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with which the neat and convenient articles selected as worthy a permanent size of these useful manuals are in per- place in the literature of the country, fect conformity. We trust most sin- several originally published in that decerely that the general opinion shall be funct and much-to-be-lamented (as the found to coincide with our own, and E. M, P. would say,) periodical, the that Mr. Rennie may receive in his Dublin Literary Gazettee, and among progress, the ample encouragement to these, some by the talented author of which his efforts are unquestionably “ Traits and Stories." entitled.

We sincerely recommend these voFAMILY LIBRARY, No. 36. Six lumes to the attention of all the lovers

MONTHS IN THE WEST INDIES, IN of the light literature of the day, and 1825, by Henry Nelson Coleridge, feel assured that the attractive nature M.A. Jate Fellow of King's College, of their contents, conjoined with their Cambridge. Third Edition with ad- moderate price, will obtain for them an

ditions. London, J. Murray. 1832. extensive sale and a favoured position EVERY number of the Family Li. in the book-case or on the table of every brary, as it appears, confirms us in the one who seeks to pass a vacant hour in expectations which we had formed, the most delightful of all occupations. from the very outset of the work, of its inevitable success. To render the Essay ON MINERAL AND Thermal literature of the day attainable by those Springs. By Dr. Gairdner. whose means were not proportioned to For the present we can merely notice their thirst for knowledge, in its very this book as a learned and ingenious design was praiseworthy, and, we are essay on a subject most interesting to happy to be enabled to add, has won the Chemist and Geologist, as we in unlimited applause in the course of its tend to devote a separate article to this execution. The subject of our present subject in a future number, when we notice is the third edition of No. 36, will be able to enter more fully into to which we may address the somewhat this able essay on a topic of great imcommonplace, but in this instance, at portance, as it is intimately connected least, most justly applicable compli- with the great problems of the Geogment, that it is fully equal to any of its nostic Structure and Physical constitupredecessors. It is written in a very tion of the Globe. We most strongly happy, and rather light and humorous recommend it to the notice of our scistyle, containing but few pages which entific friends. are not enlightened and enlivened by some sparkling effusions of a ready and ILLUSTRATIONS OF Political Ecoagreeable wit. We regret that our li NOMY, No. 9, IRELAND ; a Tale by mits prevent our giving any extracts Hariet Martineau. London, C. Fox, from this most entertaining volume, 1832. should our readers however, desire a HARIET MARTINEAU has again apsingle specimen, whereby they may be peared before the public, in a ninth enabled to judge at once of the book, nnmber of Illustrations of Political and of the propriety of our remarks, Economy. It was our original purwe would refer them to the Crossing pose to enter fully into the details of the Tropic, page 31.

this and some other of Miss Marti

neau's tracts, but a press of more imREPUBLIC OF LETTERS. Edited by portant matter obliges us for the pre: H. Whitelaw, Editor of the Casquet. sent, to content ourselves with a brief

Glasgow ; Blackie and Son, 1833. sketch of the work before us. At some These elegant volumes, of which the future period—perhaps on the appearfourth and concluding one has been just ance of her promised “ Investigation published, contain a selection of the of the long subsisting causes of Irish most popular fugitive pieces, which distress”—we may make some atonehave appeared from time to time in the ment for our present neglect. Having leading periodicals, and to which a more discussed the injuries inflicted on Irepermanent and enduring fame is given land by a gradation of landlords, and by their being embodied in a work partnership transactions, Miss Martiwhich should form part of the library of neau favours us with her views on the every lover of the lighter tales of fic- introduction of Poor Laws into this tion. We are proud to see among the country, and on the effects of absen

teeism. Her reasonings are so in- remarking that the agitation of such a genious, that we could, with Dr. subject, more particularly at the presJohnson, almost wish them conclusive. ent juncture, is strangely at variance The last subject treated of, is that of with the professed object of a person tithes ; and in this place we have the who wishes to ameliorate the condition common-place objections,-viz., the of the country, by reconciling the conhardships of the peasantry supporting flicting parties, whose divisions now a heterodox clergy, and contributing to distract it. the maintenance of a church from which The hero of the story, whose achievethey receive no advantage in return. ments form the premises from whence

We cannot forbear quoting one or the above conclusions have been de two sentences of the book itself on thiş duced, is an humble labourer, who, on head : “ The incumbent of the parish being ejected from his holding, becomes is induced even to give up his tithes, a Whiteboy ; commits, in company retrench his expences, and, along with with his fellow maurauders, crimes most his family, live with the utmost fru- unheard of; hangs out false lights to gality.” The construction put upon such seaward on tempestuous nights, &c.; generosity wc thus become acquainted whose wife is transported for writing with : “ When reminded that the re- threatening notices, and who escapes mission was an act of free grace on Mr. justice himself, for the purpose, we Orme's part, they replied, Thank him suppose, of adorning Miss Martineau's for nothing ; he would never have got next work on the improvement of Ireanother pound of tithe in this parish, land. Her concluding words are as he probably knows. He gives up “ Dan shall henceforth be heard of, not only what he could not touch.” seen, by the victims of his virulence.

