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is a blossom of too pure a nature to but this evening they returned with bear the pestilential breath of sin, but peculiar force upon his mind. He droops and withers beneath the blight- continued to pursue this train of gloomy ing taint. Julia we have seen mournful meditation until he was roused from it and unhappy, and let us follow her by the challenge of the sentry at the lover, if this be not a desecration of that city gate. He gave the countersign, name, and trace him in his lonely walk and passed on. He proceeded to his from her cottage to the scene of gaiety apartments, dressed himself in his uniin which he was to mix. His path lay form, and hurried to the ball-room. along the banks of the river, whose wide When he entered, he found the festiflowing streams tremulously reflecting vities of the evening long since com. in its waves, as its surface was lightly menced. There were the light and rippled by the evening breeze, the sylph-like forms of many a fair one beams of the silvery moon. It was a moving in the mazy dance ; and bright still evening; no sound broke upon eyes were laughing in all the pride of the silence, save the distant bark of the conscious beauty ; and the melody of farmer's house-dog, as he “ bayed the the music was swelling in enchanting moon,” or the heavy and measured sweetness. Just as he came within the stroke of some of the lighters who room, the band struck up an air which were plying on the river. M.Naghten often, in other days, he had listened felt the melancholy of the hour, well to from Margaret's harp. His whole suited to his state of mind; but oh! mind was absorbed in the recollections there was a softness and a purity around this excited; and, forgetful of the scene the scene that ill accorded with the around, he stood in a musing mood, in gloominess of his soul. His thoughts one corner of the room, wrapped in his reverted to her whom he had once own thoughts. At last, one of his loved with all the passionate ardour brother-officers, who acted as steward of his fiery temperament, and whom he on the occasion, approached up, and believed still loved him, for how else playfully rallied him on his thoughtlesscould he account for the sudden break
Why, I protest, M.Naghten," ing off of her projected marriage, but said he, “this is too bad ; you are by supposing that her fidelity to him almost the only bachelor among us, and had even braved a father's wrath, and all the ladies are casting such longing then she had kept the ring, the sacred glances at you, and here you are just pledge of his solemn vow. Was not like an automaton, thinking, I suppose, this, perhaps, the only mode that her fa- of the little beauty at the cottage. Eh! ther's jealousy afforded, of signifying to M‘Naghten,” said he archly ; “but him her unchangeable attachment ? “O) come, and I will introduce you to a why," he exclaimed with bitterness to partner, whose black eyes I think will himself, “ why did I not think of all banish her from your mind." M‘Naghthese things, when I foolishly imagined ten smiled at the raillery of his comshe had given me up, and when I panion, and permitted himself to be led endeavoured to bestow my heart upon almost unconsciously along. The lady another, and her father had gone away to whom he was about to be introduced from home and taken her with him. was earnestly engaged in conversation This was, probably, in wrath at her with another who was seated next her, opposition to his wishes with respect M.Naghten was too abstracted to take to the bestowal of her hand ; and thus,” notice of her name as it was repeated thought he with bitterness and self- by his companion. At the sound she reproach, “she is borne far from the turned round. Her glancemet M‘Naghscenes of her nativity and youth ; she ten's. Is it but a phantom that mocks is gone into exile for her fidelity to me, his sight, or is he in a dream ? He while I have been untrue to her, and knew not what he said, or what he did. false to my oath." All these M‘Nagh- He felt his brain to reel with indistinct ten had often thought before, and it and confused perceptions. Gracious was these maddening reflections that heaven ! it was Miss K-!! had been long preying upon his soul ;
End of Chap. I.
CHURCH AND STATE.
“ It is not to make the church political, but the state religious."
Bishop of Exeter.
