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buried obtained a resurrection. Now should be ranked and directed against this truth is simplicity itself : the mere them. Our simple religion, which has fact that man is a sinner, and Christ the long borne the calumny of indifference only Saviour. After the recovery of to moral practice, excels all others in this truth, which delivers man from its adaptation and capacity to produce every false refuge made up of private sound morality. It goes not on exmerit exclusively, or private merit con- pediency, the old rule of the heathen : ditionally and conjointly with the great this did well for a commonwealth, while work of the Redeemer, differences ob men of mighty talents and exemplary tained relative to forms of worship, virtue raised on a political eminence church government, orders, sacraments, existed, but fled when they vanished &c. The majority of religious men in from the stage of life: at best it had England were led to the arrangement but the sanctions derivable from time. of such particulars upon the plan now It moves not on the false principle of called Episcopacy, or, more commonly, purchasing eternal safety for the soul the Church of England. In this insti- by a course of life teeming with selftution we have the saving doctrine of denial, and fruitful in acts of bounteous the Gospel, and at the least no rule, generosity: a principle while really order, or ceremony, subversive of that fatal to all chance of immorality, proprincipal possession. This church, in ductive continually of delusive aus. her operations, afforded a pure worship. terity and spurious imitations of virtue to her members, inculcated on them easily and constantly united with licencollectively and individually the total tiousness. It goes on the uncomprodepravity of human nature, the awful mising truth, that immorality, sin of responsibility of every intelligent being every hue and grade, merit eternal to the Deity, and sounded to every man misery ; it denounces all the everlastthe summons to close in faith with the ing judgments of God against the proRedeemer. Thus worked the church fligate and impenitent; and pari passu when king and people upheld Christi- pourtraying the gracious readiness of anity, when the profession of the state Heaven to receive and pardon at once was perfect—and thus the church works and for ever the believer in Christ, while still, though that profession be muti- it carries to the soul the most fearful lated and curtailed! Even in the pre threatenings against vice presents the sent condition of our constitution there purest and most potent incentive to is a regard for consistency, an effort and industry, obedience, and sobriety-viz., provision to ensure it; and while every gratitude. Of what we have just writjust toleration is allowed to dissenting ten, this is the sum-During the procreeds and parties, our national ar- fessed allegiance of our kingdom to rangement certainly answers as a recog. God, even in the person of the ruling nition of God, and a solemn warning monarch, the church necessarily exists; to every man to fear Him and obey. during the existence of the church we
Secondly,—An expression that the have a suitable provision for a general real strength of a people lies in their if not an universal extension of religion morality.
and morality among the people ; a proNational strength we may define to be, vision for the increase of political the learning, industry, obedience to law, strength. and corporeal energy of the people. Such Let us now calculate the consethings are obviously incompatible with quences of a final and total abolition of immorality. It was the iron system of religion from our constitution. The morals that niade Sparta powerful; it consequences will be two-fold-natural was the same which rendered Rome and spiritual. The abolition is effected once invincible ; it was the wreck of when the law declares it unnecessary morality at Capua which left Hannibal for the king to hold the present faith : almost helpless ; it was the wreck of that is to say, when, in keeping with morality which instrumentally has re mollern liberalism, the repeal of the duced Rome, we may add all Italy, to Test Act is extended to the throne. its present degenerate enervated con Such an emancipation of the king dition. If licentiousness or immorality would be a plain declaration in deeds, destroy learning, industry, obedience, if not in words, that the mind of the and physical energy, the religion of the empire estimated all creeds and professtate should work them down : at least sions of equal value, or rather, of no
value. Such an estimate at once dis- contempt of God into acknowledgecards the labours of our church. ment and worship of God. No, the
Then would cease the moralizing consideration is, we have served God influence of religion ; and then must long enough, shall we abandon him? rage without a curb, the deep depravi- Shall we in one word, become Aposties of human nature, whose element is tate? This is the question; and a abandoned profligacy! We may be told question fitted to make a man of any that necessity, without religion, will conscience shudder. Of individual produce industry and obedience to law, Apostates only three of any eminence while public opinion will support virtue have reached us in the annals of history and sobriety. ` Aye, but they have not Satan, Judas, Julian. Shall our King done so in other states which have dis- be made the fourth? Of Infidel kingcarded religion. Bnt the progress of doms, Heathen kingdoms, Popish general knowledge will do all this and kingdoms and their fates, we have abunmore! How knowledge, destitute of dant instances. But of kingdoms aposreligion, can counteract the baneful tate from the true faith we have but one propensities of nature, mould the heart solitary example— Israel! (2 Kings, into a love of honest industry, sound 17 chap.) 2500 years have passed loyalty, and the culture of general away since judgment opened on her morals, yet remains a mystery. Know- people, and yet it has not ceased ! that ledge without religion has hitherto judgment was at first political madserved merely to make men proud, ness, then thraldom to the Assyrian, and disputatious, fickle, discontented with finally, dispersion without compassion ! existing institutes ; most unsafe consti- Shall England prove, before the close tuents of any empire. The prosperity of time, that national ingratitude, naof the United States may be adduced tional rebellion against God, national in proof against us of the inutility of apostacy are twice to happen? Shall constitutional religion and the sufficien- England rival Israel and brave that vency of other means to produce national geance which she knows to be in active strength. To this, we reply, that the exercise upon the guilty ? God forbid! American union cannot be quoted as a and to this prayer we hope and trust distinct case in point against us. It is every honest man will say, Amen! not an original empire, it is a mere off- Yet, if this crime be acted in our emshoot from Britain, has borrowed the pire we have the spiritual consequence best of our laws and polity and dressed before us, total, inevitable destructhem in another form. The Union tion !! has not sufficient standing either, to be To prevent this evil, to oppose its a full proof that a state may work well approach and consummation, perhaps without religion : and if we may judge we can do no more than we have done of futurity by present appearances and already, in stating truth with honest facts, the general mind of her people, plainness. If the nature of the crime restlessness, thirst for change, and inse- revealed, its moral and spiritual results curity of social compact, tend to no dis- foreshown, cannot deter the agents of tant rupture in the kingdom, perhaps a plot against religion from working no distant downfall. Such a natural their desires, cannot excite the horror result must follow from the defect and precaution of the good against the of public religion, while the spiritual deep and desperate conspiracy, our furresult is sure, the wrath of 'Provi- ther suggestions will be fruitless. But ence.
