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ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY.

We announce with feelings of sincere and experience upon one of the most inpleasure, the success of our highly-gifted teresting topics connected with Irish anfellow-countryman, Mr. George Petrie, tiquities; enhanced, as they will be, of in having obtained the first prize, a gold course, by beautiful and accurate iilustramedal and fifty guineas, presented by the tions, for which Mr. Petrie's well known Royal Irish Academy, for the best Essay and deservedly appreciated taste and abiupon the origin and use of the Round lity have long since ranked him among Towers of Ireland. We trust Mr. Pe- the most distinguished professors of the trie may be induced to submit speedily to Fine Arts. the public, the results of his judgment

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF IRELAND.

GARDENS.

A general meeting of the members We have voted Mr. Decimus Burton and friends of this most interesting £75 for laying out a plan of your garand useful Society, was held on the den, and he very liberally became a life 19th of November last, for the purpose subscriber. He is supposed to be one of considering the plans of various im- of the best judges of such constructions, provements proposed to be made at the as you require. Gardens, in the Phønix-park, and other LIST OF ANIMIALS IN THE ZOOLOGICAL matters relative to the furtherance of the interests and welfare of the So QUADRUPEDS.-- Two Wapeti Deer; ciety.

one Nylghau ; four large Zebus ; two The following is an abstract of the small Žebus ; one Sambér Deer ; one report :

Peccary ; one wild Boar ; one Bear ; The Treasurer has received since two Foxes; one Otter ; one Badger ; the first general meeting to 1st Nov. one Hyena; one Coatimundi ; one 1832—

Aguati ; one Lemur ; one Ichneumon ; For subscriptions, £508 5 0 two Squirrels ; one Cape Sheep; two Admissions from Ist Sept.

Racoons; one Wolf; two Russian to 1st Nov. 1833, 912 8 10 Rabbits ; one Boar Hound ; two green

Monkies ; one Bonnet Monkey ; one

£1,420 13 10 rib nosed Monkey ; one Spider MonEntire expense since com

key; one black Monkey; one Angola mencement,

1,331 9 9 Cat; one Seal; eight small Monkies ;

seven small Tortoises ; two large ditto. Balance in Treasurer's

BIRDS.-Two Ostriches; two Emus; hands,

£89 4 1 two Land Eagles ; two sea Eagles; The visitors who paid for admission two African Cranes; three Golden at the garden during the above period Pheasants (one hen); two Silver Pheaamounted to 36,497 persons.

sants ; one common Pheasant; Six There is a building fund in the hands Owls ; one red legged Partridge ; six of Mr. Cusack, the produce of a sepe. common Partridge ; five Canada and rate subscription, amounting to £44. Poland Geese ; three Wild Ducks ; Some of the members of your Society three Muscovy Ducks; three Peacocks; are disposed to lend sums of money to two Bantam Fowl ; four Gulls; one be vested in the hands of trustees, for Barnacle ; one Pelican ; two Macaws ; the purpose of erecting buildings re one Cockatoo ; three Parroquetts ; five quired for the animals, for which inte- Parrots ; three African Doves; one rest, at 4 per cent. is to be paid, until Jay; two Kestrils ; one Kite ; two the principal is discharged. On this Hawks ; one Curassow. arrangement your opinion is requested.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Tue Dublin UNIVERSITY CALENDAR gage the reader's attention, as well by for 1833, 1 Vol. small 8vo. Dublin; the comprehensiveness of its style, as -Wu. CURRY, Jun. & Co. and the clearness and accuracy of its detail. MILLIKEN & Son.

Commencing with the golden age of We confess that we sat down to the Ireland, when she was looked up to by perusal of the Dublin University Ca- other nations as a model of learning lendar, with minds not sufficiently un and piety. Mr. Todd gives us a curbiassed, to enable us to speak impar- sory, but distinct view of the ancient tially of its merits. We had long looked extent and flourishing of national eruin vain for such a record of our Univer- dition-of its decay and disappearance, sity, which should fully develope its che- and, subsequently, of its progresive requered and instructive history, and vival—until, at the present day, it is present us with tangible information on found enshrined in the Institution of a thousand points of interest, connected which he has proved himself a no less with a place so endeared to us by as- useful than intelligent member. Each sociation, and possessing such claims part of this sketch brings with it claims on our respect and gratitude. We had on our consideration---the first, for the learned, besides, somewhat of the pro- view it affords of the primitive national gress of the work during the early character and pursuits, when the prestages of its advancement, and we felt sent haunts of violence and superstition we might rely much on the powers of were the favourite retreats of religious the learned gentleman from whose pen and scientific seclusion ; the next, for it proceeds, while we could not but ad- its developement of the state that sucmire the laborious and determined ceeded, and the interest it lends to the course he pursued, in draining every early efforts of the University, at persource of necessary information, formanent iudependence ; the conclusion, the fulfilment of the task he had un- for an accurate and graphic record of dertaken.