A sentence which has obtained the answer and confound such an array of weight of a political axiom, might impeachments ? For our parts, we fairly stand as the subject of our pre- are content with leaving them unsent considerations. The sentence is, touched, merely denying the first posithat a national religion is a national tion, the basis of all such and similar curse! a positive obstacle to power accusations, “There is no state church and prosperity! Hence our men of or religion in Britain !" Were there skill
, and for the most parts onr dis- a religious sect patronised by the interested patriots, who have reluct. nation, suffered to grow and increase antly emerged from obscurity and ge- under her protection, we should acnerously conferred themselves on the knowledge it, and even stand prepared erring public, as counsellors and cham- to vindicate such preference or adoppions, proclaim the great evil of our tion, if that sect were Christian. But einpire to be her connection with re in truth, no such preference or partia
ligion, her infatuated support of a lity exists ; many sects are tolerateds bloated, bigoted, and useless church! Christian and Deistic, in some in. The Protestant religion is denounced stances, (without partiality) receive
under the title of “ State Church,” maintenance from the public funds. as the fruitful source of all calamities, There is no state church—no especial at least of every discontent and dis- favourite creed or sect now nourished tress ; while it does not escape the in the bosom of our policy. But Brijust accusation of being to pure Chris- tain was, until lately, a church state, tianity,—the life and extension of pure and even yet retains some semblance Christianity,—the most deadly enemy!! of her former glorious condition. The revenues which support this It was the law-it was the very "State Church," are extracted from essence of her constitution, to live under the niseries of the people, their very the sanctions, the doctrines, the truth labour is taxed to swell the purses of of scriptural Christianity. She stood our pompous Prelates !
not in the exalted attitude of a parent are told, the pride and insolence of or patronness, but dwelt as a child at those prelates, their heartless indif- the foot of that religion, which she ference to the spiritual and physical knew to be of God. This was her ills of the poor, combined with the pride-her strength-her safety. She keenest attention to their own in- was a Christian state; as an individual, terests, close the door for ever against she professed her faith in the statements their usefulness in every moral and of God—as an empire, acknowledged religious consideration. Who could none as her members, constituents, or eredit them for any anxiety or sin- officers, save only those who subscribed cere endeavour to bless the poor and publicly to the truths of Scripture, needy, did they even wear the form of However, times have changed, and benevolence and Christian charity ? with them tastes and opinions. A While the very splendor and cere Christian nation is a term almost obmony of the establishment in all its solete ; and whatever remnant of pubrituals, bordering more on paganism lic Christianity yet adheres to our of popery, than expressive of that sim- constitution, is assailed as a nuisance ! ple worship peculiar to pure Christia- Absolutely, the grand principle of ponity, must wither every affection for re- licy in modern repute is, that however ligion in the minds of rich and poor, well religion may answer for private leamed and unlearned, moral and im- life-however honourable it may be in moral equally!! What a glorious ge a government, to tolerate every creed, nius that man must have, who could and even grant support as well as pro
tection to every various religion, yet idolatry, possessed wealth, laws, and any national acknowledgment of faith, power, having no parallel in modern while it is relative injustice to all dis- times ! yet we ask, where are they senting persuasions, is positive incon now? And what were they in the sistency with wisdom-contrary to zenith of prosperity? The home of sound policy-certain death to pros- every vice and ferocity, and in the perity!
world successively the scourge of proLet us pause a moment : can this vidence over other profligate idolatrous be true ? Christianity may answer well kingdoms, the rod of judgment, broken for an individual, but is a curse to a and cast away when vengeance was nation ! On what ground can any fulfilled. Descending along the stream man support such a position ? On of time, what nations were raised to none that will bear the scrutiny of any permanent power after the general
If it be said, that there is no proclamation of Christianity ? None analogy between an individual and a but those which cherished the truth nation, we ask, what is a nation, but and were marshalled under its profesan aggregate of individuals ? Is there sion. Since the Reformation, we conno resemblance between the integral fess, France has been forward and part and the aggregate ? If national notorious rather than exalted. Her religion be branded with the title of rejection of religious reform-he cold injustice or partiality, we demand, is and bloody treachery towards the there not reason—is it not just and leaders of that reform—her continued good, that a father believing one abhorrence of improvement, sealed her creed, should profess that creed, and doom. She has, in divine justice, maintain it firmly in his household, been made to drink blood, and when while he may tolerate the dissent of lately lifted up upon the world, after some branches of his family, or en.. scenes of domestic slaughter, it was dure with patience the marked con to pass through the countries of Eutradiction of others? What is a na rope, in which base superstition was tion but a family? And what a go- preferred before pure Christianity, to vernment, but the parent and the head? execute the sentence of Jehovah. That Should it be agreed that no public work accomplished, and still impenitent profession of religion can be advanced herself, she is given up to a madness until the only true religion has been productive of anarchy, hurrying her selected from conflicting sects and to perdition. doctrines, we may allow the full pro However, to the proof that nations priety of delay, and labour to make are accountable for religious professuch selection. But in the case of Bri- sion. Rejecting every public acknowtain this is unneeded; the truth is ledgment of the true God, an empire known among her people—the scrip- is virtually infidel, or rather idolatrous, tural religion of Jesus Christ has long adoring its own wisdom-trusting to its been discovered and professed. own disgression. For such sins pre