we trust that when such statements as Such a natural result must occur in we have made, raised upon the sacred Britain when she casts off the sancti- basis of unerring truth, come before fying profession of allegiance to God. the public mind, many a sincere friend and with it, the church, the public to religion, many a powerful and real school of morals. But the spiritual re- friend to our country will arise in her sult to us must be tremendous. Be it defence. We justly believe that such remembered that we stand not in a exist in sufficient number and ability : neutral posture, balancing for the first we lament that in ainazement at the time between the good and evil of put- wild measures and restless turbulence ting on religion; that we are not now of a party governed and impelled by a calculating on the propriety of repent. spirit of revolution, they have sat so ing and departing from constitutional long silent and inactive. Above all,
we grieve over the infatuation, and now say on the subject must not be strong delusiou which have so long en- separated from the preceding advice. chained the efforts of our staunchest Were we to trust in our skill, power, members. Protestants have met with or resolution, we should fall into the contempt, sound constitutional Pro- very sins of our enemies, the enemies testants have received insult and inju- of the state. Our trust must be in Him ries innumerable, and borne them un- who will one day take to Himself the moved, in the hope of a better and government over all people, nations, brighter day, when true loyalty shall and languages. Our efforts must meet be distinguished from covert treason. His sanction to be crowned with vicThey have waited long in vain, and tory. Therefore, religion must be the disappointment has led them to believe matter and substance of such efforts. there is no hope, no remedy, no de We adverted to a dreamy delusion fence against approaching ruin. Now which has long covered our people, and there is hope, there is remedy, there blinded them to a sense of their moral is defence against that apostacy to and physical weight in the political which affairs seem tending. View that balance. This delusion seems judicial, apostacy in all its deformity, turn from the evidence of Divine censure for our it resolved to act as men, as men of faults. Let every single Protestant principle. Agitation may be the watch- remember that, as a citizen of the kingword and main-spring of infidels, radi- dom, he is called on to avert the ruin cals, and papists. Let union and firm- in which he must fall if it occur. Let Dess form your defence. The disjointed him aim at a genuine reform in himself, state of protestantism yields you a ready a religious reform. Let him not boast prey to the tumultuous rabble ; despair his zeal for our cause, while ignorant of and indecision facilitate your destruc- our doctrines and our worship-in such tion. You possess the wealth and ignorance he is before God our enemy. real strength of the empire ; only use Let him square his views and actions them. Combine ; let there be no base according to that volume which is the conciliation, no wretched fawning on pedestal of our profession. Let him the enemies of your religion and con- reform from indifference, and turn to stitution, no treacherous desertion of that cast and character of obedience your fraternity in humble life, to buy which may endure Divine investigation, the favor of an opposite party. Re- and meet Divine approval. Then, if member real christianity calls on you “ sin be the reproach of any people," to prefer those of her profession-of your righteousness shall be your safe your profession before all others. Be firm deliverance. -No surrender was a good word once You are aware of the outcry against and must be so for ever in a good cause. the corruptions and infirmities of the Resist every encroachment on your church : you know also, that it burst rights and properties, resist steadfastly forth at the first from the very men, every further inroad on the remnant of who care nothing for religion, and deour constitution ; resist legally. Shake sire only its extinction; from men, too, off that delusion which has deadened who were notoriously active in multiyour consciousness of power. You have plying and exaggerating the very evils power, prove it. Do this, do all this they condemned! Now, we would and infallibly shall you not only pro- have you choke this clamour utterly. eure and preserve safety, but by the We entreat all sober Protestants to trial and success of your ability, acquire take the word Church Reform” confidence and opportunity to repair out of the mouths of the malevolent, the injuries already inflicted. Had we and the work of that reform out of space and leisure we might lay before their hands. 'Tis all true that our estayou examples of the triumphant success blishment was endowed with a revenue of union and firmness amongst Pro- to support an efficient clergy ; was testants even in this degenerate period; never formed to be the resource of the But we must hasten to another methud ignorant and the profane, who are someof averting the work and consequence times pawned and thrust into her offices of national apostacy. This should be by the minions of power : was never and can be properly effected solely by a purposed to serve as a refuge, through true and virtual reform in individual unholy patronage, to
men who had What we shall proved incompetent to rise or live in
and social religion.