the ultimate success they gradually atWith such grounds of prejudice, we tained. repeat, that we took up the volume be So much we can say, with sincerity, fore us, and yet we think we shall but for the historical introduction to the echo general opinion in saying, that Calendar. The remainder of the vowhen we sought for an acquaintance lume refers only to the details of Colwith the origin, the annals and the dis- lege discipline, and the minor facts of cipline of our University, our desires its annals, such as its institutions, and have been abundantly answered, and their origin, its occupants, and the whatsoever hopes we naturally enter- names of all in any way distinguished, tained, from our knowledge of Mr. which will be found of deep importance Todd's ability, discretion, and research, to the student ; and, we hesitate not 10 have been as fully realised.

say, must secure to the University, with Than the “ Historical Introduction' any who peruse them and are unacto the University Calendar, we have quainted with its merits, a very high never met sixty pages filled with more place in their admiration and respect useful and entertaining information : On the whole, we think Mr. Todd's Antiquarian lore, cautious enquiry after book calculated to disabuse those who are facts and dates, and an accurate exa- strangers to the Institution, whence it mination of important MSS, afford emanates of many unfavourable and prestrong evidence of the author's unwea- vailing prejudices, and this object we ried assiduity, and cannot fail to en- deem especially desirable. One we shall

Vol. I.

P

briefly instance : There has been no re in our College since its original founproach so frequently or strongly urged dation, and that there is literally not against the Irish University, as that of its one amongst them whose greatest commembers having hitherto taken but lit- pulsory occupations will equal those of tle share in advancing, by personal ex ours, whosc hands are the emptiest. ertions, the literature of the day. “Si We would fearlessly appeal to the lent Sister" is a common appellative, issue of such an investigation of this and one which, in the mouths of cavil- subject, or rather proudly anticipate lers, is ever supposed sufficient to coun- the awardment of praise and admirater-balance the evident merits of our tion, that so many high and renowned College, or even efface them altogether. names are to be found in the long list

Now, the simple and undeniable facts of our dignitaries, as will appear in the of the necessary difficulties and disad- pages of the University Calendar. A vantages of publication in Ireland, and letter of the famous Archbishop Usher that many of the leading works, which to Dr. Challoner, quoted by Mr. Todd, emanate from the English press, are (p. 39-40,) will prove that the view we often either conducted by, or altogether have taken of this subject was even in the production of the foster children of his early time thrown into a powerful Alma Mater, will remove the imputa- light ; nor will the fact of six being tion at once from those who but so- about the number of Fellows at that journ for a while within her walls, and period, although they now amount to throw it altogether upon the residents, twenty-six, at all invalidate our arguwho have a fixed connection in the es- ment, when we remember the far more tablishment.

than proportionable increase of the Let then any unprejudiced person, number of students to the present day, having carefully examined this rea- and the duties attendant thereon. sonable view of the subject, which In conclusion, we think the Dublin will certainly lead to its adoption, apply University, in which he holds such a to the Dublin University Calendar for distinguished rank, much indebted to the nature and duties of a fellowship, Mr. Todd for the vindication and apoand then say, dispassionately, whether logy he has best offered for her in the a junior Fellow has time to give his at- unvarnished detail of the facts of her tention to literature anconnected with Institution and history, while we are his profession, averaging, as we do, the pleased to discover that he is not the number of students at eighteen hundred, only person connected with Trinity and his own pupils at one-eighteenth of College, who, in common with ourthat aggregate; or if it be reasonable to selves, is just now canvassing the apexpect that a Senior Fellow, himself probation of the public in print. fulfilling duties of importance, being The University Calendar, we feel, occupied continually with the arduous we may safely recommend to the Antask of arranging and regulating the tiquarian for its research-to the Hisacademic government, could possibly torian for its accuracy-to the Student make the brief leisure he enjoys avail- for its discipline, and a faithful record able for the purposes so unfairly re- of all prizes and honors—the latest exquired.

