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well-filled purse than the self-satisfied tion ; in fact there are few subjects to conscience. These then are some of which it cannot be applied when a conthe abuses of proverbs ; let us now troversy may chance to arise ; from consider what I may call their neutral the lowest and most trifling, to the ground, where their use is neither at- highest and most important, from iended with advantage or injury; at cookery or tea-making, to politics or least with no positive good or evil. polemics ; its value is also enhanced And first let us consider the prover- by the agreeable state of doubt into bial use in which an individual of the which it throws both parties; affording, genus nihil is constantly employed. according to Lord Wellesley's prinYou have, no doubt, frequently heard ciple a triumph to neither; unless priand as frequently used the word nobody, ority of use, gives some slight grounds to express an actually existent being; of boasting to the ingenious disputant and though I have placed this unfor- who uses it; in fact it is an inestimable tanate gentleman on the neutral ground, quotation, to which appeal is always yat I fear he has been so very much made when two or more friends prefer ill used, that I should put him in my its decision, to a wordy argument in preceding classification ; not merely on which each will ultimately be successful moral grounds, but on the score of his -in his own opinion. being appealed to, without the recol I will now give you a few examples lection of those rules which should be of the advantages to be attained by the our guides in all our reasonings ; but I study of proverbial expressions, in easplace him in the present arrangement, ing our consciences, when we are doubtbecause neither reason nor common ful of the rectitude of our actions, or sense sanction the use or rather the in confirming our purpose of acting abuses to which he is subjected; right, when there are numerous tempconsequently the proverbial use of his tations in the way of our doing so. name cannot be supposed to obtain Suppose we should have a wealthy either for or against my system, and, aunt, whose heir we expect to be, and therefore he cannot be placed in either of that she is old, captious, querulous and my classifications. That nobody can miserly, having all the diseases of age be a non-existent being is almost wholly and ill temper, and that at some happy incredible, when we recollect the nu- period the fatal shears cuts “short her merous and familiar instances in which thread of life," and leaves us all the appeal is made to him in his indivi- wealth amassed by the most penurious dual capacity ; if any one assert that economy of her, who for no love of us, there is no supposition of indivi- denied herself every comfort, and almost dual existence in the proverbial appeal died of starvation rather than buy a to robody's generosity, I will beg to “ptisane of rice.” We try for an hour ask him how he can understand the com or so, to look becomingly grave, and to mon excuse among children and ser exert a little cambric sensibility, but vants when guilty of any breach of the exertion at last proves too great, discipline or china, “Why, Sir, nobody and we are at length obliged to give did it. If they do not attribute to no way to our overflowing spirits. This body an existence here, they violate a is the cause of great inquietude, not rule of primary importance in metaphy- because it is wrong, but that it appears sics, namely, that there is no effect so to many, who attribute it to “want without a cause, and thereby strike at of delicacy,” “ brutal insensibility,” or the root of all morality ; and if they“ savage ingratitude;" and who in our do give him individuality, let them place would most probably only evince at once define him by his “ essential gratitude for the death of the “most difference” or at once cede to me the affectionate relative, who always loved impropriety of their use of the word him as a son," and who praise her when nobody. Though I have pointed out dead, merely because she never deserved an abase in this instance, yet it is of it when living ; envying and therefore sueh trifling consequence I prefer plac- abusing us, for the most natural ebullition ing it in the neutral ground, together on our good fortune. We are consewith the proverb " nis de gustibus dis- quently again lapsing into hypocritical putandum," the value of which I would melancholy 'till we recollect the promost strongly impress on all my friends, verb “ Avara, nisi cum moritur nil recte us it is simple and of universal applica- facit,” and we rejoice at our excellent

VOL. I.

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relatives having performed one act in I shall in my first lecture speak of her life, by which she has gained credit, the origin of proverbs, tracing their and we have obtained a fortune. history from the remotest ages, refer

