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poison of discontent. Who can say year, which were now concentrated but that a wily and well-practised about Oxford and the midland counties, foreign diplomatist, may be playing had been wholly provided by the artithe same game, but by different move. vity and perseverance of the Queen, mnents, in our own day? The cardinal and with the last recruit which it was knew that internal discontent and civil possible to obtain or hope for, she was strife were the most effective allies of now doubtfully endeavouring to gain a foreign enemy:

The favourite and access to the Northern army, and by proud boast of England, that she held uniting this force with the King's, to the balance of power in Europe, had aim at striking a blow which might rebeen put forth by her accredited agents store tranquillity to them and to their at foreign courts with so little delicacy, dominions. that other powers, as well as France, But there was an impulse which acwere not altogether unwilling that the tuated this heroic Princess, more powHaughty Islanders should suffer the erful far than the indignant feelings of chastisement of internal convulsion, insulted royalty, or the consequent deand viewed the calamities with which sire of vengeance. This impulse was she was afflicted, with feelings not un- love-tender, faithful love! a love allied to pleasure, not considering how which, in rare exceptions, infuses its infectious such examples are, and how warm and animating principles into the dangerons the explosion of such volca- cold compacts of royal unions, wherein nocs however remote.

the happiness of tắe individuals is saUnnaturally repulsed by her bro- crificed on the shrine of national policy, ther, but yet undismayed, the high- and the torch of hymen extinguished by minded Henrietta applied to the Prince the secret tears of the victims of diploof Orange, at whose court she met macy. Henrietta, although a bigot to with a hospitable reception. This her religion, was no Jesuit to her love prince, who felt like a man and a so- -that, at least, was pure and holy, vereign, listened to the fair applicant and not in the selfish or deceptive spiwith the delicate and generous sympa- rit of cabinets and creeds. It was this thy which her perilous and affecting love that gave irresistible energy to situation so strongly demanded, and every thing she attempted-threw the hari his ability equalled his inclination, bright halo of hope and enthusiasmı effective aid might have been timely af- around all her actions, and which was forded. But the prince was restrained now conducting her through stormy by over-roling necessity, and it was in seas and imminent perils, to the land a very partial degree, and almost by which, however convulsed by faction, stealth, that he could give his royal contained all that was dear to her soul guest any assistance. The all-pervad- in the idolatry of the heart. Before ing and baneful influence of France her departure had been resolved on, it extended itself to this quarter, to which was well known that the English cruizthat powerful state was too near a ers, which, from the defection of the neighbour to be safely disregarded or Lord High Admiral, the Earl of Warincensed. The small aid which was in wick, were, to a ship, in the interest his power, and without making an ob of the parliament, had, under the comvious and decided demonstration, he mand of Batten, the Vice-Admiral, supplied with that grace which enhances been stationed in small squadrons to obligation, and it was by means of a watch the different ports in Holland, vessel which he had granted to the in order to intercept her prassage,

should Queen's first importunities, that her she attempt the succour of her royal royal consort was relieved from the consort, and it was on this account impotent situation he was placed in at that the port of Docklum, having been York, after the failure of the attempt ascertained to have escaped their vigion Hull, and which enabled him to set lance, had been selected for the place his army in motion, and put his canse of einbarkation. Was Henrietta's love to that test on Keintown-field, which, thrown away upon a barren and unif not attended with all the advantages grateful soil? O! no—the profligacy expected from it, furnished proof that of the second Charles was not inherited; the loyal party, though weak in means bis unhappy sire was faithful as he was were strong in courage and faithful de uxorious, and capable of feeling as of votion. The levies of the preceding inspiring a pure and lasting passion.

When at Dover, under the melan- proof against the power of vicissitudecholy necessity of their separation, the that agency of heaven, to humble and King parted from his adored Queen, correct the mighty great—to put the be coinmitted her Majesty to the care integrity of friendship to its severest of the Marquess of Winchester, a no task-to instruct mankind in the mutableman of whose entire devotion, even bility of all earthly things, and to diin those false times, he could not but rect wisdom to the contemplation and feel perfectly assured, and who ac- choice of those objects alone worthy

