risings ; and as wisely in sooth I ask'd an umbrell
might the untledged gosling attempt in From kind Mrs. Dne, Who cried out, "No, no,
all its affected majesty of impotence to I'll not let you take it,
rival the soarings of the eagle, as the As no doubt you'd break it. Go, child, lay it by,
very many silly and incompetent museThe wind is so high It surely would tear it,
mongers to catch, through the fog of And who would repair it?
their folly and ridiculous aspirings, even I don't care a pin,
one glance at the glorious train of the If your'e wet to the skin, I'll not lose a penny,
great luminary, which would not have By you or by any.
its beams polluted by lighting, for an Thus, void of all shame, Spoke out the fine daine ;
instant, on the stagnant vapours that Then home I must pace,
hover round their turbid intellect.
We owe to the kindness of a gentleThat deny'd the umbrella!. man, who formerly distinguished himself At a future period we shall resume as a successful candidate for the Viceour“ Random Poetics," and commit Chancellor's prizes in our University, a few further depredations upon the an original letter from Sir Walter Scott ‘Stores of Posterity,'We would now once in reply to a note, which he sent to more recommend all of every sex who Sir W. S. with one of his poems; aspire after that species of fame, now which having received permission to inby far the most difficult of attainment, sert, and as it bears strongly upon our " the poetical,” not to approach the foun- subject, independently of every other tains of Pirene ere their genius be pu- inducement, we haste to submit to the rified, andtheir taste refined from the reader, and so to close for the present. dross of ignorance and self-sufficiency “Sir, I am obliged with your letter,
ON NY BEING REFUSED THE LOAN OF AN
UMBRELLA, BY A CERTAIN LADY.
I generally am unwilling to correspond they did not find the treasure which his on the subject of Poetry, with aspirants dying words led them to seek, but they after the favour of the Muses, because raised an excellent crop, which was as one must give pain by criticism or per- good a thing. Let me hope that your haps excite false hopes by complaisance, studies tend to some profession; that of and neither alternative is pleasant. But literature alone, and for subsistence, is youth is a sacred word with me, and has the most miserable in the world, you at all times a right to the best advice must either be a slave of the daily press which experience enables me to offer. and sell your daily thoughts for your Your early composition shews I think daily bread, or you must court the caboth spirit and thought, and expression, price of the Public by compositions, but it has many of the faults incident adopted not at your own choice, but to early composition, in particular the that of the booksellers, and sacrifice of language is at times too flowery to ex course both literary and even personal press the author's precise meaning. But independence, whereas having a proI have had only time to look at the ver- fession you may use literature as a staff ses, otherwise I should find more to to support you occasionally, not as a censure as well as to applaud.
crutch to lean upon, and write when I greatly approve of your resolution you please and how you please, to work hard at your studies, there is no “ To these few hints I can only add rising to any permanent eminence in the propriety of abstaining from dissiliterature, without knowing a great deal pations of cvery kind, which seldom more than others do, and Horace you fail, when habitually practiced, to deknow tells us
prave the imagination, and destroy the “Sapere est principium et fons."
powers designed for higher purposes. I “There is, beside, this weighty con can only add, that I remaiu your sinsideration, that if you should ever fail
cere friend and well-wisher, as well as of becoming an eminent poet, a matter obliged servant, which many depend upon chance as well
WALTER Scott." as merit, you cannot fail of becoming a 10, Stephen's-green, learned, accomplished, and respectable Wednesday, 1825.
The cultivation of the understanding will be in this case to you what friends has scarce left me a moment to
“ P. S. The kindness of my Dublin the diligent digging of their father's write these lines.” garden was to the peasants in the fable,
That our observations can have much view of the various interests and numeffect in checking the present head- berless relations, which exist in the long career of lawlessness and revolu- complicated machinery of our political tion, is, perhaps, too flattering an ex system. It belongs to contracted unpectation to be entertained. The derstandings to see things only in march of intellect is, we fear, too far ad- detail; the various parts and members, vanced to allow the still small voice of which constitute one great whole, apreason to meet with much attention. 'pear to them isolated and independent ; Nevertheless, although we may not be they perceive a "mighty maze," but successful in stemming the torrent of are unable to discover that it is “not anarchy, it will be some satisfaction to without a plan.”. A melancholy inhave placed our opinions upon record. stance of this want of philosophic scope Legislators, who have failed in their is exhibited by our reforming legislaopposition to an injurious measure, do tors in their treatment of the British not conceive, that they fully acquit constitution. That any part of this themselves of their duty, unless they admirable edifice should appear to their enter their protests.