How many advantages would result ring to the histories of the Chaldeans, to mankind if they would bear conti- Chinese, and Egyptians, shewing that nually in mind the proverb, “ Discute these people were their probable auquod audias omne, quod credas proba.” thors, as the Hieroglyphics of the last How many lying reports would it pre- of them, are nothing but illustrated vent gaining circulation, how many a proverbs ; I shall then give a short character would it save from unmerited commentary on the proverbs of Soloreproach, or blasting calumny, con mon, and proceed through all the prococted over the cups, “which cheer verbialists of antiquity, dilating very but not inebriate,” but in some un- fully on those of Seneca, Publius, intelligible way dispose old and Syrus, &c. &c., to the great autocrat young maids to seek for materials to of proverbs, my prototype, Sancho ruin those whom they envy or dislike; Pança. I shall here give the reins to how many false opinions have been my imagination, and expatiate most propagated by inattention to the first largely on bis history, giving a short part of the sentence, and gained per- biography of him, collected from manency by disregard of the conclu- the most authentic sources, and ension of it; in short, if observed as a riched with many original letters. I maxim through life, how many troubles shall in this lecture enter most fully on and annoyances would be saved by it, the mode of education to be pursued by both to ourselves and others ; but from those who are anxious to train up chila disregard to the spirit of it, we be- dren in the way they should go, in orlieve every thing bad of an enemy, der to attain the same happy facility and very little good of a friend, and that he had in the use of proverbs, pay little attention to the examination showing from original manuscripts, at of that, which gratities our spleen, or present in my possession, that from his annoys our self-love, as few can ever earliest childhood, he was made to unconscientiously say they have rejoiced dergo a particular and peculiar course in their friends prosperity, and I fear of education. none who will not allow with Roche This lecture it is my present intenfaucault that, Dans l'adversité de nos tion to dedicate to those most learned meillieurs amis ; nous trouvons toujours Pundits—the members of the New Eduquelque chose qui ne nous deplait pas. cation Board, and hope that they may

I might bring forward, if my time have the judgment to see the manifest permitted me, a far greater number advantages my system possesses in of examples of the utility of proverbs, common with their own ; and if it posbut will refer my reader to that inesti sesses any more claims to public contimable repository of proverbial lore, dence, and through my advocacy gains Don Quixotte, passim, where he will see any

the promoters of education, with what admirable effect they are it will, I trust, afford me additional continually used, and though there ap- grounds to hope for the support of an pear a redundancy of these “moral economical government, which is at morceaus,” yet their efficacy is not the present obliged, for a contingent adless apparent. I shall not make any vantage, to support such an expensive quotation from a book which is so fa- sinecure as the present board is allowmiliar to most of your readers, but ed on all hands to be ; the members of having now shown you the importance the board must advocate my system, as of proverbs, by reference to a few ca it possesses the grand desideratum of ses in real life, and exhibited the mani- non-interference with religion; and fest advantages to be attained, by the in my books of instruction, the only study of this system of condensed scriptural quotations being from the morality, and the immense importance “ Book of Proverbs,” consequently all to be attached to the system, of which it danger of the bugbear proselytism will is my pride to be, if not the inventor, at be out of the question. least the improver : I shall now pro I shall then give a dissertation on ceed, as concisely as possible to lay the requisites for proverbs, shewing, as before you the method, according to I have already partially done in a which it is my intention to deliver my former part of this letter, their effects course of lectures,

on politics, morals and religion, and on

hold on

the modes of guarding against the Now, Sir, I will, in a few minutes shew abuse of them, the principal of which the immense mass of knowledge conI shall demonstrate in that portion of tained in this vulgar every-day proverb. my course, in which I proceed to the You will excuse my merely transcribdissection of proverbs, by which their ing the heads of the lecture as they true uses are most fully developed; for appear in my note-book. by a minute examination of all the Every one to his taste, as the old woparts of a proverb in all its various man said when she kissed her cow. bearings, we at length arrive at a full EVERY ONE-Notices, biographical notion of its value, and are enabled to and critical, of every one-Question, estimate its effects on society—for many whether every one includes each indiof the errors on this subject may be dual of the species— Whether it is a traced to that narrowness of compre- generic or specific term-A short hension, which has confined the em- treatise,“ de omnibus rebus,” with conployer of a proverb to its literal and cise views of the lecturer, de quibusdan apparent meaning, whereas if he had aliis”—Origin of the omnibus, or long entered fully into the subject, and con- coach— Travelling in England and sidered the different parts of which it France-Comparative view of the is composed, and examined each branch state of England and France-Moral of each word which enters into its view of the French people—Dutch composition, he would have been able war- Taking of citadel of Antwerpto enter fully into its spirit, and to have Number of killed and wounded seen its full value and importance. For Military hospitals—Charitable societhe elucidation of my design I will

, ties—An appeal to the public on bewith your permission, extract as much half of the sick and indigent roomof my lecture on this point as may keeper. serve to give a clear idea of what I ONE-On the number one -To take mean to assert.