the sacred and anxious trust of her solicitude. The Marchioness of with a determination of duty worthy of Winchester, a woman of a fine person, the confidence reposed in him. On infinite address, and unbounded devothis mission the Marquess was accom tion to the royal cause, had remained panied by his only daughter, Lady at Oxford to exert her powerful influEleanor Paulet, who was the sole com- ence, and more immediately superinpanion or attendant of rank who accom- tend the aids which the Marquess's panied the Queen to Holland, and large possessions and numerous tenanthey were now returning with their try constantly and cheerfully supplied. royal mistress to whom they were en. In those days, and even amidst the dedeared by every tie of afiection and composing influence of civil strife upon loyalty which could unite them, as the social virtues and obligations, the subjects and friends to their Sovereign. wholesome relations between landlord They were tried in the balance of the and tenant were not dissolved ; and to times and“ not found wanting”—their Ireland, in the nineteenth century, it services tourished not in the sunshine was reserved for the popish priesthood of prosperity, and the forcing temper- to re-enact in a degree, the horrors of ament of a gay, rich, and powerful 1641, and use all but fiendish agency court, but under the killing frosts and to further the purposes of their bigotrude blasts of adverse fortune--these ted hatred and secure the promotion of their still green and vigorous loyalty their temporal ambition. C. withstood, elastic to their pressure, and

End of Chap. II.


She has fallen in her youth, like a blossom in spring

When the cold chilly blast has blown o'er it,
And our hope of the fruit that in autumn 'twould bring.

Is gone, with the blossom that bore it.
Oh blush not to weep! she has fallen in her youth,

And each tear, while 'tis silently Howing,
Recals to our thoughts all the mildness and truth

With which her young bosom was glowing.
How vain is this world !-in the hour that she died

While we wept o'er her pitiful story ;
The spring smiled around in her loveliest pride,

And the sun was abroad in his glory-
“ How vain!” I exclaim'd, in a half-stified breath,
“ Are the dreams to which pleasure hath bound us!"
For I felt while I sat in the chamber of death,

That all was but vanity round us.
Oh never, belov’d, shall those words be forgot

Which you spoke of the dead and the dying,
While together we gazed on that lone stilly spot,

Where thy mould'ring remains are now lying-
“ How soon," you exclaim’d,“ may death call us away

“ From this scene of contention and sorrow.”
I followed thy bier to the cold grave to-day,

May not I be its victim to-morrow?


“In nova fert animus,"-OVID,



dertake to teach the ploughman to work At the present period, when reform by trigonometry, nor the tailor to inteis progressing with such rapid course, grate a function, in order to find the beginning with the high and mighty expression for a pair of inexpressiblesparts of the social fabric, and proceed I seek not to teach the cobler the caling downwards through all the por- culus of variations, in order to fit a tions of the domestic systems, from pair of impaired feet, nor metaphysics, Kings and Parliaments to scavengers to enable him to prove the mortality of and climbing-boys ; when the school the sole- I ask not to instruct the fishmaster, with broom in hand, is verify- wife in zoology, to enable her to distining the old adage, and sweeping clean guish a mackerel from a whiting, nor all the dust of ages, and together with the the butcher comparative anatomy, in cobwebs, demolishing in his zeal, many order to cut a fat steak for my dinner of the ornaments rendered venerable by -no, sir, I leave such things to the time, or, more truly, knocking down Society for promoting useless know. the old pillars of the building, because ledge, and pledge myself to you and they are old, without preparing to re my country, to effect more practical place them by new, or without their benefit in six months than they will do fabouring under the imputation of use

in sixty years.

In order to this, it is lessness, it would ill become me, a my intention, in case Mr. Stanley adgenuine disciple of the utilitarian dresses a letter to me, (tu be left at school, to allow any longer time to Messrs. Curry & Co's, 9, Upper Sackelapse without divulging to the world ville-street,) with an offer of a handa new system, which renders easy the some salary, to proceed through the system of governing, facilitates educa- country, and deliver courses of lection, and in fact may be considered tures on the subject of Proverbs, which the grand desideratum in this age of are the means by which I will bring renovation.