amination for the most important of the Again, let any one examine the si- tatter, being fully and accurately des milar records of the Universities of tailed—and to all, generally, who feel an Oxford and Cambridge, so boasted of for interest in the scene of youthful competheir literary renown by these cavillers tition and instruction, and of their own at our own, and he will find that the early probation and ambition. number of dignitaries in either, at any We most warmly recommend this time, will exceed the entire number of work to all who seek for information on those in ours since its foundation. We a subject connected with the best intefind, by reference to the Calendar, that rests of society, and feel highly gratisince the foundation of the Dublin Uni- fied at such an authentic document isversity, a period of nearly three hun- suing from the press at the present dred years, there have been only four period—by appealing to which the cahundred and sixty Fellows. Now, the vils of the ignorant declaimer may at number of Fellows and ex-Fellows, in once be decidedly refuted, and the connexion with the Universities of Ox- friends of the establishment supplied ford and Cambridge, are almost as with conclusive arguments to defend many at present as the whole number the interests of the Dublin University.

HUMBOLT'S TRAVELS, by W. Macgill: kind of hedge about four feet high, in

vray. Being Volume 10 of the wbich the jaguars, tapirs, and peccaries, Edinburgh Cabinet Library. Oliver had made openings for the purpose of and Boyd, Edinburgh, 1832. drinking; and as these animals mani..

We have never had a problem of fest little fear at the approach of a more difficult solution connected with boat, the travellers had the pleasure of the human mind, than that afforded by viewing them as they walked slowly the character of Baron Vor Humboldt; along the shore, until they disappeared how it was possible that qualities hard, in the forest. When the sauso-hedge ly ever coexistent in the same indivi was at a distance from the current, dual could be all united in this one crocodiles were often seen in parties of person, has been a subject of astonish- eight or ten, stretched out on the strand ment and wonder to us since we first motionless, and with their jaws opened remember to bave read any of his at right angles. These monstrous repworks. How the disposition and men tiles were so numerous, that throughtal powers of a philosopher, worthy of out the whole course of the river there the highest rank in all the various de- usually five or six in view, although partments of natural and physical sci- the waters had scarcely begun to rise, ence, possessing extended knowledge and hundreds were still buried in the of Geology, Mineralogy, Chemistry, mud of the savannahs. A dead indiBotany, and Zoology, could be united vidual which they found was 17 feet 9 with a minute acquaintance with Poli- inches long, and another, a male, was tical Economy and Statistical research, more than 23. This species is not a has been to us an almost inexplicable cayman or alligator, but a real crocofact, the more so, as these acquirements dise, with feet dentated on the outer are generally the results of a life of re- edge like that of the Nile. The Intirement, and the studies requisite for dians informed them, that scarcely a them, almost universally productive of year passes at San Fernando without settled and sedentary habits ; and yet, two or three persons being drowned by such is Humboldt ; with the mental them, and related the history of a powers and knowledge of Cuvier or young girl of Urituco who, by singular. Browne, are united the enterprising presence of mind, made her escape spirit and untiring perseverance of from one. Finding herself seized and Clapperton or Parry, and long would carried into the water, she felt for the the general reader have remained in- eyes of the animal, and trust her finnorant of such a man, had not the gers into thein ; when the crocodile compiler of the work before us possess- let her loose, after biting off the lower ed the industry and perseverance to part of her left arm. Notwithstanding wade through his voluminous and the quantity of blood which she lost, laboured works, and to select such por- she was still able to reach the shore by tions as are sufficient to give an ade- swimming with the right hand.” quate, and, at the same time, popular The following account is given in idea of them ; conneeting thesc p. 200, than which nothing can more extracts by such judicious remarks or strongly exhibit the miseries the inhacomments, as make the book valuable bitants of the banks of the Orinoko and both to the general and scientific reader; its tributary streams are exposed to from to the latter of whom it will be of infi- the innumerable noxious and dangerous nite service, as a book of reference, reptiles with which the country abounds: many preferring uncertainty to the lac · “ In the night they forded the Rio bour of consulting the voluminous and Urituco, which is filled with crocofrequently inaccessible tomes of Baron diles remarkable for their ferocity, alHumboldt. We would be happy if we though those of the Rio Tisnao in the had space