other callings, We appeal to her ex as you would over your own existence isting bishops to select, without interest She must be thegreat engine for spreador unjust partiality, men of fervent pi- ing the power of religion—for inainety and talent, to fill each vacant office, taining, amongst yourselves, a firm conand occupy her pulpits to the profit of federacy. Suffer no stranger to meddle her people. We would have her bi- with her improvement ; seek her restoshops men of holy zeal, as well as com ration to that condition in which she mon learning. They should come forth first emerged from superstition, Perwith the truth of Scripture in their mit not the number of her ministers, in hearts, and on their lips, and prove any rank, to be diminished ; rather themselves like the first great advocates swell that number, and provide instrucof religion, “apt to teach,” burning and tors for our numerous population. This shining lights in their generation. And is your duty and your interest; and when if they will not ! Then to them must all this shall be accomplished, we may we attribute mainly the final overthrow look up with confidence for the return of our once noble church and constitu- of those blessings which once made tion.
Britain peaceful at home, and terrible Protestants, watch over your church abroad.
BION. IDYLLIUM II.
Love is a very Proteus--not a shape,
« Empty stomach,
There is no condition of human adaptation of the shilling to the conveexistence more truly deserving of com- nient fold of the 11. note in lawyers' passionate sympathy than that of a fees. It renders it fit for immediate young Irish barrister. It cannot be lodgment in a purse previously empty ; denied that the preparatory labours of it gives it a permanence in the pocket, the Inns of Court are somewhat more a solidity to the touch, a degree of than agreeable ; they develope the car- weight and steadiness, well suited to nivorous propensities ; keep the tiller the dignified gravity of the profession. always "hard to post," and send the I may so far digress as to mention a young counsellor into the world with a useful rule, suggested to me by an exrelish for the delightful subjects, pre- 'perienced practitioner, who told me, sented to his notice in the most excel- when I got a fee, never to analyze it in lent “Law Digests,” rendering him a the presence of the attorney.
• Hurry very sombre companion for the table your hand into your pocket,” said be" ; of Duke Humphrey. It will be seen * don't let go the fee. When the donor that I am preparing the reader to lend retires, take out your hand quietly, and a kind and tender ear to the story of my see that the pretty, interesting shillings calamities ; and when I state, that I are all safe.
In conformity with this am not only a hapless young Irish 'hint, I now examined my guinea fee. counsellor, but that I am a “pater. All was right ; I gazed upon the note, familias," " the proprietor of a wife and and then upon the shilling ; I shifted child,” í fully calculate on a tear steal- them from hand to hand ; I stared and ing down the gentle reader's cheek, the looked, and hastened home to tell my offspring of compassion, or the fruits of wife of the “lucky boy” she had got laughter. The day on which I was for a spouse, and before I got a second called to the Irish Bar is a memorable helping at dinner, I rose to work at the date in the annals of my destiny. I Declaration. It was drawer against thought I beheld every one admiring acceptor of a bill of exchange ; most imme. The ladies in the gallery of the portant that it should be done with King's Bench were evidently saying, accuracy and despatch. My profes“ What a handsome young man with the sional character, my whole prospects black whiskers, “and similar face ;" in life, I imagined, might be at stake. and what an agreeable contrast to the Three times the pen dropped from my powdered wig.” Several of my attorney fingers. I examined the number of the friends, who were to have overwhelmed Il. note, and once again gazed upon the me with business, congratulated me shilling. The official air that I assumed, usque ad nauseam ; and, at length, one on this occasion, confirmed my “better kind hearted friend presented me with half” in the opinion, that it is unques* Instructions for Declaration.” I re- tionably a fine thing to be the wife of a ceived it with great solemnity; not the counsellor. Matters went on in an least appearance of nervous excitement ordinary course till the day arrived arising from the overflowings of joy and when I was to start for the circuit, as a surprise ; smothered the rejoicings of "probationer. I scraped together a few my heart, until the gentlemen had re- pounds. My wife packed my trunk tired, and then I proceeded to examine with her own hands, putting in a quiet the guinea fee. Probably, in all the corner a box of antibilious pills ; gave arrangements of money dealings, no- me abundant charges about the airing thing is more to be admired than the of my linen, which might get damp on