about the great change which it is my It may be necessary for me in lic purpose to effect in the social system. mine to state to you, that I have, At the same time, I will give a hint to I believe at last, discovered, after Goverment to be immediate in their years of patient research, the to application, as in case I get no offer of KAAON in philosophy and morals, assistance, I will, like the Sybil, burn the royal road to learning, and that my books, and consign to everlasting by my system of instruction, the most oblivion, what money can never again illiterate may, in an incredibly short purchase, and what the Tarquins of period, attain proficiency in at least the our age may uselessly deplore. As it ground work of every sort of know- may seem extraordinary to you how ledge that man can seek for. If Go- such apparently trifling means can vernment can be induced to encourage conduce to the great ends I have in my undertaking, and to transfer the view, it will be necessary for me to education grant from the present board state as precisely as I may the grounds to me, I shall render the whole nation of my presumption. so rational, such politicians and judges Proverbs—which may be adequately on the most refined questions of tinance defined as the concentrated essences and political economy, that the Uni- of the wisdom of our ancestors—have versal Suffrage must become a salutary in all ages, and at all periods of the and efficient measure.

world's history, been considered the There are to my plan none of the ob- “ultimæ rationes” in logic, the arbiters jections which obtain against the genera- from whose decision no appeal is allity of systems of education. I do not un- lowed, or in fact, as the House of Lords

of scholastic disputants. Even Mr. As it would occupy too many of Locke allows them this use, and ae your pages, I cannot, in my present knowledges that they may serve to ad- letter, enter as fully as I could wish rance science-for he says that “ge- into my subject. I cannot dilate on neral marims were not the foun- consequences which will result from dations on which discoverers raised the adoption of my system in its fullest their admirable structures, nor the extent, nor enter into a metaphysical keys that unlocked and opened their controversy on the nature of the unsecrets of knowledge. Though after- derstanding, from which I would deduce wards, when schools were establish- more fully the advantages of my sysed, and sciences had their profes- tem. I will, therefore, take up the sors, they often made use of maxims more popular part of it, and by an in(or proverbs,) which being received as ductive argument prove the advantages unquestionable verities, they, on occa- of proverbs, and also expose a few sion, made use of, to convince their of the abuses to which they are subscholars of truths in particular in- ject. stances." So far does Mr. Locke give Do misfortunes come upon 118 " like me his authority for attaching im a cloud ?"--Do dangers and difficulties portance to maxims or proverbs ; and encircle us on every side ? or do we lie that there are such things as first prin- upon a bed of sickness, suffering all the ciples both of contingent and necessary ills that flesh is heir to, writhing, pertruths, I do not believe any one will haps, under the agonies of what one of feel disposed to deny, now that Hume's our high civic authorities called tio philosophy has been so completely re- toorleloo, or cursing that last bin of futed by the labours of Reid, Stewart, claret, which has given us an intoaod Brown: besides, according to Bishop lerable cholic ; or, do our dearest Berkeley, it is a work well deserving friends drop out and bailiffs drop in, of pains, to make a strict enquiry con for the kind purpose of saving useless cerning the principles of knowledge, expenditure, by giving us gratuitous, and to sift them on all sides. With accommodation in one of his Majesty's such an host of evidence on my side- reception-houses. Some kind and warmwith the sanction of so many great hearted acquaintance then visits us, and names, I may confidently claim for having satisfied his curiosity, and obtainproverbs at least the merit of “silencing ed materials for a good story at his next obstinate wranglers and bringing con- dinner-party, takes his leave, with tests to some conclusion, and of being, “ Well, my dear fellow, keep up your like an oath for confirmation, the end spirits, it's well it's no worse, and 't will of all strife." Do not suppose, Sir, be all the same in a hundred years.” that I mean, like the Aristotelians, to If some Van Twiller of a friend refuses lay down false axioms, and deduce con to assist us when harrassed by tailors, clusions from these, which serve only washerwomen, or other adhesive billto retard and perplex knowledge, or stickers ; or when reduced to the exthat my design is to imitate their dis- tremity of limiting ourselves to Sunciples

, and propose questions for dis- day recreation, and of accounting for putations, to be carried on by appeals our absence from evening parties by to scholastic axioms, such as that of “ New Magazine,” “ Article on Foreign Acquinas_“ Whether God loves a Affairs,” “ Free Trade Question," possible angel better than an actually “ Solicitations of Editor," while he, existent fly,” or, num chimera bum- poor easy man, hardly knows of our binuns in vacuo possit comedere secundas existence, and would as soon think of intentiones ? No, Sir, my only inten- extracting marrow from paving stones tion is, by laying my foundation on as political economy from our brains; those well packed morsels of learning, and if we are at last compelled to write to to enable those who furnish the intel- some attached friend, or very humble serlectual ammunition of the young ideas, vant, for even a half crown to purchase whom it is their delightful task” to perchance, our hebdomedal repast, he teach "how to shoot,” by a more royal justifies himself in the refusal by the road, to arrive at the perception of ten times told and worn-out tale of truths, which, by former systems, could " thoughtless extravagance covering a not be attained without considerable man with rags,” and conjures up the loss of time and labour.