discriminating eyes to be corrupt, is In considering the phenomena, which sufficient cause for its removal. To the present system of misgovernment consider its relations and independenpresents to our view, it appears to us, cies, to ascertain whether it be not that many of the dangerous mistakes inseparably connected with the other into which modern reformers fall, may parts which it is desirable to preserve ; be traced to one or two errors :-one such reflections as these are beneath of these errors is the endeavour to ap- the notice of their enlarged philosophy, ply principles which hold good only in which condescends to view things only the simple and original rudiments of in the nakedness of metaphysical ab. society, to that complex, artificial, and straction. They do not remember, heterogeneous combination, a modern that the removal of a decayed buttress state. Revolutionists are fond of in or mouldering pillar may occasion the sisting on the natural equality of men, downfall of the entire structure ; they and are ready to inform us, that all do not call to mind, that the amputamembers of the community are invest- tion of a diseased limb may extinguish ed with equal rights. The truth of the vital spark in the whole body ; these principles, when applied to 0- they get that in eradicating the ciety, resolved into its primary ele- tares, they may root out the wheat ments, is not more evident than is also. Dangerous and fatal as the their falsehood, in reference to the so- mistakes arising from these sources cial body, when moulded into the form certainly are, would to God they were of a civilized nation. In the same the only errors with which our rulers way we are free to admit, that a re could be charged !-would to God formed house of commons is more con- that, although their judgments were sonant with the abstract theory of re- warped, their intentions were upright! presentation, than it was as formerly would to God, that to weak heads constituted. And yet this admission they did not add perverted hearts ! docs not one whit alter our conviction, But what abstract theory will account that the, so called, reformation of the for-what weakness of intellect exhouse of commons was the most insane tenuate the reckless robbery of and reckless project that ever disgraced chartered rights—the establishment of the councils of profligate political em- popish education in Ireland-insulting pirics.
legislative enactments against the tried Another prolific source of error con- supporters of British connexion in this sists in the want of a comprehensive country--the fatal coalition with France
to support a nation of popish rebels in ditions. But does this weaken their tetheir revolt against the lawful authority nure, so long as those conditions are of our old and ancient protestant ally observed ? Who will have the hardithe reduction to beggary of our much bood to say so ? This then is the real venerated clergy ? But time would state of the case. All estates, both lay fail us to complete the dismal catalogue, and ecclesiastical, are held conditionand mathematicians though we be, we ally upon the observance of certain duconfess ourselves unable to sum the in- ties specified by law, and we are unable finite series of calamities, which the to discover anything in the duties imGrey administration has brought upon posed upon churchmen, calculated to the country.
invalidate their rights. The qualiThat unprincipled spoliators should fications required of ecelesiastics are attack the possessions of the church, is that they shall be men of learning and not matter of surprise. To address piety, that they shall reside upon their any observations to them would be a cures, and that they shall devote mere waste of argument. As well their time and attention to the welfare might we enter into a discussion upon of their flocks ; that these should be the rights of property with the footpad, the conditions required of them, may who demands our money or our life ; no doubt, in the eyes of modern rebut if there be any moderate and well- formers, appear cause sufficient to nulmeaning men, who consider the pro- lify their right to their incomes, and to perty of ecclesiastics as less sacred than sap the foundations of property. But that of the laity, to them we would beg to those not so far advanced in the to address a few brief remarks.
march of intellect, it would not appear One grand source of misconception any very grievous calamity, if the posupon this point, appears to be the tacit session of all estates whatsoever was assumption, that property which is held incumbered with similar duties. under certain conditions-property, to But some of those who clamour loudthe enjoyment of which the perform- est about church property being the ance of certain duties is attached—is property of the state, are at other times, not, in reality, property at all. The with admirable consistency, prepared possessors of ecclesiastical property are to inform us that it belongs to the poor. required to fulfil certain conditions, to And in support of this second claim, perform certain duties, and, therefore, they conjure up some lying legend it is assumed, that their estates are sa about an original fourfold division of the laries, which the state is at liberty to revenues of the church. I answer then, give, to lessen, or to withhold. The we deny that there was ever a fourfold vis consequentiæ of this deduction, we division of the property of the estabconfess ourselves not sagacious enough lished church. Before the existence of to discover ; on the contrary we boldly an establishment, the voluntary conassert, that, if the necessity of fulfilling tributions of the people were indeed certain conditious invalidate the right divided into four parts: one for the supof property, there is no such thing as port of the bishops, another for the property in the empire. We distinctly maintenance of the clergy, a third for affirm that there is not one solitary in the building of churches, and a fourth dividual in his Majesty's dominions, for the relief of the poor. But when who possesses a shilling of uncondi- permanent endowments rendered the tional property. Have any of our li- bishops and clergy no longerdependent beral legislators, any of our new-light on the eleemosynary support of the politicians, in whose vocabulary church people, and when the building and rereform and church robbery are synoni- pairing of churches were also provided mous terms, ever heard of forfeited for by a charge on land, the contribuestates ? Have they ever heard of tions of the people ceased to be divided treason, felony, misprision of treason, into four parts, and were directed wholpræmunire, &c. ? And do they know ly to the relief of the poor. These colwhat effect the commission of any of lections ceased in England on the esthese offences would have on their broad tablishment of poor law's, but still exacres ? All estates then are forfeitable ist to a certain extent in Scotland and for certain crimes ; that is, in other Ireland, where poor-boxes are handed words, the possessors of them are re- about the churches on Sundays. Such quired by law to conform to certain con- is the foundation of the boasted argu
ment derived from the fourfold division ration to philosophers, statesmen and of church property!