care of number one recommended-On It is an established maxim of my the properties of unity-On dramatic Lord Bacon, that “nil nisi certo ordine unities— Theory of numbers— Pythacertâ viâ sciri posse," that is, unless we goras and mystic numbers—Considerago methodically to work we can never tion of the question proposed by Thomas arrive at any knowledge of truth. Aquinas, whether six is a perfect numAgreeing, as I do, with this great au. ber, because the creation was finished in thority, I first (like Mrs. Glass' receipt six days, or if the creation was finished for making hare soup, “ to first catch in six days, because six was a perfect your hare,”) take the proverb on which number-Different numbers of the DubI intend to lecture, and—but I will here lin University Magazine, Their relatranscribe the heads of a lecture on one tive merits-Sketch of Dublin Uniof the most common and vulgar pro- versity--Comparative view of Oxford, verbs in use, and thereby trust to shew Cambridge, and Dublin-the Dublin you the value of my system. The University Calender. proverb is, “ Every one to their taste, as Taste-On taste in general—the the old woman said when she kissed her gustatory

S-Dr. Kitchener's cow.” Now will any one expect that cook's oracle-Alison on taste-Simfrom this any important deductions can ple perceptions— Mode of forming the be made,or that knowledge can be mate- taste- Education of men of taste-On rially advanced by such a piece of mince pies—A new receipt for plumbhacknied vulgarity? What is there in pudding-On smell—Different kinds of it but a vulgar mode of expressing that smells—Relation of cause and effectdifferent people have different tastes ? Wherein perfumes and their opposites So Igrant it may appear at first sight; but differ-Origin of perfumes—Explanathis is not an a priori proof against me. tion of the passage, Pastillos Rufillus Yet how many thousand cases might be olet, Gorgonius hircum"— Horace and brought to prove the folly of prejudg- the poets of the Augustan age-Moing, as few could infer from the falling dern poets--Merits of Hendrie’s and of an apple to the ground that New- Gattie's perfumes ton could bave been led to the disco Old Woman-Cicero de Senectute very of gravitation, or that a few drops –Lives of Remarkable old womenof wine in a flask would have led to On woman in general— Personal sketch the construction of the steam-engine? of Eve--Origin of evil— Archbishop

nerves

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King-Analysis of Butler's analogy WELL-Derivation of the word Undergraduate course of Trinity Col. Different kinds of wells—Dr. Wells lege Fellowship course-its late im- the meteorologist, All's well-Pumps provements.

and hydrostatic principles on which KISSED—Origin of kissing—Sketch constructed-Forcing pumps-Dancof the Methodists—Life of Wesley-ing pumps-Truth lies in a well, reaHis biographer, Southey_Onthe office son of explained-Essay on truthof poet Laureate-Autobiography of Dr. Beattie's life-Well stairs, and life Colley Cibber-Dramatic literature of of the celebrated actor Bannisterthe last century—the drama-its de- Lives of the actors- View of the precline—the plays of Sophocles-Euri- sent state of the stage—All the world's pides-Aristophanes-Socrates--Poi- a stage-Stage coaches Steam carsoning--Medical jurisprudence. riages and their probable effects on the

Cow-Cowpock- Vaccination_and trade of these realms. life of Dr. Jenner-Cowardice-Prac LAST-Cobbler's lasts Life of Blactice of duelling-Cucumbers-Sun- kett the cobbler and poet-Campbell's beams extracted therefrom-Life of last man -Byron's Darkness—Sketch John Bull

, Esq.-Irish bulls— Miss of the state of Literature in EnglandEdgeworth-Writers on Irish character Last wills and testaments—Last dying - Traits and stories of the Irish pea. speeches Last words of Marmion, and santry, &c. &c.

life of Sir Walter Scott- The last I should hope the above would be election-And news of the day up to sufficient to show the most sceptical last night. the value of my system of lecturing, My next lecture will be on the

proespecially if they consider that here I verb, He has a tear in his eye, like a merely give the outlines, and will dilate widow's pig.--General discussion on most fully on each particular subject con- the remote origin of the proverb, and tained in the above enumeration. For explication of its general meaning and the benefit of your readers, I will tran- application-Consideration of the reascribe the heads of my two remaining son why widow's pigs are given to lectures on this part of my subject; and tears, and dissertation on the sympafirst, the heads of my lecture on the thies of the swine race, and exculpaproverb

tion of them from the charge of stuThe pitcher that goes often to the well pidity-Analytic investigation of the is at last broken.

proverb. Disquisition on the general meaning TEAR-Derivation of the word from and application of the proverb-its tero to rub—Analysis of tears, Why history, and derivation--analysis. pity is akin to love-Genealogies of