And now, to speak briefly, without cisely Tyre now lies waste—a spreadthe least possible exposure to error, or ing place for nets :-“Son of man, say just contradiction, if there be a God at unto the princes of Tyrus, thus saith all—if he has spoken plainly on the the Lord God, because thine heart was subject, nations are not only account. lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a able for moral conduct to the great god, I sit in the seat of God, in the Ruler of all powers, but are summoned, midst of the seas : yet thou art a man on the peril of utter ruin and annihila- and not God, though thou set thine tion, to confess the truth, profess the heart as the heart of God: behold, truth, and maintain the truth of Chris- thou art wiser than Daniel, there is no tianity. We challenge every fair in- secret that they can hide from thee; vestigation of history, and demand, with thy wisdom, and with thine underwhat people or empire ever prospered standing, thou hast gotten thee riches or stood high or long in the rank of and hast gotten gold, and silver into nations, that did not bow to the Deity, thy treasures : by thy great wisdom, and assert, and vindicate his true wor- and by thy traffic, hast thou increased
We may be directed to ex- thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up amine the kingdoms now crumbled because of thy riches. Therefore, away, which, in the grossness of heathen thus saith the Lord God, because thou
hast set thine heart as the heart of while the essence of the Constitution God; behold, therefore, I will bring was, that King, Lords, and Commons, strangers upon thee, the terrible of the every recognized officer and servant nations, and they shall draw their swords of the state, should be a Protestant-a against the beauty of thy wisdom, and Christian Protestant. they shall defile thy brightness. They No kingdom on earth can mould the shall bring thee down to the pit, and mind of man, or force him to believe thou shalt die the death of them that one form of doctrine, his will and conare slain in the midst of the seas. science devoted to another ; no power Wilt thou yet say before him that on earth has a right to compel even slaveth thee, I am God ? but thou the outward assent of an individual to shalt be a man and no God, in the a religion which his soul loaths. But hand of him that slayeth thee; thou every power—every kingdom, is justishalt die the deaths of the uncircum- fied in excluding from its confidence cised by the hand of strangers ; for I all who do not agree with it in religion. have spoken it, saith the Lord God.” This did England. Ezekiel, 28th chapter. Again, in the True, the offices and trusts of Britain 29th chapter, we have the ruin of are attended with honour and emoluEgypt declared by the Almighty to be ment, and such attendants have inthe penalty of national impiety and duced many to accept, as well as seek, rejection of true religion. In the 5th office at the expence of conscience. of Daniel the annihilation of great Some differed from the national creed ; Babylon, together with the fall of As- some in their hearts condemned it as syria, are expressly asserted to be the harsh and intolerant, and yet acknowconsequence of public infidelity. We ledged it—swore to it publicly, that may close our appeal to the unerring they might obtain a share in the great testimony of Scripture with the case national administration.
That they of Jerusalem. She, the heart of the acted thus falsely, their subsequent kingdom, fell before the Romans, be- conduct avowed; for hardly had the cause she had rejected the last solemn oaths of assent to the national creed warning delivered by God in the flesh cooled upon their lips, after election to to return from iniquity, and worship office, when they were heard to utter in the purity of perfect truth. impeachments and invectives, loud and
Were we to review the history of Eng- deep, against the obligations they had land since her first existence as a king- assumed, and the items of that solemn dom, we fearlessly maintain, that. her profession which they had made. Here prosperity ran parallel to the distinctness was awful depravity! And how such and 'piety of her public service and men could still their hearts, or claim the profession of religion. Since the Re- titles of honourable or honest, after such formation what kingdom on earth proceedings, baffles us in every way to upheld so fair and Scriptural a creed? comprehend. To whom should all this Since the Reformation, what single guilt attach ? To the nation which nation attained such dignity and power? held out lures and strong temptations ? Now, we ask is this nothing? All Nay, the nation sought not to buy this no evidence that a kingdom, like consciences or traffic with professions ; an individual, is called to account for she sought friends, tested all candiher religion, and falls or rises in direct dates to that title, with the most solemn proportion to her infidelity or faith? appeals ; and used every possible effort Alas! alas ! for the glory and power to identify herself with religion, and to of England we may say, time was ! select the friends of religion for her Her jealousy for the honour and wor- friends. Emolument and honors, neship of the Deity, has almost expired, cessary and natural, accompanied place. and with it her strength. She has If men were tempted or led by suchuniversally departed from her once men at inward variance with the relipure and consistent profession of re- gious principles of the state—to preligion ; when that profession is wholely tend friendship and smother down for cast away, she shall lie down con a short moment, under the cloak of founded to rise no more !