images of departed sovereigns by

Amici vitia si feras facis tua," vainly if that base and servile spirit which, supposing that he is acting according to retain ministerial rank, prostitutes to the advice of Plutarch, • Ως ου τον the executive part of the constitution Evoque usowy, anda mny zapažav å modoztuces wv," to the leaders of a priest-driven people, while he is making our unfortunate or the mobs of political unions, be conbody suffer for crimes of which it was demned ; if the successor of Pitt be only the

instrument, and thereby ridiculed for “ licking the dust before evincing personal hostility towards us a barber's feet,” and requesting this as well as towards our misdemeanours. dispenser of “promotion and power”

If some profligate spendthrift have to watch his conduct, and not to fail, represented to him the folly of harter- whenever he saw this sapient chaning his peace of mind, and health of cellor acting wrong, to inform him of body, for the pleasures of an hour, and his misconduct, and school him in all the absurdity of wasting time and his acts ; if, in fine, that spirit be reproopportunities in pursuits as profitless bated which will swear to-day only to as they are irrational, and as devoid of forswear to-morrow ; which promises real pleasure as they are absurd, he retrenchment, and practises profusion ; replies with an oath that he must “ do preaches non-interference with foreign at Rome as Rome does,” and proceeds states, yet, on the first opportunity, to the midnight revel, satisfied that violates the pledge without even a shathere are as great fools in the world dow of cause; which attempts to restore as he is, and that a proverb sanctions the constitution, and effects its overhis imitation of them.

throw; which governs without patroWhen religion is chosen in any nage, yet advances to place and pensociety, as the subject of conver sion only its own creatures ; which sation, and its truth demonstrated, disclaims nepotism, and promotes only or its sanctions discussed; when the the allied dunces of its own faction; advantages attendant on its progress which, in a word, promises anything, through the world are pointed out, and performs nothing, unless the latter and the consequent importance of be likely to prove beneficial to the national scriptural education is enforced, country ; the solution of all these some objector immediately starts up, inconsistencies is at once afforded by and by the use of phrases, if not prover- the proverb, “ Lucri bonus est odor ex bial, at least disguised under the form re qualibet ;" and the individual actors of proverbs, and received as such by in the farce satisfy themselves by Santhat very extensive portion of mankind cho's proverb, “that get is a good dog, who abhor the labour of thinking, and but hold-fast is a betier.” prefer adopting the cant of a party, at

So far have I shewn some of the once refutes his antagonist by asserting, abuses to which proverbs have been “ that truth and falsehood, in such subject in the world ; I have shewn cases, are merely dependent on the that in general society, in religion, circumstances of time and place;” in morals, and politics, they are appealed fact, that longitude and latitude are their to as sufficient excuses for folly, imbest criterions, opinion varying as these morality, and scepticism ; and that in do, their only standard being expedien- politics statesmen are not ashamed, if cy; he then proceeds with his sapient not openly grounding their defence, on reasoning by the observation, that, an appeal to them, of yet acting in such a “many men, many ininds,"and concludes manner, that a dependance on these with a phillippicagainst enthusiasts and much abused guides is the only mode zealots; including the importance of of explaining their inconsistencies. We universal benevolence and toleration ; are fully assured of their value at con. the advantage of letting every one

tested elections, where the “bird in the follow his own course in morals and hand being worth two in the bush” has religion; and then walks out of the room decided many a dubious voter, and with the proverb of “the nearer the when the proverbial fragility of prochurch the farther from God."

mises has satisfied the conscience of In politics, if consistency be ap- many a doubter, who preferred the plauded, or political honor advocated, immediate certainty of advancement to as essential to the well-being of society; the contingent possibility of his former if truckling for place and power be re- friend's being restored to place, and probated, and held up to public scorn ; who has found more satisfaction in the

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