historianss and the envy of civilized But the beggars and the state are not Europe, what would be his natural conwithout competitors, in their claims clusion? Would he not take it for upon the revenues of the church. The granted that these deserving men were popish landholders of Ireland think not only protected in all their rights, their right to the tithe of the lands but cherished and honored by the paundeniable. It may not be amiss there- ternal care of a friendly government ? fore to consider the case of church pro- And could he be accused of incredulity perty, with respect to landlord and ten. if he refused to give credence to the ant. It will not be denied that land, following agonizing tale :which is subject to tithe, sells propor It is now more than two years since tionably lower than land which is tithe. the Clergy of the Established Church, free, that is, in other words, the buyer throughout a great part of this country, of land purchases nine-tenths of the have received any of their lawful inFalue of the ground. These nine-tenths, come, if we except the wretched pitand these only, are his property, and tance doled out to them by the grudgthese be sets to his tenants for corres- ing hands of a hostile government. In ponding rents. Upon the remaining bespeaking public sympathy for our one teath, neither landlord nor tenant injured clergy, we are persuaded that. have any clain whatever. The inhere it is only necessary to state their case itor of land, in like manner, inherits as it really is, and to let the facts speak only nine-tenths of the value of his es- for themselves, aplain, unvarnished tale. tate, and is in this respect, similarly Were their sufferings known to the situated with the original purchaser. public, we think toc well of the Pro
Those who view the church estab, testants of this country--we think too lishment in this light, can see no mean well of the British nation—we think ing in such expressions as that the church too well of human nature, to suppose costs the public too much, that it is too they could be heard with indifference. burdensome upon the people. They can- The British public, we are well aware, not understand how an institution can have but little idea of the condition of cost the public anything, which is sup- our impoverished clergy. But we have ported by revenues, exclusively its own, lived amorgst them, and can speak from by revenues which do not belong to the actual observation. We have seen publíc, and which therefore are not sub- their once happy homes, lately the tracted from the pockets of the public, scenes of contented competence and nor can they readily perceive in what peaceful domestic enjoyment, now the respect it is burdensome upon the people, abodes of wasting poverty and fearful that they are not put in possession of anticipation. We have seen sons, the property, upon which they have no solace and the hope of their parents' moral or legal claim whatever.. declining years, summoned home from
Were a foreigner, a stranger to the school or from the University, to share circumstances of our nation, to be in- in the miseries of the paternal roof, formed that there existed in this coun- because the blessings of a liberal edutry an established church, that its mi- cation could no longer be extended to nisters were learned, pious, and exem- them. We have seen daughters, the plary men, that they were possessors of ornaments and darlings of the domestic property, as sacred as any in the empire, scene, torn from the embraces of their that this their lawful income they spent sorrowing parents, to earn among in constant residence among their flocks, strangers that subsistence which could that in order to qualify them for their no longer be afforded to them in their holy calling, they had received a liberal father's house. We have seen Minisand expensive education, that in enter ters of the Established Church deing into their honorable profession, they prived of the very necessaries of life, had been sanctioned and encouraged by harassed by vexatious creditors, and the government of the country and rescued from the ignominy of a gaol were he further informed that the na- only by the humiliating alternative of tion so highly favoured, was the empire accepting alms. Nor are the actual of Britain—of Britain, whose justice, privations of poverty the only, or even whose laws, whose polity, whose con- the most bitter, ingredient in the cup of stitution have been the theme of adıni- of their sorrows. He was no superfi