oaths and attestations, their real sentiAnd of that profession, the last de- ments—their hatred to the national partment alone remains in real ex creed, on whom should the guilt lie ? istence. That profession stood perfect On their own false hearts ! Aye, and
it did lie there, a heavy burden. We appears to us rather as a certain means know, repetition in crime usually makes of supporting the religious profession of conscience callous ; sears it with a hot the empire, than as a constituent part iron ; and leaves, at last, the workers thereof. The church, the national of iniquity to pursue their evil courses school of religion, must therefore cease without remorse. But in Britain an ex- to be, when religion is altogether voted ception to this rule was found. It seems out of our state, declared unnecessary. as if there were some crimes to which While any constituent portion of our conscience can never be stupified. Of constitution must be Christiani, we say these, the system of what we may call the church must live. public perjury, was one.
It was prac
The king, the head of our economy, tised to a fearful extent—was practised is yet called on and bound to profess repeatedly! Yet it did not torpify the and protect Christianity; and thus far conscience, but drove it into madness. we may be recognized as bearing some The criminals raged under the poignant respect to Deity, or to that spiritual acsense of guilt, and determined to cast it countability under which nations exist. off. But how? Not by a faithful repent. And thus far alone, there is hope. ance ; not by a sincere conversion to True, a terrific inroad has been made the religion they had outraged, but by upon our national religion by the redestroying the oaths and protestations peal of the Test Act, and that sin has to which they could not in honesty been confirmed and encreased by the submit-to which they had so often deed of Roman Catholic emancipation; submitted in dishonesty. They deter- yet there is some show of Christianity mined, by a political murder, to silence amongst us, some semblance of venethe voice which gave them torment : ration for it left. And while this lasts and they did it! The Test Act was there is hope, not only of prolonged repealed ; the great bulwark of national existence, but of recovery, of regenereligion was cast down ; the door of ration. office and legislation was thrown open In what position Britain would stand to men who had previously entered by were religion wholly abolished from
her dishonour and profanity, as well as to policy, we have now to consider. That men who, respecting oaths and consci- it has been almost abolished we have ence, had stood back from seeking ho- concluded : when this almost, becomes nors and appointments by the sacrifice altogether, our moral condition will of every common principle. Thus fell, be desperate, and our national welfare thus perished, one great department or at an end. The king is now the sole article of our national profession. In organ or instrument of our national the perfect form of our religious con- confession of faith. The law which stitution, it was essential that king and requires our first magistrate to be a officers should be Christian. It is so Protestant Christian, evidently indi
The king alone must vene cates a sense of public reverence to the rate religion now, while all his minis- Deity, subservience to and dependence ters and senate, all his merely political on Him, together with esteem for a subjects, may be blasphemers! We form of doctrine and homage derived have heard it, and read it too, that from His written will. The necessary herein lies an intolerable grievance upon appendage to the national confession royal majesty. If subjects are relieved the church-—while it preserves the forfrom the burden of religious service, mula of faith does more ; it expresses why not the king ? Truly the support- two things—First, That the national ers of this sentiment deserve credit and avowal of faith, to be consistent, reapplause : they are generous in wishing quires extension through every part of to communicate their privileges. And the state. Secondly, That the real though at present the proffer of such strength of a people consists in their generosity to our monarch might-we morality. In accordance with these say migbt-meet with a refusal, who two expressions the church acts. can tell but shortly this favour, this First-A national faith, to be consisthonor, may be thrust upon him? ent, requires extension. When, by the
It is obvious while we thus write that providence of God, the mists of ignowe omit the ecclesiastical establishmentrance and superstition cleared away from our view, as a constituent part from Britain, the majority of her people of our national profession. The church embraced Christianity. The truth long