Without entering into the merits of He who was once the pride, is now the her reasoning, we will be excused for scourge of the Glen of Echoes."

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« Zeal for the public good is the establishments of the country may not characteristic of a man of honor and a be rashly disturbed, and ignorantly gentleman, and must take place of overthrown that the wise and the pleasures, profits, and all other private well-informed may be our legislators gratifications. Whoever wants this mo- and governors, rather than the shallow tive is an open enemy, or an inglorious conceited and turbulent parasites of a neuter to mankind, in proportion to the headstrong populace, drunk with religimisapplied advantages with which na ous or political bigotry—that the peoture and fortune have blessed him." ple may be taught the value of rational These are the words of Sir Richard freedom, and the curse of popular licenSteele, in a courtly dedication, (no tiousness, and that every exertion may very likely place to meet with truth,) be made to better their moral and soyet we hold them to be just and honest, cial condition. These are the objects and applicable to all times, but more of our political aspirations, and those especially to periods when public affairs who promote these objects are our poappear to be full of danger, and neither litical friends, by whatever name they the applause of the multitude, nor the may be called. We cannot believe that favor of the government can be looked the majority of the British nation will for, by those whose zeal is not on the long remain at enmity with such views side of revolution. Such a period is as these :-whether they do or not, our the present, and we therefore feel it to part is taken, we had rather lose

every be our duty to enter at once boldly thing in contending for them, than gain upon the field of political discussion, every thing else, while they were lost. although it is one in which we shall be Having tluus stated the present moobliged to contemplate a great deal tive and the ultimate objects with which that will give us no satisfaction, and to we undertake the discussion of political undertake the combat, with the odds affairs, we shall now enter freely upon fearfully against us. We are however, the task which we propose to ourselves not appalled or disheartened; for we in the present number, namely, to lay know that our cause is good—it is one before our readers a brief view of the not of party, but of principle—not of present state of politics, and the probafaction, but of justice. We do not bilities for the future, for so far as we want this or that man to be a Minister can calculate upon them. of the Crown, or a leader in the Par The Tory party--that party which liament. We desire, that religion may seven years ago made its leaders all but be respected, and upheld, and its insti- absolute in Great Britain, and before tutions saved from innovating and des- which its opponents contended, withtroying hands—that the great political out the slightest hope beyond that of

Vol. I.


causing some inconvenience and em serve and exclusiveness. They held barrassment to a cause which could not themselves apart from the class which be effectually impeded. That party is the strength of the country. is now all but utterly demolished. It was not easy for men in the situaNone foresaw, seven years ago, the tion of the Tories, to find out the course which events were likely to take, error they were committing, and the and very few up to the latest moment, terrific danger that they were bringing could believe that the long-established upon the principles which, if fairly and power of the Tory party was to be judiciously maintained, would never shaken to its foundation; but now that have come into disrepute. Men with the ruin has come, we can see well immense power to reward and punish, enough why it should have come, and are seldom told of their faults, while there is no reason that we should not there is never wanting to them a crowd state plainly what we have too late dis- of flatterers, who, partly from their covered. The Tory party fell, because base and cringing natures, and partly it deserved to fall. It had long ne from habit, never cease to applaud glected that, without which in this free even the most preposterous acts or country no party can, or ought to have, opinions of those, whom they deen it a great and lasting influence, we mean to be their interest to please. Thus, the affectionate respect of the great it happened that the party made no body of the people. We do not refer preparation against the evil day ; they to the rabble or the brawlers who lead had no notion of the deep-seated hathe rabble, but we mean emphatically tred that was borne them-no susthe people—the thinking mass, whom picion that many even of those who the Tories took little pains to instruct, pretended to be their friends, yearned and none at all to please. There was for an opportunity to feed fat the annothing like popularity in the system cient grudge they bore them, and to of their government :-wrapped up in exult on their discomfiture. At last the forms of a kind of despotic official came the explosion, and revengeful feelroutine, which they seemed to think ing against the Tories had its fill; but could never be seriously questioned, or there is much reason to suppose, that effectually disturbed, they put away the even still the Tory leaders perceive people from them with cold repulsive- not the error which alienated their old ness, and they took no pains to make supporters—or at least that they do a figure before the nation, such as might not regard their former conduct as obtain popular respect, if not affection. erroneous. To this moment the EngThey had official power, and were con- lish Tories do not dream, as a party, tent with its possession—they took no of cultivating the sympathies of the pains to convince the people that they people, and making themselves strong deserved it. They forgot or neglected in the respect and affection of the able the system of Pitt. They did not and honest men of all conditions in seek out intellectual ability, nor en- life. courage it when it came before them. But if the Tories were harsh, and