PITCHER—Derivation of the word each-Crocodile tears—Counsellor - Various kinds of pitchers-Disserta- I. B. B—'s hypocritical or false tears tion on the manufacture of pottery - Reading wills--Legacies-Onions, Life of Mr. Wedgewood of Etruria— Residuary legatees-Lacrymal glands Incidental mention of pitch and its – Anatomy and Physiology. various applications-pitch-plasters and EYE- Dissertation on Opticsthe history of Burking, with the out. Lloyd on Light and Vision– Newton lines of the late Anatomy Bill— Tailor's -Brewster-Herschell--Light weights Bills-Reform Bill Billhooks- Tar - The Lord Mayor's Office--Duties --Sailors, why so called — Tar-water, of Magistrates—The pronoun 1—its and Bishop Berkeley's treatises thereon uses and abuses On Egotism. - Pitch-and-toss-Origin of the game Widows-Duties of husbands and

-Whether pitch-and-toss be derived wives—Matrimony and Marriage Act from pitch, or pitch from pitch-and- - On jointures and laws thereof-On toss-On gaming in general and its Dowries—Difference between asova evils—Different kinds of games and sayshoce explained -- Marriage Olympic and ythian games--Game cerem nies of various nations—Nati. laws and game cocks-Game eyes-onal customs—and National Political Pitching ships and ships pitching-Sea Unions. sickness-Life of William Pitt-Pitt Pir-Pigs of iron and pigs of lead club— Political review of the state of Life of Bacon-Sketch of the EtEngland_Pitted with the small pox, trick Shepherd — Hams--- Whether whence derived—Epidemic diseases, Africa was peopled by Ham— Noah and a treatise on epidemic cholera. and the Deluge World before the

flood-Outlines of Geology-Baron of curious manuscripts, which fully saCuvier-Fossil remains-Irish Elk- tisfy me of the misconception which The new Survey of Ireland—Engi- exists in general respecting the origin neering and Coal Mines-Capabilities of this proverb. I will take occasion of Ireland if properly developed-Ab- in one of my lectures to prove, that it senteeism and REPEAL OF THE UNION. owes not its origin to the monkish

I trust, Sir, that the above speci- prayer, Oh Mihi Beate Martine, by the meus will be sufficient to convince the production of one of my manuscripts, most sceptical, of the importance of which is entitled the “ Autobiography considering even the most trifling sub- of Miss Elizabeth Martin--her life and jects in all their bearings, previous to times," and is enriched with many oripassing a judgment on their merits ginal letters, and a facsimile of her or demerits. As I have, I think, writing ; this most valuable work it is sufficiently shewn you, that even from my intention shortly to submit to the the most vulgar and trite proverbial public, together with an appendix, expressions a mass of knowledge can which will contain selections from some be deduced, and acquired by those other manuscripts, also in my posseswho truly seek for it. I have preferred sion, in proof of the proverb having the above proverbs for the purpose of had its origin at the time she lived, in shewing, that even in the most unfa- allusion to some peculiarities of this vourable cases, information may be most remarkable woman. conveyed to the people of this coun I now conclude, having I trust so try through the medium of proverbs, far explained my design, as to suffiand that there are none so trite, but ciently convince all unprejudiced permay be made subservient to conveying sons of the superiority of my system of instruction in the most refined ques- education. I shall merely add, that if tions of science or morals.

after the publication of this letter I Having so far elucidated my design, get sufficient encouragement, I shall and explained my system of proceed- make immediate arrangements for deing, I will draw to a conclusion, not, livering my first course of lectures on however, till I have infornied you, that what I believe to be a most important in my researches after the origin of subject. the proverb, “ All in my eye and Betty I remain, Sir, your's, Martin," I have discovered a number

Solomon Pança.

BION. IDYLLIUM III.

Night's wide and starry banner was unroll’d
O'er her vast realms-within the sheltering fold
My flock was penn’d. My faithful Argus kept
His anxious vigil, while the shepherd slept.
I dreamed that in a flood of golden light
The Queen of Beauty met my dazzled sight,
And by the hand her lovely boy she led,
Who eyed me archly, while his mother said
“ Good shepherd, pray thee teach this idle child
Some of thy woodland airs, so sweet and wild.”
She spoke and vanish’d. To my youthful ward
I sung the strains of many an ancient bard:
How Pan wrought pipes, Minerva formed the flute,
Hermes the lyre, Hyperion the lute ;
But the sly god of the unerring shaft
In mockery of my simple sonnets laugh’d,
And sung himself so exquisite a strain,
As I may never wake to hear again ;
Such too the magic of his melody
That I was pupil, and the master, he.
Alas for me! I learned by heart too well
The tale he told, which now I burn to tell.

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