to devote to it, to present neighbourhood are not at all dangerous, several passages to our readers, we will They were shown a hut or shed, in however extract one or two, which which a singular scene had been witwill enable them to judge of some of nessed by their host of Calabozo, who, the difficulties and dangers our traveller having slept in it upon a bench covered underwent during his researches, and with leather, was awakened early in enable the reader to judge of the cou- the morning by a violent shaking, acrage requisite for the task :

companied

horrible noise. “ Bushes of sauso (Hermesia casta- Presently an alligator two or three feet neifolia) formed along the margins a long issued from under the bed, and

with a

darted at a dog lying on the threshold, by his Scientific Alphabets, the wants but missing him ran toward the river. so long felt by the student, of a When the spot where the beuch stood series of popular and clearly intelwas examined, the dried mud was ligible analyses of the subjects whose found turned up to a considerable names are stated in his catalogue.debth, where the alligator had lain in Judging from the two little volumes its state of torpidity or summer sleep. which have already appeared, we may The hut being situated on the edge of speak with confidence of a similar suca pool, and inundated during part of cess being deservedly ensured to those the year, the animal had no doubt en- which are soon to follow, and which, tered at that period and concealed itself from the ingenuity and tact which Mr. in the mire. The Indians often find Rennie has already evinced in his comenormous boas, or water-serpents, in bination of simplicity with accuracy, the same lethargic state."

and amusement with instruction, cannot “ Humboldt relates that, at the fail to be equally attractive as the fortime of his stay at Angostura, an In- mer, even to those whose inclinations dian from the island of Margarita hav- or pursuits will not admit of a deeper, ing gone to anchor his canoe in a cove or more extended research in these where there were not three feet of most interesting and delightful branches water, a vers fierce crocodile that fre- of natural knowledge. quented the spot seized him by the leg In his plan of the publication preand carried him off. With astonishing fixed to the Alphabet of Botany, Mr. courage he searched for a knife in his Rennie makes a most excellent obserpocket, but not finding it, thrust his vation upon a defect, but too palpable, fingers into the animal's eyes. The in the treatises which formed part of mouster, however, did not let go his the Library of Useful Knowledge hold, but plunged to the bottom of the They are positively unintelligible to river, and, after drowning his victim, ordinary readers, owing to a mistake came to the surface and dragged the but too apt to prevail among those, body to an island.

who, being themselves complete mas“ The number of individuals who ters of a subject, forget to supply the perish annually in this manner is very data, or the first principles of their great, especially in villages where the theories, without which it is extremely neighbouring grounds are inundated. difficult, if not impossible, for a beginThe same crocodiles remain long in the ner to attempt making any progress. same places, and become more daring This is by no means the case with Mr. from year to year, especially, as the Rennie, who, by the very conciseness Indians assert, if they have once tasted and completeness of his arrangement, human flesh. They are not easily has given sufficient proof of his own killed, as their skin is impenetrable, ability, without confounding or disthe throat and the space beneath the heartening the efforts of the tyro. In shoulder being the only parts where a his preface to the Conspectus' there ball or spear can enter. The natives

are some very entertaining remarks catch them with large iron hooks baited upon the ridiculous obscurity of what with meat, and attached to a chain have been hitherto miscalled Scientific fastened to a tree, After the animal appellatives, and which, as Mr. Rennie has struggled for a considerable time, aptly observes, are a “uniform tissue of they attack it with lances.” p. 286. pedantic barbarisms, not for the diffu

The above extracts will give our sion, but the concealment of knowreaders some notion of the nature of ledge;" for example, fluvous and luteous this most interesting book, which we for yellow, griseous for grey, ochraceous recommend most warmly to their no- fuscous, meaning, as Mr. Rennie contice.

jectures, a dusky buff, &c. After an ALPHABET OF BOTANY FOR THE Use attentive perusal of the Alphabet' and

OF BEGINNERS, by James Rennie, Conspectus,' we feel that we should M.A. London ; William Orr, Pa- be guilty of an injustice both to the ternoster-row, 1833.

public, and the author, if we were not A CONSPECTUS or BUTTERFLIES AND to express ourselves highly gratified;

Moths found in Britain, do. do. there being, so far as we are competent We bave no hesitation in asserting to decide, no possible objection to the that Mr. Rennie has most ably supplied style and classification of the contents,

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