They rather treated it with with official cold, and unbending to the great mass superciliousness. There were no able of those of whom they might have writers—no gifted orators encouraged made warm friends, they shewed and brought forward by the Tory go- during the last seven years of their vernment ; much more ready were power, no such sternness to the leaders they to give them up as sacrifices to of the Whig faction, or the plausible the enemy, than to reward them as advocates of anti-conservative theories. friends. Men of ability and spirit, Year after year did the dexterous flatwere allowed no fair chance, for none terers of the Whig party, who had but those who would become the han- found out at length the weak side of gers ou of official, or otherwise highly the Tory magnates, cajole them into influential patrons, were taken notice concessions, which were no sooner obof: nor was this disposition shewn tained than they were used as vantage merely at head quarters, it was the ground to undermine yet further the same throughout the country ; and Tory strength. The Whigs, after though there were, of course, many having found the fruitlessness of direct exceptions, yet the general character opposition, which alarmed the pride of of the Tory aristocracy was that of re- the Tories, and put them upon their

mettle, chose a different and much more would certainly render it impossible successful method of wresting from for the Tories to govern the country :them their ascendancy : they affected false in their promises of good, but to be almost of one mind with the faithful in evil, they have kept their Tories, who, on their part, not to be word. out-done in courtesy, could no longer We have thought it necessary to dithink of rejecting any proposition of gress thus much upon the course of such civil opponents ; wonderful was events which has led to the present the harmony and unanimity of the state of the Tory party, in order to Houses of Parliament, while every afford a better understanding of what bulwark of the Tory power was suf- that state is, to vindicate the

peofered to crumble away. His Majesty's ple at large in the alienation which Tory ministers, called the Whigs, three years ago they felt from the Tory with condescending jocularity" His government, and to shew all those Majesty's opposition,” while the who think the present state of affairs leading Whigs lost no opportunity to a mere temporary eclipse of the Tory speak of the “

liberality” and “en- ascendancy, that there is no just realightened views,” which distinguished son for such an opinion. Toryism, the Tory measures. These measures and the machinery of its power, as it were the several steps in which the old existed previously to November, 1830, policy of Great Britain, by which she are no more, and cannot exist again became the mighty nation that she within our time. Had the reform then might well boast herself to be, bill been rejected, it might have been was either abandoned or reversed. possible to rebuild and renovate the The laws for the encouragement of her Tory system, the nation might have manufactures for the protection of forgotten the errors of those who conher trade and her navigation, were ducted it, and have again given them first allowed to be overthrown, and the its confidence, but the reform act is ruin was crowned by yielding up the (with regard to the empire generally, political supremacy of the Established much more than Ireland individually) Protestant Religion of the country. effectively a REVOLUTION ; the legisAt last it came to this, that the Torylating and guiding power of the nation government was spoken of by its own has been thrown into completely new supporters, as a Tory government, act- channels, and years will have passed ing upon Whig principles. This was away before it is re-adjusted, during the consummation, and the work was which time it is idle to hope for polithat of the Tories themselves-of the tical rest. A counter-revolution, or Tories, not yielding to the desires of years of political strife and agitation the people, but offending the people, are the alternatives that lie before us. in order to catch the applause, and We are as yet upon the threshhold conciliate the favour of an insidious of the dislocated political mansion, to faction. These suicidal errors of the which the reform" act is the entrance. Tories were, however, not universal to We do not know

the nation does not the party, a portion of them saw and know-the government itself cannot felt the fatal mistakes of the general calculate what will be the course of the body, and separated themselves from parliament which has been returned. it in disgust. Unhappily, in their It is true, there have been classificaanger against those, who they believed tions of the new members into Conhad betrayed them, they did not per- servatives, Whigs, and Radicals. The ceive the advantage which they gave ministerial journals are full of triumph, to an enemy more dangerous, because and those of the Conservative party more actively willed, than the beguiled full of despondency, as to the result of and unfaithful whigified Tories. They the elections, but beyond the general lent their aid to the Whig opposition ; tendency to carry forward the tide of the opportunity was given, for wbich change, which has cast them within the the Whigs had long laboured and haven of parliament, no man can prewatched in vain ; they rushed in with dict the course of such legislators upon an exulting cry, and presently avowed the great questions which will come with fiendish mockery their determi- before them. nation to do such things, as, if they did All who have given even the slightest not establish themselves in power, attention to the study of the English

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